Garcia

 


Cpl. Ernest Garcia


Born: 7 November 1915 - Monterrey, Mexico
Parents: Mike & Mary Garcia

Siblings: 1 sister, 1 step-brother

Home:

    - 227 West 17th Street - Port Arthur, Texas

Occupation: lumberyard worker

Inducted:

    - U. S. Army

        - 18 March 1941 - Houston, Texas

Training:

    - Fort Knox, Kentucky

    - Camp Polk, Louisiana 

Units:

    - 753rd Tank Battalion

        - assigned to battalion at Camp Polk

    - battalion was sent to Camp Polk but did not take part in maneuvers

    - 192nd Tank Battalion

       - volunteered to replace a National Guardsman released from federal service

        - assigned to D Company

Overseas Duty:
    - U.S.A.T, Hugh L. Scott
        - Sailed: San Francisco - Monday - 27 October 1941
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Sunday - 2 November 1941
            - remained in Hawaii until other ships in convoy arrived
        - Sailed: Tuesday - 4 November 1941
        - Arrived: Guam - Not Known
            - ship loaded with water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables
        - Sailed: same day
        -Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Thursday - 20 November 1941
            - soldiers disembark ship three hours after arrival
            - boarded buses for Ft. Stotsenburg
            - maintenance section remained behind to unload tanks from ship

    - Ft. Stotsenburg, Philippine Islands

Engagements: 

    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942  

            - D Company attached to 194th Tank Battalion

             - remained under the command of the 192nd Tank Battalion 

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
        - 9 April 1942 - escaped to Corregidor
            - assigned to Ft. Drum

Prisoner of War: 

    - 6 May 1942

        - returned to Corregidor
        - taken by barge to Luzon
            - marched to Manila and Bilibid Prison
            - sent to Cabanatuan

POW Camps:

    - Cabanatuan
    - Batangas Detail
         - on detail with Bland Moore, Grover Brummett
         - POWs hunted water buffaloes

            - used two eighteen ton wreckers

            - hunted at night

                - POWs set up a salt trap

                - buffaloes came down from mountains

                     - lights turned on - Japanese shot them   
                - ate the hind quarters
                - put spoiled meat out for wild boars
                - shot them for food

    - Bilibid Prison

Hell Ship:

- Tottori Maru

        - 1961 POWs put on ship

            - 500 in front hold and 1461 in rear hold

        - 5 October 1942 POWs left Cabanatuan for Manila

           -  housed in warehouse on Pier 7

        - 7 October 1942 POWs boarded onto Tottori Maru

        - Sailed: Manila 8 October 1942 - 10:00 A.M.
            - passed Corregidor - noon

            - Note:  9 October 1942 - American submarine fired two torpedoes at ship

                         - ship passes a mine laid by an American submarine
            - captain maneuvered ship and avoided torpedoes

        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 11 October 1942
            - POWs lined deck attempting to use latrines

        - Sailed: 16 October 1942 - 7:30 A.M.

                     -  returned to Takao - 10:30 P.M.
            - food stuffs loaded onto ship
            - POWs received two bags of hardtack and rice and soup each day

        - Sailed: 18 October 1942

        - Arrived: Pescadores Islands

            - anchored off the Pescadores Islands same day

                        remained anchored for several days

            - two POWs died buried at sea

        - Sailed: 27 October 1942

        - Arrived: Takao - 27 October 1942

            - 28 October 1942 POWs taken ashore and bathed with fire hoses
            - ship was also cleaned

        - Sailed: 30 October 1942

        - Arrived: 30 October 1942 - Makou, Pescadores Islands - 5:00 P.M.

        - Sailed:  31 October 1942

            - part of seven ship convoy
            - POWs received two meals of rice and soup and one bag of hardtack each
              day
            - 5 November 1942 - ships attacked by American submarine
                - one ship sunk
                - the remaining ships scattered

        - Arrived: Fusan, Korea - 7 November 1942- 8:00 A.M.

            - 8 November 1942 POWs disembarked ship
            - POWs issued new clothing and fur-lined overcoats

            - sick POWs left behind at Fusan

            - those who recovered came to Mukden at later date

            - white boxes contained the ashes of POWs who died sent to Hoten Camp

        - 11 November 1942 arrived Hoten Camp, Mukden, Manchuria
POW Camp:

    - Manchuria:  

          - Mukden

             - Work: machine shop; lumber mill

Liberated: September 1945 - Russian Army
    - former POWs taken to Darien, China
    - returned to the Philippines

Discharged: 16 May 1946

Wife: Mary Rameriz

Children:

     - 3 daughters, 4 sons

Occupation: railroad contractor

Died: 18 April 2003

Buried:

    - Memory Gardens Cemetery of Jefferson County - Nederland, Texas


 

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