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Mogyorosi, Pvt. George E.

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Pvt. George E. Mogyorosi
Born: 17 July 1923 – Cleveland, Ohio
Parents: George & Susan Mogyorosi
Siblings: 1 sister
Hometown: Cleveland, Ohio
Enlisted:
– U.S. Army
– 8 January 1941 – Fort Hayes, Columbus, Ohio
Training:
– Fort Knox, Kentucky
Units:
– 19th Ordnance Battalion
– trained alongside the 192nd Tank Battalion at Ft. Knox
– taught how to maintain 57 vehicles in use by the Army
– first six weeks was the primary training
– Week 1: infantry drilling
– Week 2: manual arms and marching to music
– Week 3: machine gun
– Week 4: pistol
– Week 5: M1 rifle
– Week 6: field week – training with gas masks, gas attacks, pitching tents, and hikes
– Weeks 7, 8, 9: Time was spent learning the weapons, firing each one, learning the parts of the weapons and their functions, field stripping and caring for  
   weapons, and the cleaning of weapons
– Classroom: courses lasted 3 months
– Weapons: soldiers assigned to ordnance issued a pistol, and possibly a machine gun or submachine gun
– Vehicle Training: soldiers attended different schools
– tank maintenance, truck maintenance, scout car maintenance, motorcycle maintenance, and carpentry
– Company’s machine shop, welding shop, and kitchen were all on trucks
Maneuvers:
– August 1941 – took part in maneuvers in Arkansas
– A Company ordered back to Ft. Knox
– 17 August 1941 – 17th Ordnance Company created from A Company
– received orders for overseas duty the same day
Note: The decision for this move – which had been made on August 15, 1941, at Ft. Knox, Kentucky – was the result of an event that took place in the summer of 1941. A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf, in the Philippines, when one of the pilots, who was flying at a lower altitude, noticed something odd. He took his plane down and identified a flagged buoy in the water and saw another in the distance. He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of a Japanese occupied island which was hundreds of miles away. The island had a large radio transmitter. The squadron continued its flight plan south to Mariveles and returned to Clark Field. When the planes landed, it was too late to do anything that day.
The next day, when another squadron was sent to the area, the buoys had been picked up by a fishing boat – with a tarp on its deck – which was seen making its way to shore. Since communication between the Air Corps and Navy was difficult, the boat escaped. It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.
Overseas Duty:
– traveled by train to Ft. Mason, San Francisco, California
– Arrived: Thursday, 5 September 1941
– ferried to Ft. McDowell, Angel Island on U.S.A.T. General Frank M. Coxe
– given physicals and inoculations
– men with medical conditions replaced
– removed turrets from tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
S.S. President Calvin Coolidge
– Boarded: San Francisco, California – Monday – 8 September 1941
– Sailed: 9:00 P.M.
– Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii – Saturday 13 September 1941 – 7:00 A.M.
– soldiers were given shore leave for the day
– Sailed: 5:00 P.M.
– escorted by the heavy cruiser, U.S.S. Astoria, and an unknown destroyer
– smoke was seen on the horizon several times
– cruiser intercepted ships
– 16 September 1941 – crossed International Dateline
– the date became Thursday – 18 September 1941
– Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands – Friday – 26 September 1941
– Disembarked:
– 17th Ordnance remained behind to unload tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
– reattached turrets to tanks
– worked in shifts
– slept on the ship that night
– finished attaching turrets at 9:00 A.M. the next day
– rode a bus to Ft. Stotsenburg
– serviced tanks of Provisional Tank Group
Stationed:
– Ft. Stotsenburg, Philippine Islands
– lived in tents until barracks completed – 15 November 1941
– 8 December 1942 – lived through the Japanese attack on Clark Field
– the company went to a bamboo thicket where they could disperse vehicles
– the company set up a bivouac
– set up machine shop trucks, half-tracks, and trucks
– received orders to return to Ft. Stotsenburg
– 12:45 P.M. – Japanese attacked
– Japanese wipe out Army Air Corps
– dead and wounded were everywhere
Engagements:
– Battle of Luzon – 8 December 1942 – 6 January 1942
– set up fuel dumps for the tanks as they withdrew toward Bataan
– converted WWI anti-personnel shells for use by the tanks
– Battle of Bataan – 7 January 1942 – 9 April 1942
– serviced the tanks of the 192nd & 194th Tank Battalions on the front lines in combat conditions
– manufactured and salvaged spare parts for the tanks
Prisoner of War
– 9 April 1942
– Death March
– started the march at Mariveles on the southern tip of Bataan
– POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing on Corregidor
– American Artillery returned fire
– knocked out three Japanese guns
-escaped into the jungle with Capt. Richard Kadel, Pvt. Frank Gyovai,
Pvt. Hayden Lawrence, PFC James Boyd, and PFC Robert Schletterer
Guerrilla:
– recaptured
May 1942, his family received this letter from the War Department.

“According to War Department records you have been designated as the emergency addressee of Pvt. George E. Mogyorosi, who according to the latest information available, was serving in the Philippine Islands at the time of the final surrender.
“We deeply regret that it is impossible for us to give you more information. In the last days before the surrender of Bataan, there were casualties which were not reported to the war department. Conceivably, the same is true of the surrender of Corregidor and possibly of other islands of the Philippines. The Japanese government has indicated its intentions of conforming to the terms of the Geneva convention with respects to the interchange of information regarding prisoners of war. At some future date, this government will receive through Geneva a list of persons who have been taken prisoners of war. Until that time the war department cannot give you positive information.
“The war department will consider the persons serving in the Philippine Islands as ‘missing in action’ from the date of the surrender of Corregidor, May 7, 1942, until definite information to the contrary is received. It is hoped that the Japanese government will communicate a list of prisoners of war at an early date. At this time you will be notified by this office in the event his name (George E. Mogyorosi) is contained in the list of prisoners of war.”

July 1942 – his family received a second letter. The following is an excerpt from it

“The last report of casualties received by the War Department from the Philippines arrived early in the morning of May 6. Through this date, Pvt. George E. Mogyorosi had not been reported as a casualty. The War Department will consider the persons serving in the Philippine Islands as “missing in action” from the date of the surrender of Corregidor, May 7, until definite information to the contrary is received. “Efforts to secure prisoner of war lists from the Philippines have not been successful to this date due to the lack of communication and the fact that the Japanese Government has not yet given permission for the Swiss representative and the International Red Cross delegates to make visits to prisoner of war camps in the islands. When the lists of prisoners are received, we will clear the name of your son and send you any additional information that we may have.”

– after he was recaptured he was taken to Pampangan Provisional Hospital
– reported that he had dysentery
Discharged: 16 January 1943
– POW Camps:
– Philippines:
– Bilibid Prison
– Hospital Ward – beriberi
– Admitted: 17 January 1943
– Discharged: 28 June 1943
– remained at Bilibid until selected to be sent to Japan
Hell Ship:
Clyde Maru
– Sailed: Manila – 23 July 1943
– trip to Japan was uneventful
– Arrived: Moji, Japan – 9 August 1943
POW Camp:
– Japan:
Fukuoka #3
– Work: Yawata Steel Mills
Died:
– Wednesday – 9 May 1945 – croup pneumonia
– remains were cremated and given to camp commandant
– remains were returned to Manila, Philippine Islands
Buried:
– June 1951 – Highland Park Cemetery – Cleveland, Ohio
Note: His family moved to San Bernadino, California

Mogyorosigr

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