S/Sgt. Allen Glen Harden
Born: 1905 - Oklahoma
Parents: William & Sue Harden
Siblings: 2 sisters, 3 brothers
Home: McDowell County, West Virginia
Married: Mary L. Ferguson - 9 October 1933
    - divorced
Inducted:
    - U.S. Army
        - 29 January 1941 - Huntington, West Virginia
Training: Fort Knox, Kentucky
Units:
    - 19th Ordnance Battalion
        - Reorganized as 17th Ordnance Company
Note: In the late summer of 1941, the 194th received orders for duty in the Philippines because of an event that happened during the summer.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf when one of the pilots, whose plane was lower than the rest, noticed something odd.  He took his plane down and identified a flagged buoy in the water and saw another one in the distance.  He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island, hundreds of miles to the northwest, which had a large radio transmitter.
    The squadron continued its flight plane and flew south to Mariveles before returning to Clark Field.  By the time the planes landed, it was too late to do anything that day.  The next day, another squadron of planes were sent to the area, but the buoys had been picked up by a fishing boat which was seen making its way toward shore.  Since radio communication between the Army Air Corps and Navy was poor, by the time a Navy ship was sent to the area, the fishing boat was gone.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.
Overseas Duty:
    - Ship: S.S. President Calvin Coolidge
        - Boarded: Monday - 8 September 1941 - 3:00 P.M.
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: 5:00 P.M. - same day
            - escorted by heavy cruiser - U.S.S. Astoria and an unknown destroyer
                - heavy cruiser intercepted several ships after smoke was seen on the horizon
                - ships belonged to friendly countries
        - Arrived: Manila - Friday - 26 September 1941
            - disembark ship - 3:00 P.M.
        - 17th Ordnance unloaded tanks and reattached turrets
Stationed:
    - Ft. Stotsenburg, Philippine Islands
        - lived in tents until barracks completed - 15 November 1941   
Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1942 - 6 January 1942
            - company did tank maintenance on the run
    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - 3 April 1942
                - Japanese launched major offensive
                - tanks sent into various sectors to stop Japanese advance
            - 8 April 1942
                - Gen. Edward P. King
                    - determined only 25% of his troops were healthy enough to fight
                    - troops would last one more day
                - feared that the 6000 troops who were hospitalized and 40000 Filipino civilians would be slaughtered
                - 10:30 P.M. - sent staff officers to meet with Japanese and negotiate surrender terms
Note:  Tank battalion commanders received this order, "You will make plans, to be communicated to company commanders only, and be prepared to destroy within one hour after receipt by radio, or other means, of the word 'CRASH', all tanks and combat vehicles, arms, ammunition, gas, and radios: reserving sufficient trucks to close to rear echelons as soon as accomplished." 
        - 11:40 P.M. - ammunition dumps blown up        -
Prisoner of War:
    - 9 April 1942
        - Death March
            - Mariveles 
- POWs started march at southern tip of Bataan
                - POWs ran past Japanese artillery that was firing at
                  Corregidor
                - American artillery returned fire 
                - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars used to
                  haul sugarcane
                - each boxcar could hold hold eight horses or 40 men
                - Japanese packed 100 POWs into each car
                - POWs that died remained standing
            - Capas - POWs left boxcars - dead fell to floors of boxcars
Prison Camps:
    - Philippines:
        - Camp O'Donnell
            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put base into use as a POW camp
            - there was one water spigot for for the entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new camp at Cabanatuan in an attempt to
               lower death rate
        - Cabanatuan
Died:
    - Monday - 23 November 1942 - dysentery & malaria
    - approximate time of death - 10:00 PM
Buried:
    - Cabanatuan Camp Cemetery
Reburied:
    - American Military Cemetery
        - Plot:  J   Row:  7   Grave:  9

 

 


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