Allen_F

 




Cpl. Fred Joseph Allen
Born: 17 April 1920 - Kentucky
Parents: Lawrence J. Allen Sr. & Sadie Belle Felker-Allen
Siblings: 1 sister, 1 brother, 2 half-sisters

Home: 3505 Greenwood Avenue - Louisville, Kentucky
Education:
    - St. Paul High School
        - left school
Employment: Civilian Conservation Corps
    - worked six months before enlisting

Enlisted:
    - 17 June 1940 - Louisville, Kentucky
        - U.S. Army

Unit:

    - A Company, 19th Ordnance Battalion

        - Reorganized as: 17th Ordnance Company

Training:

    - Ft. Knox, Kentucky

Note:  The decision for this move -  which had been made on August 15, 1941 - was the result of an event that took place in the summer of 1941.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf, in the Philippines, when one of the pilots, who was flying at a lower altitude, noticed something odd.  He took his plane down and identified a flagged buoy in the water and saw another in the distance.  He came upon more buoys that lined up, in a straight line for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island which was hundred of miles away.  The island had a large radio transmitter.  The squadron continued its flight plan south to Mariveles and returned to Clark Field.
     When the planes landed, it was too late to do anything that day.  The next day, when another squadron was sent to the area, the buoys had been picked up by a fishing boat - with a tarp on its deck - which was seen making its way to shore.   Since communication between the Air Corps and Navy was difficult, the boat escaped.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.

Overseas Duty:
    - Ship: U.S.S. President Coolidge
        - Boarded: Monday - 8 September 1941 - 3:00 P.M.
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M. - same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 7:00 A.M.
        - Sailed: 5:00 P.M. - same day
            - escorted by heavy cruiser -  U.S.S. Astoria and an unknown destroyer
                - heavy cruiser intercepted several ships after smoke was seen on the horizon
                - ships belonged to friendly countries
        - Arrived: Manila - Friday - 26 September 1941
            - disembark ship - 3:00 P.M.
            - taken by bus to Fort Stostenburg

Stationed: Ft. Stotsenburg -  Philippine Islands
    - lived in tents until barracks finished

Engagements:

    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - serviced tanks of the 192nd & 194th Tank Battalions
        - 9 April 1942 - escaped to Corregidor

Prisoner of War:

    - 6 May 1941

        - not known what unit he was assigned to on the island

POWs Camp:

    - Philippine Islands: 

        - Corregidor

            - held on the beach for two weeks

            - taken by barge to area near shore

            - jumped into water and swam to shore
        - Cabanatuan
            - Philippine Army Base built for 91st Philippine Army Division
                - Japanese put base into use as a POW camp
            - "Blood Brother" rule implemented
                - if one POW in the group of 10 escaped, the other nine would be killed
            - work details sent out to cut wood for POW kitchens
                - many were able to smuggle in medicine, food, and tobacco
            - men who attempted to escape and caught were executed
            - daily POW meal - 16 ounces of cooked rice, 4 ounces of vegetable oil, sweet potato or corn

Hell Ship:

- Tottori Maru

        - 1961 POWs put on ship

            - 500 in front hold and 1461 in rear hold

        - 7 October 1942 POWs boarded onto Tottori Maru

        - Sailed: Manila 8 October 1942

            - Note:  9 October 1942 - American submarine fired two

                          torpedoes at ship

            - ship passes a mine laid by an American submarine

        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 12 October 1942

        - Sailed: 16 October 1942

             -  returned to Takao

        - Sailed: 18 October 1942

        - Arrived: Pescadores Islands

            - anchored off the Pescadores Islands same day

             -  remained anchored for several days

            - two POWs died buried at sea

        - Sailed: 27 October 1942

        - Arrived: Takao - 27 October 1942

            - 28 October 1942 POWs taken ashore and bathed

        - Sailed: 30 October 1942

        - Arrived: 30 October 1942 - Makou, Pescadores Islands

        - Sailed:  31 October 1942

        - Arrived: Fusan, Korea - 7 November 1942

            - 8 November 1942 POWs disembarked ship

            - sick POWs left behind at Fusan

            - held behind at Fusan

POW Camp:

        - Jinsen, Korea

            - hospitalized - Imperial Japanese Hospital
                - those who recovered sent to Mukden, Manchuria
            - Died: Tuesday - 8 December 1942 - Pusan, Korea
                - beriberi & pellagra

                -  cremated and ashes put in white boxes and sent to Mukden, Manchuria
            - Buried: Mukden Cemetery
                - P-13, Grave: 6

            - January 1944 - his family learned of his death
Funeral:  Holy Cross Church, Elizabethtown, Kentucky - 29 January 1949

Reburied:  Saint James Cemetery - Elizabethtown, Kentucky - 29 January 1949





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