HennessyW




Tec 5 William M. Hennessy
Born: 1920 - South Carolina
Enlisted:
    - California National Guard
Inducted:
    - U.S. Army
        - 10 February 1941 - Salinas, California
Training: 
    - Fort Lewis, Washington
        - 18 February 1941
            - C Company, 194th Tank Battalion
Note: The decision for this move - which had been made on August 15, 1941 - was the result of an event that took place in the summer of 1941.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf, in the Philippines, when one of the pilots, who was flying at a lower altitude, noticed something odd.  He took his plane down and identified a flagged buoy in the water and saw another in the distance.  He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island which was hundred of miles away.  The island had a large radio transmitter.  The squadron continued its flight plan south to Mariveles and returned to Clark Field.
     When the planes landed, it was too late to do anything that day.  The next day, when another squadron was sent to the area, the buoys had been picked up by a fishing boat - with a tarp on its deck - which was seen making its way to shore.  Since communication between the Air Corps and Navy was difficult, the boat escaped.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.
Overseas Duty
    - rode train to Ft. Mason, San Francisco, California
        - Arrived: 7:30 A.M. - 6 September 1941
    - ferried on U.S.A.T. General Frank M. Coxe to Angel Island
        - given physicals and inoculated by battalion's medical detachment
        - men with medical conditions replaced
    - 4 September 1941
        - battalion traveled to Ft. Mason in San Francisco, California
    - Ship: S.S. President Calvin Coolidge
        - Boarded: Monday - 8 September 1941 - 3:00 P.M.
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: 5:00 P.M. - same day
            - escorted by heavy cruiser, U.S.S. Astoria, and an unknown destroyer
                - heavy cruiser intercepted several ships after smoke was seen on the horizon
                - ships belonged to friendly countries
        - 16 September 1941 - crossed International Dateline
            - date became Thursday - 18 September 1941
        - Arrived: Manila - Friday - 26 September 1941
            - disembark ship - 3:00 P.M.
            - taken by bus to Fort Stostenburg
            - maintenance section with 17th ordnance remained behind to unload the tanks and attached turret
                -27 September 1941 - job completed at 9:00 A.M.
Stationed:
    - Ft. Stotsenburg, Philippine Islands
        - lived in tents until barracks completed - 15 November 1941    

Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942

            - 8 December 1941
                - lived Japanese attack on Clark Field
                - planes did not go after tanks
                - after attack 194th sent to a bivouac three kilometers north of Clark Field
                    - from there they were sent to Barrio of San Joaquin on the Malolus Road
            - 12 December 1941
                - moved to new bivouac south to San Fernando near Calumpit Bridge
                    - arrived 6:00 A.M.
            - 15 December 1941
                - received 15 Bren gun carriers
                - turned some over to 26th Cavalry, Philippine Scouts
            - 22 December 1941
                - sent to Rosario
                    - west and north of the of barrio
                    - ordered out of the 71st Division Commander
                        - said they would hinder the cavalry's operation
            - 22/23 December 1941
                - operating north of Agno River
                - main bridge at Carmen bombed
            - 24/25 December 1941
                - tank battalions make end run to get south of Agno River
                    - ran into Japanese resistance but successfully crossed river
  
            - 25/26 December 1941
                - held south bank of Agno River from west of Carmen to Carmen-Akcaka-Bautista Road
                - 192nd held from Carmen to (Route 3) to Tayug (northeast of San Quintin)
    
                - 25 December 1941 -
at Piis, Philippine Islands, his half-track crew was doing reconnaissance with
                 
Gen. Albert Jones when they came under enemy fire.  The half-track held its position allowing
                 
Gen. Jones and his driver to escape.  
                       - Silver Star - Posthumously

            - 26/27 December 1941
                - ordered to withdraw
                    - 1 platoon forced its way through way through Carmen
                        - lost two tanks
                            - one tank belonged to company commander - Captain Edward Burke
                                - believed dead, but was actually captured
                            - one tank crew rescued
                - new line Santa Ignacia-Gerona-Santo Tomas-San Jose
                - rest of battalion made a dash out
                    - lost one tank at Bayambang
                    - another tank went across front receiving fire and firing on Japanese
                - Lt. Petree's platoon fought its way out and across Agno River
                - D Company, 192nd, lost all its tanks except one
                    - the tank commander found a crossing
                    - Japanese would use tanks later on Bataan
            - 29/30 December 1941
                - new line at Bamban River established
                - tank battalions held line until ordered to withdraw
            - 30/31 December 1941
                - tank battalions held Calumpit Bridge
                - covering withdraw of Philippine Divisions south on Rt. 3, San Fernando
    - 31 December 1941
        - rejoined battalion
        - covered withdrawal of Philippine Army Divisions south of Route 3
    - 2 January 1942
        - both tank battalions ordered to withdrawal to Lyac Junction
            - 194th withdrew there on Highway 7
    - 5 January 1942
        - C Company and A Company, 192nd Tank Battalion, withdrew from Guagua-Poraline
            - moved into position between Sasmuan and Lubao
        - two tanks, two half-tracks, and four self-propelled mounts in ambush of Japanese
            - 1:50 A.M. - Japanese force of 750 to 800 men attempted to infiltrate
            - bright moonlight made them easy to see
            - tanks opened fire
            - Japanese lay down smoke which blew back into them
        - 3:00 A.M. - Japanese broke off engagement
            - suffered 50% casualties
        - prevented Japanese from cutting off retreat into Bataan
    - 6 January 1941
        - Remedios - established new line along dried creek bed
            - Japanese attempted another night attack
            - Hennessy's half-track took direct hit from enemy fire
                - the round took off his foot
    - Hospital:
        - Bataan Military Hospital #2
            - lost right foot
Prisoner of War:
    - 9 April 1942
        - POWs moved to Hospital #1
Died:
    - Saturday - 27 June 1942 - malnutrition
        - General Hospital #1, Little Baguio, Philippine Islands
            - records from hospital indicate he died from bacillary dysentery
Buried:
    - Little Baguio Cemetery
Reburied:
    - American Military Cemetery - Manila, Philippine Islands
        - Plot:  N   Row:  17   Grave: 197
Medals: Purple Heart, Silver Star
    - Posthumously received Silver Star for gallantry in action near Piis, Tayabas, Philippine Islands, on December 25, 1941, when his
      half-track was ambushed by three Japanese machine guns
    - helped to fight off a attack at point-blank range




 

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