Tschudi

 


Pvt. Peter Henry Tschudi


Born: 30 January 1915 - Detroit, Michigan

Parents: Peter C. Tschudi & Millie Tessman-Tschudi

Siblings: 1 sister, 1 brother

Hometown: Louisville, Kentucky

Occupation: Stimpson Computer Scale Company

Inducted:

    - U. S. Army

        - 5 March 1941

Training: 

    - Fort Knox, Kentucky

    - Camp Polk, Louisiana

        - battalion sent west over four different train routes
        - D Company sent over southern route
    - Arrived: San Francisco, California
        - taken by ferry to Angel Island
        - given physicals and inoculations
        - some men held back and scheduled to rejoin battalion at a later date
Overseas  Duty:

    - U.S.A.T. Hugh L. Scott

    - Sailed: Monday -27 October 1941
    - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii -  Sunday - 2 November 1941

        - soldiers given shore leave to see the sights
    - Sailed:  Tuesday - 4 November 1941

    - Arrived: Guam - unknown dates
        - took on water, bananas, vegetables, and coconuts

    - Sailed: next day
    - Arrived: Manila - Thursday - 20 November 1941

        - soldiers disembark and taken to Ft. Stotsenburg
        - maintenance section remained at pier to unload tanks

Stationed:
        - Ft. Stotsenburg
            - General Edward King met the soldiers when they arrived

            - apologized to soldiers about living conditions
            - lived in tents along main road between fort and Clark Airfield

            - made sure they all had Thanksgiving Dinner before he had his dinner

Engagements: 

    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942
            - D Company fought with the 194th Tank Battalion

            -  Peter's father became ill and died in December 1941

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - promoted: Private First Class

Prisoner of War: 

    - 9 April 1942

        - Death March

            - Mariveles - POWs started march at southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - dead fell to floor as living  left boxcars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell

POW Camps: 

    - Philippine Islands: 

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
        - Cabcaben Work Detail - 19 May 1942
            - POWs built runways with picks & shovels
            - became ill and sent to Cabanatuan

        - Cabanatuan #1
            - hospitalized - 27 June 1942
                - discharged - not known
        - Camp Murphy Detail

            - POWs built runways - Zablan Field - Camp Murphy

            - During his time on the detail, he developed beriberi and was sent to Bilibid Prison

                - admitted to the hospital ward - 25 September 1944
            - Discharged - 1 October 1944
        - Drafted for transfer to Japan

Hell Ship:

    - Hokusen Maru

        - Sailed: Manila - 3 October 1944

        - Arrived: Hong Kong - 11 October 1944

        - Sailed: Hong Kong

        - Arrived: Formosa - 11 November 1944

        Note: Peter had been scheduled to sail on Arisan Maru. The Japanese switched

                   POW detachments since the Hokusen Maru was ready to sail and not all

                   the POWs had arrived.  The Arisan Maru was sunk by an American

                   submarine. All but nine of the 1803 POWs on the ship died.

POW Camp:

    - Formosa:

        - Inrin Temporary

            - 11 November 1944 - 14 January 1945

Hell Ship:

    - Melbourne Maru

        - Sailed: Formosa - 14 January 1945

        - Arrived: Moji, Japan  - 23 January 1945

POW Camp:

    - Japan:

        - Sendai #7

            - Work: POWs worked in copper mine

        - Ashio #8D

            - Work: POWs worked in copper mine

Liberated: September 1945

Married: Ella Lacefield

Children: 1 daughter, 1 son

Died:

    - 17 June 1967 - Louisville, Kentucky

Buried:

    - Saint Stephen's Cemetery - Louisville, Kentucky 


 

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