Pvt. Elmer Florian Blonien
| Pvt. Elmer F.
Blonien was born on April 12, 1916, to John K.
Blonien and Katherine Muellenbach-Blonien.
In 1930, his family moved to Wood County,
Wisconsin, where his family resided in the town of
Rudolph. It is known he had one brother and
three sisters. He worked in his father's
grocery store until he was drafted.
On April 7, 1941, Elmer was inducted into the U. S. Army. He was sent to Fort Knox, Kentucky for basic training. During the trip down to Ft. Knox, Elmer became friends with Albert Dubois. The two met while playing cards on the train. When DuBois ran out of money, Elmer gave DuBois three dollars so that he could keep playing.
At Ft. Knox, Elmer was assigned to A Company, 192nd Tank Battalion. The reason this was done was the army was attempting to fill out the rosters of the letter companies with men from the home states of each company. He trained as a tank driver.
In the late summer of 1941, Elmer took part in
maneuvers in Louisiana. After these
maneuvers, at Camp Polk, he learned his
battalion was being sent overseas.
The battalion traveled by train to
San Francisco. By ferry, they
were taken to Ft. McDowell on Angel
Island. On the island, they
received inoculations and
physicals. Those members of
the battalion who were found to have
treatable medical conditions
remained behind on the island.
They were scheduled to join the
battalion at a later date.
The morning of December 8, 1941, Capt. Walter
Write informed his company that Pearl Harbor had
been bombed by the Japanese. The tanks
were put on alert and took their positions
around the airfield. At 8:30 A.M.,
American planes took off to intercept any
Japanese planes. Sometime
before noon, the alert was canceled and the
planes landed and were lined up near the mess
hall. Their pilots went to lunch.
were eating lunch when planes were seen
approaching the airfield from the north at about
12:45. Many of the tankers counted 54
planes. The planes approached the airfield
and watched hat was described as "raindrops"
falling from the planes. When the
"raindrops" exploded on the runway, the tankers
knew the planes were Japanese.
The members of A Company lived through the
bombing of Clark Field. During the attack,
they could do little since their guns were not
made to use against planes. For
some reason, not known to the tankers,
the Japanese did not attack the
A Company was sent, in support of the 194th, to
an area east of Pampanga. It was there
that they lost a tank platoon commander, Lt.
William Reed. The company returned to the
192nd on January 8, 1942.
On April 9, 1942, he became a Prisoner of War. Elmer made his way to Mariveles where he started what became known as the death march. The POWs walked out of the barrio heading north toward San Fernando. The first few miles it was all uphill and many of the prisoners quickly had a hard time keeping up with their group.
At one point, the POWs had to run across an field where the Japanese had artillery that was firing on Corregidor. At San Fernando, Elmer and the other men were packed into small wooden boxcars that were used to haul sugarcane. Each car could hold eight horses or 40 men. The Japanese packed 100 men into each car.
Albert DuBois stated that the march was harder on Elmer because he was a big man. In his opinion, Elmer's health began to fail as a result of the march.
At Capas, the POWs who were still living climbed out of the cars. The bodies of the dead fell to the car floors as the living left the cars. From Capas, the POWs walked the last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell.
Camp O'Donnell was a death trap. As many as fifty men died each day. There was only one water spigot for the entire camp. The death rate among the POWs got so bad that the Japanese opened a new POW camp at Cabanatuan. Those prisoners considered to be healthy were sent there.
Sometime during Elmer's imprisonment at Cabanatuan, he became ill with malaria, which resulted in his developing a spleen infection. Elmer was put in the camp hospital on October 5, 1942. Abie Abraham, who was Elmer's friend, was also in the hospital. In a letter to Elmer's family, he told of how Elmer talked about his family and how much he loved them.
According to Albert DuBois of A Company, he saw Elmer twelve hours before Elmer died. Elmer no longer had the smile on his face that he always seemed to have. His face was filled with pain.
DuBois spoke to the doctor treating Elmer. The doctor looked at him and said, "I don't know if he can live without a spleen, but he can't live with the one he has." The doctor removed Elmer's spleen without anesthesia, anesthetic or the proper medical equipment.
Both Dubois and Forest Knox, also of A Company, stated that Elmer was in terrible pain. According to Knox, Elmer lay on a stretcher all night after the surgery. He held onto the handles of the stretcher and twisted his hands in pain. The result was that the flesh was gone from the palms of his hands. During this time, Elmer never made a sound.
Pvt. Elmer H.
Blonien died after surgery on Tuesday, October
20, 1942, at approximately 3:45 PM. He was
buried in the camp cemetery at
Cabanatuan. His parents would not
learn of his death until August 1943.
Other records, kept by the medical staff show,
that Elmer died on November 15, 1942.
After the war, on December 15, 1947, the the remains of Pvt. Elmer F. Blonien were disinterred from Grave 721, Row 0, Plot 10 at the Cabanatuan Camp Cemetery. They were given the identification of X-4048. He was reburied on March 22, 1948.
When the new American Cemetery was opened, the remains were disinterred again and buried at the American Military Cemetery outside Manila as an "unknown". Since Elmer' Blonien was buried as an "unknown", his name appears on the Tablets of the Missing at the American Military Cemetery outside Manila.
In addition, Elmer's parents had a memorial headstone placed in the town cemetery in Rudolph.