CampbellLW
 
Pvt. Leon Warren Campbell
Born: 21 May 1919 - Pennsylvania
Parents: Wilber & Ceola Campbell
Siblings: 3 sisters
Hometown: Kane, Pennsylvania
Residence: Deerfield State Route 6 - Sheffield, Pennsylvania
Occupation: Civilian Conservation Corps
    - living in Marion County, Indiana
Inducted:
    - U.S. Army
        - Fort Benjamin Harrison - Lawrence, Indiana
           
- 11 February 1941
Training:
    - Ft. Knox, Kentucky
        - machinist
Units:
    - 19th Ordnance Battalion
    - 17th Ordnance Company
        - company created from A Company of 19th Ordnance
        - trained alongside the 192nd Tank Battalion at Ft. Knox
Overseas Duty:

    - U.S.S. Calvin Coolidge
        - Boarded: San Francisco, California - Monday - 8 September 1941
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M.
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
            - soldiers given shore leave for the day
        - Sailed: same day
        - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Friday - 26 September 1941
        - Disembark
            - 17th Ordnance remained behind to unload tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
                - reattached turrets to tanks
        - rode bus to Ft. Stotsenburg
     
Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1942 - 6 January 1942
    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942       

           - serviced tanks of Provisional Tank Group Prisoner of War
    - 9 April 1942
        - Death March
            - POWs started march at Mariveles on the southern tip of
              Bataan
            - ran past Japanese artillery firing on Corregidor
                - American artillery returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs packed into small wooden boxcars

                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - Japanese packed 100 POWs into each boxcar
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - POWs leave boxcars - dead fall out of cars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell
POW Camps:
    - Philippines:
        - Camp O'Donnell
            - unfinished Filipino Army training base
            - Japanese put it into use as a POW camp
            - one water spigot for the entire camp
            - as many as fifty POWs died each day
        - Cabanatuan
            - 5 October 1942 - POWs left Cabanatuan for Manila
            - housed in warehouse on Pier 7

Hell Ship:
    - Tottori Maru
        - Boarded: 7 October 1942
            - 1961 POWs put on ship
                - 500 in forward hold
                - 1461 in rear hold
        - Sailed: 8 October 1942 - 10:00 A.M.
            - passed Corregidor at noon
        - 9 October 1942 - two torpedoes fired by an American submarine passed ship
            - ship missed mine laid by submarine
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 11 October 1942
        - Sailed: 16 October 1942 - 7:30 A.M.
            - because of submarines ship returned to Takao, Formosa - 10:30 P.M.
        - Sailed: 18 October 1942
        - Arrived: Pescadores Islands - same day
            - remained anchored off islands for nine days
            - two POWs died - buried at sea
        - Sailed: 27 October 1942
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - same day
            - 28 October 1942 - POWs taken ashore and showered with salt
              water
            - ship also cleaned
            -food stuffs loaded onto ship
        - Sailed: 30 October 1942
        - Arrived: Makau, Pescadores Islands - same day
        - Sailed: 31 October 1942
            - sailed as part of seven ship convoy
            - ships sailed through typhoon for five days
            - 5 November 1942 - one torpedoed
                - other ships scattered
        - Arrived: Pusan, Korea - 9 November 1942
            - POWs disembark and issued new clothing and fur-lined coats
            - rode train for two days to Manchuria
            - sick POWs left behind at Pusan
                - those who died were cremated
                - ashes sent to Mukden in small white wooden boxes
   
POW Camp:
    - Mukden, Manchuria
        - Arrived: Mukden Manchuria - 11 November 1942

        - POWs worked in machine shop or at lumber mill
        - September 1944 - parents receive POW postcard
            - only correspondence they received from him
Liberated: Russian Army
    - September 1945
    - returned to Philippines
Transport:
    - S.S. Simon Bolivar
        - Sailed: not known
        - Arrived: San Francisco - 21 October 1945
Recuperation:
    - Fletcher General Hospital - Cambridge, Ohio
        - treated for dental problems
Married: Luella Moore - 8 August 1946
Died:
    - 4 July 2011 - Rochester, Minnesota

 

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