Cpl. Kelly STEPHEN Borders
Born: 15 September 1919 - Middletown, Ohio
Parents: John T. Borders & Leona Welch-Borders
    - mother died when he was two years old
Siblings:
    - 2 sisters, 3 brothers, 6 half-sisters, 3 half-brothers
Hometown:  Middletown, Ohio
    - living with sister and brother-in-law in Lemon, Ohio, in
      1940
Occupation: did odd jobs
Enlisted:
    - U. S. Army
        - 8 May 1940
Training:
    - Fort Knox, Kentucky
Unit:
    - B Company, 19th Ordnance Battalion
       - A Company reorganized as: 17th Ordnance Company
    - 17th Ordnance Company
Overseas Duty:

    - Ship: U.S.S. President Coolidge
        - Boarded: San Francisco, California - Monday - 8 September 1941 - 3:00 P.M.
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: 5:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Friday - 26 September 1941
            - disembark ship
            - 17th Ordnance remained at the port area to unload the tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
            - reattached the turrets to the tanks
            - taken by bus to Fort Stostenburg

Engagements:
     - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942
     - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
             - did tank maintenance and supplied the tank battalions with ammunition
Prisoner of War:
    - 9 April 1942
        - Death March
            - started march at Mariveles

            - POWs ram past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans artillery returned fire
            - San Fernando - POW packed into small wooden boxcars
                - those who died remained standing
            - Capas - POWs leave cars
                - walked last miles to Camp O'Donnell

POW Camps:
    - Philippine Islands:
        - Camp O'Donnell
            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put base into use as POW Camp
            - one water spigot for the entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened a new camp at Cabanatuan to lower
              death rate
        - Cabanatuan
        - Lipa Batangas
            - January 1943
                - built runways and revetments at Lipa Airfield
                - every other day the POWs worked on a farm
                - sent to Bilibid
         - Bilibid Prison
             - Admitted: 11 December 1943
                 - hospitalized with pellagra
             - Discharged: 16 December 1943
                 - sent to Cabantuan
Hell Ship:
    - Nissyo Maru
        - Boarded: 15 July 1944
        - Sailed: Manila - 17 July 1944
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 17 July 1944
        - Sailed: 28 July 1944
        - Arrived: Moji, Japan - 3 August 1944

POW Camp:
    - Japan
        - Fukuoka #3B
            - Work: Slave labor Yawata Steel Mills
Note:  Although medical supplies for the POWs were sent to the camp by the Red Cross the Japanese commandant would not give the American medical staff the medicine that was in the packages.  Any surgery in the camp had to be performed with crude medical tools even though the Red Cross had sent the proper surgical tools.  To meet quotas for workers, the sick POWs were required to work even if it meant they could possibly die from doing it.
    Three days a month, the POWs were allowed to exchange their worn out clothing for new clothing, but a Japanese guard beat POWs attempting to exchange their clothing.  The POWs went without clothing to avoid the beatings which resulted in men developing pneumonia and dying.
    The POWs were beaten daily with fists and sticks for violating camp rules, and the guards often required them to stand at attention, in the cold, while standing water.  During the winter, they often had water thrown on them.
Liberated: 13 September 1945
    - returned to the Philippine Islands

Transport:
    - U.S.S. Marine Shark
        - Sailed: Manila - not known
        - Arrived: Seattle, Washington - 1 November 1945
            - taken to Madison General Hospital - Ft. Lewis, Washington

Military Career:  U.S. Air Force
   - retired as sergeant
Married: Ruth Drake
Died: 
    - 21 January 1970 - Middletown, Ohio
Buried:
    - Woodside Cemetery - Middletown, Ohio
        - Section:  29  Lot:  993


 

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