T/Sgt. Jack L. Elliott
Born: 22 December 1919 - West Virginia
Parents: William J. Elliott & Mollie L. Elliott
Siblings: 1 sister, 2 brothers
Home: 1631 East Weber Road - Columbus, Ohio
Enlisted:
    - U.S. Army
        - 1941
Trained:
    - Fort Knox, Kentucky
Units:
    - 19th Ordnance Battalion
    - 17th Ordnance Company
        - company created from A Company of 19th Ordnance
        - trained alongside the 192nd Tank Battalion at Ft. Knox
        - received orders for overseas duty
Note:  The decision for this move - which had been made on August 15, 1941 - was the result of an event that took place in the summer of 1941.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf, in the Philippines, when one of the pilots, who was flying at a lower altitude, noticed something odd.  He took his plane down and identified a flagged buoy in the water and saw another in the distance.  He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island which was hundred of miles away.  The island had a large radio transmitter.  The squadron continued its flight plan south to Mariveles and returned to Clark Field.
     When the planes landed, it was too late to do anything that day.  The next day, when another squadron was sent to the area, the buoys had been picked up by a fishing boat - with a tarp on its deck - which was seen making its way to shore.  Since communication between the Air Corps and Navy was difficult, the boat escaped.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.
Overseas Duty:

    - 4 September  1941 -
        - battalion traveled by train to Ft. Mason in San Francisco, California
    - Arrived: 7:30 A.M. - 5 September 1941
        - ferried to Ft. McDowell, Angel Island on U.S.A.T. General Frank M. Coxe
        - given physicals and inoculations
        - men with medical conditions replaced
    - Ship: U.S.S. President Coolidge
        - Boarded: Monday - 8 September 1941 - 3:00 P.M.
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: 5:00 P.M. - same day
            - escorted by the heavy cruiser - U.S.S. Astoria and an unknown destroyer
                - smoke seen on horizon several times
                -  cruiser intercepted ships

        - Arrived: Manila - Friday - 26 September 1941
            - disembark ship - 3:00 P.M.
            - maintenance section with 17th ordnance remained behind to unload the tanks and attached turrets
                -27 September 1941 - job completed at 9:00 A.M.
    - Philippines
        - lived in tents until barracks completed - 15 November 1941 
        - Disembark
            - 17th Ordnance remained behind to unload tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
                - reattached turrets to tanks
        - rode bus to Ft. Stotsenburg
     
    

Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1942 - 6 January 1942
    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - serviced the tanks of the 192nd and 194th Tank Battalions
            - at one point he used dynamite to fish for food
               - loaded the fish into a half ton truck to feed company
Prisoner of War
    - 9 April 1942
      
- According to records, Jack was hospitalized on Bataan when surrender came
POW Camps:
    - Philippines:
        - Bilibid Prison
            - POWs marched there from Bataan Hospital#1
        - Cabanatuan
            - Philippine Army Base built for 91st Philippine Army Division
            - "Blood Brother" rule implemented
                - if one POW in the group of 10 escaped, the other nine would be killed
            - work details sent out to cut wood for POW kitchens, plant rice, and farm
                - when POWs lined up, it was a common practice for Japanese guards, after the POWs lined up, to
                   kick the POWs in their shins with their hobnailed boots
                - if the guards on the detail decided the POW wasn't doing what he should be doing, he was beaten
                - many POWs on details were able to smuggle in medicine, food, and tobacco into the camp
            - men who attempted to escape and caught were executed
            - daily POW meal - 16 ounces of cooked rice, 4 ounces of vegetable oil, sweet potato or corn
            - POWs punished by being strung up by their thumbs
            - POWs had hands tied, behind their backs, and forced to kneel in the sun
Hell Ship:
- Tottori Maru
        - Boarded: 7 October 1942
        - Sailed: Manila - 8 October 1942
            - 9 October 1942 - American submarine fired two torpedoes at ship
            - ship maneuvered away from torpedoes
            - ship also avoided mine laid by submarine
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 12 October 1942
        - Sailed: 16 October 1942
            - returned to Takao
        - Sailed: 18 October 1942
        - Arrived: Pescadores Islands - same day
            - anchored off islands for several days
            - two POWs died
        - Sailed: 27 October 1942
        - Arrived: Takao - same day
            - 28 October 1942 - POWs disembarked
                - showered with salt water
        - Sailed: 30 October 1942
        - Arrived: Makou, Pescadores Islands -same day
        - Sailed: 31 October 1942
        - Arrived: Fusan, Korea - 7 November 1942
        - Disembark: 8 November 1942
            - POWs boarded train for two day ride to Mukden, Manchuria
                - those POWs too sick to travel left behind
                - those who died cremated
                - those who recovered sent to Mukden with ashes of dead
        - Arrived: Mukden, Manchuria - 11 November 1942
POW Camp:

    - Manchuria
        - Mukden
            - POWs worked in machine shop or saw mill
            - bodies of those who died had to be stored until spring
Liberated:
    - September 1945
        - sent by train to Darien, China
        - returned to the Philippine Islands

Transport:
    - U.S.S. Joseph T. Dychman
        - Sailed: Manila - not known
        - Arrived: San Francisco - 16 October 1945
Died:
    - 18 May 1978 - Columbus, Ohio

 



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