Brig. Gen. James Roy Newman Weaver
Born: 20 May 1888 - Freemont, Ohio
Parents: James T. & Jennie E. Weaver
Name: Roy Newman Weaver
    - Secretary of War changed his name - 21 Sept. 1909
Hometown: Freemont, Ohio
Married: Mary C. Pontius - 31 October 1912
Children: 1 daughter, 1 son
    - His son graduated from West Point in 1936
Education:
    - Freemont High School - Class of 1906
    - Oberlin College - attended for one year
        - appointed to U.S. Military Academy
    - United States Military Academy - West Point, New York - Class of 1911
        - Entered: 15 June 1907
        - Graduated: 13 June 1911
Commissioned: Second Lieutenant - 13 June 1911 - 15th Infantry Division
   - Transferred: 9th Infantry Division - 11 August 1911
        - stationed in the Philippine Islands
            - daughter born there
    - Army Service School - Fort Leavenworth, Kansas - 17 August 1918
Promotions:
    - Promoted: First Lieutenant - 6 April 1917
    - Promoted: Captain - 15 May 1917
    - Promoted: Major - 9 June 1918
    - Promoted: Colonel - Not Known
    - Promoted: Brigadier General - 1942
Career:
    - World War I
        - English Instructor - U.S. Military Academy - West Point, New York
            - this position kept him from going to Europe
        - 68th Armor Regiment - 2nd Armor Division
    - West Point -returned to the military academy in 1920
        - taught English and history
    - Fort Sill, Oklahoma - 1926 - 1930
    - Fort Benning, Georgia
        - trained in tanks - 1937
    - World War II
        - Commanding Officer - Provisional Tank Group - Philippine Islands
            - assumed command - 9 October 1941
        - At one point General Wainwright ordered that that the tanks be
           buried and used as pillboxes.  Viewing this as a ridiculous order,
          Weaver simply ignored it.
Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8  December 1941 - 6 January 1942
    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - Battle of the Points -commanded battle on the front lines
            - Capt. Alvin Powleit, the chief medical officer of the 192nd Tank
               Battalion, stated that while he was a Prisoner of War on Formosa, a
               Japanese officer told him that Weaver's strategy of moving the
               tanks around and having them engage the Japanese in those
               areas convinced the Japanese that the Americans had a larger
               number of tanks than they actually did.  This resulted in throwing off
               the Japanese timetable of conquering the Philippines.
       - 8 April 1942
           - sent out this message to commanding officers of the 192nd and 194th Tank Battalions:

"You will make plans, to be communicated to tank company commanders only, and be prepared to destroy within one hour after receipt by radio, or other means, of the word CRASH, all tanks and combat vehicles, arms, ammunition, gas, and radios, reserving sufficient trucks to close to rear echelons as possible thereafter."  
           
Prisoner of War:
    - 9 April 1942
        - Bataan Death March
POW Camps:
    - Philippines:
        - Camp O'Donnell
            - 1 April 1942 - unfinished Filipino training base Japanese put into use as a POW camp
                - Japanese believed the camp could hold 15,000 to 20,000 POWs
            - POWs searched upon arrival at camp
                - those found with Japanese money were accused of looting
                - sent to guardhouse
                - over several days, gun shots heard southeast of the camp
                    - POWs who had money on them had been executed
            - Japanese took away any extra clothing from POWs as they entered the camp and refused to return it
                - since no water was available for wash clothing, the POWs threw soiled clothing away
                - clothing was taken from dead
                - few of the POWs in the camp hospital had clothing
            - POWs were not allowed to bathe
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
                - POWs waited 2 hours to 8 hours to get a drink
                    - water frequently turned off by Japanese guards and next man in line waited as long as 4 hours for water to be turned on again
                    - mess kits could not be cleaned
                - POWs had to carry water 3 miles from a river to cook their meals
                - second water spigot installed a week after POWs arrived
            - slit trenches overflowed since many of the POWs had dysentery
                - flies were everywhere including in camp kitchens and food
            - camp hospital had no water, soap, or disinfectant
            - the senior POW doctor wrote a list of medicines he wanted to treat the sick and was told by the camp commandant, Capt. Yoshio
              Tsuneyoshi, never to write another letter
                - Tsuneyoshi said that all he wanted to know about the American POWs was their names and numbers when they died
                - refused to allow a truckload of medicine sent by the Archbishop of Manila into the camp
                - 95% of the medicine sent by Philippine Red Cross was taken by the Japanese for their own use
            - POWs in camp hospital lay on floor elbow to elbow
            - operations on POWs were performed with mess kit knives
            - only one medic out of six assigned to care for 50 sick POWs, in the hospital, was well enough to work
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
                - each morning dead were found everywhere in the camp and stacked up under the hospital
                - ground under hospital was scrapped and cover with lime to clean it
                - the dead were moved to this area and the section where they had laid was scrapped and cover with lime
                - usually not buried for two or three days
            - work details: if a POW could walk, he was sent out on a work detail
                - POWs on burial detail often had dysentery and malaria
        - Tarlec
    - Formosa
        - Karenko
        - Tamazto
        - Shirakawa
    - Manchuria
        - Mukden
Note: While a POW, he was beaten over the head for refusing to allow
           officers, American, British, and Dutch, to work.  He was again
           beaten, this time in his shins with a bamboo pole for climbing a tree
           to get buds to add to the soup the POWs had been given.
Hell Ships:
    - Nagara Maru
        - Sailed: Manila - 12 August 1942
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 14 August 1942
    - Otaro Maru
        - Sailed - Takao - 14 August 1942
        - Arrived: Karenko - 15 August 1942
    - Otaro Maru
        - Sailed: April 1945
        - Arrived: Pusan, Korea - 25 April 1945
            - POWs taken by train to Mukden, Manchuria
Liberated:
    - 20 August 1945 - Russian Army
Commanding Officer:
    - Fort Benning, Georgia
    - Fort Ord, California
    - Fort Beale, California
    - Presidio, San Francisco, Cailfornia
Medals:
    - Purple Heart
    - Bronze Star
    - Silver Star
    - Prisoner of War Medal
    - Distinguish Service Medal
    - Distinguish Service Cross
        - for operations of Provisional Tank Group - 2 February 1942
Note: Of the tank group's performance he said, "The Provisional Tank Group, USAFFE, took to the field ten days after its organization lacking a headquarters company, one light tank battalion, and both medium battalions.  It was unacclimated; unused to its weapons, armor, radios; a new arm unacquainted with and to the people with whom it was to be associated.  The group learned the hard way, for tankers - in defensive battle, covering the withdraw into Bataan for 18 days of unremitting strain and action with the enemy who did not attack in force but infiltrated at night  and around flanks, snipped by day, and used his aviation immune from air counter attack or observation."
Residence: Menlo Park, California
Died: 29 August 1967 - San Mateo, California
Buried:
    - San Francisco National Cemetery - Presidio, California
        - Section:  OS   Row:  77   Site:  8-A

 

 


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