Nix

 

Pvt. Lewis Taylor Nix Jr.


Born: 2 April 1918 - Locust Hill, Kentucky

Parents: Lewis T. Nix Sr. & Mattie L. Tabor-Nix

Siblings: 3 sisters

Nickname: "L. T."

Hometown: Locust Hill, Breckinridge County

Education: grammar school

Occupation: worked on family farm

Inducted:

    - U. S. Army

        - 21 January 1941 - Louisville, Kentucky

Training: 

    - Fort Knox, Kentucky
        - Arrived: 28 November 1941
        - January 1941- attended gunnery school

            - qualified as tank gunner

            - tank crew of Sgt. Marcus Lawson
    - 1 September 1941 - 30 September 1941
        Louisiana Maneuvers
            - 1 September 1941 - 30 September 1941
    - Camp Polk, Louisiana
        - received orders for overseas duty as part of Operation PLUM
            - PLUM acronym for Philippines, Luzon, Manila
        - men 29 years old or older replaced
        - replacements came from 753rd Tank Battalion
        - received tanks M3 "Stuart" tanks of 753rd
Note: The reason for this move was an event that took place in the summer of 1941.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf when one of the pilots noticed something odd.  He took his plane down and identified a buoy in the water.  He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island, with a large radio transmitter, hundred of miles away.  The squadron continued its flight plane and flew south to Mariveles and then returned to Clark Field.  When the planes landed, it was too late to do anything that day, and the next day - when a Navy ship was sent to the area - the buoys had been picked up.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.
    - Fort McDowell, Angel Island, California
        - ferried to island on U.S.A.T. General Frank M. Coxe
        - received physicals from medical detachment - 25 October 1941 - 26 October 1941
            - men with minor health issues held back and scheduled to rejoin battalion at later date
            - other men simply replaced

    - Camp Polk, Louisiana

Overseas Duty:
       - U.S.A.T. Gen. Hugh L. Scott
        - Sailed: San Francisco - Monday - 27 October 1941
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Sunday - 2 November 1941
            - remained in Hawaii until other ships in convoy arrived
        - Sailed: Wednesday - 5 November 1941
            - took southern route away from main shipping lanes
            - joined by the heavy cruiser, the U.S.S. Louisville and the transport, S.S. President Calvin Coolidge
                - smoke seen on horizon
                - Louisville revved its engines, its bow came out of water, and it intercepted the ship
                    - ship was from a neutral country
    - Sunday - 9 November 1941 - crossed International Dateline
    - soldiers woke up on Tuesday - 11 November 1941
        - Arrived: Guam - Sunday 16 November 1941
            - ship loaded with water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables
        - Sailed: next day
            - passed Japanese held island in total blackout
        -Arrived: Thursday - 20 November 1941 - Manila Bay - 7:00 A.M.
            - soldiers disembark ship three hours after arrival
            - boarded buses for Ft. Stotsenburg
            - maintenance section remained behind to unload tanks from ship
Stationed:
    - Ft. Stotsenburg - Philippine Islands
        - D Company was attached to 194th Tank Battalion
        - company remained under command of 192nd Tank Battalion  
            - company listed on Presidential Unit Citations of the 192nd

Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942
                - lived Japanese attack on Clark Field
                - planes did not go after tanks
                - after attack 194th sent to a bivouac three kilometers north of Clark Field
                    - from there they were sent to Barrio of San Joaquin on the Malolus Road
            - 12 December 1941
                - moved to new bivouac south to San Fernando near Calumpit Bridge
                    - arrived 6:00 A.M.
            - 15 December 1941
                - received 15 Bren gun carriers
                - turned some over to 26th Cavalry, Philippine Scouts
            - 22 December 1941
                - sent to Rosario
                    - west and north of the of barrio
                    - ordered out of the 71st Division Commander
                        - said they would hinder the cavalry's operation
            - 22/23 December 1941
                - operating north of Agno River
                - main bridge at Carmen bombed
            - 24/25 December 1941
                - tank battalions make end run to get south of Agno River
                    - ran into Japanese resistance but successfully crossed river
            - 25/26 December 1941
                - held south bank of Agno River from west of Carmen to Carmen-Akcaka-Bautista
                  Road
                - 192nd held from Carmen to (Route 3) to Tayug (northeast of San Quintin)
            - 26/27 December 1941
                - ordered to withdraw
                    - 1 platoon forced its way through way through Carmen
                        - lost two tanks
                            - one tank belonged to company commander - Captain Edward Burke
                                - believed dead, but was actually captured
                            - one tank crew rescued
                - new line Santa Ignacia-Gerona-Santo Tomas-San Jose
                - rest of battalion made a dash out
                    - lost one tank at Bayambang
                    - another tank went across front receiving fire and firing on Japanese
                - Lt. Petree's platoon fought its way out and across Agno River
                - D Company, 192nd, lost all its tanks except one
                    - the tank commander found a crossing
                    - Japanese would use tanks later on Bataan
            - 29/30 December 1941
                - new line at Bamban River established
                - tank battalions held line until ordered to withdraw
            - 30/31 December 1941
                    - tank battalions held Calumpit Bridge
                    - covering withdraw of Philippine Divisions south on Rt. 3, San Fernando

Killed in Action: 

    - Friday - 2 January 1942 - Friendly Fire - Guagua, Philippine Islands

    - L. T. left his tank and was standing outside of it when a crew member of Lt. Col.

      Ernest Miller's tank slipped, grabbed the tank's machine gun and accidentally fired

      the gun.  Bullets from the gun hit L. T. in the chest. 

    - L. T. died on way to the hospital.

    - Miller was the commanding officer of the 194th Tank Battalion.

    - Ralph Stine stated he attempted to treat Nix's wounds, but the wounds were too bad

    - Marcus Lawson's description of L. T. Nix's death.

Buried:

    - exhumed after war
Reburied:
    - American Military Cemetery - Manila, Philippine Islands
        - Plot: D   Row 3   Grave: 118


 

 

 

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