Scaife

 


Pvt. James William Scaife


Born: 18 October 1920 - Caldwell Parish,  Louisiana

Parents: C. Terry Scaife & Florence Bryant-Scaife

Siblings: 4 sisters, 2 brothers

Hometown: Clarks, Louisiana

Inducted: 

    - U. S. Army 

        - 26 July 1940 - Jackson, Mississippi

Occupation: 

    - truck driver

Training: 

    - Fort Knox, Kentucky

    - Camp Polk, Louisiana

Units:

    - 753rd Tank Battalion
        - volunteered to join the 192nd at Camp Polk, Louisiana
        - replaced a National Guardsman who was released from federal service

    - 192nd Tank Battalion

Overseas Duty: 

    - Boarded: U.S.A.T. Hugh L. Scott

    - Sailed: Monday - 27 October 1941 - San Francisco, California
    - Arrived: Sunday - 2 November 1941 - Honolulu, Hawaii
    - Sailed: Tuesday - 4 November 1941
        - ship stopped at Guam
            - loaded bananas, coconuts, vegetables, and water
    - Sailed: Not known
    - Arrived: Manila Bay - Thursday - 20 November 1941 - about 8:00 A.M.
    - taken to St. Stostenburg - arrived about 3:30 P.M.
    - lived in tents along road between the fort and Clark Airfield

Engagements: 

     - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942
            - D Company fought with the 194th Tank Battalion

     - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942 

Prisoner of War: 

    - 9 April 1942

        - Death March

            - Mariveles - POWs started march at southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell

POW Camps: 

    - Philippine Islands: 

        - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate
 

        - Cabanatuan
            - hospitalized - July 7, 1942

                - suffered from scurvy and beriberi
                - discharged - no date given
        - Work Detail:
            - Palawan Island

                - built runways at an airfield
                - in late 1942, he noticed he was losing his vision
                - injured on detail and sent to Manila

        - Bilibid Prison
             - Hospital Ward
                 -Admitted: 18 December 1943
                     - suffered hernia
                - Discharged: not known

               - Admitted: 6 May 1944

                   - chronic diarrhea
               - Discharged: 7 May 1944

                   - sent to "Well Group" in Building 12
Hell Ship:
        - Nissyo Maru
          - Sailed: Manila - 17 July 1944

          - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 27 July 1944

          - Sailed: 28 July 1944

          - Arrived: Moji, Japan - 3 August 1944
POW Camp:

    - Japan:

        - Nagoya #1-B

           - POWs worked in zinc and lead mine

Liberated: September 1945

Promoted: Corporal

Discharged: 4 February 1946

Health:
    - Never physically recovered from his years as a POW
    - His sister cared for him for most of his life

Died: 29 August 1986 - Ukiah, California

Buried:
    - Ukiah Cemetery

        - Ukiah, California 


 

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