Bernstein_M

 


Capt. Max Martin Bernstein M.D.


Born: 30 September 1913 - Chicago, Illinois

Parents: Harry Berstein & Bella Schechtman-Bernstein

Siblings: 3 brothers, 2 sisters

Home: 4845 North Avers Avenue - Chicago, Illinois

Education:

    - Roosevelt High School - Chicago, Illinois - 1930

    - University of Chicago - Bachelor of Science - 1934

        - participated in intercollegiate wrestling
    - University of Chicago Medical School - Class of 1937

    - specialized cardiology

Occupation: Clinical Professor of Medicine - Cook County Hospital

Enlisted:
    - January 1941- Chicago, Illinois
        - commissioned same date

Unit:

    - 17th Ordnance Company

Training:

    - Ft. Knox, Kentucky
Note: On August 15, 1941, at Ft. Knox, Kentucky,
17th Ordnance received orders for duty in the Philippines because of an event that happened during the summer.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf when one of the pilots, whose plane was at a lower altitude, noticed something odd in the water.  He took his plane down and identified a flagged buoy in the water and saw another in the distance.  He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island which was hundred of miles away.  The island had a large radio transmitter on it.  The squadron continued its flight plan and flew south to Mariveles and returned to Clark Field.  By the time the planes landed, it was too late to do anything thatday.
    The next morning, by the time another squadron was sent to the area, the buoys had been picked up, by a fishing boat which was seen making its way toward shore.  Since communication between and Air Corps and Navy was poor, the boat was not intercepted.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.

Overseas Duty::
    - Ship: U.S.S. President Coolidge
        - Boarded: San Francisco, California - Monday - 8 September 1941
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: 5:00 P.M. - same day

            - escorted by heavy cruiser -  U.S.S. Astoria and unknown destroyer
                - heavy cruiser intercepted several ships after smoke was seen on the horizon
                - ships belonged to friendly countries
        - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Friday - 26 September 1941
            - disembark ship - about 3:00 P.M.
            - taken by bus to Fort Stostenburg
Stationed:

    - Ft. Stotsenburg - Philippine Islands

Engagements:

    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942

    - Battle of Bataan

       - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942

Prisoner of War:

    - 9 April 1941

        - Death March

            - Mariveles - POWs started march at southern tip of Bataan

            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery that was firing at Corregidor

                - American artillery returned fire 

            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars used to haul sugarcane

                - each boxcar could hold hold eight horses or 40 men

                - Japanese packed 100 POWs into each car

                - POWs that died remained standing

            - Capas - POWs left boxcars - dead fell to floors of boxcars

                - POWs walked the last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell  

POW Camps:

    - Philippine Islands:

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino Army training base

            - Japanese put base into use as POW camp

            - one water spigot for the entire camp

            - As many as 50 POWs died each day

            - Japanese opened new camp at Cabanatuan in an attempt to lower death rate

        - Cabanatuan

Note: Parents learned he was a POW - 27 April 1943
Hell Ship:

    - Noto Maru       
        - Boarded: 25 August 1944
        - Sailed: Manila - 27 August 1944
            - spent night in Subic Bay
        - Sailed: 28 August 1944
            - submarine believed to be shadowing convoy
        - Arrived: 30 August 1944 - Takao, Formosa
        - Sailed: Same Day
        - Arrived: Same Day - Keelung, Formosa
        - Sailed: 31 August 1944
        - Arrived: Moji, Japan -4 September 1944

POW Camp:

    - Japan:

        - Nagoya #6

            - POWs worked at Japan Metal & Chemical Company, Limited 

Liberated:

    - 14 September 1945
        - Australian troops entered camp

        - POWs took control of camp and took a train to Tokyo

        - reported to Australian Army

Lived: Palatine, Illinois

Occupation: Chief of Staff - Edgewater Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Married: Nadine Vernelle

Children: 3 sons

Died:

    - 13 January 1992 - Palatine, Illinois


 


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