SmithW

Cpl. Warren B. Smith Jr.


Born: 26 May 1919 - Binghamton, New York
Parents: Warren B Smith Sr. & Isabelle Smith
Siblings: 1 sister
Hometown: Buffalo, New York

Home: 316 Soledad (rear) Street - Salinas, California

    - student 

Inducted:

    - U.S. Army

        - 10 February 1941 - Salinas Army Air Field

Training: 

    - A Company, Fort Lewis, Washington

Units: 

    - 194th Tank Battalion
        - C Company, 194th Tank Battalion
        -  transferred to HQ Company
Note: On August 15, 1941, the 194th received orders, from Ft. Knox, Kentucky, for duty in the Philippines because of an event that happened during the summer.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf when one of the pilots noticed something odd.  He took his plane down and identified a buoy in the water.  He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island, hundred of miles away, with a large radio transmitter on it.  The squadron continued its flight plan and flew south to Mariveles before returning to Clark Field.  By the time the planes landed that evening, it was too late to do anything that day.
    The next morning, another squadron was sent to the area and found that the buoys had been picked up by a fishing boat which was seen making its way toward shore.  Since communication between and Air Corps and Navy was poor, the boat was not intercepted.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.
Overseas Duty:
    - 4 September  1941 -
        - battalion traveled by train to Ft. Mason in San Francisco, California
    - Arrived: 7:30 A.M. - 5 September 1941
        - ferried to Ft. McDowell, Angel Island, on U.S.A.T. General Frank M. Coxe
        - given physicals and inoculations
        - men with medical conditions replaced
    - Ship: S.S. President Coolidge
        - Boarded: Monday - 8 September 1941 - 3:00 P.M.
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: 5:00 P.M. - same day
            - escorted by the heavy cruiser - U.S.S. Astoria and an unknown destroyer
                - smoke seen on horizon several times
                -  cruiser intercepted ships
                - ships from friendly countries
        - Arrived: Manila - Friday - 26 September 1941
            - disembark ship - 3:00 P.M.
            - taken by bus to Fort Stostenburg
            - maintenance section with 17th ordnance remained behind to unload the tanks and attached turrets
                -27 September 1941 - job completed at 9:00 A.M.

Stationed:

    - Ft. Stotsenburg, Philippine Islands

        - transferred to Provisional Tank Group Headquarters

        - served as General Weaver's orderly 

Engagements: 

    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942

Prisoner of War:
        - received order to destroy equipment and report to kilometer marker 168.2.
            - Provisional Tank Group Headquarters
    - 10 April 1942
            - 7:00 P.M. - started march from Provisional Tank Group headquarters
            - 3:00 A.M. - halted and rested for an hour
            - 4:00 A.M. - resume march
                - at times slipped on remains of dead who had been killed by Japanese shelling
    - 11 April 1942
        - 8:00 A.M. -reached Lamao
            - allowed to forage for food
        - 9:00 A.M. - resumed march
        - Noon - reached Limay and main road
            - officers, majors and up, separated from lower ranking officers and enlisted men
    - Death March
        - 4:00 P.M officers put on trucks
            - officers arrived at Balanga
            - Japanese find handgun in field bag of an officer
                - he was clubbed and bayoneted
                - because of this they were not fed
        - Dusk - officers ordered to form ranks and marched
            - marched through Abucay and Samal
    - 12 April 1942
        - 3:00 A.M. - officers reached Orani
            - herded into a fenced in area and ordered to lie down
            - in morning found they had been lying in human waste
            - latrine in one corner was crawling with maggots
        - Noon - fed rice and salt
            - first meal
        - Afternoon - lower ranking officers and enlisted men arrive at Orani
        - 6:30 P.M. - ordered to form 100 men detachments
            - POWs marched at faster pace
            - fewer breaks
                - when given break, the POWs sat on road
        - North of Hermosa the POWs reached pavement
            - made march easier
    - 13 April 1942
        - 2:00 A.M. - POWs given an hour rest on road
            - those who attempt to lay down are jabbed with bayonets
            - POWs march through Layac and Lurao
            - rains - POWs drank as much as they could
        - 4:30 P.M. - reached San Fernando
            - POWs put in groups of 200 to be fed
                - one POW sent to get a box of rice for each group
                - pottery jars of water given out the same way
    - 14 April 1942
        - 4:00 A.M. - POWs awakened
            - formed detachments of 100 men and marched to train station
            - POWs put into small wooden boxcars used to haul sugarcane
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
        - 9:00 A.M. - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - as POWs formed ranks, Filipinos threw sugarcane to POWs
            - also gave them water
            - POWs walked last 8 kilometers to Camp O'Donnell

POW Camps:

    - Philippine Islands:

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate
 
 

        - Cabanatuan #1
Hell Ship:
    - Nagara Maru
        - Sailed: Manila - 12 August 1942
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 14 August 1942
    - Otaru Maru
        - Sailed: Takao - 15 August 1942
        - Arrived: Keelung, Formosa - 15 August 1942
POW Camps:

    - Formosa

        - Karenko Camp

        - Heito Camp

            - Work: POWs cleared dried river bed of rocks

                - Japanese wanted to grow sugarcane

                - POWs worked in sugarcane processing plant 

        - Kinkaseki Camp

             - Work: slave labor in copper mine

        - Taihoku Camp #6

Hell Ship:

    - Taiko Maru

        - Sailed: Keelung, Formosa - 27 February 1945

        - Arrived: Moji, Japan - 5 March 1945
POW Camp:

    - Osaka #4-B

        - also known as Tanagawa
            - beatings in camp were a daily occurrence
            - POWs beaten for the slightest reasons
            - almost every American in the camp at some point received an intense beating
            - prisoners hit slapped or punched
            - the POWs were weak and could not meet the daily quota
                - beaten by guards with clubs, shovels, or anything they could find
                - POWs had to stand at attention during beating
            - from 5 August 1944 to 28 March 1945
                - one beating took place a day medical treatment
                - 250 of the men required  

        - September 1944 - beaten with four other POWs for not completing required amount of work
            - hit over head, neck, and shoulders with stik a hell of hand
            - during the beating his ear was injured leaving him slightly deaf with occasional earaches
        - it is known he was beaten twice while in the camp
        - 20 March 1945 - camp closed
      
    - Fukuoka #5-B
        - the POWs were denied adequate food, clothing, and medication
        - worked in the Furukawa Mining Company
            - civilian supervisors told to treat POWs as slaves

            - POWs received frequent beatings
            - sick POWs required to do manual labor to meet worker quota

Liberated:

    - September 1945
        - returned to the Philippine Islands
Transport:
    - U.S.S. Admiral C. F. Hughes
        - Sailed: Manila - not known
        - Arrived: Seattle, Washington - 9 October 1945
            - taken to Madigan General Hospital - Ft. Lewis, Washington

Married:

Education: college graduate

Occupation: Executive - MacMillam Publishing

Residence: 6 Country Road - Westport, Conneticut

Died: 26 November 1994 - Westport, Conneticut


 

 

 

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