In May 1942 the Japanese began transferring POWs by sea. Similar to treatment on the Bataan Death March, prisoners were often crammed into cargo holds with little air, food or water for journeys that would last weeks. Many died due to asphyxia, starvation or dysentery. Some POWs became delirious and unresponsive in their environment of heat, humidity, and lack of oxygen, food, and water. These unmarked prisoner transports were targeted as enemy ships by Allied submarines and aircraft.
More than 20,000 Allied POWs died at sea when the transport ships carrying them were attacked by Allied submarines and aircraft. Although Allied headquarters often knew of the presence of POWs through radio interception and code breaking, the ships were sunk because interdiction of critical strategic materials was more important than the lives of prisoners-of-war, and because Allied leaders feared that a pattern of sparing POW ships might lead the Japanese to use prisoners as human shields on valuable targets. [Source: Wikipedia]
Sgt. Zenon Roland Bardowski on October 17, 1914, in Gary, Indiana, to Zenon N. Bardowski & Caroline Lena Kostur-Bardowski. He grew up at 1601 Jackson Street in Gary, Indiana, and was a 1932 graduate of Froebel High School in Gary.
PFC Eugene Richard Barnes Born: 28 April 1922 – Monterey County, California Parents: Edmund L. Barnes & Mary J. Thorn-Barnes Siblings: 1 sister, 4 brothers Home: 124 1/2 Pine Street – Salinas, California Nickname: Stink Inducted: – U.S. Army –
What is known about David J. Baugh is that he was born on May 31, 1919, in Indianapolis, Indiana, to Joseph & Abby Baugh. His parents divorced, in the 1920s, when he was a child, and with his sister and
T/4 Frank Lester Beaver was born 0n October 31, 1918, in Piqua, Ohio, to Frank C. Beaver & Stella M. Clingon-Beaver. He grew up, with his three sisters and four brothers, on a farm near Washington, Ohio, and attended Houston
PFC Raymond George Beck Born: 31 May 1917 – Russell, Russell County, Kansas Parents: Frederick Beck & Margaret M. Deines-Beck Siblings: 1 sister Home: 535 East Third Street – Russell, Kansas Education: – Washburn College Employed: Russell-Farmers State Bank –
PFC Harold Carl Becker on April 23, 1917, in Chicago, Illinois, to Henry & Adeline Becker. With his two sisters and five brothers, one of which was his twin, he lived at 622 South Eleventh Avenue in Maywood, Illinois, and
Lt. Col. Curtis Thurston Beecher was born on October 28, 1897, in Chicago, Illinois, to Bryant L. Beecher and Grace Thurston-Beecher. His father worked in the composing room for the Chicago Daily News. With his five sisters, he was raised
Pvt. Harold Richard Beggs was the son of Carl L. Beggs & Lydia M. Ohlinger-Beggs and was born on September 26, 1920, in Port Clinton, Ohio. He was one of the couple’s four children. As a child, he grew up
What is known about 2nd Lt. Charles Edward Bennett is that he was from Louisville, Kentucky, and lived at 826 Randolph Avenue. Since he was not on the battalion’s roster at Fort Knox, he may have joined the battalion at
2nd Lt. Donald Ray Bertrand was born in Roswell, New Mexico, on August 8, 1919. When he was two, his parents, Thomas Bertrand & Mary Pope-Bertrand, moved their family first to Estherville, Iowa, and later to Maywood, Illinois. In Maywood,
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