2nd Lt. Lloyd Harry Magill Jr. was born on February 24, 1918, to Lloyd H. Magill Sr. & Sara L. Bristol-Magill. With his sister, he grew up at 117 Northwest Oregon Avenue in Bend, Oregon. He was known as “Dago” by his family and friends. He attended Hill Military Academy in Portland for his high school education. After high school, he went to the University of Oregon, where he was a member of Phil Delta Theta. It is known that in 1940, he was living at 640 Congress Street in Bend Oregon.
Lloyd was in the reserve officer corps and called to federal service on July 11, 1941, at Fort Lewis, Washington. It is most likely he joined the 194th Tank Battalion as a replacement for an officer of the battalion who was considered too old for his rank and released from federal service.
On Friday, September 5, 1941, the battalion arrived at Fort Mason, California, about 7:30 A.M. They were taken by ferried, on the U.S.A.T. Frank M. Coxe, to Ft. McDowell, on Angel Island, for physicals and inoculations by the battalion’s medical detachment. The maintenance section of the battalion, with 17th Ordnance, which had arrived from Ft. Knox, Kentucky, removed the turrets from the tanks so that they would fit in the ship’s hold.
The tankers boarded the S.S. President Calvin Coolidge on September 8th at 3:00 P.M. and sailed at 9:00 P.M. for the Philippine Islands. To get the tanks to fit in the ship’s holds, the turrets had serial numbers spray painted on them and were removed from the tanks. The enlisted men were also quartered in the hold. They arrived at Honolulu, Hawaii, on Saturday, September 13 at 7:00 A.M., and most of the soldiers were allowed off the ship to see the island but had to be back on board before the ship sailed at 5:00 P.M.
After leaving Hawaii, the ship took a southerly route away from the main shipping lanes. It was at this time that it was joined by a heavy cruiser, the U.S.S. Astoria, and an unknown destroyer that was its escorts. During this part of the trip, on several occasions, smoke was seen on the horizon, and the Astoria took off in the direction of the smoke. Each time it was found that the smoke was from a ship belonging to a friendly country.
The ships crossed the International Dateline on Tuesday, September 16, and the date changed to Thursday, September 18. They entered Manila Bay at 7:00 A.M. and reached Manila several hours later. The soldiers disembarked at 3:00 P.M., and were driven on buses to Clark Field. The maintenance section of the battalion and members of 17th Ordnance remained at the dock to unload the battalion’s tanks and reattach the turrets.
Upon arrival at the fort, they were housed in tents along the main road between the fort and Clark Field, since their barracks had not been completed. They moved into their barracks on November 15.
On December 1, the tanks and half-tracks were ordered to the perimeter of Clark Field to guard against paratroopers. The positions they took had been selected by Major Ernest Miller weeks earlier around the northern half of the airfield. The only weapon they had that could be used against planes were the .50 caliber machine gun on the tanks turrets. Some of the half-tracks also had machine guns.
During the early morning hours of December 8, the tank battalion officers were informed of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. They were ordered to bring their tank crews up to full strength around the perimeter of Clark Field.
At 8:30 A.M., the Army Air Corps took off and, as the tank crew members watched, the sky was filled with American planes. At noon, the planes landed, to be refueled, and the pilots went to lunch. While the tankers were eating lunch, they saw a formation of 54 planes approach the airfield from the north. Many assumed the planes were Americans until they saw what was described as, “raindrops” falling from the planes. It was only when bombs began exploding on the runways did they know the planes were Japanese.
Since the tanks were not equipped to fight planes, the tankers could do little more than watching the attack or take cover. After the bombers, the Zeros came in to strafe the airfield. For some reason, most of the Japanese planes ignored the tanks. The few Zeros that did drop bombs in an attempt to destroy the tanks, had the bombs land between the tanks. After the attack, the tankers saw the devastation that had been done to the airfield.
When the Japanese were finished, there was not much left of the airfield. The soldiers watched as the dead, dying, and wounded were hauled to the hospital on bomb racks, trucks, and anything that could carry the wounded was used. When the hospital filled, they watched the medics place the wounded under the building. Many of these men had their arms and legs missing.
On December 13, C Company received orders it was being sent to Southern Luzon where the Japanese were landing troops. Two days later, they were holding the Tagaytay Ridge attempting to catch fifth columnists who were setting off flares at night.
C Company withdrew from the position on December 25 over the Taal Road to Santo Tomas and bivouacked for the night near San Paolo. There, they assisted in operations on the Lucena-Pagbilao-Lucban Line.
Sometime around December 31, the tank company rejoined the rest of the 194th and covered the withdrawal of the Philippine Army down Route 3. The tank battalions held the Calumpit Bridge open so that troops could escape the Japanese from southern Luzon. During this operation, General MacArthur’s chief of staff gave orders which conflicted with those given by General Wainwright. Wainwright was unaware of the conflicting orders. The orders created confusion among the defenders. The southern units were saved by the Self Propelled Mounts, the 71st Field Artillery, and a frenzied attack by the 192nd Tank Battalion halted the Japanese.
Both tank battalions withdrew on January 2, to Lyac Junction where they bivouacked. C Company, with D Company, 192nd, which was attached to the 194th, was sent to the Guagua-Porac Line which they held until January 5 when they received orders to withdraw to a position between Sexmoan and Lubao. There, the two tank companies were joined by five self-propelled mounts. That night, at about 1:50 A.M., the Japanese attempted to cut the road. When the engagement ended, at 3:00 A.M., the Japanese had lost half of their men. The tanks withdrew through Labao, which was burning. to Remedios and established a new defensive line.
The night of January 6/7, the 194th withdrew across the bridge over the Culis Creek covered by the 192nd Tank Battalion. The 192nd crossed the bridge after the 194th and was the last unit to enter the Bataan Peninsula. After the 192nd crossed the bridge, and the bridge was blown up. Both battalions bivouacked south of the Abucay-Hacienda Road. It was at this time that the tank platoons were reduced to three tanks per platoon and food rations were cut again.
General Weaver also issued the following orders to the tank battalions around this time, “Tanks will execute maximum delay, staying in position and firing at visible enemy until further delay will jeopardize withdrawal. If a tank is immobilized, it will be fought until the close approach of the enemy, then destroyed; the crew previously taking positions outside and continuing to fight with the salvaged and personal weapons. Considerations of personal safety and expediency will not interfere with accomplishing the greatest possible delay.”
A composite tank company was formed from the 192nd and 194th and given the mission to protect the East Coast Highway north of Hermosa. Their job was to keep the road open and prevent the Japanese from driving into Bataan before the main battle line was completed. They were ordered from the area because the bridge they needed to cross was going to be destroyed. The remaining tank platoons of the two battalions withdrew to south of the Pilar-Bagao Road. It was at this time 17th Ordnance had the opportunity to required work on all the tanks and the tank crews had their first rest in a month.
For the next four months, Lloyd led his tank platoon into action against the Japanese. On January 5, C Company, supported by five self-propelled mounts, attacked a Japanese Infantry unit of 700 to 800 men. When the Japanese withdrew, they had lost about half their men.
C Company and D Co, on January 12, were sent to the Cadre Road to a position of forward support but found that they could not complete this duty because the area in front of them had been mined so badly that the tanks could not proceed. The two companies rejoined the other tank companies on the 13th.
On January 16, C company was sent Bagac to reopen the Moron Highway which the Japanese had cut. A platoon of tanks on the Moron Highway at Trail Junction 162 when it ran into a Japanese roadblock so Philippine units could withdraw. The antitank gun fired on the tanks but missed, and the tanks – with support from the Philippine Infantry – were successful at knocking out the gun. The Philippine unit did escape but lost most of its heavy equipment.
The tanks were sent to the Bani Bani Road to save the command post of the 31st Infantry on January 20th. Four days later, on the 24, the battalion was sent to the Hacienda Road in a role of support. But, each time they attempted to make a supporting movement, the landmines that been planted by ordnance prevented them from performing their role.
The battalion, with four SPMs, was holding a position a kilometer north of the Pilar-Bagac Road on January 25 and 26 manning a roadblock. A Filipino came down the road and warned the tanks that a large Japanese force was coming down the road. When they appeared, the defenders opened fire on them. The Japanese withdrew after losing about 500 of their force of 1200 men. This action prevented the Japanese from breaching the new line of defense which was being formed.
On January 28 the tanks were given the order to protect the beaches so the Japanese could not land troops. The 194th protected the beaches from Limay to Cabcaben. The battalion’s half-tracks patrolled the roads. The Japanese later admitted that the presence of the tanks on the beaches prevented them from attempting to land troops.
During March, the fighting had reached a standstill with men on both sides suffering from malaria, dysentery, and dengue fever. It was also at this time that the rations for the defenders were cut again and the amount of gasoline given to each tank company was reduced to 15 gallons a day.
On April 4, 1942, the Japanese launched an attack supported by artillery and aircraft. A large force of Japanese troops came over Mount Samat and descended down the south face of the volcano. This attack wiped out two divisions of defenders and left a large area of the defensive line open to the Japanese. On the 6, four tanks were sent to support the 45th Philippine Infantry Division and the 75th Philippine Scouts. One tank was knocked out and the other tanks withdrew.
The third platoon was sent up the West Coast Road near Mount Samat but ran into heavy enemy fire. The tanks withdrew to Mariveles. The night of April 7, the company was attached to the 192nd Tank Battalion. When General King saw that the situation was hopeless, he initiated surrender talks with the Japanese on April 8.
The morning of April 9, at 6:45, the tankers heard the order “crash.” This meant they were to destroy their tanks so the Japanese could not use them. At 7:00 A.M., the soldiers officially became Prisoners of War and waited to receive orders from the Japanese.
Deciding that he did not want to surrender, Lloyd and other members made their way to the coast of Bataan. They managed to board a boat that sailed for Corregidor. As they neared the island, using a flashlight, the soldiers signaled to the island. They finally received a response that told them how to navigate the minefield around the island. What Lloyd did on the island is not known.
On the morning of May 6, the Japanese launched an all-out attack on the island overrunning its defenses. It was on that day that Lloyd became a Prisoner of War. He and the other prisoners were held on a beach on the island for two weeks before the Japanese moved them.
The POWs were put on barges and were taken a few hundred feet from the shore of Luzon. There, they were made to jump into the water and swim to shore. Once ashore they were put to work repairing a dock that had been damaged during the battle. When finished, they were ordered to form ranks. Being that some of the men had escaped from the death march, they expected to be treated the same way. To their surprise, they were treated quite well. They marched down Dewey Boulevard to Bilibid Prison where they remained for several days.
Lloyd was sent to Cabanatuan because he was considered “healthy.” The camp was a former Philippine Army Base and had been the home of the 91st Philippine Army Division’s home and had been known as Camp Panagantian.
In the camp, the Japanese instituted the “Blood Brother” rule. If one man escaped the other nine men in his group would be executed. POWs caught trying to escape were beaten. Those who did escape and were caught were tortured before being executed. It is not known if any POW successfully escaped from the camp.
The barracks built for the POWs were built to house 50 POWs but most held between 60 and 120 POWs. The men slept on bamboo slats without mattresses and covers. In addition, there were no mosquito netting which helped to spread disease. The POWs in the barracks worked on details together since they were divided into Blood Brother groups.
The POWs were sent out on work details to cut wood for the POW kitchens. While on these details they bought or were given medicine, food, and tobacco, which they somehow managed to get into the camp even though they were searched when they returned. Meals on a daily basis consisted of 16 ounces of cooked rice, 4 ounces of vegetable oil, and sweet potato or corn.
On Friday, June 19, 1942, he was admitted into the camp hospital suffering from malaria. He remained in the hospital for over two months until he was finally discharged on Tuesday, September 25. It was at this time that his family received a POW postcard from him saying his health was good.
Other medical records show he was readmitted to the hospital on March 31, 1943, but no reason was given. No date of discharge was recorded in the document. It is not known if he went out on a work detail after he was released from the hospital.
In the summer of 1943, Lloyd’s family received a POW the first of two postcards from him. One thing that he asked his family to do is to take care of his horse and his dog, Doc, who he had purchased in 1937. Doc was killed by a car on July 7, 1944.
It is known he was transferred to Bilibid Prison outside of Manila during September 1944, and on December 12, 1944, the POWs heard rumors that a detail was being sent out. The POWs went through what was a farce of an inspection. They were told cigarettes, soap, and salt would be issued to them. The POWs were also told that they would also receive a meal to eat and one to take with them. The Japanese stated they would leave by 7:00 in the morning, so the lights were left on all night. At 4:00 a.m. the morning of December 13, Joseph and the other POWs were awakened.
As the American military forces advanced on the Philippine Islands, the Japanese military made the decision to send the POWs to Japan or other more secure occupied territories. On December 12, 1944, the POWs heard rumors that a detail was being sent out. Those who were on the draft went through what was a farce of an inspection. They were told cigarettes, soap, and salt would be issued to them and that they would also receive a meal to eat and one to take with them. The Japanese stated they would leave Bilibid by 7:00 in the morning, so the lights were left on all night. At 4:00 a.m. the morning of December 13th, the POWs were awakened.
By 7:00, the selected POWs were lined up and roll call was taken. It took until 9:00 A.M. to finish the roll call, so the prisoners were allowed to roam the compound until they were told to “fall-in.” The men were fed a meal and then marched to Pier 7 in Manila. During the march down Luzon Boulevard, the POWs saw that the streetcars had stopped running and many things were in disrepair.
The POWs saw that the American bombers were doing a job on the Japanese transports since there were at least forty wrecked ships in the bay. When the POWs reached Pier 7, there were three ships docked. One was an old run-down ship, the other two were large and in good shape. They soon discovered one of the two nicer ships was their ship.
It was at this time that the POWs were allowed to sit down. Many of the POWs slept until 3:45 in the afternoon. They were awakened about 5:00 PM and boarded the Oryoku Maru for transport to Japan.
The high ranking officers were the first put into the ship’s aft hold. Being the first one into the hold meant that they would suffer many deaths. Around the perimeter of the hold were two tiers of bunks for the POWs. The heat was so bad that men soon began to pass out. One survivor said, “The fist fights began when men began to pass out. We knew that only the front men in bay would be able to get enough air.” The POWs who were closer to the hold’s hatch used anything they could find to fan air toward those further away from it.
The ship left Manila at 8:00 P.M. but spent most of the night in Manila Bay. At 10:00 P.M., the Japanese interpreter threatened to have the guards fire into the holds unless the POWs stopped screaming. Some of the POWs fell silent because they were exhausted, and others because they had died. One major of the 26th Cavalry stated the man next to him had lost his mind. Recalling the conversation he had with the man he said, “Worst was the man who had gone mad but would not sit still. One kept pestering me, pushing a mess kit against my chest, saying, ‘Have some of this chow? It’s good.’ I smelled of it, it was not chow. ‘All right’ he said, ‘If you don’t want it. I’m going to eat it.’ And a little later I heard him eating it, right beside me.”
At 3:30 A.M. it sailed as part of the MATA-37 a convoy bound for Takao, Formosa. The ships sailed without any lights out of the bay. By the swells in the water, the POWs could tell that the ship was in open water. The cries for air began as the men lost discipline, so the Japanese threatened to cover the holds and cut off all air. When the Japanese sent down fried rice, cabbage, and fried seaweed, those further back from the opening got nothing.
The Japanese covered the holds and would not allow the slop buckets to be taken out of the holds. Those POWs who were left holding the buckets at first asked for someone else to hold it for a while. When that did not work, they dumped the buckets on the men around them.
As daylight began to enter the hold as morning came, the POWs could see men who were in stupors, men out of their minds, and men who had died. The POWs in the aft hold which also had a sub-hold put the POWs who out of their minds into it.
On the side of the holds, water had condensed on the walls so the POWs tried to scrape it off the wall for a drink. The Japanese did allow men who had passed out to be put on deck, but as soon as they revived they went back into the holds. The Japanese would not allow the bodies of the men who had died to be removed from the holds.
The POWs received their first meal at dawn. Meals on the ship consisted of a little rice, fish, some water, and three-fourths of a cup of water was shared by 20 POWs. It was 8:00 A.M., off the coast of Luzon, and the POWs had just finished eating breakfast when they heard the sound of guns. At first, they thought the gun crews were just drilling, because they had not heard any planes. It was only when the first bomb hit in the water and the ship shook that they knew it was not a drill.
At first, it seemed that most of the planes were attacking the other ships in the convoy. Commander Frank Bridgit had made his way to the top of the ladder into the hold and sat down. He gave the POWs a play by play of the planes attacking, “I can see two planes going for a freighter off our starboard side. Now two more are detached from the formation. I think they may be coming for us.”
The POWs heard the change in the sound of the planes’ engines as they began their dives toward the ships in the convoy. Several more bombs hit the water near the ship causing it to rock Explosions were taking place all around the ship. In an attempt to protect themselves, the POWs piled baggage in front of them. Bullets from the planes were ricocheted in the hold causing many casualties.
Lt. Col. Elvin Barr of the 60th Coast Artillery came up to Maj, John Fowler of the 26th Cavalry on the cargo deck and said, “There’s a hole knocked in the bulkheads down there. Between 30 and 40 men have already died down there.” Barr would never reach Japan. The attack by 30 to 50 planes lasted for about 20 to 30 minutes. When the planes ran out of bombs they strafed. Afterward, the planes flew off, returning to their carrier, and there was a lull of about 20 to 30 minutes before the next squadron of planes appeared over the ships and resumed the attack. This pattern repeated itself over and over during the day.
In the hold, the POWs concluded that the attacking planes were concentrating on the bridge of the ship. They noted that the planes had taken out all the anti-aircraft guns leaving only its 30 caliber machine guns to defend the ship.
At 4:30 P.M., the ship went through the worse attack on it. It was hit at least three times by bombs on its bridge and stern. Most of the POWs, who were wounded, were wounded by ricocheting bullets and shrapnel from exploding bombs. During the attack Chaplain William Cummings – a Catholic priest – led the POWs in the Our Father. As they prayed, the bombs that exploded near the ship sent torrents of water over the ship. Bullets from the planes hit the metal plates, of the haul, at an angle that prevented most of them from penetrating the haul. Somewhere on the ship, a fire started, but it was put out after several hours. The POWs lived through seven or eight attacks before sunset. Overall, six bombs hit the ship. One hit the stern of the ship killing many POWs.
At dusk, the ship raised anchor and headed east. It turned south and turned again this time heading west. The next turn it made was north. It headed in this direction for a good amount of time before dropping anchor at about 8:00 P.M. The POWs figured out that they had just sailed in a circle. What had happened is that the ship’s had been hit during the attack and the ship could not be steered.
Sometime after midnight, the POWs heard the sound of the Japanese civilians being evacuated from the ship. During the night, the POW medics were ordered onto the deck to treat the Japanese wounded. One medic recalled that the dead, dying, and wounded were everywhere.
The ship reached Subic Bay at 2:30 in the morning and steamed closer to the beach where its anchor was dropped. At 4:00 A.M., the POWs were told that they would disembark at daybreak at a pier. The moaning and muttering of POWs who were losing their minds kept the POWs up all night. That night 25 POWs died in the hold.
It was December 15 and the POWs sat in the ship’s holds for hours after dawn. The first 35 POWs were taken out of the hold and went into the water. At 8:00 A.M. as the other POWs waited, the sound of A Japanese guard yelled into the hold at the POWs, “All go home; speedo!” He shouted that the wounded would be the first to be evacuated. Suddenly, he looked up and shouted, “Planes, many planes!” As the POWs were abandoning ship the planes returned and continued the attack. The ship bounced in the water from the explosions. Chief Boatswain Clarence M. Taylor who was in the water said, “I saw the whole thing. A bomb fall, hit near the stern hatch, and debris go flying up in the air.”
In the hold, the POWs crowded together. Chips of rust fell on them from the ceiling. After the raid, they took care of the wounded before the next attack started. In the hold a Catholic priest, Chaplain John Duffy began to pray, “Father forgive them. They know not what they do.”
The Japanese guards and interpreter had abandoned ship, but the ship’s captain remained on board. He told the POWs – with his limited English – that they needed to get off the ship to safety. The POWs made their way over the side and into the water. As they swam to shore, the Japanese fired at them, with machine guns, to prevent them from escaping.
Four of the planes flew low over the water above the POWs. The POWs waved frantically at the planes so they would not be strafed. The planes banked and flew lower over the POWs. This time the pilots dipped their wings to show that they knew the men in the water were Americans. About a half-hour later, the ship began to really burn and the bodies of the dead could be seen on the decks.
The Japanese sent out a motorboat with a machine gun and snipers on it. The POWs attempting to escape were hunted down and shot. It is believed as many as 30 men died in the water.
There was no real beach, so the POWs climbed up on a seawall and found the Japanese Naval Landing Party had set up a machine gun and had just laid flat to rest when the gun opened fire on them. Those who came ashore were warned to stay in the water but only did so when one man climbed up on the seawall and was wounded. There were also Japanese snipers in wait to shoot anyone who attempted to escape.
The POWs were gathered together and marched to the tennis court at Olongapo Naval Station which was about 500 yards from the beach. There, they were herded onto a tennis court and roll call was taken. It was discovered 329 of the 1,619 POWs who had boarded the ship had died. The Japanese packed 1300 of the POWs on the court with 100 wounded POWs taking up a great amount of room at one end. They could barely sit down and only lay down by lying partially on another man. While the POWs were at Olongapo Naval Station, a Japanese officer, Lt. Junsaburo Toshio, told the ranking American officer, Lt. Col. E. Carl Engelhart, that those too badly wounded to continue the trip would be returned to Bilibid. Fifteen men were selected and loaded onto a truck. They were taken into the mountains and never seen again.
They were buried at a cemetery nearby. The remainder of the POWs remained on the tennis courts for five or six days. During that time, they were given water but not fed.
The POWs remained on the tennis court for nine days. During their time of the courts, American planes attacked the area around them. The men watched as the fighter bombers came in vertically releasing bombs as they pulled out of their dives. On several occasions, the planes dove right at the POWs dropped their bombs and pulled out. The bombs drifted over the POWs and landed away from them exploding on contact.
Since the POWs had no place to hide, they watched and enjoyed the show. They believed that the pilots knew they were Americans but had no way of knowing if this was true. But what is known is that not one bomb was dropped on them even though they could be seen from the planes.
The evening of December 16, the Japanese brought 50-kilo bags of rice for the POWs. About half of the rice had fallen out of the bags because of the holes. Each POW was given three spoons of raw rice, and a quarter of a spoon of salt.
At about 8:00 AM on the morning of December 22, 22 trucks arrived at the tennis court. Rumors flew on where they were going to be taken. At about 4:00 PM, a Taiwanese guard told the POWs, in broken English, “No go Cabanatuan. Go Manila; maybe Bilibid.” The guard knew as little as the POWs. The POWs were taken by truck to San Fernando, Pampanga, arriving there about four or five in the afternoon. Once there, they were put in a movie theater. Since it was dark, the POWs saw as a dungeon.
During their time at San Fernando, Pampanga, the POWs lived through several air raids. The reason for the air raids was the barrio was military headquarters for the area. Most of the civilians had been moved out of the barrio. Many of the Americans began to believe they had been taken there so that they would be killed by their own countrymen.
December 23, at about 10:00 PM, the Japanese interpreter came and spoke to the ranking American officer about moving the POWs. The Japanese loaded the seriously ill POWs into a truck. Those remaining behind believed they were taken to Bilibid. The remaining POWs were moved to a trade school building in the barrio.
After 10:00 AM on December 24, the POWs were taken to the train station. The POWs saw that the station had been hit by bombings and that the cars they were to board had bullet holes in them from strafing. 180 to 200 were packed into steel boxcars with four guards. The doors of the boxcars were kept closed and the heat in the cars was terrible. Ten to fifteen POWs rode on the roofs of the cars along with two guards. The guards told these POWs that it was okay to wave to the American planes.
On December 25, the POWs disembarked at San Fernando, La Union, at 2:00 AM and disembarked. They walked two kilometers to a schoolyard on the southern outskirts of the barrio. From December 25 until the 26. The POWs were held in a schoolhouse. The morning of December 26, the POWs were marched to a beach. During this time the prisoners were allowed one handful of rice and a canteen of water. The heat from the sun was so bad that men drank seawater. Many of those men died.
The remaining prisoners at San Fernando, La Union, where they boarded onto another “Hell Ship” the Enoura Maru. On this ship, the POWs were held in three different holds. The ship had been used to haul cattle. The POWs were held in the same stalls that the cattle had been held in. In the lower hold, the POWs were lined up in companies 108 men. Each man had four feet of space. Men who attempted to get fresh air by climbing the ladders were shot by the guards.
The Daily routine for the POWs on the ship was to have six men climb out of the hold. Once on deck, they used ropes to pull up the dead and also pull up the human waste in buckets. Afterward, the men on deck would lower ten buckets containing rice, soup, and tea.
During the night of December 30, the POWs heard the sound of depth charges exploding in the water. The ship arrived at Takao, Formosa, on December 31 and docked around 11:30 AM. After arriving at Takao, Formosa, each POW received a six inch long, 3/4 inch wide piece hardtack to eat. This was the first bread they had since receiving crackers in their Red Cross packages in 1942. During the time in the harbor, the POWs received little water. From January 1 through the 5, the POWs received one meal and day and very little water. This resulted in the death rate among the POWs to rise. It was at this time that the POWs from the Brazil Maru were transferred onto the ship and put in the forward hold. On January 6, the POWs began to receive two meals a day.
The Enoura Maru also came under attack by American planes the morning of January 9. The POWs were receiving their first meal of the day when the sound of ship’s machineguns was heard. The explosions of bombs falling closer and closer to the ship were also heard. The waves created from the explosions rocked the ship.
One bomb exploded outside the haul of the forward hold and another fell through the open hatch exploding in the hold. Together they killed 285 prisoners. The surviving POWs remained in the hold for three days with the dead. The stench from the dead filled the air. Since the Japanese did nothing to remove the dead from the hold, the POWs stacked the corpses under the hatch so they would be the first thing that the Japanese saw when they looked into the hold.
On January 11 a work detail was formed and about half the dead were removed from the hold. The dead were unloaded onto a barge, and the bodies were taken to shore. A POW detail of twenty men dragged the corpses to the beach by tying ropes to the legs and dragging them to the grave on the beach. Later in the day, the survivors of the forward hold were moved into another hold on the ship.
After a couple of days, the Japanese sent medics into the ship to give aid to the POWs who had been wounded. If the wounds were too bad, they did not treat the man. At the same time, they organized another detail to remove the bodies of the remaining dead. The bodies were taken to a beach and buried.
On January 13, the surviving POWs were boarded onto a third “Hell Ship” the Brazil Maru. On the ship, the POWs found they had more room and were actually issued lifejackets. According to records kept by the POWs, 2nd Lt. Lloyd Magill died from the wounds he had received on the Enoura Maru on Wednesday, January 24, 1945, while the ship was at sea. His body was pulled from the hold by rope and thrown overboard.
The Brazil Maru arrived at Moji, Japan, on January 29, 1945. Of the original 1619 men who boarded the Oryoku Maru in Manila, only 459 of the POWs had survived the trip to Japan. 2nd Lt. Lloyd H. Magill Jr. was not one of them.
After the war, 2nd Lt. Lloyd H. Magill Jr.’s name was added to the Tablets of the Missing at the American Military Cemetery at Manila. His family also had a plaque placed on his father’s crypt at Greenwood Cemetery in Bend, Oregon.
It should be mentioned that the photo of Lloyd, at the top of this page, was taken at Clark Airfield the first week of December 1941.