Pfc. Roy Vernon Wehrkamp
Born: 12 August 1917 - Williston, North Dakota
Parents: Henry & Maziy Wehrkamp
    - mother remarried - divorced
Siblings: 1 half-sister
Home:  Portland, Oregon
Inducted:
    - U. S. Army
        - 9 April 1941
Training:
    - Fort Lewis, Washington
Units:
    - 194th Tank Battalion
Overseas Duty:
    - Ship: U.S.S. President Coolidge
        - Boarded: Monday - 8 September 1941 - 3:00 P.M.
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: 5:00 P.M. - same day
            - escorted by heavy cruiser -  U.S.S. Astoria
                - heavy cruiser intercepted several ships after smoke was seen on the horizon
                - ships belonged to friendly countries
        - Arrived: Manila - Friday - 26 September 1941
            - disembark ship - 3:00 P.M.
            - taken by bus to Fort Stostenburg
    - Philippines
        - lived in tents
         - 15 November 1941 - barracks completed 
Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1941 - 7 January 1942
            - During this time HQ Company supplied the tank companies as they fought to cover
              the withdraw toward Bataan
            - 8 December 1941
                - lived Japanese attack on Clark Field
                - planes did not go after tanks
                - after attack 194th sent to a bivouac three kilometers north of Clark Field
                    - from there they were sent to Barrio of San Joaquin on the Malolus Road
            - 12 December 1941
                - moved to new bivouac south to San Fernando near Calumpit Bridge
                    - arrived 6:00 A.M.
            - 15 December 1941
                - received 15 Bren gun carriers
                - turned some over to 26th Cavalry, Philippine Scouts
            - 22 December 1941
                - sent to Rosario
                    - west and north of the of barrio
                    - ordered out of the 71st Division Commander
                        - said they would hinder the cavalry's operation
            - 22/23 December 1941
                - operating north of Agno River
                - main bridge at Carmen bombed
            - 24/25 December 1941
                - tank battalions make end run to get south of Agno River
                    - ran into Japanese resistance but successfully crossed river
            - 25/26 December 1941
                - held south bank of Agno River from west of Carmen to Carmen-Akcaka-Bautista
                  Road
                - 192nd held from Carmen to (Route 3) to Tayug (northeast of San Quintin)
            - 26/27 December 1941
                - ordered to withdraw
                    - 1 platoon forced its way through way through Carmen
                        - lost two tanks
                            - one tank belonged to company commander - Captain Edward Burke
                                - believed dead, but was actually captured
                            - one tank crew rescued
                - new line Santa Ignacia-Gerona-Santo Tomas-San Jose
                - rest of battalion made a dash out
                    - lost one tank at Bayambang
                    - another tank went across front receiving fire and firing on Japanese
                - Lt. Petree's platoon fought its way out and across Agno River
                - D Company, 192nd, lost all its tanks except one
                    - the tank commander found a crossing
                    - Japanese would use tanks later on Bataan
            - 29/30 December 1941
                - new line at Bamban River established
                - tank battalions held line until ordered to withdraw
            - 30/31 December 1941
                    - tank battalions held Calumpit Bridge
                    - covering withdraw of Philippine Divisions south on Rt. 3, San Fernando
            - 2 January 1942
                - both tank battalions ordered to withdrawal to Lyac Junction
                - 194th withdrew there on Highway 7
            - 5 January 1942
                - C Company and A Company, 192nd Tank Battalion, withdrew from Guagua-
                  Poraline
                  Line and moved into position between Sexmoan and Lubao
                - 1:50 A.M. - Japanese attempted to infiltrate
                    - bright moonlight made them easy to see
                    - tanks opened fire
                    - Japanese lay down smoke which blew back into them
                - 3:00 A.M. - Japanese broke off engagement
                    - suffered 50% casualties
                - Remedios - established new line along dried creek bed
            - 6/7 January 1942
                - 194th, covered by 192nd, crosses Culis Creek into Bataan
                - both battalions bivouacked south of Aubucay-Hacienda Road
    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
        - transferred during the Battle of Bataan
                - 2nd Philippine Corps
Prisoner of War:
    - 9 April 1942
        - Death March
            - Mariveles - POWs start march at southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell

POW Camps:
    - Philippine Islands:
        - Camp O'Donnell
            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate
 
        - Cabanatuan
    - Formosa:
        - Karenko
            - Work: POWs used as slave labor on a farm
        - Shirakawa
            - Work: POWs grew food on farm and tended cattle
Hell Ship:
    - Nagara Maru
        - Sailed: Manila - 12 August 1942
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 14 August 1942
    - Suzuya Maru
        - Sailed: Takao - 13 August 1942
        - Arrived: Karenko, Formosa - 17 August 1942
            - POWs marched to Karenko POW Camp
    - Oryoku Maru
        - Sailed: 24 October 1944
        - Arrived: Moji, Japan - 27 October 1944
        - Sailed: Unknown
        - Arrived: Jinsen, Korea - 10 November 1944
            - took two day train trip to Hoten Branch Camp #1, Zheng
              Village, Jilin Province, Manchuria
            - Arrived: 12 November 1944
            - Camp closed:  20 May 1945 - sent to Hoten Camp, Mukden, Manchuria
Note:  

        - mother learned he was POW - 19 January 1943
Liberated:
    - 20 August 1945
Promoted: Master Sergeant
Discharged: 28 April 1946
Married:
    - Dolores T. Barton - 14 April 1946
Children: 1 son
Resided:
    - Sacramento California
    - Gresham, Oregon - 1984
Died:
    - 8 October 1997
Buried:
    - Willamette National Cemetery
        - Plot: Col-2   Row:  42   Site: E

 

 


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