Manion_J

 


Pvt. Jerome Joseph Manion


Born: 4 August 1915 - Saint Paul, Minnesota

Parents: James T. Manion & Catherine Buda-Manion

Siblings: 1 sister, 3 brothers

Hometown: Saint Paul, Minnesota

Residence: 3807 Effie Street, Hollywood, California

Inducted:

    - U.S. Army

        - 4 February 1941 - Los Angeles, California

Training: 

    - Fort Lewis, Washington

Units: 

    - 194th Tank Battalion

Overseas Duty: 

    - Philippine Islands

Engagements: 

   - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942

   - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942 

Prisoner of War: 

    - 9 April 1942

        - Death March

            - Mariveles - POWs start march at southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell
 
 

POW Camps:

    - Philippine Islands:

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate
 

        - Cabanatuan
            - hospitalized - Friday - 12 June 1942 - malaria & pneumonia
                - discharged - Sunday - 22 November 1942

            - July 1944 - selected for transport to Japan
            - 15 July 1944
                - 25 to 30 trucks arrived at camp to transport POWs to Manila 
                    - POWs left at 8:00 P.M.

        - Bilibid Prison
                - arrived on trucks at 2:00 A.M. - 16 July 1944
                - only food they received was rotten sweet potatoes
   

Hell Ship:

    - Nissyo Maru
        - Friday - 17 July 1944 - POWs left Bilibid at 7:00 A.M.
        - Boarded ship: same day
            - Japanese attempted to put all the POWs in one hold
            - when they couldn't, they put 900 the POWs in the forward hold
            - 600 POWs held in rear hold
        - Sailed: Manila - same day
            - dropped anchor at breakwater until 23 July 1944
            - POWs were not fed or given water for over a day and a half after being put in
              the ship's hold
            - POWs fed rice and vegetables twice a day and received two canteen cups of
               water each day
            - 23 July 1944 - 8:00 A.M. - ship moved to area off Corregidor and dropped
              anchor
        - Sailed: Monday - 24 July 1944 - as part of a convoy
            - some POWs cut the throats of other POWs and drank their blood
            - convoy attacked by American submarines
                - four of the thirteen ships in the convoy were sunk
                - a torpedo hit the ship but did not explode
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - Friday - 28 July 1944 - 9:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: same day - 7:00 P.M.
            - 30 July 1944 - 2 August 1944 - sailed through storm
        - Arrived: Moji, Japan - Thursday - 3 August 1944 - midnight
            - POWs disembarked and taken to a pier - Friday - 4 August 1944 - 8:00 A.M.
                - POWs put into a movie theater
                - later divided into 200 men detachments and sent to different POW camps
            - taken by train to POW camps along train lines

Pow Camp:

    - Japan:

        - Fukuoka #7-B
            - POWs used as slave labor in coal mine
            - beatings of POWs were frequent

Liberated:

    - 16 September 1945
Discharged: 28 April 1946

Married: Mary Alice Wade

    - 1 May 1954 - Los Angeles, California

Children: 2 daughters, 1 son

Died:

    - 2 August 2006 - Simi Valley, California


 

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