Walden Collins was born on April 24, 1915, to
Charles R. Collins and Elizabeth
Burget-Collins. With his two sisters and two
brothers, he grew up in Lacarne, Ohio. Until
the eleventh grade, he went to school in both Erie
and Lacarne, Ohio, before he transferred to Port
Clinton High School and graduated in 1934.
After high school, Harold attended
the University of Toledo but left after two
years. He also married Gertrude Thompson and
became the father of a daughter, Carolyn. To
support his family, Harold worked as an adjuster for
the Ohio Farm Bureau Insurance Company.
On July 5, 1932,
Harold joined the Ohio National Guard with his
Thompson, and his friends, Steve
Burholt and Joseph
Hrupcho. The tank company was
headquartered in the armory in Port Clinton.
In the National Guard, he also rose in rank from
private to corporal. On July 1, 1939, he was
commissioned a second lieutenant and served, at
various times, as the company's maintenance officer,
mess officer, and supply officer.
In the fall of
1940, Harold's tank company received the news that
they were going to be called to federal service for
a period of one year. The company officially
became C Company, 192nd Tank Battalion on November
25, 1940, and he was promoted to first
The 39 members of the company
traveled to Fort Knox, Kentucky, on November 28th,
where, with National Guard companies from Illinois,
Kentucky and Wisconsin, the 192nd GHQ Tank Battalion
On February 15, 1941, Harold
was promoted to first lieutenant. After
almost nine months of training, the 192nd was
sent on maneuvers in Louisiana. After the maneuvers, the
192nd Tank Battalion remained behind at the
fort without having any idea why.
On the side of a hill, the battalion
members learned they were being sent
overseas. Those men 29 years
old or older were released from
federal service. Many of the
men who remained received leaves
home to say their goodbyes to
families and friends.
traveled by train, over different
train routes, to San Francisco,
California, where they were taken to
Ft. McDowell on Angel Island. where
they received inoculations and
physicals. Those members of
the battalion who were found to have
treatable medical conditions
remained behind on the island.
They were scheduled to rejoin the
battalion at a later date.
Other men, with more serious conditions, were simply
The 192nd was boarded onto the U.S.A.T. Hugh L.
Scott and sailed on Monday, October
27th. During this part of the trip, many
tankers had seasickness, but once they recovered
they spent much of the time training in breaking
down machine guns, cleaning weapons, and doing
KP. The ship arrived at Honolulu,
Hawaii, on Sunday, November 2nd and had a two day
layover, so the soldiers were given shore leave so
they could see the island.
On Wednesday, November 5th, the
ship sailed for Guam but took a southerly route away
from the main shipping lanes. It was at this
time it was joined by, the heavy cruiser, the U.S.S.
Louisville and, another transport, the S.S.
Calvin Coolidge. Sunday night, November
9th, the soldiers went to bed and when they awoke
the next morning, it was Tuesday, November
11th. During the night, while they slept, the
ships had crossed the International Date Line.
On Saturday, November 15th, smoke from an unknown
ship was seen on the horizon. The Louisville
revved up its engines, its bow came out of the
water, and it shot off in the direction of the
smoke. It turned out the smoke was from a ship
that belonged to a friendly country.
When they arrived at Guam on
Sunday, November 16th, the ships took on water,
bananas, coconuts, and vegetables before sailing for
Manila the next day. At one point, the ships
passed an island at night and did so in total
blackout. This for many of the soldiers was a
sign that they were being sent into harm's
way. The ships entered Manila Bay, at 8:00
A.M., on Thursday, November 20th, and docked at Pier
7 later that morning. At 3:00 P.M., most of
the soldiers were taken by bus to Ft.
Stotsenburg. Those who drove trucks drove them
to the fort, while the maintenance section remained
behind at the pier to unload the tanks.
At the fort, they were greeted by
Colonel Edward P. King, who apologized they had to
live in tents along the main road between the fort
and Clark Airfield. He made sure that they had
what they needed and received Thanksgiving Dinner
before he went to have his own dinner.
Ironically, November 20th was the date that the
National Guard members of the battalion had expected
to be released from federal service.
The members of the battalion
pitched the tents in an open field halfway between
the Clark Field Administration Building and Fort
Stotsenburg. The tents were set up in two rows
and five men were assigned to each tent. There
were two supply tents and meals were provided by
food trucks stationed at the end of the rows of
the next seventeen
days the tankers
worked to remove
cosmoline from their
weapons which had
been greased to
protect them from
rust while at
sea. They also
belts and did tank
maintenance as they
prepared to for
maneuvers with the
The first week of December, the tanks
were ordered to the southern part of Clark Field to
guard against paratroopers. Two members of
every tank crew remained with their tank at all
times and received their meals from food
On December 8, 1941, having
heard the news of the attack on Pearl Harbor,
the officers ordered the tanks up to full
strength at the airfield. Many of the
soldiers laughed believing that this was the
start of the expected maneuvers. Around
12:45 in the afternoon, C Company lived through
the attack on Clark Field.
there was not
much left of
watched as the
were hauled to
on bomb racks,
Many of these
men had their
arms and legs
C Company was ordered to the
area of Mount Arayat on December 9th.
Reports had been received that the Japanese had
landed paratroopers in the area. No
paratroopers were found, but it was possible
that the pilots of damaged Japanese planes may
have jumped from them.
After the Japanese landed
troops at Lingayen Gulf, Harold assumed command
of a platoon of C Company tanks. His
platoon was sent north with his tanks in support
of B Company. It was outside of Demoritis,
La Union, that Harold earned the Silver
Star. In spite of Japanese
resistance, his platoon of tanks was able
to reach the 26th U.S. Cavalry and engaged the
Japanese which allowed the 26th to disengage and
withdraw from the area. He was promoted to
captain on December 24, 1941.
tankers soon found
themselves in given
the job of holding a
defensive line so
that the other
disengage and form a
new defensive line
They repeated this
action over and
C Company was
re-supplied and withdrew to Baluiag where the tanks
encountered Japanese troops and ten tanks. It
was at Baluiag that Gentry's tanks won the first
tank victory of World War II against enemy tanks.
On December 31, 1941,
Capt. William Gentry, commanding officer of
C Company, sent out reconnaissance patrols
north of the town of Baluiag. The
patrols ran into Japanese patrols, which
told the Americans that the Japanese
were on their way. Knowing that the
railroad bridge was the only way into the
town and to cross the river, Gentry set up
his defenses in view of the bridge and the
rice patty it crossed.
Early on the morning of the 31st, the Japanese began
moving troops across the bridge. The engineers
came next and put down planking for tanks. A
little before noon Japanese tanks began crossing the
Later that day, the Japanese had assembled a large
number of troops in the rice field on the northern
edge of the town. One platoon of tanks under
the command of 2nd Lt. Marshall Kennady was to the
southeast of the bridge. Gentry's tanks
were to the south of the bridge hidden in huts,
while a third platoon - commanded by Capt Harold
Collins - was to the south on the road leading out
of Baluiag. 2nd
Lt. Everett Preston's platoon had been sent south to
find a bridge to cross so he could attack the
Japanese from behind.
Major John Morley, of the
Provisional Tank Group, came riding in his jeep
into Baluiag. He stopped in front of a hut
and was spotted by the Japanese who had lookouts
in the town's church steeple. The guard
became very excited, so Morley, not wanting to
give away the tanks positions, got into his jeep
and drove off. Gentry had told Morley that
his tanks would hold their fire until he was
safely out of the village.
When Gentry felt the Morley was out of danger, he
ordered his tanks to open up on the Japanese tanks
at the end of the bridge. The tanks came
smashing through the huts' walls and drove the
Japanese in the direction of Lt. Marshall Kennady's
tanks, who had been radioed and was waiting for
Kennady held his fire until the Japanese were in
view of his platoon and then joined in the
hunt. The Americans chased the tanks up and
down the streets of the village, through buildings
and under them. By the time C Company was
ordered to disengage from the enemy, they had
knocked out at least eight enemy tanks.
C Company withdrew to Calumpit Bridge after
receiving orders from Provisional Tank Group.
When they reached the bridge, they discovered it had
been blown. Finding a crossing the tankers
made it to the south side of the river.
Knowing that the Japanese were close behind, the
Americans took their positions in a harvested rice
field and aimed their guns to fire a tracer shell
through the harvested rice. This would cause
the rice to ignite which would light the enemy
tanks were about 100 yards apart. The
Japanese crossing the river knew that the
Americans were there because the tankers shouted
at each other to make the Japanese believe
troops were in front of them. The Japanese
were within a few yards of the tanks when the
tanks opened fire which caused the rice stacks
to catch fire. The fighting was
such a rout that the the tankers were using
a .37 mm shell to kill one Japanese soldier.
Bill's tank company was
next sent to the Barrio of Porac to aid the
Filipino Army which was having trouble with
Japanese artillery fire. From a
Filipino lieutenant, they learned where the
guns were located and attacked. Before
the Japanese withdrew, the tanks had knocked
out three of the guns.
After this, the tanks
withdrew to the Hermosa Bridge and held
it on the north side until all the
troops were across. The tanks then
crossed to the south and destroyed the
bridge which held the Japanese up for a
few days. This was the beginning
of the Battle of Bataan.
During the Battle of the
sent in to
line and than
the line after
members of the
ways to wipe
was to have
on the back of
the tanks with
sacks of hand
tank would go
over it and
from World War
I, one out of
The tank was
spun the tank
The tank dug
into the dirt
members of the
For the next four
months, Harold was involved in the battle to slow
the Japanese conquest of the Philippines. It
was during this time, that he was promoted to
captain. On April 9, 1942, Harold and the rest
of C Company became Prisoners Of War. It was
during this time that he was awarded the Silver
Harold took part
in the death march. Since the Japanese
dispersed the members of the company among the other
prisoners, it is not known if he was with other
members of the the 192nd. The POWs made their
way to San Fernando. Once there, they were put
into small wooden boxcars
used to haul sugarcane. Each car could hold
forty men or eight horses. The Japanese packed
100 POWs into each car. Those who died remained
standing until the living left the cars at Capas.
As a POW, Harold
was held at Camp O'Donnell. When Cabanatuan
opened, he was transferred there. During July
1942, Harold was sent to the barrio known to the
Americans as Little Bagio. He was sent there
to represent the enlisted men when dealing with the
Japanese. Being an officer, Harold was not
required to do physical labor.
When the detail
ended. Harold was returned to
Cabanatuan. It is not known if he went out on
another work detail. What is known is that
while a POW there, he and Capt Arthur Burholt
organized shows for the other prisoners as a way to
break the monotony of camp life.
time at Cabanatuan, his family received a post card
from him. In it he said, "I am waiting impatiently to be
back home with you again. Say hello and give my
love to all the folks. Buy Carol Lee (his
daughter) a new dress and give her a kiss for me.
Hoping to see you soon."
Harold was sent to Bilibid Prison. This former
Spanish prison was used by the Japanese as a
clearinghouse for POWs being sent to another part of
the Japanese Empire. At the prison, Harold was
reunited with other C Company members. Life
for the men was monotonous since the prison was
surrounded by high
It is not known
if Harold became a POW when Bataan was surrendered
or if he escaped to Corregidor. When he became
a prisoner of war, he most likely was held at Camp
O'Donnell and Cabanatuan. Medical records from
Cabanatuan indicate that Harold was hospitalized in
the camp's hospital on July 21, 1942. The
records do not give the reason why he was
hospitalized or when he was discharged.
On October 19th, six trucks arrived a the camp and
spent the night. The next morning, the POWs
were fed corn cakes and rice for breakfast.
The POWs were inspected at 7:30 A.M. and received a
cornbread and rice.
were packed onto the six trucks so tightly that they
could not sit down which made the ride
unpleasant. Most of the trucks had 50 men on
It is not known when the trucks
left the camp but at 11:00 A.M. as they made their
way to Blibid Prison, the POWs saw two large
formations of American planes on their way to bomb a
Japanese fortification at Nichols Field and the Port
Area of Manila. It was the fifth or sixth day
in a roll that the POWs had seen American planes.
At noon, the POWs had lunch but
could not get off the trucks. If a man had to
relieve himself, he had to make his way to the side
of the truck and urinate or defecate over the
side. The trucks arrived at Bilibid at 4:00
December 12, 1944, the POWs heard rumors that a
detachment was being sent out. The POWs
went through what was a farce of an
inspection. They were told cigarettes,
soap, and salt would be issued.
POWs were also told that they would also receive a
meal to eat and one to take with them. The
Japanese stated they would leave by 7:00 in the
morning, so the lights were left on all night.
At 4:00 a.m. the morning of December 13th, Harry and
the other POWs were awakened.
took until 9:00 to finish roll
call. By 7:00,
the POWs were lined up, roll call was started, and
the names of the men selected for transport to Japan
were called. It The prisoners were allowed to
roam the compound until they were told to
"fall-in." The men were fed a meal and then
marched to Pier 7 in Manila. During the march
down Luzon Boulevard, the POWs saw that the street
cars had stopped running and many things were in
The Americans saw
that the American bombers were doing a job on the
Japanese transports. There were at least forty
wrecked ships in the bay. When the POWs reached
Pier 7, there were three ships docked. One was a
old run down ship, the other two were large and in
good shape. They soon discovered one of the two
nicer ships was their ship.
It was at this time that the POWs
were allowed to sit down. Many of the POWs slept
until 3:45 in the afternoon. They were awakened
about 5:00 PM and boarded the Oryoku Maru for
transport to Japan.
The high ranking officers were the first put into the
ship's afthold. Being the first on meant that
they would suffer many deaths. Around the
perimeter of the hold were two tiers of bunks for the
POWs. The heat was so bad that men soon began to
pass out. One survivor said,
"The fist fights began when men began to pass
out. We knew that only the front men in bay
would be able to get enough air."
The POWs who were closer to the hold's hatch used
anything they could find to fan air toward those
further away from it.
The ship left Manila at 8:00 P.M.
but spent most of the night in Manila Bay. At
10:00 P.M., the Japanese interpreter threatened to
have the guards fire into the holds unless the POWs
stopped screaming. Some of the POWs fell silent
because they were exhausted, and others because they
had died. One major of the 26th Cavalry stated
the man next to him had lost his mind. Recalling
the conversation he had with the man he said, "Worst was the man who had gone
mad but would not sit still. One kept
pestering me, pushing a mess kit against my chest,
saying, 'Have some of this chow? It's good.'
I smelled of it, it was not chow. 'All
right' he said, 'If you don't want it. I'm
going to eat it.' And a little later I heard him
eating it , right beside me."
At 3:30 A.M. it sailed as part of
the MATA-37 a convoy bound for Takao, Formosa.
The ships sailed without any lights out of the
bay. By the swells in the water, the POWs could
tell that the ship was in open water. The cries
for air began as the men lost discipline, so the
Japanese threatened to cover the holds and cut off all
air. When the Japanese sent down fried rice,
cabbage, and fried seaweed, those further back from
the opening got nothing.
The Japanese covered the holds and
would not allow the slop buckets to be taken out of
the holds. Those POWs who were left holding the
buckets at first asked for someone else to hold it for
awhile. When that did not work, they dumped the
buckets on the men around them.
As light began to enter the hold as
morning came, the POWs could see men who were in
stupors, men out of their minds, and men who had
died. The POWs in the aft hold which also had a
sub-hold, put the POWs who out of their minds into it.
On the side of the holds, water had
condensed on the walls so the POWs tried to scrap it
off the wall for a drink. The Japanese did allow
men who had passed out to be put on deck, but as soon
as they revived they went back into the holds.
The Japanese would not allow the bodies of the men who
had died to be removed from the holds.
The POWs received their first meal
at dawn. Meals on the ship consisted of a little
rice, fish, some water, and three fourths of a cup of
water was shared by 20 POWs. It was 8:00 A.M.,
off the coast of Luzon, and the POWs had just finished
eating breakfast when they heard the sound of
guns. At first, they thought the gun crews were
just drilling, because they had not heard any
planes. It was only when the first bomb hit in
the water and the ship shook that they knew it was not
At first it seemed that most of the
planes were attacking the other ships in the
convoy. Commander Frank Bridgit, had made his
way to the top of the ladder into the hold and sat
down. He gave the POWs a play by play of the
planes attacking, "I can see
two planes going for a freighter off our starboard
side. Now two more are detached from the
formation. I think they may be coming for
The POWs heard the change in the
sound of the planes' engines as they began their dives
toward the ships in the convoy. Several more
bombs hit the water near the ship causing it to
rock Explosions were taking place all around the
ship. In an attempt to protect themselves, the
POWs piled baggage in front of them. Bullets
from the planes were ricocheted in the hold causing
many casualties. .
Lt. Col. Elvin Barr of the 60th
Coast Artillery came up to Maj, John Fowler of the
26th Cavalry on the cargo deck and said, "There's a hole knocked in the
bulkheads down there. Between 30 and 40 men
have already died down there."
Barr would never reach Japan. The attack by 30
to 50 planes lasted for about 20 to 30 minutes.
When the planes were ran out of bombs they
strafed. Afterwards, the planes flew off,
returning to their carrier, and there was a lull of
about 20 to 30 minutes before the next squadron of
planes appeared over the ships and resumed the
attack. This pattern repeated itself over and
over during the day.
In the hold, the POWs concluded
that the attacking planes were concentrating on the
bridge of the ship. They noted that the planes
had taken out all the anti-aircraft guns leaving only
.30 caliber machine guns to defend the ship.
At 4:30 P.M., the ship went through
the worse attack on it. It was hit at least
three times by bombs on its bridge and stern.
Most of the POWs, who were wounded, were wounded by
ricocheting bullets and shrapnel from exploding
bombs. During the attack Chaplain Cummings, a
Catholic priest, led the POWs in the Our Father.
As they prayed, the bombs that exploded near the ship
sent torrents of water over the ship. Bullets
from the planes hit the metal plates, of the haul, at
an angle that prevented most of them from penetrating
the haul. Somewhere on the ship a fire started,
but it was put out after several hours. The POWs
lived through seven or eight attacks before
sunset. Overall, six bombs hit the ship.
One hit the stern of the ship killing many POWs.
At dusk, the ship raised anchor and
headed east. It turned south and turned again
this time heading west. The next turn it made
was north. It headed in this direction for a good
amount of time before dropping anchor at about 8:00
P.M. The POWs figured out that they had just
sailed in a circle. What had happened is that
the ship's had been hit during the attack and the ship
could not be steered.
Sometime after midnight, the POWs
heard the sound of the Japanese civilians being
evacuated from the ship. During the night, the
POW medics were ordered onto the deck to treat the
Japanese wounded. One medic recalled that the
dead, dying, and wounded were everywhere.
The ship reached Subic Bay at 2:30
in the morning and steamed closer to the beach where
its anchor was dropped. At 4:00 A.M., the POWs
were told that they would disembark at daybreak at a
pier. The moaning and muttering of POWs who were
losing their minds kept the POWs up all night.
That night 25 POWs died in the hold.
It was December 15th and the POWs
sat in the ship's holds for hours after dawn.
The first 35 POWs were taken out of the hold and went
into the water. At 8:00 A.M. as the other POWs
waited, the sound of A Japanese guard yelled into the
hold at the POWs, "All go
home; speedo!" He shouted that the
wounded would be the first to be evacuated.
Suddenly, he looked up and shouted, "Planes, many planes!"
As the POWs were abandoning ship the planes returned
and continued the attack. The ship bounced in
the water from the explosions. Chief Boatswain
Clarence M. Taylor who was in the water said, "I saw the whole thing. A bomb
fall, hit near the stern hatch, and debris go
flying up in the air."
In the hold, the POWs crowded
together. Chips of rust fell on them from
the ceiling. After the raid, they took care of
the wounded before the next attack started. In
the hold a Catholic priest, Father Duffy, began to
pray, "Father forgive
them. They know not what they do."
The Japanese guards and interpreter
had abandoned ship, but the ship's captain remained on
board. He told the POWs - with his limited
English - that they needed to get off the ship to
safety. The POWs made their way over the side
and into the water. As they swam to shore, the
Japanese fired at them, with machine guns, to prevent
them from escaping.
Four of the planes flew low over
the water above the POWs. The POWs waved
frantically at the planes so they would not be
strafed. The planes banked and flew lower over
the POWs. This time the pilots dipped their
wings to show that they knew the men in the water were
Americans. About a half hour later, the ship
began to really burn and the bodies of the dead could
be seen on the decks.
The Japanese sent out a motorboat
with a machine gun and snipers on it. The POWs
attempting to escape were hunted down and shot.
It is believed as many as 30 men died in the water.
There was no real beach, so the
POWs climbed up on a seawall and found the the
Japanese Naval Landing Party had set up a machine gun
and had just laid flat to rest when the gun opened up
on them. Those who came ashore were warned
to stay in the water, but only did so when one man
climbed up on the seawall and was wounded. There
were also Japanese snipers in wait to shoot anyone who
attempted to escape.
The POWs were gathered together and
marched to the tennis court at Olongapo Naval Station
which was about 500 yards from the beach. There,
they were herded onto a tennis court and roll call was
taken. It was discovered 329 of the 1,619 POWs
who had boarded the ship had died. The Japanese
packed 1300 of the POWs on the court with 100 wounded
POWs taking up a great amount of room at one
end. They could barely sit down and only lay
down by lying partially on another man.
While the POWs
were at Olongapo Naval Station, a Japanese officer,
Lt. Junsaburo Toshio, told the ranking American
officer, Lt. Col. E. Carl Engelhart, that those too
badly wounded to continue the trip would be returned
to Bilibid. Fifteen men were selected and
loaded onto a truck. They were taken into the
mountains and never seen again. They were
buried at a cemetery nearby. The remainder of
the POWs remained on the tennis courts for five or
six days. During that time, they were given
water but not
Trucks appeared at the tennis
court, on December 20th, and the POWs climbed into
them. They arrived at San Fernando, Pampanga,
the next day between four or five in the
evening. There, the POWs were housed in a
movie theater until December 23rd, when they were
marched to the train station.
24th to the 27th, the POWs were held in a school
house and later on a beach at San Fernando, La
Union. During this time they were allowed one
handful of rice and a canteen of water. The
heat from the sun was so bad that men drank
seawater. Many of these men died.
remained on the tennis court for nine days.
During their time on the courts, American planes
attacked the area around them. The men
watched as the fighter bombers came in vertically
releasing bombs as they pulled out of the
dives. On several occasions, the planes dove
right at the POWs, dropped their bombs, and pulled
out. The bombs drifted over the POWs and
landed away from them exploding on
time at San Fernando, Pampanga, the POWs lived
through several air raids. The reason for the
air raids was the barrio was a military headquarters
for the area and most of the civilians had been
moved out of it. Many of the Americans began
to believe they had been taken there so that they
would be killed by their own countrymen.
December 23rd, at about 9:00
P.M., the Japanese interpreter came and spoke to the
ranking American officer about moving the
POWs. The Japanese loaded the seriously ill
POWs into a truck. Those remaining behind
believed they were taken to Bilibid. The
remaining POWs were moved to a trade school building
in the barrio.
AM on December 24th, the POWs
were taken to the train
station. The POWs saw
that the station had been hit
by bombings and that the cars
they were to board had bullet
holes in them from
strafing. 180 to 200
were packed into steel boxcars
with four guards. The
doors of the boxcars were kept
closed and the heat in the
cars was terrible. Ten
to fifteen POWs rode on the
roofs of the cars along with
two guard who told the POWs
that it was okay to wave to
December 25th, the POWs
disembarked at San Fernando,
La Union, at 2:00 AM.
They walked two kilometers
to a school yard on the
southern outskirts of the
barrio. From December
25th until the 26th.
The POWs were held in a
school house. The
morning of December 26th,
the POWs were marched to a
beach. During this
time the prisoners were
allowed one handful of rice
and a canteen of
water. The heat from
the sun was so bad that men
Many of those men died.
The remaining prisoners at
San Fernando, La Union,
where they boarded onto
another "Hell Ship" the
On this ship, the POWs were
held in three different
holds. The ship had
been used to haul
cattle. The POWs were
held in the same stalls that
the cattle had been held
in. In the lower hold,
the POWs were lined up in
companies 108 men.
Each man had four feet of
space. Men who
attempted to get fresh air
by climbing the ladders were
shot by the
meal of the
day, when the
and closer to
the ship were
One bomb that hit the ship
the corner of
in in the hold
for three days
from the dead
January 11th a
was formed and
about half the
The dead were
the ship, and
a POW detail
of twenty men
corpses to a
150 POWs had
were buried in
Later in the
On January 13th, the
onto a third
On the ship,
the POWs found
they had more
room and were
as part of a
The ship sailed
on January 14, 1945, and arrived
in Moji, Japan, on January 29,
1945. During this part of
the trip, as many as 30 POWs
died each day. The ship
also towed one or two other
ships which had been
damaged. Of the original
1619 men that boarded the
Oryoku Maru, only 459 of
the POWs had survived the trip
According to the unknown
survivor, Capt. Harld Collins died from his wounds
on January 18, 1945. The date of his death is
listed as Saturday, January 20, 1945, in U.S. Army
records. After he died, he was stripped of his
clothes, and he was taken on deck and thrown