Pfc. Frederick Courtright Dunn Jr.
Born: 18 January 1916 - Toledo, Ohio
Parents: Fred C. Dunn Sr. & Helen V. Baird-Dunn
Siblings: 1 brother
Hometown: 26 Broad Street - Columbus, Ohio
Inducted:
    - U.S. Army
        - 21 April 1941 - Fort Hayes, Columbus, Ohio
Training:
    - Fort Knox, Kentucky
Units:
    - 19th Ordnance Battalion
    - 17th Ordnance Company
        - company created from A Company of 19th Ordnance
        - trained alongside the 192nd Tank Battalion at Ft. Knox
        - September 1941 - received orders for overseas duty
Note:  The decision for this move - which had been made on August 15, 1941 - was the result of an event that took place in the summer of 1941.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf, in the Philippines, when one of the pilots, who was flying at a lower altitude, noticed something odd.  He took his plane down and identified a flagged buoy in the water and saw another in the distance.  He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island which was hundred of miles away.  The island had a large radio transmitter.  The squadron continued its flight plan south to Mariveles and returned to Clark Field.
     When the planes landed, it was too late to do anything that day.  The next day, when another squadron was sent to the area, the buoys had been picked up by a fishing boat - with a tarp on its deck - which was seen making its way to shore.  Since communication between the Air Corps and Navy was difficult, the boat escaped.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.
Overseas Duty:

     - Company rode train to Ft. Mason, San Francisco, California
        - ferried to Ft. McDowell, Angel Island on U.S.A.T. General Frank M. Coxe
        - given physicals and inoculations
        - men with medical conditions replaced
    - Ship: S.S. President Calvin Coolidge
        - Boarded: Monday - 8 September 1941 - 3:00 P.M.
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: 5:00 P.M. - same day
            - sailed south away from main shipping lanes
            - escorted by the heavy cruiser, U.S.S. Astoria, and an unknown destroyer
                - smoke seen on horizon several times
                -  cruiser intercepted ships
                - ships from friendly countries
        - Arrived: Manila - Friday - 26 September 1941
        - Disembarked:
            - 17th Ordnance remained behind to unload tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
                - reattached turrets to tanks
        - rode bus to Ft. Stotsenburg       
Stationed:
    - Ft. Stotsenburg
        - 15 November 1941 - lived in tents until barracks were completed  
Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1942 - 6 January 1942
    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - headquartered in an abandoned ordnance depot building
            - repaired tanks of 192nd & 194th Tank Battalions
        - 8 April 1942
            - 10:30 P.M. - Gen. King announced that further resistance would result in the massacre of 6,000 sick or wounded troops and 40,000
              civilians
            - less than 25% of his troops were healthy enough to continue fighting
            - he estimated they could hold out one more day
            - sent his staff officers to negotiate the surrender of Bataan
            - 11:40 P.M. - ammunition dumps blown up
        - 9 April 1942 -escaped to Corregidor
Prisoner of War:
    - 6 May 1942
        - Prisoner of War
POW Camps:
    - Philippines:
        - Corregidor
            - POWs remained on beach for two weeks
            - Japanese moved them, by barge, to a point off Luzon
                 - jumped into water swam ashore
                 - marched down Dewey Boulevard to Bilibid
        - Bilibid Prison
            - remained at prison for two days before POWs were transferred to Cabanatuan
        - Cabanatuan
            - original name - Camp Panagaian
            - Philippine Army Base built for 91st Philippine Army Division
                - put into use by Japanese as a POW camp
                - actually three camps
                    - Camp 1: POWs from Camp O'Donnell sent there in attempt to lower death rate
                    - Camp 2:  two miles away
                        - all POWs moved from there because of a lack of water
                        - later used for Naval POWs
                    - Camp 3: six miles from Camp 2
                        - POWs from Corregidor and from hospitals sent there
                            - POWs later moved to Camp 1
            - Camp 1:
                - "Blood Brother" rule implemented
                    - if one POW in the group of 10 escaped, the other nine would be killed
                - POWs patrolled fence to prevent escapes
                - Barracks:
                    - each barracks held 50 men
                        - often held between 60 and 120 men
                        - slept on bamboo slats without mattresses, covers, and mosquito netting
                            - diseases spread easily
                        - no showers
                    - During this time, he became friends with Myron "Mickey" Dolk, 194th Tank Battalion
            - Morning Roll Call:
                - stood at attention
                    - frequently beaten over their heads for no reason
                - when POWs lined up for roll call, it was a common practice for Japanese guards, after the POWs lined up, to kick the POWs in
                  their shins with their hobnailed boots
            - Work Details:
                - Work Day: 7:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M.
                - work details sent out to cut wood for POW kitchens, plant rice, and farm
                    - they also were frequently hit with a pick handle, for no reason, as they counted off
                - POWs on the rice planting detail were punished by having their faces pushed into the mud and stepped on
                - the POWs had to go into a shed to get the tools, as they came out, they were hit on their heads
                - if the guards on the detail decided the POW wasn't doing what he should be doing, he was beaten
                - many POWs on details were able to smuggle in medicine, food, and tobacco into the camp
            - to prevent escapes, the POWs set up patrols along the camp's fence
            - men who attempted to escape and caught were executed after being beaten
                - the other POWs were forced to watch the beatings
            - daily POW meal - 16 ounces of cooked rice, 4 ounces of vegetable oil, sweet potato or corn
                - most of the food the POWs grew went to the Japanese
        - Camp Hospital:
            - 30 Wards
                - each ward could hold 40 men
                    - frequently had 100 men in each
               - two tiers of bunks
                   - sickest POWs on bottom tier
               - each POW had a 2 foot by 6 foot area to lie in
            - Zero Ward
              - given name because it had been missed when counting wards
              - became ward where those who were going to die were sent
              - fenced off from other wards
                  - Japanese guards would not go near it
                  - POWs sent there had little to no chance of surviving
                  - medical staff had little to no medicine to treat sick
                  - many deaths from disease caused by malnutrition
        - Work Detail:
            - went out on detail, but is not known which detail he was on
        - Bilibid Prison
            - sent from work detail because he was paralyzed in the lower part of his body
                - he was put in the ward with those men who were not suppose to survive
                - one of the orderlies at Bilibid was his friend Pfc. Myron "Mickey" Dolk, 194th Tank Battalion
                    - Dolk worked as an orderly at the prison
                    - nursed Dunn back to health
                        - Myron Dolk did not survive the war
Liberated: 4 February 1945
    - 37th Infantry Division - U.S. Army
    - assigned to 12th Replacement Battalion
Transport:
    - arrived in San Francisco
    -Letterman General Hospital
        - while he was a patient there he reached out to the parents of Myron Dolk and met with them
        - Dunn told them about Mickey's caring for him and said , "I wouldn't be alive ."
            - he said he was in such bad shape that at first Dolk did not recognize him ... ."but when he did , I really had some care."
            - he also told them a story about Thanksgiving 1944
            - "Why do you know what he did Thanksgiving Day?  The boy went out, and wonder of wonders, came back with real food.  beans,
                rice, greens and vegetables. And even some corn.  That corn he ground and made us some cornbread.  What a Thanksgiving. And
                Mickey never did tell us where he got it."

Discharged: 16 September 1945
Married: 7 August 1953 - Ann McGuire
Children: 1 son
Residence: Upper Arlington, Ohio
Died:
    - 12 June 1986 - Riverside Methodist Hospital
Buried:
    - Union Cemetery - Columbus, Ohio

 

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