Sgt. William Arthur Kindell

     Sgt. William A. Kindell was born in Oak Park, Illinois, on December 20, 1916, to Irwin Lee Kindell and Cecelia Danz-Kindell.  He was the youngest of three boys and a member of an extended family that lived in both Maywood and Oak Park.  He also had a half-sister.  Bill grew up at 1235 South 20th Avenue in Maywood and was a graduate of Proviso Township High School.  

    Before enlisting in the Illinois National Guard, Bill worked as a machine operator with Chicago Metal Hose.  On September 24, 1940, he joined the Maywood Tank Company.  His reasons for doing this were that he could not get a good job, and the draft act requiring males to serve one year in the military had been passed into law.  It was Bill's hope to complete his one year of military duty and get on with his life.

    On November 25, 1940, Pvt. William A. Kindell and the other members of the 33rd Tank Company of the Illinois National Guard were called to federal duty as Company B, 192nd Tank Battalion.  At Fort Knox, Kentucky, the members of the company received training in the operation and maintenance of all the equipment used by the company.  It was also while on duty there that Bill was assigned to duty in the supply detachment as supply sergeant.

    In 1941, after completing training at Ft. Knox, the 192nd Tank Battalion was sent on maneuvers to Louisiana.  After the maneuvers, instead of returning to Ft. Knox, they were ordered to remain at Camp Polk. 
None of the members of the battalion had any idea why they were there.  On the side of a hill, the members learned they were being sent overseas as part of Operation PLUM.  Within hours, many men had figured out they were being sent to the Philippine Islands. 
    From Camp Polk, the battalion traveled west over four different train routes.  Arriving in San Francisco, the soldiers were ferried to Ft. McDowell on Angel Island.  On the island, the soldiers were given physicals and inoculated for tropical diseases. Those with health issues were released from service and replaced.
    The 192nd was boarded onto the U.S. A. T. Hugh L. Scott and sailed on Monday, October 27.  During this part of the trip, many tankers had seasickness, but once they recovered they spent much of the time training in breaking down machine guns, cleaning weapons, and doing KP.   They arrived at Honolulu, Hawaii, on Sunday, November 2nd and had a two day layover, so the soldiers were given shore leave so they could see the island.
    On Wednesday, November 5, the ship sailed for Guam but took a southerly route away from the main shipping lanes.  It was at this time it was joined by, the heavy cruiser, the U.S.S. Louisville and, the transport, S. S. President Calvin Coolidge.  Sunday night, November 9, the soldiers went to bed and when they awoke the next morning, it was Tuesday, November 11th.  During the night, while they slept, the ships had crossed the International Dateline.  On Saturday, November 15, smoke from an unknown ship was seen on the horizon.  The Louisville revved up its engines, its bow came out of the water, and it shot off in the direction of the smoke.  It turned out the smoke was from a ship that belonged to a friendly country.
Durin    When they arrived at Guam on Sunday, November 16, the ships took on water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables before sailing for Manila the next day.  At one point, the ships passed an island at night and did so in total blackout.  This for many of the soldiers was a sign that they were being sent into harm's way.  The ships entered Manila Bay, at 8:00 A.M., on Thursday, November 20, and docked at Pier 7 later that morning.  At 3:00 P.M., most of the soldiers were taken by bus to Ft. Stotsenburg.  Those who drove trucks drove them to the fort, while the maintenance section remained behind at the pier to unload the tanks.
    At the fort, the tankers were met by Colonel Edward P. King, who welcomed them and made sure that they had what they needed.  He also was apologetic that there were no barracks for the tankers and that they had to live in tents.  The fact was he had not learned of their arrival until days before they arrived.  He made sure that they had Thanksgiving Dinner before he left to have his own dinner.
    The members of the battalion pitched the tents in an open field halfway between the Clark Field Administration Building and Fort Stotsenburg.  The tents were set up in two rows and five men were assigned to each tent.  There were two supply tents and meals were provided by food trucks stationed at the end of the rows of tents.  
    For the next seventeen days the tankers spent much of their time removing cosmoline from their weapons.  They also spent a large amount of time loading ammunition belts.  The plan was for them, with the 194th Tank Battalion, to take part in maneuvers.

    The first week of December 1941, the tankers were ordered to Clark Field to assigned locations.  At all times, two members of each tank crew or half-track crew had to remain with their tank or half-track.   
    The morning of December 8th, the officers of the battalions met and were informed of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor hours earlier.  The returned to their tanks at the perimeter of Clark Airfield. 
    All morning long, the sky was filled with American planes.  At noon, all the planes landed and the pilots went to lunch.  At 12:45 planes approached the airfield from the north.  The tankers on duty at the airfield counted 54 planes.  When bombs began exploding, the men knew the planes were Japanese.  After the attack the 192nd remained at Ft. Stotsenburg for almost two weeks.  They were than sent to the Lingayen Gulf area where the Japanese had landed.

    As a supply sergeant, Bill was in charge of mess.  Bill watched as the ammunition and food slowly ran out.  Meals for the men in the field were rice boiled or steamed.  At the time of surrender, there was nothing left to feed the men.  He also had to deal with the problem of finding the tanks since they were constantly on the move.

    The tank battalion received orders on December 21st that it was to proceed north to Lingayen Gulf.   Because of logistics problems, the B and C Companies soon ran low on gas.  When they reached Rosario, there was only enough for one tankplatoon, from B Company, to proceed north to support the 26th Cavalry.
    On December 23 and 24, the battalion was in the area of Urdaneta.   The bridge they were going to use to cross the Agno River was destroyed and the tankers made an end run to get south of river.  As they did this, they ran into Japanese resistance early in the evening.  They successfully crossed at the river in the Bayambang Province.
    On December 25, the tanks of the battalion held the southern bank of the Agno River from Carmen to Tayung, with the tanks of the 194th holding the line on the Carmen-Alcala-Bautista Road. The tanks held the position until 5:30 in the morning on December 27.  The tankers were fell back toward Santo Tomas near Cabanatuan on December 27, and December were at San Isidro south of Cabanatuan on December 28 and 29. 

    The tankers were at Santo Tomas near Cabanatuan on December 27, and at San Isidro south of Cabanatuan on December 28 and 29.  On January 1st, conflicting orders were received by the defenders who were attempting to stop the Japanese advance down Route 5.  Doing this would allow the Southern Luzon Forces to withdraw toward Bataan.  General Wainwright was unaware of the orders since they came from Gen. MacArthur's chief of staff. 
    Because of the orders, there was confusion among the Filipinos and American forces defending the bridges over the Pampanga River.  Due to the efforts of the Self Propelled Mounts, the 71st Field Artillery, and a frenzied attack by the 192nd Tank Battalion the Japanese were halted.  From January 2 to 4, the 192nd held the road open from San Fernando to Dinalupihan so the southern forces could escape.

    During the withdraw into the peninsula, the night of January 6/7, the 192nd held its position so that the 194th Tank Battalion could leap frog past it, cross a bridge, and then cover the 192nd's withdraw over the bridge. The 192nd was the last American unit to enter Bataan.
    As supply sergeant, Bill had to get ammunition and gasoline to the tanks during all these engagements.  This often meant that the trucks were sent out to a location where that tanks had been the day before.  At times, while doing this, the trucks would end up behind Japanese lines and had to race there way back to American lines.  At some point, he was wounded while doing his job and awarded the Purple Heart.

    On April 9, 1942, Bill became a Prisoner of War.  He took part in the death march and witnessed beatings and killings.  As a POW, Bill was first imprisoned at Camp O'Donnell which was an unfinished Filipino training base.  The Japanese pressed the camp into use as a POW camp on April 1, 1942.  When they arrived at the camp, the Japanese confiscated any extra clothing that the POWs had and refused to return it to them.  They searched the POWs and if a man was found to have Japanese money on them, they were taken to the guardhouse.  Over the next several days, gunshots were heard to the southeast of the camp.  These POWs had been executed for looting.
    There was only one water faucet in the camp, and the prisoners stood in line from two to eight hours waiting for a drink.  The Japanese guards at the faucet would turn it off for no reason and the next man in line would stand as long as four hours waiting for it to be turned on again.  This situation improved when a second faucet was added.
    There was no water for washing clothes, so the POWs would throw out their clothing when it had been soiled.  In addition, water for cooking had to be carried three miles from a river to the camp and mess kits could not be washed.  The slit trenches in the camp were inadequate and were soon overflowing since most of the POWs had dysentery.  The result was that flies were everywhere in the camp including the POW kitchens and in the food.
    The camp hospital had no soap, water, or disinfectant.  When the ranking American doctor at the camp wrote a letter to the camp commandant, Capt. Yohio Tsuneyoshi, asking for medical supplies, he was told never to write another letter.
    The Archbishop of Manila sent a truckload of medical supplies to the camp, the Japanese commandant refused to allow the truck into the camp.  When the Japanese Red Cross sent medical supplies the camp the Japanese took 95% of the supplies for their own use.
    The POWs in the camp hospital lay on the floor elbow to elbow and only one of the six medic assigned to care for 50 sick POWs was healthy enough to care for them.  When a representative of the Philippine Red Cross stated they could supply a 150 bed hospital for the camp, he was slapped in the face by a Japanese lieutenant.
    Each morning, the bodies of the dead were found all over the camp and were carried to the hospital and placed underneath it.  The bodies lay there for two or three days before they were buried in the camp cemetery by other POWs who were suffering from dysentery and/or malaria.  To clean the ground under the hospital, the ground was scraped and lime was spread over it.  The bodies of the dead were placed in the area, and the area they had been laying was scrapped and lime was spread over it.
    Work details were sent out on a daily basis.  Each day, the American doctors gave a list of names to the Japanese of the POWs who were healthier enough to work.  If the quota of POWs needed to work could not be met, the Japanese put those POWs who were sick, but could walk, to work.  The death rate among the POWs reached 50 men dying a day.  From Camp O'Donnell, Bill was sent out on a work detail to build bridges.  This detail was under the command of Lt. Col. Ted Wickord the commanding officer of the 192nd. The detail rebuilt bridges that had been destroyed during the American retreat for the Japanese Engineers.  This detail was also under the command of Lt. Col. Ted Wickord the commanding officer of the 192nd Tank Battalion and left Camp O'Donnell on May 1, 1942.

     Once out of the camp, the POWs were broken into four detachments of 250 men each.  Jim's detachment was sent to Calauan.  There, the POWs were amazed by the concern shown for them by the Filipino people. The townspeople arranged for their doctor and nurses to care for the POWs and give them medication.  They also arranged for the POWs to attend a meal in their honor.

    The detail was next sent to Batangas to rebuild another bridge.  Again, the Filipino people did all they could to see that the Americans got the food and care they needed.  Somehow the Filipinos convinced the Japanese to allow them to attend a meal to celebrate the completion of the new bridge.
   The detail was next sent to rebuild the bridge in Candelaria.  Once again, the people of the town did what ever they could to help the Americans.  An order of Roman Catholic sisters, who had been recently freed from custody, invited Lt. Col. Wickord and twelve POWs for a dinner so picked the twelve sickest POWs to go to the dinner. 

    When this detail ended, Bill was next imprisoned at Cabanatuan.  He was selected again for a work detail and was sent to Las Pinas.  The POWs on the detail built runways at Nichols Field with picks and shovels.  He did not remain there long because he was sick and was sent back to Cabanatuan where he remained until he volunteered to go to Japan.
    800 POWs gathered at 2:00 A.M. on October 6, and were given rice coffee, lugow rice, and a big rice ball.  After eating and packing their kits, the POWs marched out of the camp at 2:30 A.M. and received two buns as they marched through the gate to the barrio of Cabanatuan which they reached at 6:00 A.M.  There, 50 men were boarded onto each of the small wooden boxcars waiting for them at about 9:00 A.M.  The trip to Manila lasted until 4:00 P.M. and because of the heat in the cars, many POWs passed out.
    From the train station, the men were marched to pier 7 in the Port Area of Manila.  Some of the Filipinos flashed the "V" for victory sign as they made their war to the pier.  The detachment arrived at 5:00 P.M and were tired and hungry and were housed in a warehouse for two days.  The Japanese fed them rice and salted fish and let them eat as much as they wanted.  They also were allowed to wash.
    Almost 1700 POWs were boarded onto the Tottori Maru on October 7, but the ship did not sail until 10:00 A.M. the next day and passed Corregidor at noon.  In addition, there were sick Japanese and soldiers on the ship.  That night some POWs slept in the holds, but a large number slept on the deck.  Each day, the POWs were given bread for meals which most ate in one meal, but the men rationed their water.  The ship was at sea, when torpedoes fired at by an American submarine but the torpedoes missed the ship because of the captain's ability at maneuvering the ship.  Both the Japanese and Americans cheered him.  The ship fired a couple of shots where it thought the sub was, but these also missed.  A while later, the ship passed a mine that had been laid by the submarine.  The POWs were fed bags of buns biscuits, with some candy, and received water daily.
    The ship arrived at Takao, Formosa, on October 12, and the POWs disembarked and were bathed on the dock.   They sailed again on October 16 at 7:30 A.M. but returned to Takao at 10:30 P.M., because the Japanese thought submarines were in the area.  At this time, the POWs were receiving two bags of hardtack and a meal of rice and soup each day.  The ship sailed again on October 18 and arrived at the Pescadores Islands at 5:00 P.M., where it remained anchored until October 27 when it returned to Takao.
    During this time two POWs died, and their bodies were thrown into the sea.  The ship sailed again on October 27 and returned to Takao the same day.  The next day, the POWs were taken ashore and bathed with seawater at the same time the ship was cleaned.  They were again put into the holds and the ship sailed again on October 28 and arrived at Makou, Pescadores Islands.  The ship sailed on October 31, as part of a seven ship convoy.  During this part of the voyage, it rode out a typhoon for five days on its way to Fusan, Korea.  On November 5, one of the ships was sunk by an American submarine and the other ships scattered.
    The Tottori Maru arrived at Fusan on November 7, but the 1300 POWs leaving the ship did not disembark until November 8.  Those POWs who were too ill to continue the trip to Mukden, Manchuria, remained behind at Fusan.  Those who died were cremated and had their ashed placed in small white boxes which were sent to Mukden.

    The POWs were given new clothes and a fur-lined overcoat before boarding a train for a two day trip to Mukden, arriving there on November 11.  When they first got there, they lived in dugouts and were later moved to a two story barracks.  Each enlisted POW received two thin blankets to cover themselves with at night.  The officers got one blanket and a mattress.  Meals were the same everyday.  For breakfast they had cornmeal mush and a bun.  Lunch was maize and beans, and dinner was beans and a bun.
    Since they were underfed, the POWs trapped wild dogs to supplement their meals of soy beans which usually came in the form of soup.  They continued to trap dogs until, while marching to work, they saw one eating a dead Chinese.    
    The POWs in this camp were used as slave labor in a machine shop or wood shop.  In Bill's case, he worked in the M. K. K. Factory.  There he worked as a machine helper for the rest of the war.  The prisoners worked ten hour shifts five days a week.     
    The POWs worked either at a machine shop or a saw mill from 7:30 A.M. until 5:30 or 6:00 P.M. each day.  The machine shop never produced anything that was useful to the Japanese.   Each morning, the POWs were marched three miles to the shop where they worked manufacturing weapons for the Japanese.  To prevent the production of  weapons, they committed acts of sabotage like pouring sand into the machine oiling holes.  The Japanese usually blamed these acts of sabotage on the Chinese in the plant because they believed the Americans were not smart enough to commit the sabotage.
    The POWs were forced out into the cold and snow and made to strip when the Japanese searched for contraband cigarettes that the prisoners had bought from the Chinese while working in the factories.   They were made to stand in the snow barefooted while the Japanese searched all 700 POWs.
    Punishment was given for any infraction.  Two POWs were knocked out and kicked in the ribs for violating a camp rule.  At other times, the camp's food ration was cut in half because the Japanese believed a POW was not working as hard as he should have been, or someone had been caught smoking in an unauthorized area.  They would also withhold Red Cross packages.  On one occasion, Lt Murado ordered the prisoners to remove their shoes.  After they had, he hit each man in the face with his shoes.
    In the spring of 1943, four Americans escaped and made their way to the Russian border.  Chinese villagers turned them over to the Japanese.  The men were returned to the camp and placed in cells for several months before they were taken to a cemetery and shot.
    To prevent themselves from contributing to the Japanese war effort, the POWs committed acts of sabotage.  One act was to put sand into the oil holes on the machines.  The POWs got away with this because the Japanese guards believed the Chinese civilians were the ones doing it. 
    Meals for the POWs consisted of a soy bean soup.  To supplement their meals, the POWs made snares to catch the wild dogs that roamed into the camp.  They did this until a detachment of POWs witnessed a dog eating a body of a dead Chinese civilian.
    One day, four POWs escaped from the camp and made their way to the Russian border.  They were turned in to the Japanese by Chinese peasants and returned to the POW camp.  Once in camp, they were put in cells and remained in them until they were taken to a cemetery and shot.

    During his years as a prisoner, Bill at times suffered from beriberi, jaundice, kidney stones, pneumonia, which developed into tuberculosis, diphtheria, tropical ulcers, scurvy,  skin rashes and malnutrition.  Medical treatment consisted of advice since there was little or no medicine.    The lack of medical supplies at Mukden resulted in the deaths of 204 American POWs by June 6, 1943.
    The only news on the war that the prisoners had were rumors passed between each other.  He developed the attitude that he was not going to survive his time as a POW.   
    Bill was selected to send a radio message home by shortwave radio.  A radio message from Bill was received by shortwave radio operators in late 1944.  In the broadcast he said:

    "Dear Mother and Dad:

          We are allowed another opportunity to send a radiogram to you.  (Unintelligent)  It has always been my biggest - worry and I certainly hate - and- I want to tell you how glad I was to receive the package and letters.  I miss all the folks but all of us will be together again soon and then - all of you again.

                                                                                        "Your loving son,
                                                                                                            Bill "

    On August 20, 1945, a B-24 flew over the camp, circled and dipped its wrings to the POWs.  It was also on this date that six parachutists were dropped into the camp.  As it turned out, these men had been sent to negotiate the surrender of the camp. 

    Later the same day, the POWs at Mukden were liberated by the Russians and told that they were free. The Russians had the POWs watch as they had the Japanese go through an official surrender ceremony.  In the ceremony, the Japanese guards were paraded past the POWs and made to lay down their arms. The Japanese officers were made to lay down their swords.  Bill wrote to his parents about the events.

"Dear Mom & Dad:

    At last time has come that I can write you once again as a free man and now that I can, I don't know what to say. 
    On August 16, six Americans dropped by chutes (I saw them but thought they were Japs practicing.) and made their way to this camp to bring the news, but the Jap commander would not believe them and we couldn't talk to them until late the next day.  They were only here to tell us the good news and to radio our needs out.  On August 20th a B-24 flew over, oh what a sight and thrill!  It circled around the camp and flipped its wings to us.  Later in the day some Russians came into the camp and made a speech saying 'from this day on we were free men.'  The men went wild.  The Russians than paraded all the Japanese personnel onto the parade ground and the enlisted men laid down their arms and the officers their swords and then present our own guards each with a rifle and shook their hands and since then we have the camp to ourselves.  Nobody is allowed to go to Mukden because we don't have any decent clothing and it is a dangerous town.  The Chinese are looting and killing the Japs.  The Russians gave them three days to do what they want to.
    Ever since the first six men came in we have been touch with the outside.  The generals are suppose to be flying out in three or four days and then so on down the line.  We have no idea how long did it take to get out, but they do tell us we will go from here to Chungking and from there nobody knows what.
    The end was very quiet.  We had been on air raid alert but their was no bombing. 
    Now, I suppose you would like to hear about me, here goes.  I am well, I have been working outside since January and haven't felt any better since I have been a P.O.W., although I only weigh  about 130 pounds.  I still have my glasses but they are in a hell of a shape.  I also have all  my teeth plus four wisdom teeth.
                                                                                                                August 25th
    Was able to go to town yesterday, so I didn't get to finish this.  We don't know when we will leave here as of yet but it is almost for sure that we will fly out, to where I don't know but they tell us it will only be about three weeks until we are out of here.  If I don't get home for several months.  I want you to start making plans for the biggest and best Christmas that we ever had, of course that is if everybody is all right.  Sherm etc.  That is all for now.  

                                                                                                            All my Love,

    The former prisoners remained in Russian hands for one month until they were released to American relief workers in Darien, China.  On September 23, 1945, Bill sailed on the U. S. S. Howze for the United States arriving in San Francisco on October 13, 1945.

    From San Francisco, Bill was sent to Fitzsimmons Hospital in Denver, where he was diagnosed with tuberculosis.  He was next sent Vaughan VA Hospital outside Chicago, and arrived there on October 21.  He was next sent to Wood Veterans Administration Hospital in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, for further treatment.  The reason he was sent there was that while he was a POW, his parents had moved from Maywood to Summit Lake, Wisconsin, due to his father's health problems.

    Bill was almost discharged on several occasions, but because of health issues, he continued to remain in the army.  When he was finally discharged, it was with the rank of Staff Sergeant.   He also left the hospital minus six ribs and a collapsed lung.  Bill found it ironic that his hope of getting his one year of military service over by joining the Illinois National Guard took him over eleven years to complete.

    After he was discharged, he studied medical photography and worked at Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, Florida.  Bill married Delores Sanhuber, a Veterans Administration nurse, and became a father of two daughters and a son.

    Bill was awarded the Two Oak Leaf Cluster on Distinguished Service Unit Badge,  Purple Heart, Republic of the Philippines Presidential Unit Citation Badge, Bronze Star, Good Conduct Medal, Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal, American Defense Service Medal with Clasp, World War II Victory Medal, and Philippine Defense Ribbon with Bronze Star.

    William A. Kindell passed away on December 26, 1994, in Fresno, California.  His remains were cremated and interred at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia.

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