Pfc. William Joseph Kerins

    Pfc. William J. Kerins was the second son of James A. & Cecelia Kerins and was born on February 28, 1919.  The family lived at 2937 South Canal Street in Chicago, Illinois, and later in Berwyn, Illinois, at 6731 West Stanley Avenue.  He left high school after three years and worked as an engraver. 
    Bill enlisted in the Quartermaster Corps of the Illinois National Guard because he wanted to fulfill his military obligation.  The company was made up of men from Berwyn.  In November of 1940, he was transferred to 33rd Tank Company, Maywood, Illinois, as it prepared to leave for federal duty at Fort Knox, Kentucky, and going with meant he would complete his military obligation sooner.

    When the 33rd Tank Company arrived at Ft. Knox, Kentucky, they were joined by National Guard companies from Janesville, Wisconsin, Port Clinton, Ohio, and Harrodsburg, Kentucky.  Together, they would become the 192nd Tank Battalion.  At Ft. Knox, Bill was trained as a cook, baker and radio operator.  He was also trained on halftracks.  The battalion was stationed near as OTC Center.  The reason for this according to members of the battalion was that the army wanted to keep the 192nd somewhat isolated from the regular army because they were Guardsmen.

    In September of 1941, the 192nd Tank Battalion was sent to Louisiana on maneuvers.  William believed that this training was beneficial to the men because it helped them adjust to the climate of the Philippines.  At Camp Polk, the men were informed that they were going overseas and it would be for no less than six months and no more than six years.  Since the battalion was being sent overseas, each man received a ten day emergency leave home.  When they returned, their old M-2 tanks were replaced with M-3 tanks.  It was also at this time that the men officially were informed that their overseas orders were for deployment in the Philippine Islands.
    From Camp Polk, the battalion traveled west over four different train routes.  Arriving in San Francisco, the soldiers were ferried to Ft. McDowell on Angel Island.  On the island, the soldiers were given physicals and inoculated for tropical diseases. Those with health issues were released from service and replaced.   
    The battalion sailed, on the U.S.A.T. Hugh L. Scott from San Francisco on Monday, October 27th for Hawaii as part of a three ship convoy.  They arrived in Hawaii on Sunday, November 2nd, and had a layover.  The soldiers received passes and allowed to explore the islands.  They sailed again on Tuesday, November 4th, for Guam.  When the ships arrived at Guam, they took on bananas, vegetables, coconuts, and water.  The soldiers remained on ship since the convoy was sailing the next day. About 8:00 in the morning on November 20th, the ships arrived at Manila Bay.  After arriving at Manila, it was three or four hours before they disembarked.  Most of the battalion boarded trucks and rode to Ft. Stotsenburg north of Manila.
    At the fort, the tankers were met by General Edward King, who welcomed them and made sure that they had what they needed.  He was apologetic that there were no barracks for the tankers and that they had to live in tents.  The fact was he had not learned of their arrival until days before they arrived.

    At Ft. Stotsenburg, the sleeping quarters for the 192nd consisted of tents.  Each tent had eight men assigned to it.  During the next seventeen days, Bill and the other men spent most of their time loading live ammunition. They also spent a large amount of time going over their equipment and preparing it for maneuvers.  The battalion was on full alert from the day it landed in the Philippines.  During this time, the battalion's reconnaissance unit made recon patrols up to the Lingayen Gulf.  When they returned to Clark Field,  they reported that it would be an excellent place for the landing of troops.
The first week of December, 1941, the tankers were ordered to Clark Field to assigned locations.  At all times, two members of each tank crew or half-track crew had to remain with their tank or half-track.

    On December 7, 1941, Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese.  Bill heard the news as he was lining up for breakfast.  The tanks were dispersed around the perimeter of Clark Field in anticipation of Japanese paratroopers.  A short time later, the members of his battalion were informed that Japanese bombers were about 45 minutes away.  The attack on Clark Field came at about 11:45 A.M. right after Bill had eaten lunch.  All Bill and the other men could do was watch the high altitude bombers drop their bombs.  When the dive bombers came in, the tankers did their best to bring them down with the weapons they had.  After the initial attack was over, Bill's platoon moved closer to the landing strip of Clark Field.
    The tank battalion received orders on December 21st that it was to proceed north to Lingayen Gulf.   Because of logistics problems, the B and C Companies soon ran low on gas.  When they reached Rosario, there was only enough for one tank platoon, from B Company, to proceed north to support the 26th Cavalry.
    On December 23rd and 24th, the battalion was in the area of Urdaneta.   The bridge they were going to use to cross the Agno River was destroyed and the tankers made an end run to get south of river.  As they did this, they ran into Japanese resistance early in the evening.  They successfully crossed at the river in the Bayambang Province.
    On December 25th, the tanks of the battalion held the southern bank of the Agno River from Carmen to Tayung, with the tanks of the 194th holding the line on the Carmen-Alcala-Bautista Road. The tanks held the position until 5:30 in the morning on December 27th.

    The tankers were at Santo Tomas near Cabanatuan on December 27th, and at San Isidro south of Cabanatuan on December 28th and 29th.  On January 1st, conflicting orders were received by the defenders who were attempting to stop the Japanese advance down Route 5.  Doing this would allow the Southern Luzon Forces to withdraw toward Bataan.  General Wainwright was unaware of the orders since they came from Gen. MacArthur's chief of staff. 
    Because of the orders, there was confusion among the Filipinos and American forces defending the bridges over the Pampanga River.  Due to the efforts of the Self Propelled Mounts, the 71st Field Artillery, and a frenzied attack by the 192nd Tank Battalion the Japanese were halted.  From January 2nd to 4th, the 192nd held the road open from San Fernando to Dinalupihan so the southern forces could escape.

    During the withdraw into the peninsula, the night of January 6th/7th, the 192nd held its position so that the 194th Tank Battalion could leap frog past it, cross a bridge, and then cover the 192nd's withdraw over the bridge. The 192nd was the last American unit to enter Bataan.             During the withdraw into the peninsula, the company crossed over the last bridge which was mined and about to be blown.  The 192nd held its position so that the 194th Tank Battalion could leap frog past it and then cover the 192nd's withdraw. The 192nd was the last American unit to enter Bataan.
    Over the next several months, the battalion fought battle after battle with tanks that were not designed for jungle warfare. 
The tank battalions , on January 28th, were given the job of protecting the beaches.  The 192nd was assigned the coast line from Paden Point to Limay along Bataan's east coast.  The Japanese later admitted that the tanks guarding the beaches prevented them from attempting landings.

    B Company also took part in the Battle of the Pockets to wipe out Japanese soldiers who had been trapped behind the main defensive line.  The tanks would enter the pocket one at a time to replace a tank in the pocket.  Another tank did not enter the pocket until a tank exited the pocket.
    To exterminate the Japanese, two methods were used.  The first was to have three Filipino soldiers ride on the back of the tank.  As the tank went over a Japanese foxhole, the Filipinos dropped three hand grenades into the foxhole.  Since the grenades were from WWI, one out of three usually exploded.
    The other method to use to kill the Japanese was to park a tank with one track over the foxhole.  The driver gave the other track power resulting with the tank spinning around and grinding its way down into the foxhole.  The tankers slept upwind of their tanks.

    On April 9, 1942, Bill along with most of the members of the 192nd Tank Battalion became Prisoners of War when the troops on the Bataan Peninsula were surrendered to the Japanese.  The men received the news of the surrender from their officers.  They spent the remainder of their time, as free men, destroying equipment to prevent it from being used by the Japanese.

    On April 12, 1942, Bill and other members of his platoon were on the beach near General Hospital #2.  It was there that the death march started for Bill and his platoon.  Bill recalled that the march was very slow under an extremely hot sun which resulted in high temperatures.  If the men wanted something to drink, they had to break out of the line for the wells along the road.  When a guard spotted a man who had done this, the guard would shoot at him.  During the entire march, Bill and the other prisoners received only three handfuls of rice and three rations of water.  All along the route, the Japanese sentries were sitting in their tents drinking soft drinks and taunting the POWs.  Whenever POWs dropped to the side of the road, they were shot, bayoneted or killed by sword. 

    The first camp Bill was held at as a POW was Camp O'Donnell.  The POWs at Camp O'Donnell were dying at such a high rate that the number dead could not be counted.  The food was horrible and so were the sanitary conditions.  He was held there for about one week when he was sent to Caluan south of Manila to repair bridges.  Most of the men on this detail were tank men.  This was due in part to the fact that the ranking American officer was Lt. Col. Ted Wickord commanding officer of the 192nd Tank Battalion.  While on this detail, Bill came down with malaria and was sent to the new POW camp Cabanatuan.  

    The conditions at Cabanatuan were slightly better than Camp O'Donnell, but still an average of fifty POWs a day died from disease.   Medical records from the camp show that Bill was admitted to the camp hospital on April 4, 1943.   The records do not indicate why he was admitted or when he was discharged from the hospital.  Bill remained at Cabanatuan until September, 1943, when he was sent to Manila to be boarded onto the Japanese freighter the Taga Maru.  These transports became known as "Hell Ships" due to the living conditions the POWs endured on the ships.  After arriving in Japan, Bill was sent to one of the Niigata #5-B.  

    It is believed that Bill remained at the Niigata #5-B until Japan surrendered, but it is possible that he was transferred just prior to the official surrender. 

    About one month before the surrender, there was a noticeable change in the attitude of the guards.  The POWs had no idea that the war had ended until a week after the official surrender took place.  Before the surrender, the guards at the camp were replaced with guards who spoke more English and appeared to be trying to "soft-soap" the POWs.  

    At the same time, the area was being bombed and strafed by American planes on a daily basis.  One day, an American plane came in low over the camp without any ground fire.  A few hours later an American pilot came into the camp in a Japanese command car and informed the POWs that the war was over.  Bill and the other POWs remained in the camp for about a week and then took a train into Tokyo.  It was there that Bill first saw American troops.

    Bill was sent back to the Philippines to be fattened up.  After passing a final physical, Pvt. Bill Kerins returned to the United States on the U.S.S. Hugh Rodman on October 3, 1945, at San Francisco.  After a stay at Letterman General Hospital in San Francisco, he returned to Chicago where he married Marqurite Mary Dom in Oak Park, Illinois, in 1947.  They were the parents of a son and daughter.

    William J. Kerins would later move to Sparta, Wisconsin, in 1967, and Lebanon, Oregon, in 1987.  He worked as a civilian personnel director for the U.S. Army and Navy.  He passed away in Lebanon, on March 22, 1991, and was buried at Sand Ridge Cemetery in Lebanon, Oregon.
    The photo below was taken in 1943 while William Kerins was a POW in Japan


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