Capt. Arthur V. Burholt was the son of Judson Burholt
& Alice E. Conley-Burholt and was born on
September 16, 1908, in Columbus, Ohio. He was
the oldest of the couple's three sons. While he
was a child, his father passed away. His
mother would later marry Fred Gottschalk.
during this period, the family moved to Port
Clinton. There, Arthur attended
school. He was a 1926 graduate of Port
Clinton High School and a 1932 graduate of
Michigan State Normal College.
On February 15, 1933, Arthur joined the
Ohio National Guard, he also took a job at Port
Clinton High School where he coached basketball
and later became the school's athletic
director. On May 1, 1936, he married
Virginia Van Rensselaer. He and his
wife resided at 520 East Perry Street in Port
On November 23, 1940,
he was promoted to second lieutenant. Two
days later he was called to federal duty as a
member of C Company, 192nd Tank Battalion.
He was granted a one year leave of absence from
Port Clinton High School to go with the tank
company to Fort Knox, Kentucky.
Arthur trained at Ft.
Knox for almost a year. In January of
1941, he was transferred to Headquarters Company
when it was formed from the letter companies of
the battalion. It was also during this
time that Arthur was promoted to first
lieutenant on May 18, 1941. On July 1,
1941, he was promoted to captain. He next
took part in maneuvers in Louisiana during the
later summer of 1941.
At Camp Polk, the battalion learned that they
had been selected to go overseas, because of
an event that happened during the summer of
1941. A squadron of American fighters
was flying over Lingayen Gulf when one of the
pilots - whose plane was lower than the others
- noticed something odd. He took his
plane down and identified a flagged buoy in
the water and another in the distance.
He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a
straight line, in the direction of an Japanese
occupied island, hundreds of miles to the
northwest, which had a large radio
transmitter. The squadron continued its
flight plan and landed in the evening.
Since it was too late to do anything that day,
another squadron was sent to the area the next
day, but the buoys had been picked up and a
fishing boat was seen making its way to
shore. Since communication between the
Air Corps and Navy was poor, no ship was sent
to the area to intercept the boat. It
was at that time the decision was made to
build up the American military presence in the
He was given the job of S-3
or Staff Officer for Operations. Many of
the members of the battalion returned home to
say their goodbyes. On October 20th from
Camp Polk, the battalion traveled west over
different train routes arriving in San
Francisco, California, where the soldiers were
ferried, on the U.S.A.T. General Frank M.
Coxe, to Ft. McDowell on Angel
Island. On the island, they were given
physicals and inoculated for tropical diseases
by the battalions medical detachment.
Those men with major health issues were
released from service and replaced, while
others were held back and told they would
rejoin the battalion at a later date.
The 192nd was boarded onto
the U.S. A. T. Hugh L. Scott and
sailed on Monday, October 27th. During
this part of the trip, many tankers had
seasickness, but once they recovered they
spent much of the time training in breaking
down machine guns, cleaning weapons, and doing
KP. They arrived at Honolulu,
Hawaii, on Sunday, November 2nd and had a two
day layover, so the soldiers were given shore
leave so they could see the island.
On Wednesday, November 5th,
the ship sailed for Guam but took a southerly
route away from the main shipping lanes.
It was at this time it was joined by, the
heavy cruiser, the U.S.S. Louisville
and, the transport, the S. S. President
Calvin Coolidge. Sunday night,
November 9th, the soldiers went to bed and
when they awoke the next morning, it was
Tuesday, November 11th. During the
night, while they slept, the ships had crossed
the International Date Line. On
Saturday, November 15th, smoke from an unknown
ship was seen on the horizon. The
Louisville revved up its engines, its bow came
out of the water, and it shot off in the
direction of the smoke. It turned out
the smoke was from a ship that belonged to a
When they arrived at
Guam on Sunday, November 16th, the ships took
on water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables
before sailing for Manila the next day.
At one point, the ships passed an island at
night and did so in total blackout. This
for many of the soldiers was a sign that they
were being sent into harm's way. The
ships entered Manila Bay, at 8:00 A.M., on
Thursday, November 20th, and docked at Pier 7
later that morning. At 3:00 P.M., most
of the soldiers were taken by bus to Ft.
Stotsenburg. Those who drove trucks
drove them to the fort, while the maintenance
section remained behind at the pier to unload
At the fort, the tankers
were met by Colonel Edward P. King, who
welcomed them and made sure that they had what
they needed. He also was apologetic that
there were no barracks for the tankers and
that they had to live in tents, but the fact
was he had not learned of their arrival until
days before they arrived. He remained
with the battalion and made sure they received
their Thanksgiving Dinner, before he went and
ate his own dinner.
The members of the
battalion pitched the tents in an open field
halfway between the Clark Field Administration
Building and Fort Stotsenburg. The tents
were set up in two rows and five men were
assigned to each tent. There were two
supply tents and meals.
For the next seventeen days
the tankers spent much of their time removing
cosmoline from their weapons. They also
spent a large amount of time loading
ammunition belts. The plan was for them,
with the 194th Tank Battalion, to take part in
On December 1st, the 192nd was
ordered to its position at Clark Field.
Their job was to protect the southern half of
the airfield from paratroopers. The
194th Tank Battalion, which had arrived in
September guarded the northern half. Two
crew men remained with the tanks at all times
and received their meals from food trucks.
The tank battalions were made
aware of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor the
morning of December 8th. The tank and half
track crews were brought up to full strength at
the perimeter of Clark Field. All morning
long, the tankers watched as the sky was filled
with American planes. At twelve noon, the
planes landed, to be refueled, and the pilots went
As the tankers sat at their
tanks eating lunch, a formation of 54 planes
approached the airfield from the north. At
first, the tankers thought they were American. As
they watched, they saw what looked like "rain
drops" fell from the planes. It was when
bombs began exploding on the runways that they
knew the planes were Japanese.
Arthur was fighting the Japanese in the
Philippines, his wife received several letters
from him. In a letter dated January 17,
1942, he wrote, "It's
been a week since I last wrote to you. I'm
still O.K. so don't worry about me. Keep
you chin up and a smile on your
"We are putting up a good
fight, and if any aid comes to us from home, I'm
sure everything will work out for the best.
Lt. Harold Collins has been promoted to captain. I
haven't received any letters from you since
November 3, but am writing with the hope that some
letters will arrive.
"I have no use for money now. There are no places
to buy anything and besides that, there is nothing
to buy. About the only use I have for money
is paying for washing out what few clothes I
"I am certainly glad for your sake that the
government didn't allow us to bring our
wives. No matter how much I miss you, I
still will rather have you safe in the good
old U. S. A. than subjected to the bombings that
the people in the Philippines have been subjected
to. If you pray a little extra hard, I'm
sure that I will come home.
"Brother Ralph should be plenty busy at Douglas,
at least I hope so, because it sure would be a
great sight to see a few American planes come over
and give us a lift. Strange as it may seem ,
I will want to carry on and continue to make my
career the army, so get ready for some good old
army post life when I get back."
In a letter his wife received during
the Battle of the Bataan dated January 21, 1942,
Arthur wrote, "I can assure you that our
outfit is very, very far from being out of
action. We can, and will continue to give the
Japs plenty to worry about. All we need is a
little additional aid from the United States, and
the government will not have to worry about the
the other defenders of Bataan, Burholt believed
General MacArthur's claim that aid was coming,
"Still very much o.k. and
still fighting Japs. We are looking forward
to the day when aid will arrive. Keep people
back home plugging for increased production and
the enlargement of our armed forces."
Arthur also told his wife, "There isn't much I can tell
you of what is going on over here, but if you
listen to the San Francisco broadcasts you will
get a pretty good picture of where we are and what
we are doing."
"Don't pay any attention to the Japanese
broadcasts as they have already reported over the
radio three different times that our battalion has
been wiped out."
also talked about events in the U. S., "Somewhere in the Philippines
we heard a radio broadcast telling of the planes
crash in which Carol Lombard was killed.
Also heard some music which really sounded good
after hearing only planes and artillery fire for
such a long time. Too bad about Lombard, but
I guess it must have been her time."
In another letter dated January 28, 1942, he
wrote, "Beefy" said
"we are still safe. Had a pretty tough week,
but everyone came through o.k. Weather is
getting hot, but as a whole, everyone in command
is in pretty good physical condition.
"Went to communion in the field this morning and
prayed that all of you at home were o.k. I
keep worrying that something will happen to you,
or that you are sick and I would never know
anything about it. I'll be back soon so
don't worry about me. Keep praying and I
know that I'll come out o.k.
I hear by radio that they really are really
expanding the armed force at Sandusky is good
On February 3, 1942, Arthur was sent to the west
coast of Bataan as S-3 of his battalion. His
job was to coordinate the tanks in action against
the Japanese. He would remain in the area
until February 11th. During this time, he
commanded the tanks in action after action against
the Japanese at the Anyasan River. The terrain was
not suitable for tanks, but through his efforts the
tanks were able to support the troops.
On April 9, 1942, Arthur became a Prisoner of War
with the surrender of Bataan. The members of
HQ Company remained in their bivouac remained in
their camp for two days. A Japanese officer
and soldiers appeared and ordered the Americans onto
the road that ran past their encampment.
Once on the road, Arthur and the other POWs were
ordered to kneel along the sides of the road.
They then placed their possessions in front of
them. As they knelt, the Japanese soldiers who
were marching passed them, took whatever they wanted
from the Americans.
Arthur and his company were ordered to go to
Mariveles at the southern tip of Bataan. They
were allowed to drive their trucks there. When
they reached the outskirts of Mariveles, the POWs
were ordered from their trucks and herded into a
school yard. They remained in the school yard
When ordered to move, Arthur's company went to a
open field. They found themselves in front of
Japanese artillery that was firing on Corregidor and
Ft. Drum. While Arthur and his men sat there,
Corregidor began returning fire. Shells from the
American guns began landing among the POWs.
When the barrage ended, three of the four Japanese
guns had been knocked out.
Arthur and his men were ordered to move again, he
and the others had no idea that they had begun the
death march. Like the other prisoners, Arthur
went days without food and water. The death
march had one lasting effect on Arthur, that effect
was that his hair turned completely gray.
At San Fernando, Arthur and the other POWs were
packed into small boxcars used for hauling
sugarcane. 100 POWs were packed into each
car. Those who died remained standing until
the living climbed out of the cars at Capas.
From this barrio, he made his way to Camp O'Donnell.
Being an officer, Arthur was not held in the main
prisoner camp. While a prisoner, Arthur was
credited with saving the life of Pvt. Charles
Chaffin. Chaffin was suffering from a bad case
of malaria, and Arthur somehow got him the quinine
that saved his
When Cabanatuan #1 was opened, Arthur he remained
behind at Camp O'Donnell for a month and half.
It is believed he was too ill to be moved.
After he recovered, he was sent to Cabanatuan POW
Camp which had been opened to relieve the conditions
at Camp O'Donnell. There, he and Capt. Harold
Collins are credited with organizing plays for the
men to see and take part in as actors. These
shows allowed the POWs an escape from the misery of
their daily lives.
Arthur next went on a work detail to Camp McKinley
on December 12, 1942, where they appeared to collect
junk, left from the fighting, as scrap metal.
From there, on January 21, 1943, the POWs were
sent to Nielson Airfield to build runways. The
detail again moved, on October 25, 1943, and sent to
Camp Murphy to build more runways. But, it
appears that Burholt remained at Nielson Field into
1944. He may have been in a POW detachment
finishing up the work at the airfield.
Medical records indicate that Burholt was admitted
to the medical ward at Bilibid Prison on May 20,
1944, suffering from a cyst in his mouth. He
remained in the ward until he was discharge on June
15th and sent to Cabanatuan.
In late 1944, as American forces
approached the Philippines, Arthur was sent to
Bilibid Prison. During his time as a POW,
Arthur became close friends with Fr. Mathias Zerfas
an American Army Chaplain from Twin Lakes,
Prison was the processing center for POWs being sent
to Japan or other occupied countries. He was
given a physical and declared healthy enough to be
sent to Japan. On December 7th, the Japanese
gave orders to the medical staff at Bilibid to make
a list of POWs healthy enough to survive a trip to
Japan. Arthur's name was put on the
On December 12, 1944, roll call was taken and the
names of the men selected for transport to Japan
were called. Arthur's name was on this
list. At 4:00 a.m. the morning of December
13th, the POWs were awakened for roll call. At
7:00 A.M. they lined up and their names were checked
on rosters. This took almost two hours.
After roll call, the POWs were allowed to roam the
At 11:30 A.M., the POWs were
assembled, formed into detachments of 100 men, and
marched to Pier 7 in Manila. Marching through
the city, they could see the destruction done by the
attacks done by American planes. When they
reached the harbor, they saw hulks of ships that had
been strafed and bombed. After arriving at
the pier, the POWs were allowed to sit down and did
not board the ship until 5:00 P.M.
The high ranking
officers were the first put into the ship's
afthold. Being the first on meant that
they would suffer many deaths. Around the
perimeter of the hold were two tiers of bunks
for the POWs. The heat was so bad that men
soon began to pass out. One survivor said, "The fist fights began
when men to pass out. We knew that
only the front men in bay would be able to
get enough air." The POWs
who were closer to the hatch used anything they
could find to fan air toward those further away
The ship sailed as part of the
the holds, the temperature was near 100
degrees. The cries for air began as the men
lost discipline, so the Japanese threatened to
cover the holds and cut off all air. After
the ship sailed, the POWs could tell they were in
open water from the wave swells. The
ships sailed for Subic Bay to pick up Japanese
civilians and reached the bay at 2:30 in the
10:00 P.M., the Japanese interpreter threatened to
have the guards fire into the holds unless the
POWs stopped screaming. Some of the POWs
fell silent because they were exhausted, and
others because they had died. One major of
the 26th Cavalry stated the man next to him had
lost his mind. Recalling the conversation he
had with the man he said,
"Worst was the man who had gone mad but would
not sit still. One kept pestering me,
pushing a mess kit against my chest, saying,
'Have some of this chow? It's good.' I
smelled of it, it was not chow. 'All
right' he said, 'If you don't want it. I'm
going to eat it.' And a little later I heard
him eating it , right beside me."
The Japanese covered the holds and would not allow
the slop buckets to be taken out of the holds.
Those POWs who were left holding the buckets at
first asked for someone else to hold it for
awhile. When that did not work, they dumped
the buckets on the men around them.
As light began to enter the hold
as morning came, the POWs could see men who were in
stupors, men out of their minds, and men who had
died. The POWs in the aft hold which also had
a sub-hold, put the POWs who out of their minds into
On the side of the holds, water
had condensed on the walls so the POWs tried to
scrap it off the wall for a drink. The
Japanese did allow men who had passed out to be put
on deck, but as soon as they revived they went back
into the holds. The Japanese would not allow
the bodies of the men who had died to be removed
from the holds.
The POWs received their first
meal at dawn. Meals on the ship consisted of a
little rice, fish, some water, and three fourths of
a cup of water was shared by 20 POWs. It was
8:00 A.M., off the coast of Luzon, and the POWs had
just finished eating breakfast when they heard the
sound of guns. At first, they thought the gun
crews were just drilling, because they had not heard
any planes. It was only when the first bomb
hit in the water and the ship shook that they knew
it was not a drill.
At first it seemed that
most of the planes were attacking the other ships in
the convoy. Commander Frank Bridgit, had made
his way to the top of the ladder into the hold and
sat down. He gave the POWs a play by play of
the planes attacking, "I
can see two planes going for a freighter off our
starboard side. Now two more are detached
from the formation. I think they may be
coming for us."
The POWs heard the change in the
sound of the planes' engines as they began their
dives toward the ships in the convoy. Several
more bombs hit the water near the ship causing it to
rock Explosions were taking place all around
the ship. In an attempt to protect themselves,
the POWs piled baggage in front of them.
Bullets from the planes were ricocheted in the hold
causing many casualties. .
Lt. Col. Elvin Barr of the 60th
Coast Artillery came up to Maj, John Fowler of the
26th Cavalry on the cargo deck and said, "There's a hole knocked in
the bulkheads down there. Between 30 and
40 men have already died down there."
Barr would never reach Japan. The attack by 30
to 50 planes lasted for about 20 to 30
minutes. When the planes were ran out of bombs
they strafed. Afterwards, the planes flew off,
returning to their carrier, and there was a lull of
about 20 to 30 minutes before the next squadron of
planes appeared over the ships and resumed the
attack. This pattern repeated itself over and
over during the day.
In the hold, the POWs concluded
that the attacking planes were concentrating on the
bridge of the ship. They noted that the planes
had taken out all the anti-aircraft guns leaving
only .30 caliber machine guns to defend the ship.
At 4:30 P.M., the ship went
through the worse attack on it. It was hit at
least three times by bombs on its bridge and
stern. Most of the POWs, who were wounded,
were wounded by ricocheting bullets and shrapnel
from exploding bombs. During the attack
Chaplain Cummings, a Catholic priest, led the POWs
in the Our Father. As they prayed, the bombs
that exploded near the ship sent torrents of water
over the ship. Bullets from the planes hit the
metal plates, of the haul, at an angle that
prevented most of them from penetrating the
haul. Somewhere on the ship a fire started,
but it was put out after several hours. The
POWs lived through seven or eight attacks before
sunset. Overall, six bombs hit the ship.
One hit the stern of the ship killing many POWs.
At dusk the ship raised anchor
and headed east. It turned south and turned
again this time heading west. The next turn it
made was north. It headed in this direction for a
good amount of time before dropping anchor at about
8:00 P.M. The POWs figured out that they had
just sailed in a circle. What had happened is
that the ship's had been hit during the attack and
the ship could not be steered.
Sometime after midnight, the POWs
heard the sound of the Japanese civilians being
evacuated from the ship. During the night, the
POW medics were ordered onto the deck to treat the
Japanese wounded. One medic recalled that the
dead, dying, and wounded were everywhere.
The ship reached Subic Bay at
2:30 in the morning and steamed closer to the beach
where its anchor was dropped. At 4:00 A.M.,
the POWs were told that they would disembark at
daybreak at a pier. The moaning and muttering
of POWs who were losing their minds kept the POWs up
all night. That night 25 POWs died in the
At 4:00 A.M.,
the Japanese interpreter yelled into the hold
that in two or three hours, the ship would
dock at the pier and the POWs would be taken
ashore. When daylight came, the
interpreter shouted that the first 35 men
would be taken ashore. Suddenly, he
looked up and shouted "Planes,
many planes!" As the POWs
were abandoning ship the planes returned and
continued the attack. The ship bounced
in the water from the explosions. Chief
Boatswain Clarence M. Taylor who was in the
water said, "I saw
the whole thing. A bomb fall, hit near the
stern hatch, and debris go flying up in
In the hold, the POWs
crowded together. Chips of rust
fell on them from the ceiling. After the
raid, they took care of the wounded before the
next attack started. In the hold a
Catholic priest, Father Duffy, began to pray, "Father forgive
them. They know not what they do."
The Japanese guards and
interpreter had abandoned ship, but the ship's
captain remained on board. He told the
POWs - with his limited English - that they
needed to get off the ship to safety.
The POWs made their way over the side and into
the water. As they swam to shore, the
Japanese fired at them, with machine guns, to
prevent them from escaping.
Four of the planes flew low
over the water above the POWs. The POWs
waved frantically at the planes so they would
not be strafed. The planes banked and
flew lower over the POWs. This time the
pilots dipped their wings to show that they
knew the men in the water were
Americans. About a half hour later, the
ship began to really burn and the bodies of
the dead could be seen on the decks.
The Japanese sent out a
motorboat with a machine gun and snipers on
it. The POWs attempting to escape were
hunted down and shot. It is believed as
many as 30 men died in the water.
There was no real beach, so
the POWs climbed up on a seawall and found the
the Japanese Naval Landing Party had set up a
machine gun and had just laid flat to rest
when the gun opened up on them. Those
who came ashore were warned to stay in the
water, but only did so when one man climbed up
on the seawall and was wounded. There
were also Japanese snipers in wait to shoot
anyone who attempted to escape.
The POWs were gathered
together and marched to the tennis court at
Olongapo Naval Station which was about 500
yards from the beach. The surviving POWs were
herded onto a tennis court. When roll
was taken, it was discovered that 329 of the
1,619 POWs had been killed during the
attack. While they were sitting there,
four American planes flew over looking the men
over. The planes circled and three
dipped their wings to the men.
The Japanese packed 1300 of the POWs on
the court with 100 wounded POWs taking
up a great amount of room at one
end. They could barely sit down
and only lay down by lying partially on
another man. During this time, the
POWs were not fed but did receive
the POWs were at
Olongapo, a Japanese
told the ranking
Lt. Col. E. Carl
those too badly
wounded to continue
the trip would be
Fifteen men were
selected and loaded
onto a truck.
They were taken into
the mountains and
never seen again.
court for nine
time on the
watched as the
bombs as they
pulled out of
right at the
over the POWs
away from them
Since the POWs
had no place to hide, they watched
and enjoyed the show. They
believed that the pilots knew they
were Americans but had no way of
knowing if this was true.
But what is known is that not one
bomb was dropped on them even
though they could be seen from the
evening of December 16th, the
Japanese brought 50 kilo bags of
rice for the POWs. About
half of the rice had fallen
out of the bags because of
holes. Each POW was given
three spoons of raw rice, and a
quarter of a spoon of salt.
At about 8:00 AM
on the morning of December 22nd, 22 trucks arrived
at the tennis court. Rumors flew on where
they were going to be taken. At about 4:00
PM, a Taiwanese guard told the POWs, in broken
English,"No go Cabanatuan. Go Manila;
maybe Bilibid." The guard knew as
little as the POWs.
On December 21st, the
POWs were taken by truck to San Fernando,
Pampanga, arriving there about four or five
in the afternoon. Once there, they
were put in a movie theater which the POWs
saw as a dungeon since it was pitch black.
During their time at San
Fernando, Pampanga, the
POWs lived through several air
raids. The reason
for the air raids was the barrio was
military headquarters for the
area. Most of the civilians had
been moved out of the
barrio. Many of the
Americans began to believe they had
been taken there so that they would be
killed by their own countrymen.
December 23rd, at about
10:00 PM, the Japanese interpreter came and spoke
to the ranking American officer about moving the
POWs. The Japanese loaded the seriously ill
POWs into a truck. Those remaining behind
believed they were taken to Bilibid. The
remaining POWs were moved to a trade school
building in the barrio.
After 10:00 AM on December
24th, the POWs were taken to the train
station. The POWs saw that the station had
been hit by bombings and that the cars they were
to board had bullet holes in them from
strafing. 180 to 200 were packed into steel
boxcars with four guards. The doors of
the boxcars were kept closed and the heat in the
cars was terrible. Ten to fifteen
POWs rode on the roofs of the cars along with two
guards. The guards told these POWs that it
was okay to wave to the American planes.
On December 25th, the POWs disembarked at San
Fernando, La Union, at 2:00 AM. They walked
two kilometers to a school yard on the southern
outskirts of the barrio. From December 25th until
the 26th. The POWs were held in a school
house. The morning of December 26th, the POWs
were marched to a beach. During this time the
prisoners were allowed one handful of rice and a
canteen of water. The heat from the sun was so
bad that men drank seawater. Many of
those men died.
The POWs, on December 27th, were
marched to the wharf. Once there, they jumped
into barges and were ferried to two ships. Arthur
and the other POWs were put on either the Brazil
Maru or the Enoura Maru. The
ship arrived safely at Formosa arriving there on
December 31st. During the time at Takao.
Formosa, the POWs remained in the holds. From
January 1st through the 5th, they received one meal
a day and not enough water. On January 6th,
all the POWs were put on the Enoura Maru and
their meals were increased to two a
The morning of January 9th the
POWs were eating their first meal when the
machine guns on the ship began to fire.
Bombs began exploding in the water around the ship
resulting in the ship rocking from the
explosions. The bombs continued to fall
closer and closer to the ship until it was
One bomb exploded in the corner
of the forward hold killing 285 POWs. Arthur was wounded during the
attack by the fighter-planes. One wound
damaged his spine resulting in his being unable to
left the dead in the holds of the ship until
January 11th. At that time a POW detail was
formed and the corpses of 150 POWs were removed
from the ship on a barge and taken to shore.
The POWs assigned to this detail were to weak to
lift the bodies, so ropes were tied to their legs
and the bodies were dragged to shore and buried in
a mass grave on the beach. Later on the same
day, the POWs from the forward hold were moved to
On January 13th,
the POWs were transferred to the Brazil Maru.
For the first time, the POWs found they had room
and mats to sleep on. The POWs also were
issued lifejackets. On January 15th, the
ship sailed for Japan.
According to another POW, Pfc. Roland Stickney, who
was on the ship, sometime after the ship sailed for
Japan, Arthur was taken to the back of the hold by
other officers and left to die. Stickney had a
great deal of contempt for these officers, because
while Arthur laid on the floor of the hold, they
stripped him of his clothing. When he was
found by Stickney a few days later, he was naked and
near death. Capt. Arthur V. Burholt died of
his wounds in the hold of the ship. He was 36
years old. After he died, his body was thrown
into the sea.
On February 23, 1945, Virginia Burholt was notified
that her husband had posthumously been awarded the
Silver Star for his actions at the Anyasan River
during the Battle of Bataan. His wife had
joined the WACs and held the rank of captain.
After the war, Arthur's family
had a headstone placed in Riverview Cemetery in Port
Clinton in memory of him. His name also
appears on the Tablets of the Missing at the
American Military Cemetery at Manila.