Pvt. Bernard Anthony Fields
Born: 14 May 1921 - Hardin County, Kentucky
Parents: Joseph Fields & Emma Singin-Fields
    - mother died when he was 10 years old
Siblings: 2 sisters, 4 brothers
Hometown: Saint John, Kentucky
Enlisted:
    - U.S. Army
        - 28 May 1940 - Camp Atterbury, Columbus, Indiana
Trained:
    - Fort Knox, Kentucky
Units:
    - 19th Ordnance Battalion
    - 17th Ordnance Company
        - company created from A Company of 19th Ordnance
        - trained alongside the 192nd Tank Battalion at Ft. Knox
Overseas Duty:

    - U.S.S. Calvin Coolidge
        - Boarded: San Francisco, California - Monday - 8 September 1941
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M.
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
            - soldiers given shore leave for the day
        - Sailed: same day
        - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Friday - 26 September 1941
        - Disembark
            - 17th Ordnance remained behind to unload tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
                - reattached turrets to tanks
        - rode bus to Ft. Stotsenburg
     
    

Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1942 - 6 January 1942
    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
Prisoner of War
    - 9 April 1942
        - Death March
            - started march - 10 April 1942
            - POWs started march at Mariveles on the southern tip of
              Bataan
            - ran past Japanese artillery firing on Corregidor
                - American artillery returned fire

               - a guard allowed him to dash into a sugarcane field and grab sugarcane
               - "Without that, I don't think I would have made it."
           
               - between Mariveles Airfield and San Fernando he ate a handful of rice
                 which he believed saved his life
            - San Fernando - POWs packed into small wooden boxcars

               - selected for POW work detail and driven back into Bataan
               - saw the dead along the sides of the road
POW Camps:
    - Philippines:
        - Camp O'Donnell
            - unfinished Filipino Army training base
            - Japanese put it into use as a POW camp
            - one water spigot for the entire camp
            - as many as fifty POWs died each day
        - Cabanatuan

Hell Ship:
    - Nagato Maru
        -Boarded: 6 November 1942
        - Sailed: Manila - 7 November 1942
            - three ship convoy
            - attacked by submarine
                - Japanese put hatch covers on hold
                - POWs felt explosions from depth charges
                - dysentery spread among POWs
                    - seventeen POWs died
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 11 November 1942
        - Sailed: 14 November 1942
        - Arrived: Pescadores Islands - same day
            - lice spread among POWs
        - Sailed: 18 November 1942
        - Arrived: Keelung, Formosa - 18 November 1942
        - Sailed: 20 November 1942
        - Arrived: Moji, Japan - 24 November 1942
            - POWs disembarked, deloused, showered, fed, and issued new clothes

POW Camp:   
    - Japan
        - Tokyo 12B
            - POWs carried cement to build dam
               - transferred 16 April 1944
        - Tokyo 16B (Kanose)
            - POWs worked in carbide plant
            - meals consisted of fish, seaweed, barley, and rice
Liberated:
    - September 1945
        - returned to the Philippine Islands

Transport:
    - U.S.S. Gospar
        - Sailed: Manila - 24 September 1945
        - Arrived: Seattle, Washington - 12 October 1945
            - sent to Madigan General Hospital - Ft. Lewis,Washington
Military Career:
    - transferred to U.S. Army Air Corps
    - rank: Sergeant
Married
   - 2 daughters - known
Occupation: welder
Note: 5 May 1950 - Fields met with General Jonathan Wainwright at the Kentucky
          Colonel's Dinner
Residence: Jefferson-town, Kentucky
Occupation: welder
Note: Fields commented on eating rice: "Since the end of the war, I can't look at the stuff."
Died:
    - 13 December 2005 - Louisville, Kentucky

 

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