2nd Lt. Lloyd H. Magill Jr. was born on February 24, 1918, to Lloyd H.
Magill Sr. & Sara L. Bristol-Magill. With his sister, he grew up at 117 Northwest Oregon Avenue in
Bend, Oregon. He was known as "Dago" by his family and friends. He attended Hill Military Academy
in Portland for his high school education. After high school, he went to the University of Oregon, where
he was a member of Phil Delta Theta. It known that in 1940, he was living at 640 Congress Street in Bend
Lloyd was in the reserve officer corps and called to federal service in
July 11, 1941, at Fort Lewis, Washington. It is most likely he joined the 194th Tank Battalion as a
replacement for an officer of the battalion who was considered too old for his rank and released from federal
On Friday, September 5, 1941, the battalion arrived at Fort Mason, California, about
7:30 A.M. They were taken by ferried, on the
U.S.A.T. Frank M. Coxe, to Ft. McDowell, on Angel Island, for physicals and inoculations by the
battalion's medical detachment. The maintenance section of the battalion, with 17th Ordnance, which had
arrived from Ft. Knox, Kentucky, removed the turrets from the tanks so that they would fit in the ship's
The tankers boarded the
S.S. President Calvin Coolidge on September 8th at 3:00 P.M. and sailed at 9:00 P.M. for the Philippine
Islands. To get the tanks to fit in the ship's holds, the turrets had serial numbers spray painted on them
and were removed from the tanks. The enlisted men were also quartered in the hold. They arrived at
Honolulu, Hawaii, on Saturday, September 13 at 7:00 A.M., and most of the soldiers were allowed off ship to see
the island but had to be back on board before the ship sailed at 5:00 P.M.
After leaving Hawaii, the ship took a southerly route away from the main shipping
lanes. It was at this time that it was joined by a heavy cruiser, the
U.S.S. Astoria, and an unknown destroyer that were its escorts. During this part of the trip, on
several occasions, smoke was seen on the horizon, and the Astoria took off in the direction of the smoke.
Each time it was found that the smoke was from a ship belonging to a friendly country.
The ships crossed the International Dateline on Tuesday, September 16, and the date
changed to Thursday, September 18. They entered Manila Bay at 7:00 A.M. and reached Manila several hours
later. The soldiers disembarked at 3:00 P.M., and were driven on buses to Clark Field. The
maintenance section of the battalion and members of 17th Ordnance remained at the dock to unload the battalion's
tanks and reattach the turrets.
Upon arrival at the fort, they were housed in tents along the main road between the fort
and Clark Field, since their barracks had not been completed. They moved into their barracks on November
On December 1, the tanks and half-tracks were ordered to the perimeter of Clark Field to
guard against paratroopers. The positions they took had been selected by Major Ernest Miller weeks earlier
around the northern half of the airfield. The only weapon they had that could be used against planes were
the .50 caliber machine gun on the tanks turrets. Some of the half-tracks also had machine guns.
During the early morning hours of December 8, the tank battalion officers were informed of the
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. They were ordered to bring their tank crews up to full strength around the
perimeter of Clark Field.
At 8:30 A.M., the Army Air Corps took off and, as the tank crew members watched, the sky was
filled with American planes. At noon, the planes landed, to be refueled, and the pilots went to
lunch. While the tankers were eating lunch, they saw a formation of 54 planes approach the airfield from
the north. Many assumed the planes were Americans until they saw what was described as, "raindrops" falling
from the planes. It was only when bombs began exploding on the runways did they know the planes were
Since they tanks were not equipped to fight planes, the tankers could
do little more than watch the attack or take cover. After the bombers, the Zeros came in to strafe the
airfield. For some reason, most of the Japanese planes ignored the tanks. The few Zeros that did
drop bomb,s in an attempt to destroy the tanks, had the bombs land between the tanks. After the attack,
the tankers saw the devastation that had been done to the airfield.
When the Japanese were finished, there was not much left of the
airfield. The soldiers watched as the dead, dying, and wounded were hauled to the hospital on bomb racks,
trucks, and anything that could carry the wounded was used. When the hospital filled, they watched the
medics place the wounded under the building. Many of these men had their arms and legs missing.
On December 13, C Company received orders it was being sent to Southern Luzon where
the Japanese were landing troops. Two days later, they were holding the Tagaytay Ridge attempting to
catch fifth columnists who were setting off flares at night.
C Company withdrew from the position on December 25 over the Taal Road to Santo Tomas
and bivouacked for the night near San Paolo. There, they assisted in operations on the
Sometime around December 31, the tank company rejoined the rest of the 194th and
covered the withdrawal of the Philippine Army down Route 3. The tank battalions held the Calumpit Bridge
open so that troops could escape the Japanese from southern Luzon. During this operation, General
MacArthur's chief of staff gave orders which conflicted with those given by General Wainwright. Wainwright
was unaware of the conflicting orders. The orders created confusion among the defenders. The southern
units were saved by the Self Propelled Mounts, the 71st Field Artillery, and a frenzied attack by the 192nd Tank
Battalion halted the Japanese.
Both tank battalions withdrew on January 2nd, to Lyac Junction where they
bivouacked. C Company, with D Company, 192nd, which was attached to the 194th, was sent to the
Guagua-Poraline Line which they held until January 5 when they received orders to withdrawal to a position
between Sexmoan and Lubao. There, the two tank companies were joined by five self-propelled mounts. That
night, at about 1:50 A.M., the Japanese attempted to cut the road. When the engagement ended, at 3:00 A.M.,
the Japanese had lost half of their men. The tanks withdrew through Labao, which was burning. to Remedios
and established a new defensive line.
The night of January 6/7, the 194th withdrew across the bridge over the Culis Creek
covered by the 192nd Tank Battalion. The 192nd crossed the bridge after the 194th, and was the last unit to
enter the Bataan Peninsula. After the 192nd crossed the bridge, and the bridge was blown up. Both
battalions bivouacked south of the Abucay-Hacienda Road. It was at this time that the tank
platoons were reduced to three tanks per platoon and food rations were cut again.
General Weaver also issued the following orders to the tank battalions around this
, "Tanks will execute maximum delay, staying in position and firing at visible enemy until further delay
will jeopardize withdrawal. If a tank is immobilized, it will be fought until the close approach of the
enemy, then destroyed; the crew previously taking positions outside and continuing to fight with the salvaged
and personal weapons. Considerations of personal safety and expediency will not interfere with accomplishing
the greatest possible delay."
A composite tank company was formed from the 192nd and 194th and given the mission to
protect the East Coast Highway north of Hermosa. Their job was to keep the road open and prevent the
Japanese from driving into Bataan before the main battle line was completed. They were ordered from the
area when a bridge - they needed to use to withdraw on the only road - was going to be destroyed. The
remaining tank platoons of the two battalions withdrew to south of the Pilar-Bagao Road. It was at this
time 17th Ordnance had the opportunity to required work on all the tanks and the tank crews had their first rest
in a month.
For the next four months, Lloyd led his tank platoon into action against the
Japanese. On January 5, C Company, supported by five self-propelled mounts, attacked a Japanese Infantry
unit of 700 to 800 men. When the Japanese withdrew, they had lost about half their men.
C Company and D Co, on January 12, were sent to the Cadre Road to a position of
forward support, but found that they could not complete this duty because the area in front of them had been
mined so badly that the tanks could not proceed. The two companies rejoined the other tank companies on the
On January 16, C company was sent Bagac to reopen the Moron Highway which the Japanese had
cut. A platoon of tanks on the Moron Highway at Trail Junction 162 when it ran into a Japanese roadblock so
Philippine units could withdraw. The antitank gun fired on the tanks but missed, and the tanks - with
support from the Philippine Infantry - were successful at knocking out the gun. The Philippine unit did
escape, but lost most of its heavy equipment.
The tanks were sent to the Banibani Road to save the command post of the 31st Infantry
on January 20th. Four days later, on the 24, the battalion was sent to the Hacienda Road in a role of
support. But, each time they attempted to make a supporting movement, the landmines that been planted by
ordnance prevented them from performing their role.
The battalion, with four SPMs, was holding a position a kilometer north of the
Pilar-Bagac Road on January 25 and 26 manning a road block. A Filipino came down the road and warned the
tanks that a large Japanese force was coming down the road. When they appeared, the defenders opened up on
them. The Japanese withdrew after losing about 500 of their force of 1200 men. This action prevented
the Japanese from breaching the new line of defense which was being formed.
On January 28 the tanks were given the order to protect the beaches so the Japanese could
not land troops. The 194th protected the beaches from Limay to Cabcaben. The battalion's half-tracks
patrolled the roads. The Japanese later admitted that the tanks presence on the beaches prevented them from
attempting to land troops.
During March, the fighting had reached a standstill with men on both sides suffering
from malaria, dysentery, and dengue fever. It was also at this time that the rations for the defenders were
cut again and the amount of gasoline given to each tank company was reduced to 15 gallons a day.
On April 4, 1942, the Japanese launched an attack supported by artillery and
aircraft. A large force of Japanese troops came over Mount Samat and descended down the south face of the
volcano. This attack wiped out two divisions of defenders and left a large area of the defensive line open
to the Japanese. On the 6, four tanks were sent to support the 45th Philippine Infantry Division and the
75th Philippine Scouts. One tank was knocked out and the other tanks withdrew.
The third platoon was sent up the West Coast Road near Mount Samat but ran into heavy
enemy fire. The tanks withdrew to Mariveles. The night of April 7, the company was attached to the
192nd Tank Battalion. When General King saw that the situation was hopeless, he initiated surrender talks
with the Japanese on April 8.
The morning of April 9, at 6:45, the tankers heard the order "crash." This meant they
were to destroy their tanks so the Japanese could not use them. At 7:00 A.M., the soldiers officially
became Prisoners of War and waited to receive orders from the Japanese.
Deciding that he did not want to surrender, Lloyd and other members made their way to
the coast of Bataan. They manged to board a boat that sailed for Corregidor. As they neared the
island, using a flashlight, the soldiers signaled to the island. They finally received a response that told
them how to navigate the mine field around the island. What Lloyd did on the island is not known.
On the morning of May 6, the Japanese lunched an all out attack on the island
overrunning its defenses. It was on that day that Lloyd became a Prisoner of War. He and the other
prisoners were held on a beach on the island for two weeks before the Japanese moved them.
The POWs were put on barges and were taken a few hundred feet from the shore of
Luzon. There, they were made to jump into the water and swim to shore. Once a shore they were put to
work repairing a dock that had been damaged during the battle. When finished, they were ordered to form
ranks. Being that some of the men had escaped from the death march, they expected to be treated the same
way. To their surprise they were treated quite well. They marched down Dewey Boulevard to Bilibid
Prison where they remained for several days.
Lloyd was sent to Cabanatuan because he was considered
"healthy." The camp was a former Philippine Army Base and had been the home of the 91st Philippine
Army Division's home and had been known as Camp Panaganian.
In the camp the Japanese instituted the "Blood Brother" rule. If one man
escaped the other nine men in his group would be executed. POWs caught trying to escape were
beaten. Those who did escape and were caught, were tortured before being executed. It is not
known if any POW successfully escaped from the camp.
The barracks built for the POWs were built to house 50 POWs but most
held between 60 and 120 POWs. The men slept on bamboo slats without mattresses and covers. In
addition there were no mosquito netting which helped to spread disease. The POWs in the barracks worked
on details together since they were divided into Blood Brother groups.
The POWs were sent out on work details to cut wood for the POW kitchens. While
on these details they bought or were given medicine, food, and tobacco, which they somehow managed to get
into the camp even though they were searched when they returned. Meals on a daily basis consisted of 16
ounces of cooked rice, 4 ounces of vegetable oil, and sweet potato or corn.
On Friday, June 19, 1942, he was admitted into the camp hospital
suffering from malaria. He remained in the hospital for over two months until he was finally
discharged on Tuesday, September 25. It was at this time that his family received a POW postcard from
him saying his health was good.
Other medical records show he was readmitted to the hospital on March 31, 1943,
but no reason was given. No date of discharge was recorded in the document. It is not known if
he went out on a work detail after he was released from the hospital.
In the summer of 1943, Lloyd's family received a POW the first of two
postcards from him. One thing that he asked his family to do is to take care of his horse and his
dog, "Doc," who he had purchased in 1937. Doc was killed by a car on July 7, 1944.
It is known he was transferred to Bilibid Prison outside of Manila in September 1944,
and on December 12, 1944, the POWs heard rumors that a detail was being sent out. The POWs went through
what was a farce of an inspection. They were told cigarettes, soap, and salt would be issued to
them. The POWs were also told that they would also receive a meal to eat and one to take with
them. The Japanese stated they would leave by 7:00 in the morning, so the lights were left on all
night. At 4:00 a.m. the morning of December 13, Joseph and the other POWs were awakened.
As the American military forces advanced on the Philippine Islands, the Japanese military
made the decision to send the POWs to Japan or other more secure occupied territories. On December 12,
1944, the POWs heard rumors that a detail was being sent out. Those who were on the draft went through
what was a farce of an inspection. They were told cigarettes, soap, and salt would be issued to them
and that they would also receive a meal to eat and one to take with them. The Japanese stated they
would leave Bilibid by 7:00 in the morning, so the lights were left on all night. At 4:00 a.m. the
morning of December 13th, the POWs were awakened.
By 7:00, the selected POWs were lined up and roll call was taken. It took
until 9:00 A.M. to finish the roll call, so the prisoners were allowed to roam the compound until they were
told to "fall-in." The men were fed a meal and than marched to Pier 7 in Manila. During the march
down Luzon Boulevard, the POWs saw that the street cars had stopped running and many things were in
The POWs saw that the American bombers were doing a job on the Japanese transports,
since there were at least forty wrecked ships in the bay. When the POWs reached Pier 7, there were
three ships docked. One was a old run down ship, the other two were large and in good shape. They
soon discovered one of the two nicer ships was their ship.
It was at this time that the POWs were allowed to sit down. Many of the POWs
slept until 3:45 in the afternoon. They were awakened about 5:00 PM and boarded the Oryoku Maru for
transport to Japan.
The high ranking officers were the first put into the ship's aft hold. Being
the first on meant that they would suffer many deaths. Around the perimeter of the hold were two tiers
of bunks for the POWs. The heat was so bad that men soon began to pass out. One survivor said,
"The fist fights began when men began to pass out. We knew that only the front men in bay would be
able to get enough air."
The POWs who were closer to the hold's hatch used anything they could find to fan air toward
those further away from it.
The ship left Manila at 8:00 P.M. but spent most of the night in Manila Bay.
At 10:00 P.M., the Japanese interpreter threatened to have the guards fire into the holds unless the POWs
stopped screaming. Some of the POWs fell silent because they were exhausted, and others because they
had died. One major of the 26th Cavalry stated the man next to him had lost his mind. Recalling
the conversation he had with the man he said, "Worst was the man who had gone mad but would not sit
still. One kept pestering me, pushing a mess kit against my chest, sayin
, 'Have some of this chow? It's good.' I smelled of it, it was not chow. 'All right' he
said, 'If you don't want it. I'm going to eat it.' And a little later I heard him eating it , right beside
At 3:30 A.M. it sailed as part of the MATA-37 a convoy bound for Takao,
Formosa. The ships sailed without any lights out of the bay. By the swells in the water, the POWs
could tell that the ship was in open water. The cries for air began as the men lost discipline, so the
Japanese threatened to cover the holds and cut off all air. When the Japanese sent down fried rice,
cabbage, and fried seaweed, those further back from the opening got nothing.
The Japanese covered the holds and would not allow the slop buckets to be taken out
of the holds. Those POWs who were left holding the buckets at first asked for someone else to hold it
for awhile. When that did not work, they dumped the buckets on the men around them.
As light began to enter the hold as morning came, the POWs could see men who were in
stupors, men out of their minds, and men who had died. The POWs in the aft hold which also had a
sub-hold, put the POWs who out of their minds into it.
On the side of the holds, water had condensed on the walls so the POWs tried to
scrap it off the wall for a drink. The Japanese did allow men who had passed out to be put on deck, but
as soon as they revived they went back into the holds. The Japanese would not allow the bodies of the
men who had died to be removed from the holds.
The POWs received their first meal at dawn. Meals on the ship consisted of a
little rice, fish, some water, and three fourths of a cup of water was shared by 20 POWs. It was 8:00
A.M., off the coast of Luzon, and the POWs had just finished eating breakfast when they heard the sound of
guns. At first, they thought the gun crews were just drilling, because they had not heard any
planes. It was only when the first bomb hit in the water and the ship shook that they knew it was not a
At first it seemed that most of the planes were attacking the other ships in the
convoy. Commander Frank Bridgit, had made his way to the top of the ladder into the hold and sat
down. He gave the POWs a play by play of the planes attacking
, "I can see two planes going for a freighter off our starboard side. Now two more are detached
from the formation. I think they may be coming for us."
The POWs heard the change in the sound of the planes' engines as they began their
dives toward the ships in the convoy. Several more bombs hit the water near the ship causing it to
rock Explosions were taking place all around the ship. In an attempt to protect themselves, the
POWs piled baggage in front of them. Bullets from the planes were ricocheted in the hold causing many
Lt. Col. Elvin Barr of the 60th Coast Artillery came up to Maj, John Fowler of the
26th Cavalry on the cargo deck and said
, "There's a hole knocked in the bulkheads down there. Between 30 and 40 men have already died
Barr would never reach Japan. The attack by 30 to 50 planes lasted for about 20 to 30
minutes. When the planes were ran out of bombs they strafed. Afterwards, the planes flew off,
returning to their carrier, and there was a lull of about 20 to 30 minutes before the next squadron of planes
appeared over the ships and resumed the attack. This pattern repeated itself over and over during the
In the hold, the POWs concluded that the attacking planes were concentrating on the
bridge of the ship. They noted that the planes had taken out all the anti-aircraft guns leaving only
.30 caliber machine guns to defend the ship.
At 4:30 P.M., the ship went through the worse attack on it. It was hit at
least three times by bombs on its bridge and stern. Most of the POWs, who were wounded, were wounded by
ricocheting bullets and shrapnel from exploding bombs. During the attack Chaplain Cummings, a Catholic
priest, led the POWs in the Our Father. As they prayed, the bombs that exploded near the ship sent
torrents of water over the ship. Bullets from the planes hit the metal plates, of the haul, at an angle
that prevented most of them from penetrating the haul. Somewhere on the ship a fire started, but it was
put out after several hours. The POWs lived through seven or eight attacks before sunset.
Overall, six bombs hit the ship. One hit the stern of the ship killing many POWs.
At dusk, the ship raised anchor and headed east. It turned south and turned
again this time heading west. The next turn it made was north. It headed in this direction for a good
amount of time before dropping anchor at about 8:00 P.M. The POWs figured out that they had just sailed
in a circle. What had happened is that the ship's had been hit during the attack and the ship could not
Sometime after midnight, the POWs heard the sound of the Japanese civilians being
evacuated from the ship. During the night, the POW medics were ordered onto the deck to treat the
Japanese wounded. One medic recalled that the dead, dying, and wounded were everywhere.
The ship reached Subic Bay at 2:30 in the morning and steamed closer to the beach
where its anchor was dropped. At 4:00 A.M., the POWs were told that they would disembark at daybreak at
a pier. The moaning and muttering of POWs who were losing their minds kept the POWs up all night.
That night 25 POWs died in the hold.
It was December 15 and the POWs sat in the ship's holds for hours after dawn.
The first 35 POWs were taken out of the hold and went into the water. At 8:00 A.M. as the other POWs
waited, the sound of A Japanese guard yelled into the hold at the POWs,
"All go home; speedo!"
He shouted that the wounded would be the first to be evacuated. Suddenly, he looked up and
"Planes, many planes!"
As the POWs were abandoning ship the planes returned and continued the attack. The ship
bounced in the water from the explosions. Chief Boatswain Clarence M. Taylor who was in the water said,
"I saw the whole thing. A bomb fall, hit near the stern hatch, and debris go flying up in the air."
In the hold, the POWs crowded together. Chips of rust fell on them from
the ceiling. After the raid, they took care of the wounded before the next attack started. In the
hold a Catholic priest, Father Duffy, began to pray,
"Father forgive them. They know not what they do."
The Japanese guards and interpreter had abandoned ship, but the ship's captain
remained on board. He told the POWs - with his limited English - that they needed to get off the ship
to safety. The POWs made their way over the side and into the water. As they swam to shore, the
Japanese fired at them, with machine guns, to prevent them from escaping.
Four of the planes flew low over the water above the POWs. The POWs waved
frantically at the planes so they would not be strafed. The planes banked and flew lower over the
POWs. This time the pilots dipped their wings to show that they knew the men in the water were
Americans. About a half hour later, the ship began to really burn and the bodies of the dead could be
seen on the decks.
The Japanese sent out a motorboat with a machine gun and snipers on it. The
POWs attempting to escape were hunted down and shot. It is believed as many as 30 men died in the
There was no real beach, so the POWs climbed up on a seawall and found the the
Japanese Naval Landing Party had set up a machine gun and had just laid flat to rest when the gun opened up
on them. Those who came ashore were warned to stay in the water, but only did so when one man
climbed up on the seawall and was wounded. There were also Japanese snipers in wait to shoot anyone who
attempted to escape.
The POWs were gathered together and marched to the tennis court at Olongapo Naval
Station which was about 500 yards from the beach. There, they were herded onto a tennis court and roll
call was taken. It was discovered 329 of the 1,619 POWs who had boarded the ship had died. The
Japanese packed 1300 of the POWs on the court with 100 wounded POWs taking up a great amount of room at one
end. They could barely sit down and only lay down by lying partially on another man.
While the POWs were at Olongapo Naval Station, a Japanese officer, Lt. Junsaburo Toshio, told the ranking
American officer, Lt. Col. E. Carl Engelhart, that those too badly wounded to continue the trip would be
returned to Bilibid. Fifteen men were selected and loaded onto a truck. They were taken into the
mountains and never seen again. They were buried at a cemetery nearby. The remainder of the POWs
remained on the tennis courts for five or six days. During that time, they were given water but not
The POWs remained on the tennis court for nine days. During their time
of the courts, American planes attacked the area around them. The men watched as the fighter bombers came
in vertically releasing bombs as they pulled out of their dives. On several occasions, the planes dove
right at the POWs, dropped their bombs, and pulled out. The bombs drifted over the POWs and landed away
from them exploding on contact.
Since the POWs had no place to hide, they watched and enjoyed the show. They
believed that the pilots knew they were Americans but had no way of knowing if this was true. But what
is known is that not one bomb was dropped on them even though they could be seen from the planes.
The evening of December 16th, the Japanese brought 50 kilo bags of rice
for the POWs. About half of the rice had fallen out of the bags because of holes. Each POW
was given three spoons of raw rice, and a quarter of a spoon of salt.
At about 8:00 AM on the morning of December 22, 22 trucks arrived at
the tennis court. Rumors flew on where they were going to be taken. At about 4:00 PM, a Taiwanese
guard told the POWs, in broken English,
"No go Cabanatuan. Go Manila; maybe Bilibid."
The guard knew as little as the POWs. The POWs were taken by truck to
San Fernando, Pampanga, arriving there about four or five in the afternoon. Once there, they were
put in a movie theater. Since it was dark, the POWs saw as a dungeon.
During their time at San Fernando, Pampanga, the POWs lived through
several air raids. The reason for the air raids was the barrio was military headquarters for the
area. Most of the civilians had been moved out of the barrio. Many of the Americans began
to believe they had been taken there so that they would be killed by their own countrymen.
December 23, at about 10:00 PM, the Japanese interpreter came and spoke
to the ranking American officer about moving the POWs. The Japanese loaded the seriously ill POWs
into a truck. Those remaining behind believed they were taken to Bilibid. The remaining POWs
were moved to a trade school building in the barrio.
After 10:00 AM on December 24, the POWs were taken to the train
station. The POWs saw that the station had been hit by bombings and that the cars they were to board
had bullet holes in them from strafing. 180 to 200 were packed into steel boxcars with four
guards. The doors of the boxcars were kept closed and the heat in the cars was terrible. Ten to
fifteen POWs rode on the roofs of the cars along with two guards. The guards told these POWs that it
was okay to wave to the American planes.
On December 25, the POWs disembarked at San Fernando, La
Union, at 2:00 AM and disembarked. They walked two kilometers to a school yard on the southern
outskirts of the barrio. From December 25 until the 26. The POWs were held in a school
house. The morning of December 26, the POWs were marched to a beach. During this time the
prisoners were allowed one handful of rice and a canteen of water. The heat from the sun was so bad
that men drank seawater. Many of those men died.
The remaining prisoners at San Fernando, La Union, where they
boarded onto another "Hell Ship" the
Enoura Maru. On this ship, the POWs were held in three different holds. The ship
had been used to haul cattle. The POWs were held in the same stalls that the cattle had been held
in. In the lower hold, the POWs were lined up in companies 108 men. Each man had four feet of
space. Men who attempted to get fresh air by climbing the ladders were shot by the
The Daily routine for the POWs on the ship was to have six men
climb out of the hold. Once on deck, they used ropes to pull up the dead and also pull up the human
waste in buckets. Afterwards, the men on deck would lower ten buckets containing rice, soup, and
During the night of December 30, the POWs heard the sound of depth charges
exploding in the water. The ship arrived at Takao, Formosa, on December 31 and docked around 11:30
AM. After arriving at Takao, Formosa, each POW received a six inch long, 3/4 inch wide piece hardtack
to eat. This was the first bread they had since receiving crackers in their Red Cross packages in
1942. During the time in the harbor, the POWs received little water. From January 1 through the 5,
the POWs received one meal and day and very little water. This resulted in the death rate among the
POWs to rise. On January 6, the POWs began to receive two meals a day.
Enoura Maru also came under attack by American planes the morning of January 9. The POWs
were receiving their first meal of the day, when the sound of ship's machineguns was heard. The
explosions of bombs falling closer and closer to the ship were also heard. The waves created from the
explosions rocked the ship.
One bomb that hit the ship exploded in the corner of the forward
hold killing 285 prisoners. The surviving POWs remained in in the hold for three days with the
dead. The stench from the dead filled the air. On January 11 a work detail was formed and
about half the dead were removed from the hold. The dead were unloaded from the ship, and a POW
detail of twenty men took the corpses to a large furnace where they were cremated. These men reported
that 150 POWs had been cremated. Their ashes were buried in a large urn. Later in the day, the
survivors of the forward hold were moved into another hold.
After a couple of days, the Japanese sent medics into the ship to
give aid to the POWs who had been wounded. If the wounds were too bad, they did not treat the
man. At the same time, they organized another detail to remove the bodies of the remaining
dead. The bodies were taken to a beach and buried.
On January 13, the surviving POWs were boarded onto a third "Hell
Brazil Maru. On the ship, the POWs found they had more room and were actually issued
lifejackets. According to records kept by the POWs, 2nd Lt. Lloyd Magill died from the wounds he had
received on the
Enoura Maru on Wednesday, January 24, 1945, while the ship was at
sea. His body was pulled from the hold by rope and thrown overboard.
Brazil Maru arrived at Moji, Japan, on January 29, 1945. Of the
original 1619 men who boarded the
Oryoku Maru in Manila, only 459 of the POWs had survived the trip to Japan. 2nd Lt. Lloyd
H. Magill Jr. was not one of them.
After the war, 2nd Lt. Lloyd H. Magill Jr.'s name was added to the Tablets of
the Missing at the American Military Cemetery at Manila. His family also had a plaque placed on his
father's crypt at Greenwood Cemetery in Bend, Oregon.
It should be mentioned that the
of Lloyd, at the top of this page, was taken at Clark Airfield the first week of December