Pvt. Wando Amos Hart
| Pvt. Wando A.
Hart was born on November 15, 1913, Chaires,
Florida, to Wayne & Virginia Hart. He
was the second oldest of the couples' five
children. He, his sister, and three brothers
grew up in unincorporated Chires, Florida.
He left school after his first year of high
school, and in 1940, Wando was living in Cook
On September 11, 1940, Wando enlisted in the U.S. Army at Fort Benning, Georgia. He did his basic training at the fort and was assigned to the 753rd Tank Battalion. In the late summer of 1941, the battalion was sent to Camp Polk, Louisiana. Maneuvers were going on at Camp Polk, but the 753rd did not take part in them.
The 192nd Tank Battalion, which did take part in the maneuvers, performed exceptionally well. After the maneuvers, instead of returning to Ft. Knox, Kentucky, where they had trained, the battalion remained at Camp Polk. None of the members had any idea why they were being kept there.
On the side of a hill, the battalion members were informed that they were being sent overseas. They were told that this decision had been made by General George Patton. Those members of the battalion who were 29 years old or older were given the opportunity to resign from federal service. It was at that time that Wando joined the 192nd and was assigned to A Company.
The battalion traveled by train to San Francisco. By ferry, they were taken to Ft. McDowell on Angel Island. On the island, they received inoculations and physicals. Those members of the battalion who were found to have treatable medical conditions remained behind on the island. They were scheduled to join the battalion at a later date.
The 192nd was boarded onto the U.S.S. Hugh L. Scott and sailed from San Francisco on Monday, October 27th, for Hawaii as part of a three ship convoy. They arrived at Honolulu on Sunday, November 2nd. The soldiers were given leaves so they could see the island. On November 5th, the ships sailed for Guam. At one point, the ships passed an island at night. While they passed the island, they did so in total blackout. This for many of the soldiers was a sign that they were being sent into harm's way. When they arrived at Guam, the ships took on water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables. The ships sailed the same day for Manila and entered Manila Bay on Thursday, November 20th. They docked at Pier 7 and the soldiers were taken by bus to Ft. Stotsenburg.
At the fort, they were greeted by Gen. Edward King. The general apologized that the men had to live in tents along the main road between the fort and Clark Airfield. He made sure that they all received Thanksgiving Dinner before he went to have his own. Ironically, November 20th was the date that the National Guard members of the battalion had expected to be released from federal service.
For the next seventeen days the tankers worked to remove cosmoline from their weapons. The grease was put on the weapons to protect them from rust while at sea. They also loaded ammunition belts and did tank maintenance.
On the morning of December 8, 1941, the members of A Company were informed of the Japanese attack on Clark Field. His tank and the others were sent to the perimeter of the airfield to guard against Japanese paratroopers. About 12:45 in the afternoon as the tankers were eating lunch, planes approached the airfield from the north. At first, the soldiers thought the planes were American. It was only when bombs began exploding on the runways that they knew the planes were Japanese.
The 192nd remained at Clark Field for about a week before they were ordered to the barrio of Dau so it would be near a road and railroad. For the next four months, the tankers held positions so that the other units could disengage and form a defensive line.
On one occasion the company were in bivouac on two sides of a road. The posted sentries and most of the tankers attempted to get some sleep. The sentries heard noise down the road and woke the company. Every man grabbed a weapon. As they watched, a Japanese bicycle battalion rode into their bivouac. The tankers opened fire with everything they had. When they stopped firing, they had completely wiped out the bicycle battalion.
At some point, Wando was wounded and from a thermite bomb and his left leg was severely burnt. At the U.S. General Hospital #1, Little Baguio, Bataan, it was determined that his leg needed to be amputated. It was reported that his left leg was removed at Hospital #2 at Limay, Bataan. He was still in the hospital when Bataan was surrendered to the Japanese. He and the other POWs were transported by truck to Bilibid Prison.
According to records kept at the U.S. Naval Hospital Unit at Bilibid Prison, Wando was admitted on June 19, 1942. Being that he was unfit to work, he remained at the prison. According to Zoeth Skinner, 194th Tank Battalion, Wando developed a tooth abscess. Skinner stated that Wando was a fighter and lived in spite of the fact the doctors believed he should have died.
The tooth, Number 32, was removed on January 11, 1944. He received sulfathiazole, but because of a drop in white blood cells the treatment was stopped. The doctors at the prison gave him three blood transfusions in an attempt to save his life. Wando showed signs of improvement from February 10th to February 21st.
On February 22nd, Wando was reported to have a fever of 105º and was given another blood transfusion. The next day his fever rose to 107º and he became mentally confused. The medical staff reported that Wando developed jaundice. It also was recorded that he became weaker and mentally confused.
Zoeth Skinner recorded that Pvt. Wando A. Hart died from blood poisoning on March 4, 1944, at approximately 8:15 P.M. He was buried at the Bilibid Hospital Burial Plot in Row 4, Grave 20.
After the war, Wando's remains were positively identified. At the request of his parents, the remains of Pvt. Wando Hart were reburied at Andersonville National Cemetery, Andersonville, Georgia. He was buried in Section A, Site 13854.