Pfc. Philip Burson Tripp

    Pfc. Philip P. Tripp was born in Minneapolis on November 9, 1915.  He was one of two sons of Frank M. Tripp & Lydia R. Smith-Tripp.  His family resided at 3857 Garfield Avenue in Minneapolis.  Philip was inducted into the army on April 14, 1941, and assigned to HQ Company, 194th Tank Battalion at Fort Lewis, Washington, as a radio operator.  This was done to fill out the ranks of the company which had been created at Ft. Lewis.   During his training, he was sent to radio school at Fort Knox, Kentucky, where he qualified as a radio operator, which indicates that he was assigned to one of three tanks assigned to HQ Company.
    On August 15, 1941, orders were issued at Ft. Knox, Kentucky, to the 194th for duty in the Philippines because of an event that happened during that summer.  A squadron of American fighters were flying over Lingayen Gulf when one of the pilots noticed something odd.  He took his plane down and identified a buoy in the water.  He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island.  When the squadron landed he reported what he had seen.  The next morning, when another squadron flew to the area, the buoys had been picked up and a fishing boat was seen heading toward shore.  Since communication was poor between the Air Corps and Navy, the boat was not intercepted.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.
    The battalion was ordered to San Francisco, California, and arrived at 7:30 A.M. on September 4th and ferried, on the U.S.A.T. Generl Frank M. Coxe to Ft. McDowell on Angel Island, where they received physicals and inoculations.  Those who had health issues were held back and replaced by other soldiers.  They boarded the U.S.S. President Calvin Coolidge and sailed to the Philippine Islands at 9:00 P.M. on September 8th.  The soldiers were quartered in the hold of the ship while the officers slept in wardrooms shared by four officers.  At 7:00 A.M. on Saturday, September 13th, the ship arrived at Honolulu, Hawaii, and the soldiers were allowed ashore, but had to be on board the ship before the the ship sailed at 5:00 P.M.
    After leaving Hawaii, the ship was joined by, heavy cruiser, the U.S.A. Astoria and an unknown destroyer.  On several occasions smoke was seen on the horizon and the cruiser revved its engines up and took off in the direction of the smoke.  Each time, the ship belonged to a friendly country.  The ships arrived in Manila Bay on Friday, September 26th, in the morning, but the soldiers did not disembark until 3:00 P.M.  The battalion, minus itís maintenance section, rode buses to Ft. Stotsenburg.  The maintenance section, and 17th Ordnance, remained behind on the pier to unload the tanks and reattach the turrets which had been removed so that the tanks would fit in the ship's hold.
    The soldiers were greeted by Colonel Edward King who apologized to them that they had to live in tents.  He made sure they were settled into their bivouac before he left.
    The soldiers spent the next weeks cleaning their weapons of cosmoline.  The guns were sealed in it to prevent them from rusting on the trip to the Philippines.  At one point, the battalion went on a maneuver to Lingayen Gulf.
    The first week of December, 1941, the 194th was ordered to its position at Clark Field.  Their job was to protect the airfield from paratroopers.  Two crew men remained with the tanks at all times.

    In September 1941, the 194th was sent to San Francisco for transport to the Philippine Islands.  Arriving in the Philippines the battalion was housed in tents since their barracks were unfinished.  

    On December 8, 1941, Philip lived through the Japanese attack on Clark Airfield.  On December 19th he sent home this message by cable gram: All ok. Everything fine.  Best of health. Chin up."   He also told them to tell the parents of Phil Brain and Bill McKeon that they were fine.  For the next four months he saw action in various engagements against the Japanese.
    On March 5, 1942, Philip picked up a Japanese leaflet that was suppose to convince them to surrender.  He sent it home to his father.  In the letter he mailed home he told how the leaflet made the Filipinos furious because they knew the truth about how they would be treated by the Japanese.  "They knew that Japanese allegations of of friendship and protection were false from previous experiences.  The native troops and civilians would fight on, even though conquered."  He also told his family he was well and gone through several battles without a scratch.

    On April 9, 1942, he became a Prisoner of War when Bataan was surrendered to the Japanese.  In Mariveles at the southern tip of Bataan Philip began what became known as the death march.  Philip believed that he would have never survived the march had he known how brutal the 65 miles were going to be.  He watched as men were shot and beaten. He felt that the Japanese purposely starved the POWs.  

    At San Fernando, he and the other POWs were crammed into small wooden boxcars for transport to Capas.  The POWs were packed in so tightly that those who died remained standing until the living climbed out of the cars.  Philip and the other POWs made their way to Camp O'Donnell.

    The conditions in Camp O'Donnell were so bad that as many as fifty POWs died each day.  The burial detail worked day and night to bury the dead.  Since there were was only one water spigot for the entire camp, men stood in line for days for a drink.  Many died while they waited.  The Japanese realizing that something about the conditions in the camp had to done opened a new camp at Cabanatuan.  Philip went this camp when it opened.  It is not known if Philip remained at Cabanatuan or went out on a work detail.
    On Tuesday, February 2, 1943, Philip was admitted to the camp's hospital.  No reason was recorded as to why he was admitted, and no date indicating when he was discharged was recorded.  It should be mentioned that in April, 1943, his parents learned that he was a POW.  They later received two POW postcards from him dated May 6, 1944, and July 22, 1944.

    It is known that in August 1944, Philip was selected to be sent to Japan.  On August 25th, he was boarded onto the Noto Maru which sailed, for Japan, on August 27, 1944.  The ship spent the night in Subic Bay before sailing the next day.  The ship stopped at Takao, Formosa, on August 30th and sailed for and arriving at Keelung, Formosa, the same day.  It sailed again on August 31st and arrived at Moji, Japan, on September 4, 1944.

    In Japan, Philip was taken to Hanawa Camp which was also known as Sendai #6.  The POWs in the camp worked in a copper mine owned by Mitsubishi.  Each morning the POWs were marched up the side of a mountain and down into the mine.   When the POWs reached the bottom of the mine, they noticed the guards were already waiting for them.  Sometime later, the POWs realized that while they had been forced to climb the mountain, the guard entered the mine through an entrance which had been cut through the side of the mountain.

    At some point, Philip violated a camp rule.  This resulted with him being beaten in the head with an axe handle.  Because of the beating, he suffered from headaches the rest of his life.

    In August of 1945, the POWs lined up to go to work as usual.  This time they were sent back to their quarters.  The same thing happened repeatedly over the next few days.  The POWs knew something had happened, but no one wanted to think that the war was over.  Finally, a Japanese officer stood on a box and announced the Japanese Empire and the United States were no longer enemies.  He also told them that the camp was theirs.  This was the first time the  POWs received news on how the war was going. 

    Not too long after this, B-29s appeared and dropped food to the prisoners.  The Japanese townspeople helped the POWs carry the food to the camp.  Since material for clothing was scarce, they were interested more in the silk from the parachutes for clothing than the food in the drums.   

     One day, a  jeep with American soldiers appeared and  the soldiers told the former POWs to sit tight until the railroad line had been repaired.  After it was repaired, the prisoners took the train and then an LST to Yokohama.  Philip then took a destroyer back to the Philippines.  The reason for this was that the former POWs were in such poor physical shape that the American Military Command did not want them to be seen back home in this condition.  In Philip's case, he had gone from 165 pounds down to 87 pounds.

    After being "fattened up" Philip was allowed to return home.  He was discharged on April 17, 1946.  Philip married, Shirley Henneman, on January 2, 1947.  Two of his groomsmen were Sgt. William McKeon and Sgt. Philip Brian who were members of the 194th Tank Battalion.  The couple became the parents of a son and daughter.  He worked as an electrical contractor and was known for his love of food and sense of humor. 

    Philip B. Tripp passed away on March 25, 1992, in Minneapolis.  He was buried at Fort Snelling National Cemetery in Minneapolis in Section  15,  Site  2479.


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