Donald Frank Schultz
Pvt. Donald F. Schultz was
the son of Otto C. Schultz & Emma
Tessmer-Schultz. He was born in Dorchester,
Wisconsin, on February 17, 1919, and was one of
the couple's twelve children. He attended
school in Dorchester and after his graduation from
grade school, his family moved to a farm south of
Lake Geneva on County Road BB. He never
attended high school.
On November 16, 1940, Donald joined the
Wisconsin National Guard in Janesville,
Wisconsin, with his friends Ray and Fay Baldon. He
did this because it was just a matter of time
until he would be drafted into the army.
Nine days later, on November 25, 1940, he
traveled to Fort Knox, Kentucky, for a year of
training. It was during this time his
National Guard Company was renamed A Company,
192nd Tank Battalion.
When the battalion was sent to Louisiana for
maneuvers, Donald stayed behind to guard the
company's equipment that was left behind at Ft.
the maneuvers, instead of returning to
Ft. Knox, the battalion remained at Camp
Polk. None of the members had any
idea why they were being kept
there. Donald and the other
members of the battalion at Ft. Knox,
were sent to Camp Polk.
The morning of December 8, 1941, Capt. Walter
Write informed his company that Pearl Harbor had
been bombed by the Japanese. The tanks
were put on alert at their positions
around the airfield. At 8:30 A.M.,
American planes took off to intercept any
Japanese planes. Sometime
before noon, the alert was canceled and the
planes landed and were lined up near the pilots'
mess hall. Their pilots went to lunch.
were eating lunch when planes were seen
approaching the airfield from the north at
about 12:45. Many of the tankers counted
54 planes. The planes approached the
airfield and watched hat was described as
"raindrops" falling from the planes.
When the raindrops began exploding on the
runways, the tankers knew the planes were
The members of A Company lived through the
bombing of Clark Field and could do little since
their guns were not made to use against planes.
For some reason, not known to the
tankers, the Japanese did not attack the
A Company was sent, in support of the 194th, to
an area east of Pampanga, where they lost a tank
platoon commander, Lt. William Read. The
company returned to the command or the 192nd on
January 8, 1942.
On another date, the tanks of A Company
had bivouacked for the night when the
guards heard a noise down the
road. They awakened the other
tankers and the men manned their
guns. As they watched a Japanese
bicycle battalion rode into their
bivouac. They opened fire with
everything they had. According to
members of the company, there was a
great deal of confusion, noise, and
screaming. Then, there was
silence. They had completely wiped
out the bicycle battalion.
From Mariveles, at the southern tip of Bataan, Donald started what became known as the death march. At San Fernando, Donald boarded a small wooden railroad car used to haul sugarcane and rode it to Capas. Each car could haul eight horses or forty men. The Japanese packed 100 men into each car and closed the doors. Those who died remained standing until the living left the cars at Capas. Once there, he walked the last few miles to Camp O'Donnell.
After arriving at Camp O'Donnell, a detail of POWs was selected to go out to rebuild the bridges the Americans had destroyed as the withdrew into Bataan. The detail was under the command of Lt. Col. Ted Wickord of the 192nd. On the detail Donald mixed cement for the bridges.
When the detail ended in nine months later,
Donald was sent ot Cabanatuan. At some point, he
went out on another work detail to build
runways and revetments at Neilson
Airfield. While on the detail, he
developed dry beriberi and was sent to the
hospital ward at Bilibid Prison. According
to records kept there, he was admitted on April
25, 1944. On May 10, he was returned to
Cabanatuan and remained there until the
beginning of July.
One of the major problems facing the POWs was
the lack of food. The main diet of the
prisoners was rice. But, there was never
enough according to Donald. He recalled
that the POWs' diet was supplemented with fish
heads, grass and seaweed. The camp guards
stole items from Red Cross packages and withheld
the packages from July 1, 1944, to September 2,
1945. The Japanese intentionally opened
packages and mixed up contents so that the
ranking Allied officer would not know how much
should be in each package. When they were
given to the POWs they were often contained less
than what had been sent and most of the food was
gone. In addition, when Red Cross packages
arrived, they were withheld from POWs from three
to seven months after arriving.
Machi, Donald worked in a coal mine.
It was from this work that he began experiencing
breathing problems. He remained in the
camp until he was liberated on September 15,
1945. The POWs were taken to
Wakayama, Japan, and boarded onto the U.S.S.
Consolation the next day. Records
kept at the time show that Donald was suffering
from amoebic dysentery, and he was returned to
the Philippines for medical treatment.
While he was on his way back to the States, his
sister Betty died after a 27 day illness.
It is known that Donald married Lulu L. Wells and had a daughter. At some point, his experiences as a POW became too much for him and he left his family. They would never see him again. He resided in Lake Villa, Illinois.
Donald began experiencing health problems in the 1980s, so he went for treatment at the Veteran's Hospital in North Chicago, Illinois. He died in Lake Villa on March 7, 1988, and was buried in Plot H, Grave 300 at Wood National Cemetery in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on March 10, 1988.