Jendrysik, Sgt. Frank

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Sgt. Frank Jendrysik 
Born: 20 August 1917 – Chicago, Illinois 
Parents: Andrew Jendrysik and Lekla Brzorza-Jendrysik 
– Polish immigrants 
– father died when he was thirteen 
– mother died when he was fourteen 
– he was the second son to be named “Frank”
– the other had died as an infant
Siblings: 2 brothers 
– brothers raised him 
Home: 5343 South New England Avenue – Chicago, Illinois 
– 1930 – the family lived in Cicero, Illinois
Occupation: Armour Packing House – Chicago, Illinois 
Selective Service Registration – 16 October 1940
– when he registered he indicated he was a member of B Company, 192nd Tank
Battalion
– Contact Person: Joseph Jendrysik – brother
Enlisted: Illinois National Guard
– enlisted with his best friend, Nick Fryzuik
Inducted:
– U.S. Army
– 25 November 1940
– the company officially became B Company, 192nd Tank Battalion
– men inducted at 7:00 A.M. in the U.S. Army
– by noon men who failed their physicals were out of the army
– the remaining 131 men lived in the armory for the next several days
– 27 November 1940 – one detachment of soldiers left Maywood at 7:00 A.M. in a convoy
– the convoy consisted of one command car (or jeep),
– two trucks carrying supplies, and three private cars owned by members of the company
– the trip was not easy since for 120 miles
– the road was covered in ice 
– cleared up near Indianapolis
– they had dinner and spent the night at Ft. Benjamin Harris in Indianapolis
– After showering and getting cleaned up, they continued the trip
– the weather got warmer and the snow disappeared near Fort Knox, Kentucky
– the main topics during the trip was whether they were going to live in tents or barracks
– reached the base late in the day on Thursday, November 28
– they found they were housed in barracks for the night
– the next day they were moved to tents with stoves for heat
– November 28 – main detachment leaves armory for Ft. Knox
– made the trip by train
– marched west on Madison Street to Fifth Avenue, in Maywood,
– then they marched north to the Chicago & Northwestern train station
– rode on the same train as A Company from Janesville, Wisconsin
– In Chicago, the train cars with the tanks were  transferred onto the tracks of the Illinois Central Railroad
– the IC took them to Ft. Knox
– at the fort, they were met by Army trucks at the station
– the trucks took them to the fort
– they reunited with the men who drove  
– The soldiers lived in six-man tents
– the tents had stoves for heat
– they were assigned to a newly opened area of the fort
– their barracks were not finished
Training:
– a typical day for the soldiers started at 6:15 with reveille
– most of the soldiers were up before this since they wanted to wash and dress
– 7:00 to 8:00 A.M. – breaskfast
– 8:00 to 8:30 A.M. – calisthenics
– afterward, the tankers went to various schools within the company.
– the classes consisted of .30 and .50 caliber machine guns training
– pistol care and training
– map reading
– care of personal equipment
– military courtesy
– tactics training.
– 11:30 A.M. – the soldiers stopped what they were doing and cleaned up for lunch
– Noon to 1:00 P.M. – lunch
– Afternoon – attended the various schools
– mechanics school
– tank driving
– radio operator
– the classes lasted for 13 weeks
– It is not known what training Frank received
– 4:30 P.M. – the soldiers called it a day and returned to their barracks
– put on dress uniforms and
– 5:00 P.M. – retreat
– 5:30 P.M. – dinner
– after they ate they stood in line to wash their mess kits since they had no mess hall – – January 12, 1941 – mess hall opened
– ate from real plates with forks and knives
– no longer had to wash their own plates
– men now assigned Kitchen Police
 – After dinner, off duty
– 9:00 P.M., – lights out but they did not have to turn in until 10:00
– 10:00 P.M. – Taps was played
– Many men went home for Christmas
– rode two Greyhound busses home
– 4½ day leave
– returned to Ft. Knox the morning of December 26
– arrived just before breakfast
1st/Sgt. Richard Danca was waiting
– he had the job of picking men for HQ Company
– the company was soon to be formed
– 35 men were picked because they had special training
– Many of these men received promotions and because of their rating received higher pay
– Frank was one of those assigned to HQ Company
– he was promoted to Private First Class
– the company was divided into a staff platoon
– a reconnaissance platoon
– a maintenance platoon
– a motor platoon
– and the usual cooks and clerks which every company had
– Men were assigned various jobs which included scouts, radio operators, mechanics, truck drivers, and other duties
Housing:
– December 1940 – B Company moved into its barracks
– men assigned to the Hq Company still lived with the B Company
– most of B Company were assigned to Barracks 53.
– the bunks were set up along the walls and alternated
– the head of one bunk was next to the foot of another bunk
– allowed for 50 bunks to be placed in the least amount of space
– the one problem they had was that the barracks had four, two-way speakers in it – –
– one speaker was in the main room of each floor of the barracks
– one was in the sergeant’s office
– one was in the 1st Lt. Donald Hanes’ office
– flipping a switch the speaker became a microphone
– the men watched what they said
– January 10 – the first men from selective service were assigned to the companies
– also took their first tank rides
– all of them had the chance to drive the tanks 
– February
– the men assigned to HQ Company moved into their own barracks
– the area outside the barracks was described as muddy and dusty most of the time
– an attempt was made to add walkways and roads around the barracks
Tanks:
– each company had 16 operational tanks
– the biggest task at Ft. Knox facing the members of the 192nd was that each company had to get used to each other
– this process of adjustment
– the members of the different companies often were involved in fistfights
– As time passed, the fights ended as the members of the battalion became friends
– each company was made up of three platoons
– thirty men and each company had the same number of tanks assigned to it
– Headquarters Company had three assigned tanks
– the battalion finally received all its tanks, the soldiers were told to “beat the hell out of them.”
March 1941 – draftees permanently join their companies 
– the battalion also moved to new larger barracks
Free Time:
– men could go to one of the three movie theaters on the post
– they also sat around and talked
– As the weather got warmer, they played baseball and volleyball as often as possible in the evenings. 
– 9:00 P.M., when lights went out, most went to sleep
– on weekends, men with passes frequently went to Louisville
– 35 miles north of the fort
– others went to Elizabethtown sixteen miles south of the fort
– men still on the base used the dayroom to read since it was open until 11:00 P.M.
– 7:00 A.M. on Monday, June 16th –  the battalion was broken into four detachments for a three-day tactical road march
– the most important part of this march was to train the soldiers in loading, unloading, and setting up the battalion’s administrative camps
– It also prepared them for the Louisiana maneuvers which they were scheduled to take part in during September
Louisiana Maneuvers 
– 1 September 1941 to 30 September 1941
– battalion boarded trucks and rode to Louisiana
– tanks and other vehicles sent by train
– the medical detachment treated injuries, snakebites, and other ailments. 
– One of the major problems was snake bites
– every other man was bitten at some point by a snake
– The platoon commanders and medics carried a snakebit kit
– used to create a vacuum to suck the poison out of the bite
– The bites were the result of the nights cooling down and snakes crawling under the soldiers’ bedrolls for warmth while the soldiers were sleeping on.
– a multicolored snake – about eight inches long was deadly
–  The good thing was that these snakes would not just strike at the man
– only struck if the man forced himself on it
– When the soldiers woke up in the morning they would carefully pick up their bedrolls to see if there were any snakes under them. 
– To avoid being bitten, men slept on the two and a half-ton trucks or on or in the tanks.
– Another trick the soldiers learned was to dig a small trench around their tents and lay rope in the trench.
– The burs on the rope kept the snakes from entering the tents. The snakes were not a problem if the night was warm.
– During the maneuvers that tanks held defensive positions and usually were held in reserve by the higher headquarters.
– For the first time, the tanks were used to counter-attack and in support of infantry. – Some men felt that the tanks were finally being used like they should
  be used and not as “mobile pillboxes.” 
– other men described the maneuvers as being awakened at 4:30 A.M. and sent to an area to engage an imaginary enemy.
– After engaging the enemy, the tanks withdrew to another area.
– The crews had no idea what they were doing most of the time
– crews stated they were never told anything by the higher-ups
– men felt that they just rode around in their tanks a lot 
– at Ft. Knox, the tankers were taught that they should never attack an anti-tank gun head-on
– One day during the maneuvers, their commanding general threw away the entire battalion doing just that.
– After sitting out a period of time, the battalion resumed the maneuvers
– At some point, the battalion also went from fighting for the Red Army to fighting for the Blue Army.
– wild hogs were a problem
– in the middle of the night while the men were sleeping in their tents they would suddenly hear hogs squealing.
– the hogs ran into the tents 
– pushed on them until they took them down and dragged them away
– food was also not very good
– it was always damp from the humidity which made it hard to get a fire started
– Many of their meals were C ration meals of beans or chili
– they choked the meals down.
– washing clothes was done when the men had a chance
– found a creek and looked for alligators
– if there were none, took a bar of soap and scrubbed whatever they were washing
– clothes were usually washed once a week or once every two weeks
– the sandy soil was a problem for the tanks
– tanks were parked and the crews walked away from them
– when they returned, the tanks had sunk into the sandy soil up to their hauls
– To get them out, other tanks were brought in and attempted to pull them out.
– If that didn’t work, a tank wrecker came from Camp Polk to pull the tank out.
– one good thing that came out of the maneuvers was that the tank crews learned how to move at night
– this was never done at Ft. Knox
– the night movements prepared them for what they would do in the Philippines
– the drivers learned how to drive at night 
– learned to take instructions from their tank commanders who had a better view from the turret
– a number of motorcycle riders from other tank units were killed
– rode their motorcycles without headlights at night 
– this meant they could not see obstacles in front of their bikes
– When they hit something they fell to the ground
– the tanks following them went over them
– this happened several times before the motorcycle riders were ordered to turn on their headlights.
– the battalion was ordered to Camp Polk, Louisiana
– the battalion learned it was being sent overseas
– married men and those men 29 years old or older were allowed to resign from federal service
– the battalion was told it was being sent overseas
– Frank was most likely promoted to Sergeant at this time
Overseas Duty:
– story of deployment
– A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf
– one of the pilots noticed something odd in the water
– a pilot took his plane down and identified a buoy, with a flag, in the water
– he came upon more flagged buoys that lined up – in a straight line – for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of a Japanese occupied Taiwan
– it had a large radio transmitter
– the squadron continued its flight plane
– flew south to Mariveles and then returned to Clark Field
– the planes landed, but it was too late to do anything that day
– the next day, planes were sent to the area
– the buoys had been picked up and a fishing boat was seen making its way toward shore
– communication between the planes and the Navy was poor
– nothing was done to intercept the boat
– the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines
– this event may have pushed up the timetable of sending tanks to the Philippines
– it was most likely not the reason for the decision
The First Tank Group
– headquartered at Ft. Knox
– created in early 1941
– Units:
– 70th Tank Battalion – Ft. Meade, Maryland
– 191st Tank Battalion – Ft. Meade, Maryland
– 192nd Tank Battalion – Ft. Knox, Kentucky
– 193rd Tank Battalion at Ft. Benning, Georgia
– 194th Tank Battalion at Ft. Lewis, Washington
– the U.S. was building up its military presence in the Philippines
– it appears the battalions had been picked to be sent to the islands months before the buoy incident
– the incident may have moved up the deployment of the battalions
– the 194th and 192nd arrived in the Philippines in September and November 1941
– the 193rd Tank Battalion was on its way to the Philippines
– arrived in Hawaii after the Pearl Harbor attack
– remained in Hawaii
– the other 70th and 191st Tank Battalions never received orders to the Philippines
Deployment:
– Over different train routes, the battalion’s companies arrived at San Francisco, California
– one train carried the soldiers
– a second train followed the first train on each route
– the second train carried each company’s tanks
– a box car and passenger car were at the end of the second train
– some soldiers were in the passenger cars to watch the tanks
U.S.A.T. General Frank M. Coxe ferried the battalion to Ft. MacDowell on Angel Island
– battalion’s medical detachment inoculates and gives physicals to tank companies
– those men with minor medical conditions were held back and scheduled to rejoin the battalion at a later date
– some men were simply replaced
U.S.A.T. Hugh L. Scott
– Boarded: San Francisco – Monday – 27 October 1941
– Sailed: same day
– Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii – Sunday – 2 November 1941
– soldiers were given shore leave to see the sights
– Sailed: Tuesday – Wednesday – 5 November 194
– joined by U.S.S. Louisville and U.S.A.T. President Calvin Coolidge
– Sunday – 9 November 1941 – crossed International Dateline
– woke up on Tuesday – 11 November 1941
– Arrived: Guam – Sunday – 16 November 1941
– ships took on bananas, vegetables, coconuts, and water
– Sailed: Monday – 17 November 1941
– Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands – Thursday – 20 November 1941
– there was no band or welcoming committee waiting at the pier to tell them to enjoy their stay in the Philippines and see as much of the island as they
   could
– a party came aboard the ship – carrying guns 
– the soldiers were told, “Draw your firearms immediately; we’re under alert. We expect a war with Japan at any moment. Your destination is Fort Stotsenburg, Clark Field.”
– soldiers bused to Ft. Stotsenburg
– maintenance section remained at the pier to unload tanks
Stationed:
Ft. Stotsenburg
– Gen. Edward P. King met the soldiers when they arrived
– apologized to soldiers about living conditions
– lived in tents along the main road between fort and Clark Airfield
– made sure they all had Thanksgiving dinner before he had his dinner
– the dinner was a stew thrown into their mess kits
– if they had been slower getting off the ship they would have had a turkey diner
– the members of the battalion pitched the ragged World War I tents in an open field halfway between the Clark Field Administration Building and Fort
   Stotsenburg.
– the tents were set up in two rows and five men were assigned to each tent.
– there were two supply tents
– meals were provided by food trucks stationed at the end of the rows of tents
– the area was near the end of a runway used by B-17s for takeoffs.
– the planes flew over the tents at about 100 feet blowing dirt everywhere and the noise was unbelievable.
– at night, they heard the sounds of planes flying over the airfield which turned out to be Japanese reconnaissance planes.
– In addition, the khaki uniforms they had been issued were heavy material and uncomfortable to wear in the tropical heat
– within hours, the 192nd had set up a communications tent
– the battalion in touch with the U.S.
– men sent messages home saying they had arrived safely
– the radio monitoring station in Manila went crazy trying to figure out where these messages were coming from
– when they learned it was the 192nd, they gave the battalion radio frequencies to use 
Work Day:
– 5:15 A. M. – reveille
– washing – the lucky man washed by a faucet with running water
– 6:00 A.M. – breakfast
– 7:00 to 11:30 A.M. 
– Noon – lunch
– 1:30 to 2:30 P.M. – worked
– the shorter afternoon work period was based on the belief that the climate made it too hot to work
– the tankers worked until 4:30 P.M.
– the term “recreation in the motor pool” – that was borrowed from the 194th Tank Battalion – was used to describe this work time
– 5:10 – dinner
– after dinner, the soldiers were free to do what they wanted to do
Uniforms:
– the battalion wore fatigues to do the work on the tanks
– the soldiers were reprimanded for not wearing dress uniforms 
– they continued to wear fatigues in their barracks area to do their work
– if the soldiers left the battalion’s area, they were expected to wear dress uniforms
– this included going to the PX
Recreation:
– the soldiers spent their free time bowling, going to the movies,
– they also played horseshoes, softball, badminton, or threw a football around
– on Wednesday afternoons, they went swimming
– men were allowed to go to Manila in small groups
Alert:
– 1 December 1941
– tanks ordered to the perimeter of Clark Field
– two tank crew members had to stay with the tanks at all time
– 194th guarded the north end of the airfield and the 192nd Tank Battalion guarded the south end
– meals served to men at the tanks by food trucks
– those not assigned to a tank or half-track remained at the command post
War:
– Maj. Ted Wickord, CO of the 192nd, and Maj. Ernest Miller, CO of the 194th read news of the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor
Gen. James R. N. Weaver, CO of Tank Group were with them
– Wickord ordered his battalion be brought up to full strength at the airfield
– the half-tracks took positions next to the tanks
Engagements:
– Battle of Luzon – 8 December 1942 – 6 January 1942
– held a line so other troops could disengage and establish a new defensive line
– tanks would establish a defensive line and hold it until all the troops have passed
– withdrew to a predetermined position
– Battle of Bataan
– 7 January 1942 – 9 April 1942
– recovered disabled tanks to use for parts
– 3 April 1942
– Japanese launch new offensive
– tanks sent into various sectors to stop the Japanese advance
– 6 April 1942
– four tanks sent to support the 45th Philippine Infantry and 75th Infantry, Philippine Scouts
– one tank knocked out by anti-tank fire at the junction of Trails 8 & 6
– other tanks covered withdraw
– 3rd Platoon sent up the west coast road
– near Mt. Samat ran into heavy Japanese force
– the tanks withdrew to Marivales
– 8 April 1942
– Capt. Fred Bruni told the company of the surrender
– ordered them to destroy anything that could be used by Japanese
– remained in bivouac for two day
– he had somehow come up with bread and pineapple juice for the men
– they ate what he called, “Our last supper.”
– 6:30 P.M. – order goes out to be prepared to destroy all equipment of use to the Japanese – “You will make plans, to be communicated to company commanders only, and be prepared to destroy within one hour after receipt by radio, or other means, of the word ‘CRASH’, all tanks and combat vehicles, arms, ammunition, gas, and radios: reserving sufficient trucks to close to rear echelons as soon as accomplished.”
– 10:30 P.M. – decision made to send white flag across the battle line
– 11:40 P.M. – ammunition dumps were blown up
– At 2:oo A.M. April 9, Gen. King sent a jeep under a white flag carrying Colonel Everett C. Williams, Col. James V. Collier, and Major Marshall Hurt to meet
   with the Japanese commander about terms of surrender.
 – The white flag was bedding from A Company, 192nd Tank Battalion
– Shortly after daylight Collier and Hunt returned with word of the appointment
– 9 April 1942 –  the tankers received the message “crash”
– circled tanks and fired an armor-piercing shell into each tank’s engine
– opened gasoline cocks and dropped grenades into the crew compartment
– As Gen. King left to negotiate the surrender, he went through the area held by B Company.
– He said to them, “I’m going to get us the best deal I can.” 
– He also said, “When you get home, don’t ever let anyone say to you, you surrendered. I was the one who surrendered.”
– Gen. King with his two aides, Maj. Cothran and Captain Achille C. Tisdelle Jr. got into a jeep carrying a large white flag
– They were followed by another jeep – also flying another large white flag – with Col. Collier and Maj. Hurt in it
– As the jeeps made their way north they were strafed and small bombs were dropped by a Japanese plane
– The drivers of both jeeps and the jeeps were provided by the tank group and both men managed to avoid the bullets
– The strafing ended when a Japanese reconnaissance plane ordered the fighter pilot to stop strafing
– About 10:00 A.M. the jeeps reached Lamao where they were received by a Japanese Major General who informed King that he reported his coming to
   negotiate a surrender and that an officer from the Japanese command would arrive to do the negotiations
– The Japanese officer also told him that his troops would no attack for thirty minutes while King decided what he would do
– After a half-hour, no Japanese officer had arrived from their headquarters and the Japanese attack had resumed.
– King sent Col. Collier and Maj. Hunt back to his command with instructions that any unit inline with the Japanese advance should fly white flags
– Shortly after this was done a Japanese colonel and interpreter arrived. King was told the officer was Homma’s Chief of Staff and he had come to discuss
   King’s surrender
– King attempted to get insurances from the Japanese that his men would be treated as prisoners of war, but the Japanese officer – through his interpreter
– he was accused of declining to surrender unconditionally
– At one point King stated he had enough trucks and gasoline to carry his troops out of Bataan
– He was told that the Japanese would handle the movement of the prisoners
– The two men talked back and forth until the colonel said through the interpreter, “The Imperial Japanese Army are not barbarians.” 
– King found no choice but to accept him at his word
– 11 April 1942 – Japanese arrive at the bivouac
– POWs ordered onto the road with possessions in front of them
– passing Japanese POWs take what they want from POWs
– POWs remained alongside the road for hours
– finally, board trucks and drive to an area outside of Mariveles
– The March
– remained in bivouac until the Japanese made contact with them
– ordered to Mariveles
– Mariveles – POWs started the march at the southern tip of Bataan
– POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
– the Japanese guards only walked a predetermined distance
–  to finish faster they made the POW move at a faster pace
– Americans on Corregidor returned fire
– Filipinos put containers of water along the sides of the road
– the POWs could scoop the water into their canteens without stopping
– the water saved many lives
– the POWs put into a bullpen surrounded by barbed wire
– sat in human waste
– they received their first food
– ordered to form 100 men detachments
– San Fernando – POWs put into small wooden boxcars
– boxcars were known as “forty or eights”
– each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
– since there were 100 men in each detachment, 100 POWs packed into each car
– POWs who died remained standing since they could not fall to the floors
– Capas – the dead fell to the floors as living left boxcars
– POWs walked the last 8 kilometers to Camp O’Donnell
POW Camps:
– Camp O’Donnell
– 1 April 1942 – unfinished Filipino training base Japanese put into use as a POW camp
– Japanese believed the camp could hold 15,000 to 20,000 POWs
– POWs searched upon arrival at camp
– those found with Japanese money were accused of looting
– sent to guardhouse
– over several days, gunshots heard southeast of the camp
– POWs who had money on them had been executed
– Japanese took away any extra clothing from POWs as they entered the camp and refused to return it
– since no water was available for wash clothing, the POWs threw soiled clothing away
– clothing was taken from dead
– few of the POWs in the camp hospital had clothing
– POWs were not allowed to bathe
– only one water spigot for the entire camp
– POWs waited 2½ hours to 8 hours to get a drink
– water frequently turned off by Japanese guards and the next man in line waited as long as 4 hours for the water to be turned on again
– the Japanese always had a sufficient supply of water
Meals:
– Breakfast – ½ cup of soupy rice and occasionally they got some sort of coffee
– Lunch – ½ mess kit of steamed rice and a ½ cup of sweet potato soup
– Dinner – the same as lunch
– mess kits could not be cleaned
– POWs had to carry water 3 miles from a river to cook their meals
– second water spigot installed a week after POWs arrived
– slit trenches overflowed since many of the POWs had dysentery
– flies were everywhere including in camp kitchens and food
– the camp hospital had no water, soap, or disinfectant
– the senior POW doctor wrote a list of medicines he wanted to treat the sick and was told by the camp commandant, Capt. Yoshio Tsuneyoshi, never
  to write another letter
– Tsuneyoshi said that all he wanted to know about the American POWs were their names and numbers when they died
– refused to allow a truckload of medicine sent by the Archbishop of Manila into the camp
– 95% of the medicine sent by the Philippine Red Cross in a truck was taken by the Japanese for their own use
– a second truck of medicine sent by the Red Cross was turned away
– the Japanese took what they wanted from the cookies and fruit brought by the Philippine Red Cross for the POWs and gave what was left to the POWs
– POWs in the camp hospital lay on the floor elbow to elbow
– the floor was covered in human waste
– there were only primitive supplies improvised by the POWs to clean the floor
– operations on POWs were performed with mess kit knives
– only one medic out of six medics – assigned to care for 50 sick POWs in the hospital –  was well enough to work
– as many as 50 POWs died each day
– the floor was covered with human excrement 
– the POWs made improvised cleaners to clean it
– each morning dead were found everywhere in the camp and stacked up under the hospital
– in an attempt to stop the spread of disease, the dead were moved to one area
– the ground under the hospital was scraped and covered with lime to clean it
– the dead were moved to the cleaned area and the area where they had lain was scraped and covered with lime
– usually the dead were not buried for two or three days
– Barracks:
– inadequate number of barracks
– POWs slept under buildings and on the ground
– those who did sleep in a building slept as many as 80 POWs in buildings designed to house 40 men
– Work Details:
– if a POW could walk, he was sent out on a work detail
– the less sick from the hospital had to dig latrines
– given one canteen of water that was expected to last for three days
– on the details, they did road construction, loading, and unloading trucks, and carrying goods on their backs
– men returned to camp and died
Burial Detail:
– POWs on burial detail often had dysentery and/or malaria
– the next morning the dead were often sitting up in the graves
– wild dogs dug up the dead
– Japanese opened a new POW camp to lower the death rate
– Frank was considered too ill to be moved
– In May or early June 1942, his parents received a letter from the War Department

“Dear Mr. A. Jendrysik:

        “According to War Department records, you have been designated as the emergency addressee of Sergeant Frank Jendrysik, 20,600,446, who, according to the latest information available, was serving in the Philippine Islands at the time of the final surrender. 

        “I deeply regret that it is impossible for me to give you more information than is contained in this letter.  In the last days before the surrender of Bataan, there were casualties which were not reported to the War Department.  Conceivably the same is true of the surrender of Corregidor and possibly other islands of the Philippines.  The Japanese Government has indicated its intention of conforming to the terms of the Geneva Convention with respect to the interchange of information regarding prisoners of war.  At some future date, this Government will receive through Geneva a list of persons who have been taken prisoners of war.  Until that time the War Department cannot give you positive information. 

        “The War Department will consider the persons serving in the Philippine Islands as “missing in action” from the date of surrender of Corregidor, May 7, 1942, until definite information to the contrary is received.  It is to be hoped that the Japanese Government will communicate a list of prisoners of war at an early date.  At that time you will be notified by this office in the event that his name is contained in the list of prisoners of war.   In the case of persons known to have been present in the Philippines and who are not reported to be prisoners of war by the Japanese Government, the War Department will continue to carry them as “missing in action” in the absence of information to the contrary, until twelve months have expired.  At the expiration of twelve months and in the absence of other information the War Department is authorized to make a final determination.

        “Recent legislation makes provision to continue the pay and allowances of persons carried in a “missing” status for a period not to exceed twelve months;  to continue, for the duration of the war, the pay and allowances of persons known to have been captured by the enemy; to continue allotments made by missing personnel for a period of twelve months and allotments or increase allotments made by persons by the enemy during the time they are so held;  to make new allotments or increase allotments to certain dependents defined in Public Law 490, 77th Congress.  The latter dependents generally include the legal wife, dependent children under twenty-one years of age and dependent mother, or such dependents as having been designated in official records.  Eligible dependents who can establish a need for financial assistance and are eligible to receive this assistance the amount allotted will be deducted from pay which would otherwise accrue to the credit of the missing individual.

                                                                                                                                                                    “Very Truly yours

                                                                                                                                                                            J. A. Ulio (signed) 
                                                                                                                                                                       Major General
                                                                                                                                                                   The Adjutant General”
   

During July 1942, his parents received another message from the War Department. The following is an excerpt from it.

“The last report of casualties received by the War Department from the Philippines arrived early in the morning of May 6. Through this date, Sergeant Fred Jendrysik had not been reported as a casualty. The War Department will consider the persons serving in the Philippine Islands as “missing in action” from the date of the surrender of Corregidor, May 7, until definite information to the contrary is received.

“Efforts to secure prisoner of war lists from the Philippines have not been successful to this date due to the lack of communication and the fact that the Japanese Government has not yet given permission for the Swiss representative and the International Red Cross delegates to make visits to prisoner of war camps in the islands. When the lists of prisoners are received, we will clear the name of your son and send you any additional information that we may have.”

Died: 31 August 1942 – dysentery
– he was the 1,533 POW to die in the camp
Buried:
– Camp O’Donnell Cemetery
– Section P Row 6 Grave 9
– His family received a telegram from the War Department.

“I AM DEEPLY DISTRESSED TO INFORM YOU REPORT JUST RECEIVED STATES THAT YOUR SON PRIVATE FRANK JENDRYSIK WHO PREVIOUSLY REPORTED MISSING IN ACTION DIED THIRTY ONE AUGUST NINETEEN FORTY TWO IN A JAPANESE PRISONER OF WAR CAMP IN THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS AS A RESULT OF DYSENTERY PERIOD THE SECRETARY OF WAR ASKS THAT I EXPRESS HIS DEEP SYMPATHY IN YOUR LOSS AND HIS REGRET THAT UNAVOIDABLE CIRCUMSTANCES MADE NECESSARY THE UNUSAL LAPSE OF TIME IN REPORTING YOUR SONS DEATH TO YOU CONFIRMING LETTER FOLLOWS=
        “ULIO THE ADJ. GENL.”

The family received the letter which said:

“Dear Mr. Jendrysik:

    “It is with deep regret that I am writing to confirm the recent telegram informing you of the death of your son, Sergeant Frank Jendrysik, 20,600,446, infantry, who was previously reported a prisoner of war.

    “Information has now been received from the Japanese government through the International Red Cross stating that your son died on 24 December 1942 in a prisoner of war in the Philippine Islands from cerebral malaria.

    “I realize the burden of anxiety that has been yours and deeply regret the sorrow this report brings you. May the knowledge that he made the supreme sacrifice for his home and country be a source of sustained comfort.

    “I  extend to you my deepest sympathy,

                                                              Sincerely, yours
                                                               J. A. Ulio (signed)
                                                              Major General
                                                              The Adjutant General”

Reburied: American Military Cemetery – Manila, Philippine Islands
– Plot: A Row: 10 Grave 97

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