AllenJH

 

2nd Lt. John Henry Allen Jr.
Born: 26 June 1917 - Minnesota
Parents: John H. Allen Sr. & Rose Bollman-Allen
Siblings: 1 brother
Home: 225 Charles Street - Saint Paul, Minnesota
Education:
    - Central High School - St. Paul, Minnesota
        - Class of 1935
    - University of Minnesota - Class of 1940
        - Reserve Officers Training Corps
Inducted:
    - U. S. Army
        - 1941 - Fort Snelling, Minnesota
            - inducted as an enlisted man
Training:
    - Ft. Benning, Georgia
Units:
    - 753rd Tank Battalion
    - 192nd Tank Battalion
        - volunteered of had his name drawn to join the battalion at Camp Polk, Louisiana
    - Provisional Tank Group
        - tank group's communications officer
Note: The reason for this move was an event that took place in the summer of 1941.  A squadron of American fighters was flying over Lingayen Gulf when one of the pilots, whose plane was flying lower than the other planes, noticed something odd in the water.  He took his plane down and identified a flagged buoy in the water and saw another in the distance.  He came upon more flagged buoys that lined up - in a straight line - for 30 miles to the northwest, in the direction of an Japanese occupied island - hundred of miles to the northwest - with a large radio transmitter.  The squadron continued its flight plan and flew south to Mariveles and then returned to Clark Field.  When the planes landed, it was too late to do anything that day.
     The next day - when planes were sent to the area - the buoys had been picked up and a fishing boat which was seen making its way toward shore.  Since communication between the Air Corps and Navy was poor, nothing was done to intercept the boat.  It was at that time the decision was made to build up the American military presence in the Philippines.
        - ferried to island on U.S.A.T. General Frank M. Coxe
        - received physicals from medical detachment - 25 October 1941 - 26 October 1941
            - men with minor health issues held back and scheduled to rejoin battalion at later date
            - other men simply replaced
    - Ft. McDowell, Angel Island
Overseas Duty:
    - U.S.A.T. Gen. Hugh L. Scott
        - Boarded: San Francisco - Monday -  27 October 1941
        - Sailed: same day
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Sunday - 2 November 1941
            - soldiers were given shore leave to see the sights
        - Sailed: Tuesday - 4 November 1941
            - joined by U.S.S. Louisville and S.S. President Calvin Coolidge
            - Sunday night - 9 November 1941 - crossed International Date Line
                - when they woke, it was Tuesday, 11 November 1942      
        - Arrived: Guam - Sunday - 16 November 1942
            - ships took on bananas, vegetables, coconuts, and water
        - Sailed: Monday - 17 November 1942
        - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Thursday - 20 November 1941
            - soldiers bused to Ft. Stotsenburg
            - maintenance section remained at pier to unload tanks
Stationed:
        - Ft. Stotsenburg
            - General Edward King met the soldiers when they arrived
                - apologized to soldiers about living conditions
                - lived in tents along main road between fort and Clark Airfield
                - made sure they all had Thanksgiving Dinner before he had his dinner    

Engagements: 

    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942 

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942 

            - battlefield commission - 16 January 1942

Prisoner of War: 

    - 9 April 1942

        - Death March

            - Mariveles - POWs started march at southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell 

    - Philippine Islands:

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate  
            - 1 June 1942 - POWs formed detachments of 100 men
                - POWs marched out gate and marched toward Capas
                    - Filipino people gave POWs small bundles of food
                        - the guards did not stop them
                - At Capas, the POWs were put into steel boxcars and rode them to Manila
                - train stopped at Calumpit and switched onto the line to Cabanatuan
                    - POWs disembark train at 6:00 P.M. and put into a school yard
                    - fed rice and onion soup
                - arrived at Cabanatuan

        - Cabanatuan #1
            - Philippine Army Base built for 91st Philippine Army Division
                - Japanese put base into use as a POW camp
            - "Blood Brother" rule implemented
                - if one POW in the group of 10 escaped, the other nine would be killed
            - work details sent out to cut wood for POW kitchens
                - many were able to smuggle in medicine, food, and tobacco
            - men who attempted to escape and caught were executed
            - daily POW meal - 16 ounces of cooked rice, 4 ounces of vegetable oil, sweet potato or corn

            - hospitalized - 10 June 1942
                - discharged - date not known
Hell Ship:
    - Clyde Maru
       - Sailed: Manila - 23 July 1943
        -Arrived: Santa Cruz, Zambales, Philippines - same day
                - loaded manganese ore
             - remained in port for three days
       -  Sailed: 26 July 1943
           - 100 POWs permitted on deck at a time from 6:00 AM to
             4:00 PM
        -  Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 28 July 1943
        - Sailed: 5 August 1942 - at 8:00 AM
            - part of nine ship convoy
        - Arrived: Moji, Japan - 7 August 1943
            - POWs lined up on dock - 8 August 1943
            - marched to rail station and boarded train
                - 9:30 AM - train departed
                    - two day train trip
                - 7:30 PM - 10 August 1943 - arrived at Omuta, Kyushu
                    - POWs marched 18 miles
                        - eighteen rode truck because they could not walk
    - Japan
        - Fukuoka #17
            - POWs arrived - 10 August 1943
            - camp had a ten foot high wooden fence around it
                - three electrified wires topped the fence
                - 50 POWs assigned to each barracks
                    - barracks 20 feet wide by 120 feet long
                    - ten rooms in a barracks
                        - four to six men assigned to each room
            - Allen in charge of POW show troupe
                - imprisoned for ten days after a theater curtain was
                  lost - the curtain was never found

            - John witnessed the execution of Pvt. Noah C. Heard, C Company, 194th Tank Battalion
                - Camp Commandant, Lt. Kel Yuri, ordered execution
                - Heard had been caught stealing food
                - Allen's Account of  execution:
"Yuri stood in front of Heard drawing his thumb along the blade of his sword.  Then he put the sword in its scabbard but pushed Heard's head back with the scabbard.
    - Allen stated it was at that point the Heard staggered as he was taken behind the commandant's office.

 "At the command of the Yuri, a Jap guard bayoneted Heard in the middle of his back.  Heard grunted and as he rolled over, he screeched.   A second Jap bayoneted Heard in the abdomen.  Yuri and others examined the body.  It was still twitching so another guard slashed Heard vertically across the throat.  Other guards came out and slashed his abdomen to ribbons."
Hell Ship:
    - Selected for transfer to Mukden, Manchuria
    - Unknown Interisland Steamer
       - April 1945 - POWs informed they are to be transferred
       - taken by train from Omuta to Fukuoka
       - boarded ship
POW Camp:
    - Korea
        - Fusan
            - POWs disembarked ship and took a three day train trip to
              Manchuria
            - Arrived: Mukden, Manchuria - April 1945
    - Manchuria
           - Mukden
               - 29 May 1945 - POWs arrived
                  - POWs worked in machine shop or lumber mill
Liberated: 29 August 1945 - Russian Army
    - returned to Philippine Islands
    - returned to United States
        - treated at Schick General Hospital - Clinton, Iowa
            - suffering from amoebic dysentery
Promoted: Captain
Note: Allen testified against Lt. Kel Yuroi, former Fukuoka #17  commandant
    - Yuri defense was that Heard had signed a document that he should be executed
       if he committed another crime
    - Yuri was sentences to death
Discharged: 9 March 1948
Died: 30 January 1955
Buried:
    -  7 February 1955
         - Fort Snelling National Cemetery - Saint Paul, Minnesota
             - Plot:  E   Row:  0   Site:  186



 

 

 

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Yuri, a Jap guard bayoneted Heard in the middle of his back.  Heard grunted and as he rolled over, he screeched.   A second Jap bayoneted Heard in the abdomen.  Yuri and others examined the body.  It was still twitching so another guard slashed Heard vertically across the throat.  Other guards came out and slashed his abdomen to ribbons."
Hell Ship:
    - Selected for transfer to Mukden, Manchuria
    - Unknown Interisland Steamer
       - April 1945 - POWs informed they are to be transferred
       - taken by train from Omuta to Fukuoka
       - boarded ship
POW Camp:
    - Korea
        - Fusan
            - POWs disembarked ship and took a three day train trip to
              Manchuria
            - Arrived: Mukden, Manchuria - April 1945
    - Manchuria
           - Mukden
               - 29 May 1945 - POWs arrived
                  - POWs worked in machine shop or lumber mill
Liberated: 29 August 1945 - Russian Army
    - returned to Philippine Islands
    - returned to United States
        - treated at Schick General Hospital - Clinton, Iowa
            - suffering from amoebic dysentery
Promoted: Captain
Note: Allen testified against Lt. Kel Yuroi, former Fukuoka #17  commandant
    - Yuri defense was that Heard had signed a document that he should be executed
       if he committed another crime
    - Yuri was sentences to death
Discharged: 9 March 1948
Died: 30 January 1955
Buried:
    -  7 February 1955
         - Fort Snelling National Cemetery - Saint Paul, Minnesota
             - Plot:  E   Row:  0   Site:  186



 

 

 

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