Pvt. James Ernest Edwards
| Pvt. James E.
Edwards was born on July 6, 1917. With his
two brothers, he resided at his brother's,
William, father -in-law and mother-in-law's house
at 1202 North 19th Avenue in Melrose Park,
Illinois. Jim attended Melrose Park Schools
and Proviso Township High School.
While in high school, Jim played football. Like so many others of the time, Jim left high school after his junior year. He worked at National Foundry manufacturing railroad wheels for train cars. He was the brother of Sgt. Albert Edwards also of B Company, 192nd Tank Battalion.
Jim realized that it was just a matter of time until he was drafted into the army. To avoid this, he enlisted in the 33rd Tank Company of the Illinois National Guard in Maywood, Illinois. The fact that his older brother, Al, was already in the company made his decision to join the tank company easier.
In the fall of 1940, the tank company was called
to federal duty as B Company, 192nd Tank
Battalion. At Ft. Knox, Jim trained as a
wheeled vehicle machinist. After training
for almost a year at Fort Knox, Kentucky,
the battalion went on maneuvers in
After the maneuvers,
the battalion remained behind at the base
instead of returning to Ft. Knox. The
company members had no idea why they were
being held at the fort. On the side of
a hill, they were informed they were being
sent overseas. Those men 29 years or
older were allowed to resign from federal
service. Replacements for these
men came from the 753rd Tank Battalion.
The code name for the move was "PLUM."
Within hours, most of them had figured out
PLUM stood for Philippines, Luzon,
On December 1st, the tanks were
ordered to the
Clark Field to
members had to
be with their
tank at all
The morning of
ordered to the
As they sat in
At noon, the
and the pilots
At 12:45, the
they knew the
During the withdraw into the peninsula, the night of January 6th/7th, the 192nd held its position so that the 194th Tank Battalion could leap frog past it, cross a bridge, and then cover the 192nd's withdraw over the bridge. The 192nd was the last American unit to enter Bataan.
Over the next several months, the battalion
fought battle after battle with tanks that were
not designed for jungle warfare. The tank battalions, on
January 28th, were given the job of
protecting the beaches. The 192nd
was assigned the coast line from Paden
Point to Limay along Bataan's east
coast. The Japanese later admitted
that the tanks guarding the beaches
prevented them from attempting
When Corregidor was surrendered on May 6, 1942,
Pvt. Jim Edwards became a Prisoner of War.
He remained on Corregidor until October 21,
1942, when the POWs were moved to Bilibid.
It appears he may have been ill enough to
remain at Bilibid suffering from
arthritis. The medical records indicate he
was discharged to what was callled "Front
Office" on November 20, 1942.
At Nielson Field, Jim worked to build
runways. One day, Jim was working and
decided to get a drink of water. While he
was drinking the water, a U.S. Navy signalman
came up to him and slapped him in the face
because Jim had left the faucet running.
This signalman was known as a collaborator to
the other POWs. Jim also witnessed an American
POW bayoneted by the Japanese because he had
been planning to escape. Jim believed that
the man had been informed on by the
signalman. On October 12, 1943, Jim was
sent to Camp Murphy. The POWs extended
runways at Zablan Airfield. The conditions
were harsh and abuse of the POWs was
The POWs were moved to Nielsen Airfield on January 29, 1944, Again they were put to work building runways and airplane revetments. On March 1, 1944, Jim witnessed an American POW, Pvt. George Garrett, bayoneted by the camp commander, Lt. Yoshi Koshi, for planning to escape. According to the POWs, Garrett and two other men had planned an escape and informed on by the Navy signalman.
As the American forces approached the
Philippines, Jim's name appeared on a transfer
roster on August 20, 1944. The POWs on the
roster were sent back to Bilibid Prison.
Jim was boarded onto the Japanese freighter the
Noto Maru with 1,033 other POWs.
The ship sailed on August 27, 1944. The
ship arrived at Takao, Formosa, on August
30th. It stayed in harbor for two
days. During its time in the harbor,
American B-17s attacked the port but did little
Jim was then sent to a camp at Tanagawa where he
remained until March 1945 when he was sent to Fukuoka
#8 at Mukaishima. The town was about
forty miles from Moji. The POWs in the
camp were used as slave labor in a coal
When the war ended, Jim was liberated in September 1945. He was taken to the 29th Replacement Depot in Manila, Philippine Islands. Upon returning to the Philippine Islands, he learned that his brother, Al, died in the sinking of the Arisan Maru, by an American submarine, on October 24, 1944.
Jim returned to the United States and was admitted to Letterman Hospital in San Francisco on October 16, 1945. This was almost four years to the day since he had left the United States for the Philippines. He was discharged, from the army, on March 31, 1946.
Jim would later travel to New York to testify against a Navy signalman who had collaborated with the Japanese at Camp Murphy. During the testimony, Jim stated that another American died because the signalman had informed on him and his plan to escape. When the signalman was exonerated by a Naval Court, Jim felt it was the Navy taking care of one of their own.
While Jim was being held as a prisoner, a story appeared in U. S. newspapers that he and his brother, Al, had managed to escape to the Soviet Union. This story was first circulated by ham radio operators. The story also gained credibility when the Soviet government failed to deny the story. It was only when his family received a POW postcard from Jim that they knew the story was not true.
Jim returned to Melrose Park and married. For the rest of his life, he worked at National Foundry in Melrose Park and resided in River Grove, Illinois. Jim Edwards passed away on November 9, 1993.
The picture at the bottom of this page was taken six months after Jim had been liberated from a Japanese POW Camp.