Pvt. Herbert Pershing McMichael
Born: 2 August 1918 - Orafina, Nebraska
Parents: Richard C. McMichael & Julia McCarl-McMichael
    - mother died during 1930s
Siblings: 8 sisters, 3 brothers
Hometown: Curtis, Nebraska
Occupation: farmhand
Inducted:
    - U.S. Army
        - 21 February 1941
Trained:
    - Fort Knox, Kentucky
Units:
    - 19th Ordnance Battalion
    - 17th Ordnance Company
        - company created from A Company of 19th Ordnance
        - trained alongside the 192nd Tank Battalion at Ft. Knox
Overseas Duty:

    - U.S.S. Calvin Coolidge
        - Boarded: San Francisco, California - Monday - 8 September 1941
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M.
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
            - soldiers given shore leave for the day
        - Sailed: same day
        - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Friday - 26 September 1941
        - Disembark
            - 17th Ordnance remained behind to unload tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
                - reattached turrets to tanks
        - rode bus to Ft. Stotsenburg
     
  
        - lived in tents at Fort Stotsenburg
            - barracks completed - 15 November 1941 

Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1942 - 6 January 1942
    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - serviced tanks of the 192nd & 194th Tank Battalions
Prisoner of War
    - 9 April 1942
        - Death March
            - POWs started march at Mariveles on the southern tip of Bataan
            - ran past Japanese artillery firing on Corregidor
                - American artillery returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs packed into small wooden boxcars

                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - Japanese packed 100 POWs into each boxcar
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - POWs leave boxcars - dead fall out of cars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell
POW Camps:
    - Philippines:
        - Camp O'Donnell
            - unfinished Filipino Army training base
            - Japanese put it into use as a POW camp
            - one water spigot for the entire camp
            - as many as fifty POWs died each day
        - Cabanatuan
        - Clark Field
            - POW detail built revetments and a runway
            - beaten if they talked to their friends
            - sent to Bilibid Prison when detail ended
        - Bilibid Prison
Hell Ship:

    - Hokusen Maru
        - Boarded: 21 September 1944
            - moved to buoy and dropped anchor
                - POWs start  going insane from heat in holds
               - Japanese threaten to shoot POWs unless they are silenced
               -POWs kill insane
        - Sailed: Manila - 4 October 1944
            - stopped at Cabcaban, Philippine Islands
            - stopped 5 October 1944 - San Fernando, La Union, Philippine Islands
                - joined convoy
            - 6 October 1944 - convoy attacked by submarines
                - two ships sunk
            - 9 October 1944 - airplane scare - convoy broke up
                - sailed for Hong Kong
                - ran into wolf pack - ship sunk
        - Arrived: Hong Kong - 11 October 1944
            - attacked by American planes while in port
        - Sailed: 21 October 1944
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 24 October 1944
        - Disembark: 8 November 1944
            - POWs in such bad shape that Japanese decided to leave them on Formosa

  - Note: McMichael's POW detachment was scheduled to sail on the

               Arisan Maru.  Another POW group was scheduled to sail on the

               Hokusen Maru, but since the ship was ready to sail and not all

               the POWs had arrived, the Japanese switched his detachment

               with the other detachment.  The Arisan Maru was sunk by an

               American submarine. Only nine of 1803 POWs, on the ship,

               survived the sinking

POW Camp:
    - Formosa
        - - Shirakawa
    - Note: As a POW, he had a nail driven into his head as punishment
                 for breaking a camp rule.  It is not known where this took
                 place.
Liberated:
    - 26 August 1945

        - returned to the Philippine Islands

Transport:

    - U.S.S.Yarmouth

        - Sailed: Manila - not known
        - Arrived: San Francisco - 8 October 1945
            - taken to Letterman General Hospital
Discharged:
    -  9 April 1946
Reenlisted: 22 September 1950
Military: Korean War
Rank: Staff Sergeant
Discharged: 21 July 1951
Married:
Children: 1 daughter, 1 son
Resided: Ft. Morgan, Colorado
Home: Curtis, Nebraska
Died:
    - 9 May 1996 - Curtis, Nebraska
Buried:
    - Farnam Cemetery, Frontier Couty, Nebraska
        -  Plot 13  55   3


 


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