Pfc. Charles Doyle McKenzie
Born: 10 February 1924 - Greenup County, Kentucky
    - lied about his age - claimed his birthday was 10 February 1922
Parents: Ray McKenzie & Virgie Clark-McKenzie

    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - serviced tanks of the 192nd & 194th Tank Battalions
Prisoner of War
    - 9 April 1942
        - Death March
            - started march at Mariveles on the southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing on Corregidor
                - American Artillery returned fire
                    - knocked out three Japanese guns
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars

                - each car could hold eight horses or forty men
                - Japanese packed 100 POWs into each boxcar
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - POWs leave boxcars - dead fall out of cars
                - walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell
POW Camps:
    - Philippines:
        - Camp O'Donnell
            - unfinished Filipino Army training base
            - Japanese use camp for POWs
            - one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new camp at Cabanatuan to lower death rate
        - Cabanatuan
Hell Ship:

    - Nissyo Maru
        - Friday - 17 July 1944 - POWs left prison at 7:00 A.M.
        - Boarded ship: same day
            - Japanese attempted to put all the POWs in one hold
            - when they couldn't, they put 900 POWs in the forward hold
            - 600 POWs held in rear hold
        - Sailed: Manila - same day
            - dropped anchor at breakwater until 23 July 1944
            - POWs were not fed or given water for over a day and a half after being put in
              the ship's hold
            - POWs fed rice and vegetables twice a day and received two canteen cups of
               water each day
            - 23 July 1944 - 8:00 A.M. - ship moved to area off Corregidor and dropped
              anchor
        - Sailed: Monday - 24 July 1944 - as part of a convoy
            - some POWs cut the throats of other POWs and drank their blood
            - convoy attacked by American submarines
                - four of the thirteen ships in the convoy were sunk
                - a torpedo hit the ship but did not explode
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - Friday - 28 July 1944 - 9:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: same day - 7:00 P.M.
        - 30 July 1944 -  2 August 1944 - sailed through storm
        - Arrived: Moji, Japan - Thursday night - 3 August 1944 - midnight
            - POWs issued new clothing
        - Disembark: 4 August 1944 - 8:00 A.M.
            - POWs disembarked and taken to movie theater
                - sat in the dark
                - later divided into 200 men detachments and sent to different POW camps
            - taken by train to POW camps along train lines
            - POWs arrived at Fukuoka Train Station
   
POW Camp:
- Japan:
        - Narumi Camp
            - Work:
                -Nippon Wheel Manufacturing Company
                    - manufactured steel wheels
                - to meet number of POWs needed to meet the work quota, the sick POWs
                  who could walk were forced to work
                - Punishment in the camp consisted of the POWs being beaten, kicked,
                  stripped of clothing, standing at attention for long periods of time
Liberated: 4 September 1945
    - returned to the Philippine Islands

Transport:
    - U.S.S. Gospar
        - Sailed: Manila - 24 September 1945
        -Arrived: Seattle, Washington - 12 October 1945
            - sent to Madigan General Hospital - Ft. Lewis, Washington

Discharged: 28 May 1946
Married: Patricia Jean Perry
Residence: Kentucky
Died: 16 March 1977
Buried:
    - Bellefonte Memorial Gardens - Flatwoods, Kentucky

 

 

 


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