BroussardA

 



Pvt. Albert Gray Broussard

Born: 25 May 1915 - Bunkie, Louisana
Parents: Louis Broussard & Sallie Meadows-Broussard
    - mother died in 1927
    - father remarried
        - father also passed away
Home: 1922 Levin Street - Alexandria, Louisiana
    - 1940 - residing in Moss Point, Mississippi
Siblings: 1 sister, 3 brothers, 3 half-brothers, 5 half-sisters
Occupation: painter- paper mill
Inducted:
    - 22 February 1941 - Camp Shelby, Mississippi
        - U.S. Army
Training:
    - Fort Knox, Kentucky
Units:
    - 19th Ordnance Battalion
        - reorganized as 17th Ordnance Company
Overseas Duty:

    - Ship U.S.S. Calvin Coolidge
        - Boarded: San Francisco, California - Monday - 8 September 1941
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
       
- Sailed: 5:00 P.M.
        - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Friday - 26 September 1941
       
- Disembarked
           
    - 17th Ordnance remained at the port area to unload tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
               - reattached turrets on tanks
        - taken to Ft. Stotsenburg by bus
Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1942 - 6 January 1942
    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - 10 January 1942 - wounded
Prisoner of War:
    - 9 April 1942
        - Death March
            - POWs started march at Mariveles on the southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery shelling Corregidor
                - American artillery returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put in small wooden boxcars used to haul
              sugarcane
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses of forty men
                - 100 POWs were packed into each boxcar

                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - POWs left boxcars - those who died fall out of boxcars
            - POWs walked the last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell
POW Camps:
    - Philippines
        - Camp O'Donnell
            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as a POW camp
            - there was only one water spigot for the entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
        - Cabcaben Work Detail - 29 May 1942
        - Cabanatuan

Hell Ship:
    - Tottori Maru
        - POWs housed in warehouse on Pier 7 - 6 October 1942
        - POWs boarded ship - 7 October 1942
           - 1961 POWs put on ship
               - 500 POWs put in front hold
               - remainder of POWs put in rear hold
        - Sailed: Manila - 8 October 1942 - 10:00 A.M.
            - passed Corregidor at noon
        - 9 October 1942 - two torpedoes fired at ship by an American submarine
            - ship misses mine laid by submarine
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 11 October 1942
        - Sailed: 16 October 1942 - 7:30 A.M.
            - because of submarines the ship returned to Takao - 10:30 P.M.
        - Sailed: 18 October 1942
        - Arrived: Pescadores Islands - same day
            - anchored off islands for several days
            - two POWs died
        - Sailed: 27 October 1942
            - POWs taken ashore and bathed with fire hose
            - ship also cleaned
            - food stuffs loaded onto ship
        - Arrived: 30 October 1942 - Maku, Pescadores Islands
            - dropped anchor 5:00 P.M.
        - Sailed: 31 October 1942
            - sailed as part of seven ship convoy
            - ships sailed through a typhoon for five days
            - one ship sunk by an American submarine - 5 November 1942
                - other ships scattered
        - Arrived: Fusan, Korea - 9 November 1942
            - POWs disembark and issued new clothes and fur-lined overcoats
            - rode train for two days to Manchuria
            - sick POWs left at Fusan
            - ashes of those who died put in white boxes and sent to Manchuria
        - Arrived: Mukden, Manchuria - 11 November 1942
 
POW Camp:  
    - Mukden, Manchuria
        - POWs worked in a machine shop and lumber mill
Work:
    - POWs worked in machine shop or saw mill
Liberated:
    - Russian Army
        - 20 August 1945
    - evacuated by train to Darien, China
    - returned to Philippine Islands

Transport:

    - S.S. Simon Bolivar
        - Sailed: Manila - not known           
        - Arrived: San Francisco - 21 October 1945

            - taken to Letterman General Hospital
Married: Bessie Kay Wilson
Children: 1 son
Died:
    - 2 June 1991 - Moss Point, Mississippi
Buried:
    - Machpelah Cemetery - Pascagoula, Mississipp



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