Likens

 

Sgt. Claude Likens


Born: 15 May 1917 - Iowa

Parents: William H. Likens & Pearl M. Turner-Likens

Siblings: 4 sisters, 2 brothers

Home: 18th Street Road, Kosmosdale, Kentucky

    - this was a company town owned by cement company 

Employed:

    - Kosmos Portland Cement Company

Inducted:

    - U. S. Army  

        - 1 March 1941 - Louisville, Kentucky

Training:
    - Fort Knox, Kentucky
        - Arrived: 28 November 1941
        - January 1941- attended a specific tank school for training
    - 1 September 1941 - 30 September 1941
        Louisiana Maneuvers - 1 September 1941 - 30 September 1941
            - sent to Camp Polk after maneuvers
    - Camp Polk, Louisiana
        - received orders for overseas duty as part of Operation PLUM
            - PLUM acronym for Philippines, Luzon, Manila
        - men 29 years old or older replaced
        - replacements came from 753rd Tank Battalion
        - received tanks M3 "Stuart" tanks of 753rd
Note: The reason for this move was an event that took place in the summer of 1941.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf when one of the pilots noticed something odd.  He took his plane down and identified a buoy in the water.  He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island, with a large radio transmitter, hundred of miles away.  The squadron continued its flight plane and flew south to Mariveles and then returned to Clark Field.  When the planes landed, it was too late to do anything that day, and the next day - when a Navy ship was sent to the area - the buoys had been picked up.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.
    - Fort McDowell, Angel Island, California
        - ferried to island on U.S.A.T. General Frank M. Coxe
        - received physicals from medical detachment - 25 October 1941 - 26 October 1941
            - men with minor health issues held back and scheduled to rejoin battalion at later date
            - other men simply replaced

Overseas Duty: 

       - U.S.A.T. Gen. Hugh L. Scott
        - Sailed: San Francisco - Monday - 27 October 1941
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Sunday - 2 November 1941
            - remained in Hawaii until other ships in convoy arrived
        - Sailed: Tuesday - 4 November 1941
        - Arrived: Guam - Not Known
            - ship loaded with water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables
        - Sailed: next day
        -Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Thursday - 20 November 1941
            - soldiers disembark ship three hours after arrival
            - boarded buses for Ft. Stotsenburg
            - maintenance section remained behind to unload tanks from ship

    - Ft. Stotsenburg - Philippine Islands

        - D Company was attached to 194th Tank Battalion

        - company remained under command of 192nd Tank Battalion
        - company listed on Presidential Unit Citations of the 192nd

Engagements:

    - Battle of Luzon 

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942  

            - D Company tanks went north to Lingayen Gulf, in support of

              B Company, where Japanese were landing troops

                  - 21 December 1941

            - fought in battle at Agno River - 24 December 1941

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942

            - major tank battle near the Bagac Road - 21 March 1942

                - last major battle

    - Battle of Corregidor

        - 9 April 1942 - 6 May 1942

            - when ordered to surrender, he swam to Corregidor  

            - Fort Drum

                - assigned to fort after escaping Bataan

POW: 

    - 6 May 1942

        - sent out on work detail to Marinduque

            - appears POWs rebuilt WaWa Dam on Boac River

            - detail ended 18 May 1942
        "They treated us pretty rough -- pretty rough.  They (POWs) began dropping like flies."

Camps:

    - Philippine Islands: 

        - Bilibid Prison

            - arrived - 18 May 1942

        - Cabanatuan 

           - arrived - 26 May 1942

           - departed - 18 September 1942

        - Bilibid Prison

           - taken to Port Area of Manila
Hell Ship:
    - Lima Maru
        - Sailed: Manila - 20 September 1942
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 22 September 1942
            - disembarked ship

    - Formosa: 

        - Taichu Camp - two months in camp

            - cleared rocks from a dried river bed

            - food was rice and soup three times a day

            - worked there for 47 days
Hell Ship:
    - Dai Nichi Maru
        - Sailed: Takao, Formosa - 13 November 1942
        - Arrived: Yokohama, Japan - 28 November 1942
POW Camps:

    - Japan: 

         - Yokohama #1D

            - POWs repaired Japanese aircraft carriers, destroyers, and other ships
                - did so under threat of death

            - POWs transferred after 15 April 1945 fire bombing

        - Omori Headquarters Camp

            - Work: stevedore - Yokohama Ship Yard
            - Some POWs in the camp made propaganda broadcasts for the Japanese

Liberated: September 1945
    - returned to the Philippine Islands
Transport:
    - flown to Hawaii by "The Air Transport Command"
    - flown Hamilton Airfield, California

Discharged: 3 May 1946

Died: 12 December 1996 - West Point, Kentucky

Buried:

    - Bethany Memorial Cemetery - Louisville, Kentucky
Claude Likens' Diary - Link





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