MillerEB

 

Lt. Col. Ernest Brumaghim Miller


Born: 15 September 1898 - Gloversville, New York

Parents: George Miller & Adelaide Brumaghim-Miller

Home: 523 Holly Street - Brainerd, Minnesota

Mexican Boarder Campaign:
World War I:

    - Miller fought in France during World War I

    - wounded

Married: Anna M. Hauber - 17 October 1921

Children: 2 daughters, 3 sons

    - one son, James, while serving with a tank unit, was Killed in Action on Anzio

      Beach, Italy

Occupation: civil engineer - State of Minnesota

Enlisted: Minnesota National Guard

    - 17 July 1913 - National Guard Bugler

        - 15 years old

    - 11 March 1922 - Second Lieutenant

    - 19 February 1923 - First Lieutenant

    - 26 May 1924 - Captain

        - Fort Benning, Georgia - training
Mexican Boarder Campaign - 1916

World War I:

    - 30 June 1916 - 17 April 1919
        -  October 1918 - wounded - Sommepy-Tahure, Argonne, France

Inducted:

    - U. S. Army

        - 1941 - Fort Snelling, Minnesota

            - went to Fort Lewis, Washington

            - promoted: 2 June 1941 - Major

            - promoted: 24 December 1941 - Lieutenant Colonel

            - promoted: 2 September 1945 - Colonel

Training: 

    - Fort Lewis, Washington

        - 82 men passed Army physicals
        - company remained at armory until  19 February 41
            - left by train at 12:19 A.M. - 20 February 1941
        - arrived at Fort Lewis with two tanks, one reconnaissance car, and six trucks

Units: 

    - 194th Tank Battalion
Note: On August 15, 1941, from Ft. Knox, Kentucky, Miller received orders for his battalion for duty in the Philippines because of an event that happened during the summer.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf when one of the pilots, whose plane was at a lower altitude, noticed something odd in the water.  He took his plane down and identified a flagged buoy in the water and saw another in the distance.  He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island which was hundred of miles away.  The island had a large radio transmitter on it.  The squadron continued its flight plan and flew south to Mariveles and returned to Clark Field.  By the time the planes landed, it was too late to do anything thatday. 
    The next morning, by the time another squadron was sent to the area, the buoys had been picked up, by a fishing boat which was seen making its way toward shore.  Since communication between and Air Corps and Navy was poor, the boat was not intercepted.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.

Overseas Duty:

    - August 1941

        - flew to Ft. Knox, Kentucky, to meet with General Jacob Devers
            - Chief of Armored Forces of the United States

    - 16 August 1941 - met in closed meeting with Devers

    - 17 August 1941 - flew to Minneapolis, Minnesota
        - visited his family

    - 18 August 1941
        - left to return to Ft. Lewis by plane
        - told the Brainerd Daily Dispatch:


"We're leaving the United States and sailing from San Francisco on or around Sept. 5th --- that's definite. But where we will go, how we will get there and our purpose upon reaching our destination remains a secret I cannot disclose.  In fact, there will be no official announcement on these points until out battalion safely reaches its destination." 
He also told the paper about rumors: "There will be countless rumors between now and Sept. 5 and not a single one will be from an official source.  While one of the many stories many accidentally htt upon the true spot, it will merely be coincidence. Our destination is a secret to all but a few and will remain so until we reach it."


Overseas Duty:
     - 4 September  1941
        - battalion traveled by train to Ft. Mason in San Francisco, California
    - Arrived: 7:30 A.M. - 5 September 1941

        - Miller was at station waiting for them
        - ferried to Ft. McDowell, Angel Island on U.S.A.T. General Frank M. Coxe
        - given physicals and inoculations
        - men with medical conditions replaced

    - Ship: U.S.S. President Coolidge
        - Boarded: Monday - 8 September 1941 - 3:00 P.M.
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: 5:00 P.M. - same day
            - escorted by heavy cruiser, the U.S.S. Astoria, and an unknown destroyer
                - heavy cruiser intercepted several ships after smoke was seen on the horizon
                - ships belonged to friendly countries

        - Tuesday, 16 September 1941 - ships crossed International Dateline
            - became Thursday, 18 September 1941
        - Arrived: Manila - Friday - 26 September 1941
            - disembark ship - 3:00 P.M.
            - taken by bus to Fort Stostenburg
        - returned to Manila to help 17th Ordnance with unloading of tanks
    - Philippines
        - lived in tents until barracks completed - 15 November 1941
        - 18 October 1941 - called wife from Philippines for 20th wedding anniversary
            - 14 hour time difference so it was 17 October 1941 in Brainerd

Engagements: 

    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942 

            - promoted to Lieutenant Colonel
            - 10 December 1941
                - battalion sent to Mabalcat
                    - C Company was sent to Southern Luzon to support troops
            - 12 December 1941
                - moved to new bivouac south to San Fernando near Calumpit Bridge
                    - arrived 6:00 A.M.
            - 14 December 1941
                - A Co. & D Co., 192nd moved to just north of Muntinlupa
            - 15 December 1941
                - received 15 Bren gun carriers
                - turned some over to 26th Cavalry, Philippine Scouts
                - Bren gun carriers used to test ground to see if it could support tanks
            - 22 December 1941
                - sent to Rosario
                    - west and north of the of barrio
                    - ordered out of the 71st Division Commander
                        - said they would hinder the cavalry's operation
            - 22/23 December 1941
                - operating north of Agno River
                - main bridge at Carmen bombed
            - 24 December 1941
                - operating in Hacienda Road area
            - 26/27 December 1941
                - ordered to withdraw - 7:00 A.M.
                    - Lt. Costigan's platoon forced its way through way through Carmen
                        - lost two tanks
                            - one tank belonged to company commander - Captain Edward Burke
                                - believed dead, but was actually captured
                            - one tank crew rescued
                - new line Santa Ignacia-Gerona-Santo Tomas-San Jose
                - rest of battalion made a dash out
                    - lost one tank at Bayambang
                    - another tank went across front receiving fire and firing on Japanese
                - Lt. Petree's platoon fought its way out and across Agno River
                - D Company, 192nd, lost all its tanks except one
                    - the tank commander found a crossing
                    - Japanese would use tanks later on Bataan
            - 28 December 1941
                - Tarlec Line
                    - most of battalion withdrew from line that night
            - 29/30 December 1941
                - new line at Bamban River established
                - tank battalions held line until ordered to withdraw
            - 30/31 December 1941
                - tank battalions held Calumpit Bridge
                - covering withdraw of Philippine Divisions south on Rt. 3, San Fernando
            - 2 January 1942
                - both tank battalions ordered to withdrawal to Lyac Junction
                - 194th withdrew there on Highway 7
            - 5 January 1942
                - C Company and A Company, 192nd Tank Battalion, withdrew from Guagua-Poraline Line and moved into position between
                  Sasmuan and Lubao
                - 1:50 A.M. - Japanese attempted to infiltrate
                    - bright moonlight made them easy to see
                    - tanks opened fire
                    - Japanese lay down smoke which blew back into them
                - 3:00 A.M. - Japanese broke off engagement
                     - suffered 50% casualties
                - Remedios - established new line along dried creek bed
            - 6/7 January 1942
                - 194th, covered by 192nd, crosses Culis Creek into Bataan
                - both battalions bivouacked south of Aubucay-Hacienda Road
                - rations cut in half

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - tank companies reduced to three tanks per platoon
                - tanks given to D Company
            - nominated for Silver Star
            - about the nomination he said: 

"For certain things that happened in combat.  I can't tell you at this time just what for and where but it is a coveted thing to have and I'm glad and thank full I could hold up my end of it to that extent."  He continued, "I can't tell you any news." And finished the letter with, "I  confess this separation and war has made us TRULY appreciative of our homes and loved ones.  And with the knowledge that we're right with God, nothing else matters."

            - 8 January 1942
                - composite tank company made up of tanks from the 192nd and 194th sent to protect East Coast Road north of Hermosa
                    - their job was to keep the East Road open  north of Hermosa and prevent the Japanese from driving into Bataan before the main
                      battle line had been formed
                - remainder of tanks ordered to bivouac for night south of Aubucay-Hacienda Road
                    - tankers had been fighting for a month without a rest
                    - tanks also needed overdue maintenance
                    - 17th Ordnance
                - all tank companies reduced to ten tanks
                - three per tank platoon
                - sent to reopen Moron Road so General Segunda's forces could withdraw
                - tanks knock out an anti-tank gun
                - two tanks disabled by landmines but recovered
                - mission abandoned
                - Gen. Segunda's troops escaped using beach but lost their heavy equipment
            - 12 January 1942
                - C Company, with D Company, 192nd, sent to Cadre Road
                    - forward position with little alert time
            - 13 January 1942
                - mines planted by ordnance prevented them from reaching Cadre Road
                - returned to battalion
            - 16 January 1942
                -  C Company sent to Bagac to reopen Moron Highway
                    - highway had been cut by Japanese
                    - Moron Highway, and Junction of Trail 162
                        - tank platoon fired on by antitank gun
                            - tanks knock out gun
                            - cleared roadblock with support of infantry
            - 20 January 1942
                - Banibani Road -tanks sent in to save 31st Infantry command post
            - 24 January 1942
                - tanks order to Hacienda Road in support of troops
                     - landmines planted by ordnance prevented them from reaching road
            - 26 January 1942
                - the battalion held a position a kilometer north of the Pilar-Bagac Road
                    - four self-propelled mounts with the battalion
                - 9:45 A.M. - warned by Filipino a large Japanese force was coming
                    - when the enemy appeared they opened up with all the battalion had
                - 10:30 A.M. - Japanese withdrew after losing 500 of 1200 men
                - prevented new defensive line that was forming from being breached

                    - Miller called his tank commanders and radio operators to his half-track
                        - as he was talking to them they heard the whistling sound of a shell and hit the dirt
                        - the shell landed a few yards from them
                        - when they got up, Miller was standing there and said, "Those dirty sons of bitches."
            - 28 January 1942
                - 194th tanks given beach duty protecting southern beaches
                - guarded coast from Limay to Cabcaben
                - half-tracks patrolled roads
                    - maintained radio contact with on-shore and off-shore patrols

            - March 1942
                - two tanks were bogged down in mud
                - the tankers were working to get them out
                - Japanese Regiment entered the area
                - Lt. Col. Miller ordered tanks and artillery to fire at point blank range
                - Miller ran from tank to tank directing fire
                    - wiped out Japanese regiment

            - 3 April 1942

                - Japanese launch new offensive

                - tank sent in to attempt to stop advance

                - Miller called his tank commanders and radio men together

                    - told them that they would lunch a counter attack

                    - When asked by Lt. Ray Bradford where they would form a second line, Miller said,
                      "There is no second position.  We are going to stop the Japs and form a new line of defense."

            - 8 April 1942
                - 6:30 P.M. - Miller received this message from General Weaver commander of the Provisional Tank Group Headquarters:

"You will make plans, to be communicated to tank company commanders only, and be prepared to destroy within one hour after receipt by radio, or other means, of the word CRASH, all tanks and combat vehicles, arms, ammunition, gas, and radios, reserving sufficient trucks to close to rear echelons as possible thereafter."

               - 10:30 P.M. - decision made to send white flag across battle line

               - 11:40 P.M. - ammunition dumps blown up
               - the tankers received this message over their radios at 6:45 A.M. - 9 April 1942
               - circled tanks and fired an armor piercing shell into each tank's engine
               - opened gasoline cocks and dropped grenades into crew compartment

 Prisoner of War:
    - 9 April 1942
        - received order to destroy equipment and report to kilometer marker 168.2.
            - Provisional Tank Group Headquarters
        - Japanese officers told Col. Ernest Miller to keep them there until ordered to move
    - 10 April 1942
        - 7:00 P.M. - started march from Provisional Tank Group headquarters
        - 3:00 A.M. - halted and rested for an hour
        - 4:00 A.M. - resume march

            - at times slipped on remains of dead who had been killed by Japanese shelling
    - 11 April 1942
        - 8:00 A.M. -reached Lamao
            - allowed to forage for food
        - 9:00 A.M. - resumed march
        - Noon - reached Limay and main road
            - officers, majors and up, separated from lower ranking officers and enlisted men
    - Death March
        - 4:00 P.M officers put on trucks
            - officers arrived at Balanga
            - Japanese find handgun in field bag of an officer
                - he was clubbed and bayoneted
                - because of this they were not fed
        - Dusk - officers ordered to form ranks and marched
            - marched through Abucay and Samal
    - 12 April 1942
        - 3:00 A.M. - officers reached Orani  
            - herded into a fenced in area and ordered to lie down
            - in morning found they had been lying in human waste
            - latrine in one corner was crawling with maggots
        - Noon - fed rice and salt
            - first meal
        - Afternoon - lower ranking officers and enlisted men arrive at Orani
        - 6:30 P.M. - ordered to form 100 men detachments
            - POWs marched at faster pace
            - fewer breaks
                - when given break, the POWs sat on road
        - North of Hermosa the POWs reached pavement
            - made march easier
    - 13 April 1942
        - 2:00 A.M. - POWs given an hour rest on road
            - those who attempt to lay down are jabbed with bayonets
            - POWs march through Layac and Lurao
            - rains - POWs drank as much as they could
        - 4:30 P.M. - reached San Fernando
            - POWs put in groups of 200 to be fed
                - one POW sent to get a box of rice for each group
                - pottery jars of water given out the same way
    - 14 April 1942
        - 4:00 A.M. - POWs awakened
            - formed detachments of 100 men and marched to train station
            - POWs put into small wooden boxcars used to haul sugarcane
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
        - 9:00 A.M. - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - as POWs formed ranks, Filipinos threw sugarcane to POWs
            - also gave them water
            - POWs walked last 8 kilometers to Camp O'Donnell

POW Camps:

    - Philippine Islands:

        - Camp O'Donnell
            - 1 April 1942 - unfinished Filipino training base Japanese put into use as a POW camp
                - Japanese believed the camp could hold 15,000 to 20,000 POWs
            - POWs searched upon arrival at camp
                - those found with Japanese money were accused of looting
                - sent to guardhouse
                - over several days, gun shots heard southeast of the camp
                    - POWs who had money on them had been executed
            - Japanese took away any extra clothing from POWs - as they entered the camp - and refused to return it
                - since no water was available for wash clothing, the POWs threw soiled clothing away
                - clothing was taken from dead
                - few of the POWs in the camp hospital had clothing
            - POWs were not allowed to bathe
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
                - POWs waited 2 hours to 8 hours to get a drink
                    - water frequently turned off by Japanese guards and next man in line waited as long as 4 hours for water to be
                      turned on again
                    - mess kits could not be cleaned
                - POWs had to carry water 3 miles from a river to cook their meals
                - second water spigot installed a week after POWs arrived
            - slit trenches overflowed since many of the POWs had dysentery
                - flies were everywhere including in camp kitchens and food
            - camp hospital had no water, soap, or disinfectant
            - the senior POW doctor wrote a list of medicines he wanted to treat the sick and was told by the camp commandant, Capt. Yoshio

              Tsuneyoshi, never to write another letter
                - Tsuneyoshi said that all he wanted to know about the American POWs was their names and numbers when they died
                    - refused to allow a truckload of medicine sent by the Archbishop of Manila into the camp
                    - 95% of the medicine sent by Philippine Red Cross was taken by the Japanese for their own use
            - POWs in camp hospital lay on floor elbow to elbow
            - operations on POWs were performed with mess kit knives
            - only one medic out of six assigned to care for 50 sick POWs, in the hospital, was well enough to work
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
                - each morning dead were found everywhere in the camp and stacked up under the hospital
                - ground under hospital was scrapped and cover with lime to clean it
                - the dead were moved to this area and the section where they had laid was scrapped and cover with lime
                - usually not buried for two or three days
            - work details: if a POW could walk, he was sent out on a work detail
                - POWs on burial detail often had dysentery and malaria
                    - to bury the dead, the POWs held the body down with a pole while it was covered with dirt
                    - the next day when they returned, the bodies often were sitting up in the graves or had been dug up by wild dogs
        - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate
            - 1 June 1942 - POWs formed detachments of 100 men
                - POWs marched out gate and marched toward Capas
                    - Filipino people gave POWs small bundles of food
                        - the guards did not stop them
                - At Capas, the POWs were put into steel boxcars and rode them to Manila
                - train stopped at Calumpit and switched onto the line to Cabanatuan
                    - POWs disembark train at 6:00 P.M. and put into a school yard
                    - fed rice and onion soup       
                - only sick remained behind at Camp O'Donnell
        - Cabanatuan #1
            - original name - Camp Panagaian
                - Philippine Army Base built for 91st Philippine Army Division
                    - put into use by Japanese as a POW camp
                - actually three camps
                    - Camp 1: POWs from Camp O'Donnell sent there in attempt to lower death rate
                    - Camp 2:  two miles away
                        - all POWs moved from there because of a lack of water
                        - later used for Naval POWs
                    - Camp 3: six miles from Camp 2
                        - POWs from Corregidor and from hospitals sent there
                        - camp created to keep Corregidor POWs separated from Bataan POWs
                        - Corregidor POWs were in better shape
                            - January 1943 - POWs from Camp 3 consolidated into Camp 1
        - Camp Administration:
            - the Japanese left POWs to run the camp on their own
                - Japanese entered camp when they had a reason
                - POWs patrolled fence to prevent escapes
                    - Note: men who attempted to escape were recaptured
                    - Japanese beat them for days
                    - executed them
            - Blood Brother Rule
                - POWs put into groups of ten
                    - if one escaped the others would be executed
                    - housed in same barracks
                    - worked on details together
            - Barracks:
                - each barracks held 50 men
                    - often held between 60 and 120 men
                    - slept on bamboo slats without mattresses, covers, and mosquito netting
                        - diseases spread easily
                    - no showers
            - Morning Roll Call:
                - stood at attention
                    - frequently beaten over their heads for no reason
                - when POWs lined up for roll call, it was a common practice for Japanese guards, after the POWs lined up, to kick the POWs in
                  their shins with their hobnailed boots because they didn't like the way the POWs lined up
            - Work Details:
                - Two main details
                    - the farm and airfield
                        - farm detail
                            - POWs cleared land and grew comotes, cassava, taro, sesame, and various greens
                            - Japanese took what was grown
                    - Guards:
                        - Big Speedo - spoke little English
                            - in charge of detail
                            - fair in treatment of POWs
                            - spoke little English
                                - to get POWs to work faster said, "speedo"
                        - Little Speedo
                            - also used "speedo" when he wanted POWs to work faster
                            - fair in treatment of POWs
                        - Smiley
                            - always smiling
                            - could not be trusted
                            - meanest of guards
            - Airfield Detail:
                - Japanese built an airfield for fighters
                    - POWs cut grass, removed dirt, and leveled ground
                        - at first moved dirt in wheel barrows
                        - later pushed mining cars
                   - Guards:
                        - Air Raid
                            - in charge
                            - usually fair but unpredictable
                                - had to watch him
                        - Donald Duck
                            - always talking
                            - sounded like the cartoon character
                            - unpredictable - beat POWs
                            - POWs told him that Donald Duck was a big American movie star
                                - at some point, he saw a Donald Duck cartoon
                                - POWs stayed away from him when he came back to camp
                - Work Day: 7:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M.
                    - worked 6 days a week
                        - had Sunday off
            - Other Details:
                - work details sent out to cut wood for POW kitchens and plant rice
                    - they also were frequently hit with a pick handle, for no reason, as they counted off
                - POWs on the rice planting detail were punished by having their faces pushed into the mud and stepped on
                - the POWs had to go into a shed to get the tools, as they came out, they were hit on their heads
                - if the guards on the detail decided the POW wasn't doing what he should be doing, he was beaten
                - many POWs on details were able to smuggle in medicine, food, and tobacco into the camp
            - Burial Detail
                - POWs worked in teams of four
                    - carried 4 to 6 dead to cemetery at a time in liter
                    - a grave contained from 15 to 20 bodies 
            - daily POW meal
                - 16 ounces of cooked rice, 4 ounces of vegetable oil, sweet potato or corn
                - rice was main staple, few vegetables or fruits
        - Camp Hospital:
            - 30 Wards
                - each ward could hold 40 men
                    - frequently had 100 men in each
               - two tiers of bunks
                   - sickest POWs on bottom tier
               - each POW had a 2 foot by 6 foot area to lie in
            - Zero Ward
              - given name because it had been missed when counting wards
              - became ward where those who were going to die were sent
              - fenced off from other wards
                  - Japanese guards would not go near it
                  - POWs sent there had little to no chance of surviving
                  - medical staff had little to no medicine to treat sick
                  - many deaths from disease caused by malnutrition

            - Work: POWs grew their own food

Hell Ship:

    - Nagato Maru

        - POWs boarded - 6 November 1942

        - Sailed: Manila - 7 November 1942
            - three ship convoy
            - POWs become ill with dysentery
                - seventeen POWs died
            - convoy attacked by submarine
                - hatch covers put on holds
                - POWs felt depth charges exploding through ship's haul

        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 11 November 1942
                - remained in harbor for three days

        - Sailed: 14 November 1942
                - Pescadores Islands
                    - anchored off islands for several days because of storm

                    - lice spread among POWs
        - Sailed: 18 November 1942
        - Arrived: Keelung, Formosa - same day
            -remained for two days
        - Sailed: 20 November 1942

        - Arrived: Moji, Japan - 24 November 1942

            - POWs deloused, showered, fed, and issued new clothing
POW Camps:

    - Japan

        - Tanagawa Camp
            - officers cleaned camp up
                - including latrines
            - POWs tore down a mountain with picks and shovels to build a dry-dock

        - Zentsuji Camp
            - Arrived: 15 January 1943

            - POWs worked as stevedores

                - Sakaide Rail Yards
                - Port of Takamatsu  

                - poor diet resulted in deaths of POWs
                - medicine and medical supplies were available to POWs     
            - Worked at Sakaide Rail Yards and Port of Takamatsu
            - POWs worked as stevedores loading and unloading boxcars
                - when American planes bombed rail yard, the POWs were locked inside boxcars
            - 25 June 1945 - large group of POWs transferred from cam
                - during trip, American planes were everywhere
                - the Japanese believing the train was going to be strafed, uncouple the engine and left the
                  baggage cars and boxcars the POWs were in as targets
                    - did this several times
Note:  In the camp two guards were known for their mistreatment of the POWs.  One was called "Leatherwrist" and the other was known as "Clubfist," because both men had right hands that been injured.  The two hit POWs, but since their right hands were of little use, they usually knocked them to the ground and kicked them with hobnail boots.  In addition, POWs were often beaten for no apparent reason with kendo sticks, bayonets, and rifle butts.

            - of conditions in the camp, he said:
    "We slept on the floor in cramped quarters."
           
- Red Cross Packages:
    "It came through, but the Japs would hold it away from us until the food had spoiled."
          
- Mail:
    "We did not get much mail.  However, it seems that the most important messages from home
      got through to me."

        - Rokuroshi Camp

            - 25 June 1945 - transferred to new camp

            - during trip American planes roamed the skies

            - when the Japanese believed the train was going to be strafed, they uncoupled the train cars and

                - left them sitting on tracks as targets for the planes
            - POW food by the end of the war consisted of raw root soup, snakes, cats, and rats
            - "and cat is not bad food.  Surprising how good it was.  The cat made the mistake of
               coming into our prison yard."
            - Japanese got tough when first atomic bomb was dropped
    "They attempted to force officers to perform menial tasks at the point of a bayonet.  We sent them a protest. Later, however, just before the surrender, the Nips increased our food supply.  Then the B-29 bombers came to fly over and drop food.  It was wonderful the boys gorged themselves on fruit.  The Japs sent in 14 pounds of fruit for each officer.  The boys ate so much food that their stomachs swelled.  All looked funny."

Liberated: 7 September 1945

        - returned to Philippine Islands

Transport:

    - U.S.S. Storm King
        - Sailed: Manila - not known

        - Arrived: San Francisco - 15 October 1945
        - arrived in  San Francisco - 15 October 1945
            - taken to Letterman General Hospital

Military Career:

    - remained in National Guard

    - promoted to Brigadier General
Occupation:

    - assistant director of state department of aeronautics
    - state director of civilian defense - 1950 - 1955  

Book: 1949 - Bataan Uncensored

          - Miller's book on the 194th Tank Battalion

Home: White Bear Lake, Minnesota

Died:

    - 20 February 1959 - Saint Cloud, Minnesota

        - cause of death: cerebral arteriosclerosis

Buried: Fort Snelling National Cemetery

    - Plot:  B  Grave:  373-1

        - grave is near the grave of his son, James, who was killed in WWII


 

 

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