|Pfc. Charles Albert
Pfc. Charles A. Carter was born on September 9, 1919,
in Franklin County, Ohio, to Minor & Belle
His family of six sisters and two brothers were raised at Star Yard on Portsmouth, Ohio. It is known his father died in the 1930s. In 1940, his family was living at 376 Kellogg Street in Columbus, Ohio. To help support the family, he finished eighth grade and went to work as a laborer at a rock quarry.
Charles was inducted into the U.S. Army on March 28, 1941, in Columbus. He was sent to Fort Knox, Kentucky, for basic training. After basic training, he was sent to Camp Polk, Louisiana, where he was assigned to the 753rd Tank Battalion. The battalion had been sent to Camp Polk from Fort Benning, Georgia. Maneuvers were taking place at the camp, but the 753rd did not take part of them.
After the maneuvers the 192nd Tank Battalion expected to return to Ft. Knox. Instead, they were kept at Camp Polk and not given a reason. It was on the side of a hill that they learned that they were being sent overseas. Men 29 years old or older were given the opportunity to resign from federal service. Replacements for these men came from the 753rd Tank Battalion. One of those replacements was Charles. He was assigned to B Company.
The battalion traveled by train to San Francisco. By ferry, they were taken to Ft. McDowell on Angel Island. On the island, they received inoculations and physicals. Those members of the battalion who were found to have treatable medical conditions remained behind on the island. They were scheduled to join the battalion at a later date.
The 192nd was boarded onto the U.S.S, Hugh L. Scott and sailed from San Francisco on Monday, October 27th, for Hawaii as part of a three ship convoy. They arrived at Honolulu on Sunday, November 2nd. The soldiers were given leaves so they could see the island. On Tuesday, November 4th, the ships sailed for Guam. At one point, the ships passed an island at night. While they passed the island, they did so in total blackout. This for many of the soldiers was a sign that they were being sent into harm's way. When they arrived at Guam on Sunday, November 16th, the ships took on water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables. The soldiers remained on board since the ships were sailing the next morning. The ships entered Manila Bay on Thursday, November 20th,and later that day docked at Pier 7. About three hours after arriving the soldiers disembarked and the soldiers were taken by bus to Ft. Stotsenburg.
At the fort, they were greeted by Colonel Edward King who apologized that the men had to live in tents along the main road between the fort and Clark Airfield. He made sure that they all received Thanksgiving Dinner before he went to have his own dinner. Ironically, November 20th was the date that the National Guard members of the battalion had expected to be released from federal service.
For the next seventeen days the tankers worked to remove cosmoline from their weapons. The grease was put on the weapons to protect them from rust while at sea. They also loaded ammunition belts and did tank maintenance.
On December 1st, the tanks were ordered to the perimeter of Clark Field to guard against paratroopers. Two crew members had to be with their tank at all times. The morning of December 8, 1941, the tankers were ordered to the perimeter of Clark Airfield. They had received word of the Japanese attack on Clark Airfield. As they sat in their tanks and half-tracks they watched as American planes filled the sky. At noon, the planes landed and the pilots went to lunch. At 12:45, the tankers watched as planes approached the airfield from the north. When bombs began exploding on the runways, they knew the planes were Japanese.
During the withdraw into the peninsula, the night of January 6th/7th, the 192nd held its position so that the 194th Tank Battalion could leap frog past it, cross a bridge, and then cover the 192nd's withdraw over the bridge. The 192nd was the last American unit to enter Bataan.
Over the next several months, the battalion fought battle after battle with tanks that were not designed for jungle warfare. The tank battalions , on January 28th, were given the job of protecting the beaches. The 192nd was assigned the coast line from Paden Point to Limay along Bataan's east coast. The Japanese later admitted that the tanks guarding the beaches prevented them from attempting landings.
also took part in the Battle of the Pockets to
wipe out Japanese soldiers who had been trapped
behind the main defensive line. The tanks
would enter the pocket one at a time to replace
a tank in the pocket. Another tank did not
enter the pocket until a tank exited the pocket.
Charles went out on
a work detail in
December 1942, to
Ft. McKinley and
leftover from the
there, the POWs were
moved to Nielson
Field to build
runways with picks
While he was there e
became ill and was
sent to Bilibid
The attacks by
about noon the
guard who once
told the POWs
the war ended
told them the
war was over.