Swain

 


T/5 Edward J. Swain


Born: April 1916 - Genesee County, New York

Hometown:  Darien, New York

Parents: Robert Swain & Ethel Hart-Swain

Siblings: 1 sister, 2 brothers

Enlisted: 13 February 1941 - Buffalo, New York

Unit:

    - 19th Ordnance Battalion

        - A Company reorganized as 17th Ordnance Company in September 1941

    - 17th Ordnance Company

Job: Machinist

Training:

    - Ft. Knox, Kentucky

    - Ft. Stotsenburg, Philippine Islands

Overseas Duty:

    - U.S.S. Calvin Coolidge
        - Boarded: San Francisco, California - Monday - 8 September 1941
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M.
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 9:00 A.M.
            - soldiers given shore leave for the day
        - Sailed: same day - 5:00 P.M.
        - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Friday - 26 September 1941
        - Disembark: 3:00 P.M.
            - 17th Ordnance remained behind to unload the tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
                - reattached the turrets to the tanks.
        - rode bus to Ft. Stotsenburg
        - lived in tents at Ft. Stotsenburg
           -barracks completed - 15 November 1941

Engagements:

    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1942 - 6 January 1942

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - serviced tanks of the 192nd & 194th Tank Battalions

Prisoner of War:

    - 9 April 1941

        - Death March

            - started march at Mariveles on the southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing on Corregidor
                - American Artillery returned fire
                    - knocked out three Japanese guns
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden
boxcars
               
- each car could hold eight horses or forty men
                - Japanese packed 100 POWs into each boxcar
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - POWs leave boxcars - dead fall out of cars
                - walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell
 

POW Camps:

    - Philippine Islands:

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino Army training base
            - Japanese use camp for POWs
            - one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day

Died:

     - 1 May 1942 - dysentery

         - first member of 17th Ordnance to die in a POW Camp

Buried:

    - Camp O'Donnell Cemetery

Reburied:

     - American Military Cemetery - Manila, Philippine Islands

        - Plot:  A   Row:  4   Grave:  118 





 

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