Ferguson_H

 


Pvt. Harold J. Ferguson


Born: 25 November 1918 - Brooklyn, New York
Parents: Herman & Sarah Ferguson
    - mother remarried
Siblings: 3 sisters, 2 brothers
Education: 2 years of high school
Occupation:

Inducted: 27 February 1941 - Jamaica, New York

Home: 3522 East 34th Street - New York, New York

Training: 

    - Fort Knox, Kentucky

    - Camp Polk, Louisiana

Units: 

    - 753rd Tank Battalion

    - 192nd Tank Battalion

        - replaced a National Guardsman released from federal service 

Overseas Duty:
    - U.S.A.T, Hugh L. Scott
        - Sailed: San Francisco - Monday - 27 October 1941
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Sunday - 2 November 1941
            - remained in Hawaii until other ships in convoy arrived
        - Sailed: Tuesday - 4 November 1941
        - Arrived: Guam - Not Known
            - ship loaded with water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables
        - Sailed: same day
        -Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Thursday - 20 November 1941
            - soldiers disembark ship three hours after arrival
            - boarded buses for Ft. Stotsenburg
            - maintenance section remained behind to unload tanks from ship

    - Ft. Stotsenburg - Philippine Islands

Engagements:

    - Battle of Luzon 

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942 

POW: 

    - 9 April 1942

       - Death March

           - Mariveles

               - POWs started march at southern tip of Bataan 

               - ran past Japanese artillery firing on Corregidor

               - American artillery on Corregidor returned fire

           - San Fernando

               - POWs put into small wooden boxcars used to haul sugarcane

               - each car could hold 40 men or eight horses

               - Japanese packed 100 POWs into each car

               - those who died remained standing

           - Capas 

               - POWs left boxcars

               - those who died fall to the floors of the cars

               - POWs walked the last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell
            -family received a POW postcard from him in 1942

Camps:

    - Philippine Islands: 

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino Army Training Base

            - Japanese put base into use as POW camp

            - one water spigot for the entire camp

            - as many as 50 POWs died each day

        - Cabanatuan #1

            - Japanese opened camp in an attempt to lower death rate among

                POWs

            - "healthy" POWs transferred there

        - Port Area Detail - Manila

           - Work: Stevedore - Pier 7

              - 13 June 1942 - 14 July 1944

Hell Ship: 

    - Nissyo Maru  

        - Sailed: Manila - 17 July 1944

        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 27 July 1944

        - Sailed: Takao - 28 July 1944

        - Arrived: Moji - 3 August 1944

POW Camp:

    - Japan: 

        - Kamioka POW Camp

            - Work: lead & zinc mining

Liberated: September 1945

Died:

    - 11 February 1990


 

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