Pfc. Frederick Courtright Dunn Jr.
Born: 18 January 1916 - Toledo, Ohio
Parents: Fred C. Dunn Sr. & Helen V. Baird-Dunn
Siblings: 1 brother
Hometown: 26 Broad Street - Columbus, Ohio
Inducted:
    - U.S. Army
        - 21 April 1941 - Fort Hayes, Columbus, Ohio
Training:
    - Fort Knox, Kentucky
Units:
    - 19th Ordnance Battalion
    - 17th Ordnance Company
        - company created from A Company of 19th Ordnance
        - trained alongside the 192nd Tank Battalion at Ft. Knox
        - September 1941 - received orders for overseas duty
Note:  The decision for this move - which had been made on August 15, 1941 - was the result of an event that took place in the summer of 1941.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf, in the Philippines, when one of the pilots, who was flying at a lower altitude, noticed something odd.  He took his plane down and identified a flagged buoy in the water and saw another in the distance.  He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island which was hundred of miles away.  The island had a large radio transmitter.  The squadron continued its flight plan south to Mariveles and returned to Clark Field.
     When the planes landed, it was too late to do anything that day.  The next day, when another squadron was sent to the area, the buoys had been picked up by a fishing boat - with a tarp on its deck - which was seen making its way to shore.  Since communication between the Air Corps and Navy was difficult, the boat escaped.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.
Overseas Duty:

     - Company rode train to Ft. Mason, San Francisco, California
        - ferried to Ft. McDowell, Angel Island on U.S.A.T. General Frank M. Coxe
        - given physicals and inoculations
        - men with medical conditions replaced
    - Ship: U.S.S. President Coolidge
        - Boarded: Monday - 8 September 1941 - 3:00 P.M.
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: 5:00 P.M. - same day
            - sailed south away from main shipping lanes
            - escorted by the heavy cruiser - U.S.S. Astoria and an unknown destroyer
                - smoke seen on horizon several times
                -  cruiser intercepted ships
                - ships from friendly countries
        - Arrived: Manila - Friday - 26 September 1941
        - Disembark
            - 17th Ordnance remained behind to unload tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
                - reattached turrets to tanks
        - rode bus to Ft. Stotsenburg       
Stationed:
    - Ft. Stotsenburg
        - lived in tents until barracks were completed - 15 November 1941      
Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1942 - 6 January 1942
    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
        - 9 April 1942 -escaped to Corregidor
            - assigned to beach defenses
Prisoner of War:
    - 6 May 1942
        - Prisoner of War
POW Camps:
    - Philippines:
        - Corregidor
            - POWs remained on beach for two weeks
            - Japanese moved them, by barge, to a point off Luzon
                 - jumped into water swam ashore
                 - marched down Dewey Boulevard to Bilibid
        - Bilibid Prison
            - remained at prison for two days before POWs were transferred to Cabanatuan
        - Cabanatuan
            - Philippine Army Base built for 91st Philippine Army Division
            - "Blood Brother" rule implemented
                - if one POW in the group of 10 escaped, the other nine would be killed
            - work details sent out to cut wood for POW kitchens, plant rice, and farm
                - when POWs lined up, it was a common practice for Japanese guards, after the POWs lined
                  up, to kick the POWs in their shins with their hobnailed boots
                - if the guards on the detail decided the POW wasn't doing what he should be doing, he was 
                  beaten
                - many POWs on details were able to smuggle in medicine, food, and tobacco into the camp
            - men who attempted to escape and caught were executed
            - daily POW meal - 16 ounces of cooked rice, 4 ounces of vegetable oil, sweet potato or corn
            - not known if he went out on a work detail
            - July 1944 - selected for transport to Japan
            - 15 July 1944
                - 25 to 30 trucks arrived at camp to transport POWs to Manila
                    - POWs left at 8:00 P.M.
                - POWs taken to Bilibid Prison
                    - arrived at 2:00 A.M. - 16 July 1944
                    - only food they received was rotten sweet potatoes
        - Bilibid Prison
Liberated: 4 February 1945
    - 37th Infantry Division - U.S. Army
    - assigned to 12th Replacement Battalion
Discharged: 16 September 1945
Married: 7 August 1953 - Ann McGuire
Children: 1 son
Residence: Upper Arlington, Ohio
Died:
    - 12 June 1986 - Riverside Methodist Hospital
Buried:
    - Union Cemetery - Columbus, Ohio

 

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