BrownJD

Pfc. John D. Brown


Born: 9 December 1918 - Hancock County, Kentucky

Parents: Ivory & Anna Brown

    - parents divorced after 1925

Siblings: 1 sister

Hometown: Lewisport, Kentucky

Education: completed grade school

Occupation: farmer

Enlisted:

    - U. S. Army

        - 1941

Unit:

    - 19th Ordnance Battalion

    - 17th Ordnance Company

        - A Company of 19th ordnance deactivated.

         - reactivated as 17th Ordnance Company 

Training:

    - Fort Knox, Kentucky

Overseas Duty:
    - U.S.S. Calvin Coolidge
        - Boarded: San Francisco, California - Monday - 8 September 1941
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M.
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: same day
        - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Friday - 26 September 1941
        - Disembark
            - 17th Ordnance remained behind to unload tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
                - reattached turrets to tanks
        - rode bus to Ft. Stotsenburg

Engagements:

    - Battle of the Philippines

        - 8 December 1942 - 6 January 1942

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942

Prisoner of War:

    - 9 April 1941

        - Death March

            - POWs started march at Mariveles on the southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery shelling Corregidor
                - American artillery returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put in small wooden
boxcars used to haul sugarcane
    
            - each boxcar could hold eight horses of forty men
                - 100 POWs were packed into each boxcar
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - POWs left boxcars - those who died fall out of boxcars
            - POWs walked the last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell

POW Camps:

    - Philippine Islands:

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as a POW camp
            - there was only one water spigot for the entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - the Japanese opened a new camp, at Cabanatuan, to lower death rate

        - Cabanatuan

Hell Ship:

    - Taga Maru

        - Sailed: Manila - 20 September 1943

        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 23 September 1943

        - Sailed: 26 September 1943

        - Arrived: Moji, Japan - 5 October 1943

            - 70 POWs died during trip
POW Camp:
    - Japan

        - Hirohata or Naruo POW camp
            - transferred from camp

        - Nagoya #9B

             - sent there from either Osaka 12B  or Osaka #8

             - POWs worked on docks

Liberated:

    - September 1945

Promoted: Staff Sergeant

Died:

     - 31 January 1978

Buried:

    - Owensboro Memorial Gardens - Owensboro, Kentucky 




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