Pvt. Glen R. Schlingerman was born on October 27, 1918, Winona, Minnesota,
to Paul Schlingerman & Pauline Wozniak-Schlingerman. With his sister, he was raised at 1123 East Mason
Street in Green Bay, Wisconsin, and after he graduated high school and worked as a projectionist at a movie
theater. One of his hobbies was he operated a ham radio.
Glen was inducted into the U.S. Army on January 28, 1941, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and sent to Fort
Knox, Kentucky, where he did his basic training and attended radio operators school. He qualified as a radio
operator and was assigned to A Company, 192nd Tank Battalion.
A typical day for the soldiers started in 6:15 with reveille, but most of
the soldiers were up before this since they wanted to wash and dress. Breakfast was from 7:00 to 8:00 A.M.,
followed by calisthenics at 8:00 to 8:30. Afterwards, the tankers went to various schools within the
company. The classes consisted of .30 and .50 caliber machine guns, pistol, map reading, care of personal
equipment, military courtesy, and training in tactics.
At 11:30 the soldiers stopped what they were doing and cleaned up for mess which was from
noon to 1:00 P.M. Afterwards, they attended the various schools which they had been assigned to on January
13, such as: mechanics, tank driving, radio operating. At 4:30, the soldiers called it a day and
returned to their barracks and put on dress uniforms and at five held retreat and followed by dinner at 5:30.
After dinner, they were off duty and lights were out at 9:00 P.M., but they did not have to turn in until 10:00
when Taps was played.
In late August, the battalion was informed it would take part in
maneuvers in Louisiana. During the maneuvers the battalion performed exceptionally well. After the
maneuvers, instead of returning to Ft. Knox, the battalion where ordered to Camp Polk. None of the members
had any idea why they were being sent there.
On the side of a hill, the battalion members were informed that they were being sent
overseas. T Those members of the battalion who were 29 years old or older were given the opportunity
to resign from federal service. Replacements for these men came from the 753rd Tank Battalion and the 192nd
also received the battalion's tanks.
The reason for this move was an event that took place in the summer of 1941. A
squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf when one of the pilots, who was flying at a lower
altitude - noticed something odd. He took his plane down and identified a flagged buoy in the water and saw
another in the distance. He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the
northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island that a large radio transmitter. The island was
hundred of miles away. The squadron continued its flight plan and flew south to Mariveles before returning
to Clark Field. When the planes landed, it was too late to do anything that day.
The next day, another squadron was sent to the area and found that the buoys had been
picked up by a fishing boat that was seen making its way to shore. Since communication between the Air
Corps and Navy was poor, the boat escaped. It was at that time the decision was made to build up the
American military presence in the Philippines.
Over different train routes, the battalion traveled to Ft. Mason in San Francisco,
California, and were ferried, on the
U.S.A.T. Gen. Frank M. Coxe, to Ft. McDowell on Angel Island. On the island, they received
inoculations and physicals from the battalion's medical detachment. Those men found to have treatable medical
conditions remained behind on the island and scheduled to rejoin the battalion at a later date. Men with
major health issues were replaced.
The 192nd was boarded onto the
U.S.S. Gen. Hugh L. Scott and sailed on Monday, October 27. During this part of the trip, many
tankers had seasickness, but once they recovered they spent much of the time training in breaking down machine
guns, cleaning weapons, and doing KP. They arrived at Honolulu, Hawaii, on Sunday, November 2 and had a two
day layover, so the soldiers were given shore leave so they could see the island.
On Wednesday, November 5, the ships sailed for Guam but took a southerly
route away from the main shipping lanes. It was at this time it was joined by, the heavy cruiser, the
U.S.S. Louisville and the
S.S. President Calvin Coolidge. On Sunday night, November 9, the soldiers went to bed and when they
woke up the next morning, it was Tuesday, November 11th, since the ships had crossed the International Dateline
during the night. It was during this part of the voyage, on Saturday, November 15, smoke from an unknown
ship was seen on the horizon. The Louisville revved up its engines, its bow came out of the water, and it
took off in the direction of the smoke, which turned out to be from a ship from a friendly country.
When they arrived at Guam the next day, the ships took on water, bananas, coconuts, and
vegetables before sailing the next day for Manila. At one point, the ships passed an island at night.
While they passed the island, they did so in total blackout. This for many of the soldiers was a sign that
they were being sent into harm's way. The ships entered Manila Bay, at 8:00 A.M., on Thursday, November
20, and docked at Pier 7 later that morning. At 3:00 P.M., the soldiers disembarked and most were taken by
bus to Ft. Stotsenburg. The truck drivers drove their trucks to the fort, while the maintenance section
remained behind on the pier to unload the tanks.
At the fort, they were greeted by Gen. Edward P. King, who apologized that they had to live
in tents along the main road between the fort and Clark Airfield. He made sure that they all received
Thanksgiving Dinner before he went to have his own. Ironically, November 20 was the date that the National
Guard members of the battalion had expected to be released from federal service.
The members of the battalion pitched the tents in an open field halfway between the Clark
Field Administration Building and Fort Stotsenburg. The tents were set up in two rows and five men were
assigned to each tent. There were two supply tents and meals were provided by food trucks stationed at the
end of the rows of tents.
For the next seventeen days the tankers worked to remove cosmoline from their
weapons. The grease was put on the weapons to protect them from rust while at sea. They also loaded
ammunition belts and did tank maintenance.
On December 1, the tankers were ordered to the perimeter of Clark Airfield to guard
against Japanese paratroopers. From this time on, two tank crew members remained with each tank at all
The morning of December 8, 1941, Capt. Walter Write informed his company that Pearl
Harbor had been bombed by the Japanese. The tanks
were put on full alert at their positions around the airfield. At 8:30 A.M., American planes took
off and filled the sky in every direction.
Sometime before noon, the planes landed, to be refueled, and were lined up near the pilots'
mess hall so they went to lunch.
The tankers were eating lunch when planes were seen approaching the
airfield from the north at about 12:45. Many of the tankers counted 54 planes. The planes approached
the airfield and tankers watched what was described as "raindrops" falling from the
When the raindrops began exploding on the runways, the tankers knew the planes were
When the Japanese were finished, there was not much left of the airfield. The soldiers watched as the
dead, dying, and wounded were hauled to the hospital on bomb racks, trucks, and anything that could carry the
wounded was in use. When the hospital filled, they watched the medics place the wounded under the
building. Many of these men had their arms and legs missing.
That night, the tankers slept under their tanks since it was safer then sleeping in their
tents. They had no idea that they had slept their last night in a bed for the next three and one half
On December 12, the company was sent to the Barrio of Dau to guard a
highway and railroad from sabotage. On December 23 and 24, the company was in the area of Urdaneta, where
they lost the company commander, Capt. Walter Write. After he was buried, the tankers made an end run to
get south of Agno River after the main bridge had been destroyed. As they did this, they ran into
Japanese resistance early in the evening but successfully crossed at the river in the Bayambang
On December 23 and 24, the company was in the area of Urdaneta, where
the tankers lost the company commander, Capt. Walter Write. After he was buried, the tankers made an end
run to get south of Agno River after the main bridge had been destroyed. As they did this, they ran into
Japanese resistance early in the evening but successfully crossed at the river in the Bayambang
On December 25, the tanks of the battalion held the southern bank of the Agno River
from Carmen to Tayung, with the tanks of the 194th holding the line on the Carmen-Alcala-Bautista Road.
The tanks were asked to hold the position for six hours; they held the position until 5:30 in the morning on
On a road east of Zaragoza, on December 30, the company was bivouacked for the night
and posted sentries. The sentries heard a noise on the road and woke the other tankers who grabbed
Tommy-guns and manned the tanks' machine guns. As they watched, a Japanese bicycle battalion rode
into their bivouac. When the last bicycle passed the tanks, the tankers opened up on them. When
they stopped firing, they had completely wiped out the bicycle battalion. To leave the area, the tankers
drove their tanks over the bodies.
At Gumain River, the night of December 31st to the morning of January 1, the tank
companies formed a defensive line along the south bank of the river. When the Japanese attacked the
position at night, they were easy to see since they were wearing white t-shirts. The Japanese were taking
heavy casualties, so they attempted to use smoke to cover their advance, but the wind blew the smoke into the
Japanese. When the Japanese broke off the attack, they had suffered fifty percent casualties.
At Guagua, A Company, with units from the 11th Division, Philippine Army, attempted to
make a counterattack against the Japanese. Somehow, the tanks were mistaken, by the Filipinos to be
Japanese. The 11th Division accurately used mortars on them. The result was the loss of three
On January 1, the tanks of the 194th were holding the Calumpit Bridge allowing the Southern
Luzon Forces to cross the bridge toward Bataan. General Wainwright was attempting to hold the main
Japanese force coming down Route 5 to prevent the troops from being cut off. General MacArthur's
chief of staff gave conflicting orders involving whose command the defenders were under which caused
confusion. Gen. Wainwright was not aware these orders had been given.
From there, A Company was sent, in support of the 194th, to an area
east of Pampanga. It was there that they lost a tank platoon commander, Lt. William Read. The
company returned to the 192nd on January 8, 1942.
On January 28, the tank battalions were given the job of protecting the beaches.
The 192nd was assigned the coast line from Paden Point to Limay along Bataan's east coast. The
Japanese later admitted that the tanks guarding the beaches prevented them from attempting landings.
The company also took part in the Battle of the Pockets - from January 23 to February
17 - to wipe out Japanese soldiers who had been trapped behind the main defensive line after a Japanese
offensive was stopped and pushed pack to the original line of defense. The tanks would enter the pocket
one at a time to replace a tank in the pocket. Another tank did not enter the pocket until a tank exited
the pocket. Doing this was so stressful that each tank company was rotated out and replaced by one that
was being held in reserve.
To exterminate the Japanese, two methods were used. The first was to have three
Filipino soldiers ride on the back of the tank. As the tank went over a Japanese foxhole, the Filipinos
dropped three hand grenades into the foxhole. Since the grenades were from WWI, one out of three usually
The other method to use to kill the Japanese was to park a tank with one track over
the foxhole. The driver gave the other track power resulting with the tank spinning around and grinding
its way down into the foxhole. The tankers slept upwind of their tanks.
While the tanks were doing this job, the Japanese sent soldiers, with cans of
gasoline, against the tanks. These Japanese attempted to jump onto the tanks, pour gasoline into the
vents on the back of the tanks, and set the tanks on fire. If the tankers could not machine gun the
Japanese before they got to a tank, the other tanks would shoot them as they stood on a tank. The tankers
did not like to do this because of what it did to the crew inside the tank. When the bullets hit the
tank, its rivets would pop and wound the men inside the tank. It was for their performance during this
battle that the 192nd Tank Battalion would receive one of its Distinguished Unit Citations.
Since the stress on the crews was tremendous, the tanks rotated into the pocket one at
a time. A tank entered the pocket and the next tank waited for the tank that had been relieved to exit
the pocket before it would enter. This was repeated until all the tanks in the pocket were relieved.
What made this job so hard was that the Japanese dug "spider holes" among
the roots the trees. Because of this situation, the Americans could not get a good shot at the
The tankers from A, B, and C Companies were able to clear the pockets. But
before this was done, one C Company tank which had gone beyond the American perimeter was disabled and the tank
just sat there. When the sun came up the next day, the tank was still sitting there. During the
night, its crew was buried alive, inside the tank, by the Japanese. When the Japanese had been wiped out,
the tank was turned upside down to remove the dirt and recover the bodies of the crew. The tank was put
back into use.
At the same time, the tanks were also used to clear out the Japanese in what was
called "The Battle of the Points." The Japanese had attempted to land troops behind the main
defensive line and ended up with troops trapped on two different points on the peninsula.
The Japanese Marines were driven to the cliffs and hid in the caves below the cliff
lines. They used the caves for protection and would climb down the cliffs to enter them or leave
them. The tankers fired into the caves repeatedly until the Japanese were dead or came out of the caves.
On another occasion the company was in bivouac on two sides of a
road. They posted sentries and most of the tankers attempted to get some sleep. The sentries heard
noise down the road and woke the company. Every man grabbed a weapon. As they watched, a Japanese
bicycle battalion rode into their bivouac. The tankers opened fire with everything they had. When
they stopped firing, they had completely wiped out the bicycle battalion.
On April 3, 1942, the Japanese launched a attack supported by artillery and
aircraft. A large force of Japanese troops came over Mount Samat and descended down the south face of the
volcano. This attack wiped out two divisions of defenders and left a large area of the defensive line
open to the Japanese.
The Japanese broke through the east side of the main defensive line on Bataan on April
7. The tanks were pulled out of their position along the west side of the line and ordered to reinforce the
eastern portion of the line. Traveling south to Mariveles, the tankers started up the eastern road but
were unable to reach their assigned area due to the roads being blocked by retreating Filipino and American
It was the evening of April 8 that Gen. Edward P. King decided that further resistance
was futile, since approximately 25% of his men were healthy enough to fight, and he estimated they would last
one more day. In addition, he had over 6,000 troops who sick or wounded and 40,000 civilians who he
feared would be massacred. At 10:30 that night, he sent his staff officers to negotiate surrender terms.
Tank battalion commanders received this order
: "You will make plans, to be communicated to company commanders only, and be prepared to destroy
within one hour after receipt by radio, or other means, of the word 'CRASH', all tanks and combat
vehicles, arms, ammunition, gas, and radios: reserving sufficient trucks to close to rear echelons as soon as
The morning of April 9, 1942, the members of A Company circled their tanks. Each tank
fired one armor piercing shell into the engine of the tank in front of it. The tankers next opened up the
gasoline valves and dropped hand grenades into the turrets. The next morning at 7:00 A.M. they became
Prisoners of War.
The POWs made their way north from Mariveles. The first five miles of the march
were uphill which was hard on the sick and underfed men. At one point, the members of the company had to
run past Japanese artillery firing on Corregidor. They received little water and little food. When
they reached San Fernando, they were put into a bull pen. In one corner of the bull pen was a trench the
POWs were suppose to use as a washroom. The surface of the trench was alive with maggots. How long
they remained in the bull pen is not known.
The Japanese ordered the POWs to form detachments of 100 men. They were marched
to the train stationed and packed into small wooden boxcars used to haul sugarcane. Each car could hold
forty men or eight horses. The Japanese packed 100 POWs into each car. Those who died
remained standing since there was no place for them to fall. At Capas, the living left the cars and the
dead fell to the floors. They walked the last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell which was an unfinished
Filipino training base that was pressed into use as a POW camp on April 1, 1942.
When they arrived at the camp, the Japanese confiscated any extra clothing that the
POWs had and refused to return it to them. They searched the POWs and if a man was found to have Japanese
money on them, they were taken to the guardhouse. Over the next several days, gunshots were heard to the
southeast of the camp. These POWs had been executed for looting.
There was only one water faucet in the camp, and the prisoners stood in line from two
to eight hours waiting for a drink. The Japanese guards at the faucet would turn it off for no reason and
the next man in line would stand as long as four hours waiting for it to be turned on again. This
situation improved when a second faucet was added.
There was no water for washing clothes, so the POWs would throw out their clothing
when it had been soiled. In addition, water for cooking had to be carried three miles from a river to the
camp and mess kits could not be washed. The slit trenches in the camp were inadequate and were soon
overflowing since most of the POWs had dysentery. The result was that flies were everywhere in the camp
including the POW kitchens and in the food.
The camp hospital had no soap, water, or disinfectant. When the ranking American
doctor at the camp wrote a letter to the camp commandant, Capt. Yohio Tsuneyoshi, asking for medical supplies,
he was told never to write another letter. When the Archbishop of Manila sent a truckload of medical
supplies to the camp, Tsuneyoshi refused to allow the truck into the camp. When the Japanese Red Cross
sent medical supplies to the camp the Japanese took 95% of the supplies for their own use.
The POWs in the camp hospital lay on the floor elbow to elbow and only one of the six
medic assigned to care for 50 sick POWs was healthy enough to care for them. When a representative of the
Philippine Red Cross stated they could supply a 150 bed hospital for the camp, he was slapped in the face by a
Each morning, the bodies of the dead were found all over the camp and were carried to
the hospital and placed underneath it. The bodies lay there for two or three days before they were buried
in the camp cemetery by other POWs who were suffering from dysentery and/or malaria. To clean the ground
under the hospital, the ground was scraped and lime was spread over it. The bodies of the dead were
placed in the area, and the area they had been laying was scrapped and lime was spread over it.
Work details were sent out on a daily basis. Each day, the American doctors gave
a list of names to the Japanese of the POWs who were healthier enough to work. If the quota of POWs
needed to work could not be met, the Japanese put those POWs who were sick, but could walk, to work. The
death rate among the POWs reached 50 men dying a day. The Japanese finally acknowledge that they had to
do something, so the opened a new POW camp at Cabanatuan.
On June 1, 1942, the POWs formed detachments of 100 men each and were marched to
Capas. There, the were put in steel boxcars with two Japanese guards. At Calumpit, the train was
switched onto another line which took it to Cabanatuan. The POWs disembarked and were taken to a
schoolyard where they were fed cooked rice and onion soup. From there, they were marched to Cabanatuan
which had been the headquarters of the 91st Philippine Army Division and was known as Camp Panagaian.
The camp was actually three camps. Camp 1 was where the men who captured on
Bataan and taken part in the death march where held. Camp 2 did not have an adequate water supply and was
closed. It later reopened and housed Naval POWs. Camp 3 was where those men captured when
Corregidor surrender were taken. In addition, men from Bataan who had been hospitalized when the
surrender came were sent to the camp. Camp 3 was later consolidated into Camp 1.
Once in the camp, the POWs were allowed to run the camp. The Japanese only
entered if they had an issue they wanted to deal with. To prevent escapes, the POWs set up a detail that
patrolled the fence of the camp. The reason this was done was that those who did escape and were caught,
were tortured before being executed, while the other POWs were made to watch. It is believed that no POW
successfully escaped from the camp.
In the camp, the Japanese instituted the "Blood Brother" rule. If one
man escaped the other nine men in his group would be executed. POWs caught trying to escape were
beaten. Those who did escape and were caught, were tortured before being executed. It is not known
if any POW successfully escaped from the camp.
The barracks in the camp were built to house 50 POWs, but most had between 60 to 120
POWs in them. The POWs slept on bamboo slats, without mattresses, bedding, or mosquito netting.
Many quickly became ill. The POWs were assigned to barracks which meant that the members of their group
lived together, went out on work details together, and would be executed together since they were Blood
The POWs were sent out on work details one was to cut wood for the POW kitchens.
The two major details were the farm detail and the airfield detail which lasted for years. A typical day
on any detail lasted from 7:00 A.M. until 5:00 P.M. The POWs on the farm detail would have to go to
a shed each morning to get tools. As they left the shed, the Japanese guards thought it was great fun to
hit them over their heads.
The detail was under the command of "Big Speedo" who spoke very little
English. When he wanted the POWs to work faster, he told the POWs
Although he was known to have a temper, the POWs thought he was fair. Another guard was
"Little Speedo" who was smaller and also used
when he wanted the POWs to work faster. The POWs also felt he was pretty fair in his treatment of
them. "Smiley" was another guard who always had a smile on his face but could not be
trusted. He was the meanest of the guards and beat men up for no reason. He liked to hit the POWs
with the club. Any prisoner who he believed was not working hard enough got knocked over with it.
Any prisoner who he believed was not working hard enough got knocked over with it. Each morning, after
arriving at the farm, the POWs went into a tool shed to get their tools. As they left the shed, the
guards hit them on their heads.
Other POWs worked in rice paddies. While working in the fields, the favorite
punishment given to the men in the rice paddies was to have their faces pushed into the mud and stepped on by a
guard to drive their faces deeper into the mud. Returning from a detail the POWs bought, or were given,
medicine, food, and tobacco, which they somehow managed to get into the camp even though they were searched
when they returned.
Rice was the main food given to the POWs fed to them as "lugow" which meant
"wet rice." During their time in the camp, they received few vegetables and almost no
fruit. Once in awhile, they received bread.
The camp hospital was known as "Zero Ward" because it was missed by the
Japanese when they counted barracks. The sickest POWs were sent there to die. The Japanese put a
fence up around the building to protect themselves, and they would not go into the building. There were
two rolls of wooden platforms around the perimeter of the building. The sickest POWs were put on the
lower platform which had holes cut into it so the they could relieve themselves. Most of those who
entered the ward died.
It is not known if Glen was sent to the camp when it opened or if he was sent there
after returning from a work detail. According to medical records kept at the camp hospital, Glen was
admitted to the hospital on Saturday, September 4, 1942, suffering from dysentery and malaria.
Other records that were kept by the medical staff show that Pvt. Glen R. Schlingerman
died of malaria on Friday, October 9, 1942. In the diary kept by 2nd Lt. LeRoy Scoville of A
Company, Glen died from malnutrition. The POWs had the job of burying the dead, and did this by working
in four men teams. Each team carried a litter of four to six dead men to the cemetery where they were
buried in graves containing 15 to 20 bodies. His family learned of his death in June 1943, and had a
memorial funeral mass said at St. John's Church on July 8, 1943.
After the war, the family of Pvt. Glen R. Schlingerman asked that his remains be
returned to the United States and arrived on October 5, 1949. His remains were returned to Green Bay,
Wisconsin, where a funeral was held at St. John's Church., and Pvt. Glen R. Schlingerman was buried at
Allouez Catholic Cemetery in Allouez, Wisconsin, on October 20, 1949.