YoungM

 


Pvt. Mansfield Robert Young


Born: 24 July 1922 - Wyoming

Parents:  John A. Young & Gertrude Gray-Young

Siblings: 2 sisters, 2 brothers

Home: 254 East McFarland - Ventura, California

Enlisted: California National Guard

    - National Guard unit from Ventura, California

Inducted:

    - U.S. Army

        - 3 February 1941 - Ventura, California

Training: 

    - Fort Lewis, Washington

Units: 

    - 194th Tank Battalion

Overseas Duty:
    - Ship: U.S.S. President Coolidge
        - Boarded: Monday - 8 September 1941 - 3:00 P.M.
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: 5:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Manila - Friday - 26 September 1941
            - disembark ship - 3:00 P.M.
            - taken by bus to Fort Stostenburg
    - Ft. Stostenburg, Philippines
        - lived in tents until barracks completed - 15 November 1941   

Engagements: 

    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942 

        - 5 January 1942
            - rejoined rest of 194th at Guagua

            - ambushed a Japanese force of 750 to 800 soldiers attempting to cut the
              highway

            - Japanese lost half their force
            - Labao was burning when tanks left area
         - 6/7 January 1942 - that night the 194th crosses bridge into Bataan
            - withdraw covered by 192nd Tank Battalion
 

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - January 1942
                - 2:30 A.M. attacked in force by Japanese who used a smoke screen

                    - 5:00 A.M. - Japanese broke off attack because of heavy casualties and sunrise

        - 16 January 1942 - Bagac

            - sent to reopen Moron Road so General Segunda's forces could withdraw

            - tanks knock out an anti-tank gun

            - two tanks disabled by landmines but recovered

            - mission abandoned

            - Gen. Segunda's troops escaped using beach but lost their heavy equipment
        - 20 January 1942

            - Bani Bani Road -tanks sent in to save 31st Infantry command post

        - 25/26 January 1942
            - the battalion held a position a kilometer north of the Pilar-Bagac Road
                - four SPMs with the battalion
            - warned by Filipino a large Japanese force was coming

            - when the enemy appeared they opened up with all the battalion had   

                - Japanese withdrew after losing 500 of 1800 men

        - 28 January 1942
            - 194th tanks given beach duty protecting southern beaches of Bataan
        - April 1942
            - tanks sent into various sectors to stop Japanese advance
        - 6 April 1942
            - four tanks sent to support 45th Philippine Infantry and 75th Infantry, Philippine Scouts
            - one tank knocked out by anti-tank fire
            - other tanks covered withdraw
            - 3rd Platoon sent up west coast road
            - near Mount Samat ran into heavy Japanese force
            - the tanks withdrew to Marivales

Prisoner of War: 

    - 9 April 1942
        - tankers received order "crash" at 6:45 A.M.
        - destroyed their equipment and tanks
    - 10 April 1942

        - Death March

            - Mariveles - POWs start march at southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell
 
 

POW Camps:

    - Philippine Islands:

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate
 

        - Cabanatuan #1

 Died:

    - 26 September 1942 - malaria 
Buried: 
    - Cabanatuan Camp Cemetery 

Reburied:

    - American Military Cemetery

        - Manila, Philippine Islands

            - Plot:  H   Row:  1   Grave: 124

Medals: Silver Star

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942

Prisoner of War: 

    - 9 April 1942

        - Death March

            - Mariveles - POWs start march at southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell
 

POW Camps:

    - Philippine Islands:

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate
 

        - Cabanatuan
        - Port Area Detail
            - POWs worked on Manila docks

            - remained on detail until 1944
                - POWs left at 8:00 P.M.

Hell Ship:
    - Nissyo Maru
        - Friday - 17 July 1944 - POWs left prison at 7:00 A.M.
        - Boarded ship: same day
            - Japanese attempted to put all the POWs in one hold
            - when they couldn't, they put 900 POWs in the forward hold
            - 600 POWs held in rear hold
        - Sailed: Manila - same day
            - dropped anchor at breakwater until 23 July 1944
            - POWs were not fed or given water for over a day and a half after being put in
              the ship's hold
            - POWs fed rice and vegetables twice a day and received two canteen cups of
               water each day
            - 23 July 1944 - 8:00 A.M. - ship moved to area off Corregidor and dropped
              anchor
        - Sailed: Monday - 24 July 1944 - as part of a convoy
            - some POWs cut the throats of other POWs and drank their blood
            - convoy attacked by American submarines
                - four of the thirteen ships in the convoy were sunk
                - a torpedo hit the ship but did not explode
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - Friday - 28 July 1944 - 9:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: same day - 7:00 P.M.
        - 30 July 1944 - 2 August 1944 - sailed through storm
        - Arrived: Moji, Japan - Thursday - 3 August 1944 - midnight

            - POWs issued new clothing
        - Disembark: 4 August 1944 - 8:00 A.M.
            - POWs disembarked and taken to a pier
            - POWs put into a movie theater
                - later divided into 200 men detachments and sent to different POW camps
            - taken by train to POW camps along train lines
POW Camp:

    - Japan

        - Kamioka #1B

            - worked in zinc and lead mines
            - camp located in mountains
            - POWs lived in filmsy barracks without heat

Liberated:

    - September 1945
        - returned to the Philippine Islands
Transport:
    - U.S.S. Yarmouth
        - Sailed: Manila - not known
        - Arrived: San Francisco - 8 October 1945

            - admitted to Letterman General Hospital

Married: Betty Lela Ralston

    - childhood sweetheart

Children: 1 daughter, 1 son

Died: 24 January 2006 - Oxnard, California

Buried:

    - Ivy Lawn Cemetery - Ventura, California

        - Section: K


 

 

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