VaughnJ

 


Cpl. Jimmy William Vaughn Jr.


Born: 3 March 1917 - Cleburne, Johnson County, Texas

Parents: Jimmy W. Vaughn Sr. & Olga Prescher-Vaughn

Stepfather: Arch B. Weddel

Siblings: 2 half-brothers, 2 half-sisters

Home: 1811 East Broadway Avenue - Fort Worth, Texas

Occupation: landscaper

Inducted:

    - U. S. Army

        - 20 March 1941 - Dallas, Texas

Training: 

    - Fort Knox, Kentucky

    - Camp Polk, Louisiana

Units:

    - 753rd Tank Battalion

    - 192nd Tank Battalion

        - volunteered to replace a National Guardsman released from federal service 

Overseas Duty:
    - battalion travels by train, over four different train routes to San Francisco, California

    - taken to Angel Island in San Francisco Bay by ferry
    - October 25th & 26th - physicals given
        - some men released
        - others held back and scheduled to rejoin the battalion at a later date
        - replacements fill these positions
    - Boarded: U.S.S. General H. L. Scott - Monday - 27 October 1941

    - Sailed: same day
    - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Sunday - 2 November 1941
            - arrived in the morning
            - soldiers receive leave
    - Sailed: Tuesday - 4 November 1941
    - Arrived: Guam
        - ship loads vegetables, bananas, water, coconuts
    - Sailed: same day
    - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands -  Thursday - 20 November 1941
        - entered bay - 8:00 A.M.
        - disembarked in the afternoon

    - battalion rode train to Fort Stotsenburg
    - tanks unloaded by 17th Ordnance

Stationed: Ft. Stotsenburg
        - soldiers lived in tents along main road between fort and Clark Airfield
Engagements:

    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942
            - 12:45 P.M. - 8 December 1941 - lived through Japanese attack on Clark Airfield
            - HQ Company took cover in bivouac

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - supplied tank crews with gasoline, food, and ammunition

Prisoner of War: 

    - 9 April 1942

       - members of HQ Company remained in bivouac for two days

         - Japanese arrive and ordered the Prisoners of War out to the

           road that ran in front of bivouac

    - 11 April 1942

        - POWs ordered to kneel alongside of road with belongings in

           front of them

         - Japanese soldiers passing them took what they wanted from

           the Americans

         - HQ Company rode trucks to Mariveles at the southern tip of Bataan

         - ordered out of trucks and herded into a schoolyard

         - as they set in schoolyard, a line of Japanese soldiers began to form in front of the POWs

            - this was a firing squad

        - as the POWs watched, a Japanese Naval Officer pulled up in a car, got out, and spoke to the

           sergeant in charge

        - the officer got back into the car and drove off
        - the sergeant ordered the soldiers to lower their guns
        - POWs ordered to march

    - Death March

        - Mariveles - POWs start march at southern tip of Bataan
        - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
            - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
        - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
            - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
            - 100 POWs packed into each car
            - POWs who died remained standing
        - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
        - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell

POW Camps: 

    - Philippine Islands: 

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate
 

        - Cabanatuan

        - Bachrach Garage Detail

            - POWs repaired trucks  

        - Bilibid Prison
            - sent to hospital ward - pellagra
            - discharged - 2 August 1944

Hell Ship: 

      - Noto Maru

          - Departed: Manila, Philippine Islands - 14 August 1944

          - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 30 August 1944

          - Sailed: Takao - 31 August 1944

          - Arrived: Moji, Japan - 9 September 1944
POW Camps:

    - Japan: 

        - Hanawa Camp

            - Work: Copper Mine

Liberated: September 1945

Discharged: 6 December 1946

Married: Clarkie P. Alexander

Children: 1 son

Died: 5 December 1983 - Mount Pleasant, Texas

Buried:

    - Greenwood Memorial Park and Mausoleum - Fort Worth, Texas

        - Chapel Garden 29


 

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