|Oryoku Maru, Enoura
Maru, and Brazil Maru
drawings and photos
|Cross section of Oryoku Maru showing the
holds the POWs were held in during attack.
|Drawing of attack on Oryoku Maru. The POW
in the hatch was Commander Frank Bridgit. During
the attack, Bridgit described to the POWs - in the hold
- what he was seeing.
|In this drawing, the rear
hold of the Oryoku Maru
takes a hit by a bomb dropped by an American fighter
bomber killing many POWs.
|Photo of the Oryoku Maru burning off the
shore of Olongapo Naval Station.
|Another photo, taken by
an American plane of the Oryoku
Maru on fire. The white specks in the
water are the POWs swimming to shore.
|Another photo of the Oryoku Maru in Subic Bay during attack by American planes.|
|The Japanese set up
machine guns and fired at the POWs in the water.
In addition, the Japanese sent out boats with riflemen
who shot the POWs.
|The tennis court at
Olongapo Naval Station where 1300 POWs were held. During
their time on the court, the POWs watched American
planes bomb and strafe, but the planes never attacked
them while they were on the tennis court.
|POWs on the tennis courts
got water from the one water faucet at the court that
ran as a trickle.
|Map showing the first
part of the Oryoku Maru POWs journey to Japan.
Note that the POWs rode trucks to San Fernando.
|At San Fernando,
Pampanga, the POWs boarded boxcars that were riddled
with bullet holes from being strafed by American
planes. To prevent the train from being attacked,
POWs were allowed on top of the boxcars and encouraged
to wave to the planes.
|Train leaving San
|American planes checking
out train as it made its way to San Fernando, La
Union. The planes did not attack the train.
|Map looking to the
southeast showing the trip the POWs took by train.
|POWs lined up on beach as
they wait to board the Brazil
Maru and Enoura Maru.
|POWs in barges being
transported to the Brazil
Maru and Enoura Maru.
|Diagram of holds on the Enoura Maru|
|Japanese ships being bombed and strafed in Takao Harbor, Formosa, on January 9, 1945. The Enoura Maru is the ship that is partially cut off in the lower right corner of the photo.|
|This drawing depicts the POWs inside a hold of the Enoura Maru during the attack by American planes. The day before the attack, the Japanese transferred the POWs from the Brazil Maru to the ship.|
|Drawing of a hold on the Enoura Maru showing the damage, dead, and wounded.|
|POWs on the Enoura
Maru burial detail dragging the bodies of those
killed, to shore, from the barge they had been moved to
for burial. The POWs were too weak to carry the
All the men killed on the ship were buried in a mass grave.
|Photo taken by an American
photographer of the hole, caused by a bomb, in the haul
of the Enoura Maru.
The Japanese attempted to repair the ship but gave
up. This photo was taken after the war.
|Diagram showing the holds of
the Brazil Maru.
This was the last Japanese transport the POWs who first boarded the Oryoku Maru were on. The ship safely reached Japan.
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