Cabral_F

 

Pvt. Frank Tony Cabral Jr.


Born: 10 November 1918 - Hughson, California
Parents: Frank T. Cabral Sr. & Estufina Cabral
Siblings: 2 sisters, 1 brother

Home: Tarpy Road - Pajaro, Monterey County, California

Occupation: farmer

Enlisted: California National Guard

Inducted: 

    - U. S. Army

        - 10 February 1941 - Salinas Army Air Base

Training: 

    - Fort Lewis, Washington

Unit: 

    - 194th Tank Battalion

Overseas Duty: 

    - Philippine Islands

Engagements: 

   - Battle of Luzon

       - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942

            - Clark Field - watched attack from inside his tank
        - 15 December 1941
            - C Company holding Tagaytay Bridge - South Luzon
            - spent most of time chasing down Fifth Columnists
        -25 December 1941
            - sent to assist in operations around Lucena, Paglibo, and Lucban

        - 5 January 1942
            - rejoined rest of 194th at Guagua
            - took position on the road between Sexmoan and Lubao with five SPMs
            - ambushed a Japanese force of 750 to 800 attempting to cut the highway

            - Japanese lost half their force
            - Labao was burning when tanks left area   

   - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - night of 6/7 January - 194th withdraw across river at Culis covered by the
              192nd Tank Battalion

            - January 1942

                - 2:30 A.M. - attacked in force by Japanese using smoke screen
                    - 5:00 A.M. - Japanese broke off attack because of heavy casualties and
                       sunrise
                    - C Company losses - Lt. Petrie from wounds, Pvt. Martella killed
                       attempting to shield Petrie
            - 16 January 1942 - Bagac
                - sent to open Moron Road so General Segunda's forces could move
                  south
                - at the Moron Road and Road Junction 59 the tanks moved forward
                  knocking out an anti-tank gun
                - two tanks were lost to landmines but towed out
                    - mission abandoned
                    - Segunda's forces escaped along beach losing its heavy equipment
            - 20 January 1942
                -west of Bani Bani Road - tanks were sent to save the 31st Infantry
                 command post
     
            - 25/26 January 1942
                - battalion holding a position a kilometer north of Pilar-Bagac Road

                    - four SPMs with the battalion
                - warned by Filipino a large Japanese force was coming
                -  when the enemy appeared they opened up with all the battalion had

                    - Japanese withdraw

                        - estimated they lost 500 of 1800 men
                - 28 January 1942
                - 194th tanks given beach duty protecting southern beaches
                - April 1942
                    - tanks sent into various sectors in attempt to stop Japanese advance

Prisoner of War: 

    - 9 April 1942
        - tankers received order "crash"
        - destroyed their tanks and other equipment
    - 10 April 1942

        - Death March

            - Mariveles - POWs start march at southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell
 
 
 

POW Camps:

    - Philippines:

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day

            - POWs go out on work details to get out of camp 

        - Cacaban Detail

            - POWS tied vehicles together and drove them to San Fernanado

            - vehicles taken to Manila to be sent to Japan as scrap metal

            - Pampanga Provincial Hospital - malaria

            - taken from hospital by Japanese - 10 October 1942

        - Cabanatuan #1
            - hospitalized - 24 March 1943
                - discharged - date not given

Hell Ship:

    - Coral Maru

        - Note: Ship also known as: Taga Maru

            - Sailed: Manila - 20 September 1943

            - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 24 September 1943

            - Sailed: 26 September 1943

            - Arrived: Moji, Japan - 5 October 1943

                 - Note: 70 POWs died during trip

POW Camp:

    - Japan: 

        - Hirohata

            - Work: 

                 - Seitetsu Steel Mill

                 - Stevedores - unloaded ore from ships

Liberated: September 1945
    - returned to Philippine Islands for medical treatment
Transport:
    - S.S. Simon Bolivar
        - Sailed: Manila - not known
        - Arrived: San Francisco - 21 October 1945
            - former POWs taken to Letterman General Hospital

Discharged:

    - 31 January 1951

Married:

Children: 1 daughter, 2 sons
Occupation: Civil Servant - Ft. Ord, California
    - retired after 20 years

Second Marriage: Ruby

Residence: Watsonville, California

Died:

    - 28 December 1992 - Watsonville, California
Buried: Pajaro Valley Memorial Park - Watsonville, California


 

Next

 

Return to Company C