Pvt. John R. Merriman

Born: 26 February 1917 - Greene County, Ohio
Parents: John & Loretta Merriman
    - Stepfather: George E. Siniard
Siblings: 1 sister, 1 brother
Home: Dayton, Ohio

Occupation: Butcher - Wholesale Meat Company
Enlisted:
    - U.S. Army
        - 10 January 1941 - Fort Thomas, Newport, Kentucky
Training:
    - Fort Knox, Kentucky
Units:
    - 19th Ordnance Battalion
    - 17th Ordnance Company
        - company created from A Company of 19th Ordnance
        - trained alongside the 192nd Tank Battalion at Ft. Knox
Overseas Duty:

    - U.S.S. Calvin Coolidge
        - Boarded: San Francisco, California - Monday - 8 September 1941
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M.
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
            - soldiers given shore leave for the day
        - Sailed: same day
        - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Friday - 26 September 1941
        - Disembark
            - 17th Ordnance remained behind to unload tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
                - reattached turrets to tanks
        - rode bus to Ft. Stotsenburg
     
  
        - lived in tents at Fort Stotsenburg
            - barracks completed - 15 November 1941 

Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1942 - 6 January 1942
    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942

            - serviced tanks of the 192nd & 194th Tank Battalions
Prisoner of War
    - 9 April 1942
        - Death March
            - started march at Mariveles on the southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing on Corregidor
                - American Artillery returned fire
                    - knocked out three Japanese guns
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars

                - each car could hold eight horses or forty men
                - Japanese packed 100 POWs into each boxcar
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - POWs leave boxcars - dead fall out of cars
                - walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell
POW Camps:
    - Philippines:
        - Camp O'Donnell
            - unfinished Filipino Army training base
            - Japanese use camp for POWs
            - one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new camp at Cabanatuan to lower death rate
Died:
    - Thursday - 7 May 1942 - dysentery
Buried:

    - Camp O'Donnell Cemetery

Reburied:

    - United States Armed Forces Cemetery - Manila #2
        - remains identified - June 1947

Reburied:
    - February 1949 - Dayton Memorial Park Cemetery - Dayton, Ohio


 




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