Garcia

 


Cpl. Ernest Garcia


Born: 7 November 1915 - Monterrey, Mexico
Parents: Mike & Mary Garcia

Siblings: 1 sister, 1 step-brother

Home:

    - 227 West 17th Street - Port Arthur, Texas

Occupation: lumberyard worker

Inducted:

    - U. S. Army

        - 18 March 1941 - Houston, Texas

Training:

    - Fort Knox, Kentucky

    - Camp Polk, Louisiana 

Units:

    - 753rd Tank Battalion

        - assigned to battalion at Camp Polk

    - battalion was sent to Camp Polk but did not take part in maneuvers

    - 192nd Tank Battalion

       - volunteered to replace a National Guardsman released from federal service

        - assigned to D Company

Overseas Duty:
    - U.S.A.T, Hugh L. Scott
        - Sailed: San Francisco - Monday - 27 October 1941
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Sunday - 2 November 1941
            - remained in Hawaii until other ships in convoy arrived
        - Sailed: Tuesday - 4 November 1941
        - Arrived: Guam - Not Known
            - ship loaded with water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables
        - Sailed: same day
        -Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Thursday - 20 November 1941
            - soldiers disembark ship three hours after arrival
            - boarded buses for Ft. Stotsenburg
            - maintenance section remained behind to unload tanks from ship

    - Ft. Stotsenburg, Philippine Islands

Engagements: 

    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942  

            - D Company attached to 194th Tank Battalion

             - remained under the command of the 192nd Tank Battalion 

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942 

Prisoner of War: 

    - 9 April 1942

        - Death March

            - Mariveles - POWs started march at southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell

POW Camps: 

    - Philippine Islands: 

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate
 

        - Cabanatuan

        - Bilibid Prison

Hell Ship:

- Tottori Maru

        - 1961 POWs put on ship

            - 500 in front hold and 1461 in rear hold

        - 5 October 1942 POWs left Cabanatuan for Manila

           -  housed in warehouse on Pier 7

        - 7 October 1942 POWs boarded onto Tottori Maru

        - Sailed: Manila 8 October 1942

            - Note:  9 October 1942 - American submarine fired two torpedoes at ship

                         - ship passes a mine laid by an American submarine

        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 12 October 1942

        - Sailed: 16 October 1942

                        -  returned to Takao

        - Sailed: 18 October 1942

        - Arrived: Pescadores Islands

            - anchored off the Pescadores Islands same day

                        remained anchored for several days

            - two POWs died buried at sea

        - Sailed: 27 October 1942

        - Arrived: Takao - 27 October 1942

            - 28 October 1942 POWs taken ashore and bathed with fire hoses

        - Sailed: 30 October 1942

        - Arrived: 30 October 1942 - Takao, Formosa

        - Sailed:  31 October 1942

        - Arrived: Fusan, Korea - 7 November 1942

            - 8 November 1942 POWs disembarked ship

            - sick POWs left behind at Fusan

            - those who recovered came to Mukden at later date

            - white boxes contained the ashes of POWs who died sent to Hoten Camp

        - 11 November 1942 arrived Hoten Camp, Mukden, Manchuria
POW Camp:

    - Manchuria:  

          - Mukden

             - Work: machine shop; lumber mill

Liberated: September 1945 - Russian Army

Discharged: 16 May 1946

Wife: Mary Rameriz

Children:

     - 3 daughters, 4 sons

Occupation: railroad contractor

Died: 18 April 2003

Buried:

    - Memory Gardens Cemetery of Jefferson County - Nederland, Texas


 

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