2nd Lt. Lloyd Harry Magill Jr.
2nd Lt. Lloyd H. Magill Jr. was born on February 24, 1918, to Lloyd H. Magill Sr. & Sara L. Bristol-Magill. With his sister, he grew up at 117 Northwest Oregon Avenue in Bend, Oregon. He was known as "Dago" by his family and friends. He attended Hill Military Academy in Portland for his high school education. After high school, he went to the University of Oregon, where he was a member of Phil Delta Theta. It known that in 1940, he was living at 640 Congress Street in Bend Oregon.
Lloyd was in the
reserve officer corps and called to federal
service in July 11, 1941, at Fort Lewis,
Washington. It is most likely he joined the
194th Tank Battalion as a replacement for an
officer of the battalion who was considered too
old for his rank and released from federal
During the early morning hours of December 8, the tank battalion officers were informed of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. They were ordered to bring their tank crews up to full strength around the perimeter of Clark Field.
At 8:30 A.M., the Army Air Corps took off and, as the tank crew members watched, the sky was filled with American planes. At noon, the planes landed, to be refueled, and the pilots went to lunch. While the tankers were eating lunch, they saw a formation of 54 planes approach the airfield from the north. Many assumed the planes were Americans until they saw what was described as, "raindrops" falling from the planes. It was only when bombs began exploding on the runways did they know the planes were Japanese.
Since they tanks were not equipped to fight planes, the tankers could do little more than watch the attack or take cover. After the bombers, the Zeros came in to strafe the airfield. For some reason, most of the Japanese planes ignored the tanks. The few Zeros that did drop bomb,s in an attempt to destroy the tanks, had the bombs land between the tanks. After the attack, the tankers saw the devastation that had been done to the airfield.
Japanese were finished, there was not much left
of the airfield. The soldiers watched as
the dead, dying, and wounded were hauled to the
hospital on bomb racks, trucks, and anything
that could carry the wounded was used.
When the hospital filled, they watched the
medics place the wounded under the
building. Many of these men had their arms
and legs missing.
Sometime around December 31, the tank company
rejoined the rest of the 194th and covered the
withdrawal of the Philippine Army down Route
3. The tank battalions held the Calumpit
Bridge open so that troops could escape the
Japanese from southern Luzon. During this
operation, General MacArthur's chief of staff gave
orders which conflicted with those given by
General Wainwright. Wainwright was unaware
of the conflicting orders. The orders
created confusion among the defenders. The
southern units were saved by the Self Propelled
Mounts, the 71st Field Artillery, and a frenzied
attack by the 192nd Tank Battalion halted the
General Weaver also issued the following orders to
the tank battalions around this time, "Tanks will execute maximum
delay, staying in position and firing at
visible enemy until further delay will
jeopardize withdrawal. If a tank is
immobilized, it will be fought until the close
approach of the enemy, then destroyed; the
crew previously taking positions outside and
continuing to fight with the salvaged and
personal weapons. Considerations of personal
safety and expediency will not interfere with
accomplishing the greatest possible delay."
C Company and D Co, on January 12, were sent to
the Cadre Road to a position of forward support,
but found that they could not complete this duty
because the area in front of them had been mined
so badly that the tanks could not proceed.
The two companies rejoined the other tank
companies on the 13.
The tanks were sent to the Banibani Road to save the command post of the 31st Infantry on January 20th. Four days later, on the 24, the battalion was sent to the Hacienda Road in a role of support. But, each time they attempted to make a supporting movement, the landmines that been planted by ordnance prevented them from performing their role.
The battalion, with four SPMs, was holding a position a kilometer north of the Pilar-Bagac Road on January 25 and 26 manning a road block. A Filipino came down the road and warned the tanks that a large Japanese force was coming down the road. When they appeared, the defenders opened up on them. The Japanese withdrew after losing about 500 of their force of 1200 men. This action prevented the Japanese from breaching the new line of defense which was being formed.
On January 28 the tanks were given the order to protect the beaches so the Japanese could not land troops. The 194th protected the beaches from Limay to Cabcaben. The battalion's half-tracks patrolled the roads. The Japanese later admitted that the tanks presence on the beaches prevented them from attempting to land troops.
During March, the fighting had reached a
standstill with men on both sides suffering from
malaria, dysentery, and dengue fever. It was
also at this time that the rations for the
defenders were cut again and the amount of
gasoline given to each tank company was reduced to
15 gallons a day.
The third platoon was sent up the West Coast Road
near Mount Samat but ran into heavy enemy
fire. The tanks withdrew to Mariveles.
The night of April 7, the company was attached to
the 192nd Tank Battalion. When General King
saw that the situation was hopeless, he initiated
surrender talks with the Japanese on April 8.
Deciding that he did not want to surrender, Lloyd
and other members made their way to the coast of
Bataan. They manged to board a boat that
sailed for Corregidor. As they neared the
island, using a flashlight, the soldiers signaled
to the island. They finally received a
response that told them how to navigate the mine
field around the island. What Lloyd did on
the island is not known.
sent to Cabanatuan because he was considered
"healthy." The camp was a former
Philippine Army Base and had been the home
of the 91st Philippine Army Division's home
and had been known as Camp Panaganian.
barracks built for the POWs were built to
house 50 POWs but most held between 60 and
120 POWs. The men slept on bamboo
slats without mattresses and covers.
In addition there were no mosquito netting
which helped to spread disease. The
POWs in the barracks worked on details
together since they were divided into Blood
Friday, June 19, 1942, he was admitted into
the camp hospital suffering from
malaria. He remained in the hospital
for over two months until he was finally
discharged on Tuesday, September 25.
It was at this time that his family received
a POW postcard from him saying his health
In the summer of 1943, Lloyd's family received a POW the first of two postcards from him. One thing that he asked his family to do is to take care of his horse and his dog, "Doc," who he had purchased in 1937. Doc was killed by a car on July 7, 1944.
known he was transferred to Bilibid Prison
outside of Manila in September 1944, and on
December 12, 1944, the POWs heard rumors that
a detail was being sent out. The POWs
went through what was a farce of an
inspection. They were told cigarettes,
soap, and salt would be issued to them.
The POWs were also told that they would also
receive a meal to eat and one to take with
them. The Japanese stated they would
leave by 7:00 in the morning, so the lights
were left on all night. At 4:00 a.m. the
morning of December 13, Joseph and the other
POWs were awakened.
The POWs remained on the tennis court for nine days. During their time of the courts, American planes attacked the area around them. The men watched as the fighter bombers came in vertically releasing bombs as they pulled out of their dives. On several occasions, the planes dove right at the POWs, dropped their bombs, and pulled out. The bombs drifted over the POWs and landed away from them exploding on contact.
Since the POWs had no place to hide, they watched and enjoyed the show. They believed that the pilots knew they were Americans but had no way of knowing if this was true. But what is known is that not one bomb was dropped on them even though they could be seen from the planes.
The evening of December 16th, the Japanese brought 50 kilo bags of rice for the POWs. About half of the rice had fallen out of the bags because of holes. Each POW was given three spoons of raw rice, and a quarter of a spoon of salt.
At about 8:00 AM on the morning of December 22, 22 trucks arrived at the tennis court. Rumors flew on where they were going to be taken. At about 4:00 PM, a Taiwanese guard told the POWs, in broken English,"No go Cabanatuan. Go Manila; maybe Bilibid." The guard knew as little as the POWs. The POWs were taken by truck to San Fernando, Pampanga, arriving there about four or five in the afternoon. Once there, they were put in a movie theater. Since it was dark, the POWs saw as a dungeon.
During their time at San Fernando, Pampanga, the POWs lived through several air raids. The reason for the air raids was the barrio was military headquarters for the area. Most of the civilians had been moved out of the barrio. Many of the Americans began to believe they had been taken there so that they would be killed by their own countrymen.
December 23, at about 10:00 PM, the Japanese interpreter came and spoke to the ranking American officer about moving the POWs. The Japanese loaded the seriously ill POWs into a truck. Those remaining behind believed they were taken to Bilibid. The remaining POWs were moved to a trade school building in the barrio.
After 10:00 AM on December 24, the POWs were taken to the train station. The POWs saw that the station had been hit by bombings and that the cars they were to board had bullet holes in them from strafing. 180 to 200 were packed into steel boxcars with four guards. The doors of the boxcars were kept closed and the heat in the cars was terrible. Ten to fifteen POWs rode on the roofs of the cars along with two guards. The guards told these POWs that it was okay to wave to the American planes.
On December 25, the POWs disembarked at San Fernando, La Union, at 2:00 AM and disembarked. They walked two kilometers to a school yard on the southern outskirts of the barrio. From December 25 until the 26. The POWs were held in a school house. The morning of December 26, the POWs were marched to a beach. During this time the prisoners were allowed one handful of rice and a canteen of water. The heat from the sun was so bad that men drank seawater. Many of those men died.
The remaining prisoners at San Fernando, La Union, where they boarded onto another "Hell Ship" the Enoura Maru. On this ship, the POWs were held in three different holds. The ship had been used to haul cattle. The POWs were held in the same stalls that the cattle had been held in. In the lower hold, the POWs were lined up in companies 108 men. Each man had four feet of space. Men who attempted to get fresh air by climbing the ladders were shot by the guards.
The Daily routine for the POWs on the ship was to have six men climb out of the hold. Once on deck, they used ropes to pull up the dead and also pull up the human waste in buckets. Afterwards, the men on deck would lower ten buckets containing rice, soup, and tea.
During the night of December 30, the POWs heard the sound of depth charges exploding in the water. The ship arrived at Takao, Formosa, on December 31 and docked around 11:30 AM. After arriving at Takao, Formosa, each POW received a six inch long, 3/4 inch wide piece hardtack to eat. This was the first bread they had since receiving crackers in their Red Cross packages in 1942. During the time in the harbor, the POWs received little water. From January 1 through the 5, the POWs received one meal and day and very little water. This resulted in the death rate among the POWs to rise. On January 6, the POWs began to receive two meals a day.
The Enoura Maru also came under attack by American planes the morning of January 9. The POWs were receiving their first meal of the day, when the sound of ship's machineguns was heard. The explosions of bombs falling closer and closer to the ship were also heard. The waves created from the explosions rocked the ship.
One bomb that hit the ship exploded in the corner of the forward hold killing 285 prisoners. The surviving POWs remained in in the hold for three days with the dead. The stench from the dead filled the air. On January 11 a work detail was formed and about half the dead were removed from the hold. The dead were unloaded from the ship, and a POW detail of twenty men took the corpses to a large furnace where they were cremated. These men reported that 150 POWs had been cremated. Their ashes were buried in a large urn. Later in the day, the survivors of the forward hold were moved into another hold.
After a couple of days, the Japanese sent medics into the ship to give aid to the POWs who had been wounded. If the wounds were too bad, they did not treat the man. At the same time, they organized another detail to remove the bodies of the remaining dead. The bodies were taken to a beach and buried.
On January 13, the surviving POWs were boarded onto a third "Hell Ship" the Brazil Maru. On the ship, the POWs found they had more room and were actually issued lifejackets. According to records kept by the POWs, 2nd Lt. Lloyd Magill died from the wounds he had received on the Enoura Maru on Wednesday, January 24, 1945, while the ship was at sea. His body was pulled from the hold by rope and thrown overboard.
The Brazil Maru arrived at Moji, Japan, on January 29, 1945. Of the original 1619 men who boarded the Oryoku Maru in Manila, only 459 of the POWs had survived the trip to Japan. 2nd Lt. Lloyd H. Magill Jr. was not one of them.
After the war, 2nd Lt. Lloyd H. Magill
Jr.'s name was added to the Tablets of the
Missing at the American Military Cemetery
at Manila. His family also had a
plaque placed on his father's crypt at
Greenwood Cemetery in Bend, Oregon.
It should be mentioned that the photo of Lloyd, at the top of this page, was taken at Clark Airfield the first week of December 1941.