ReedA

Pvt. Arthur Harry Reed


Born: 12 December 1916 - Alma, Texas
Parents: Harry K. Reed & Fannie Davis-Reed
Siblings: 1 sister, 1 brother
    - living with aunt & uncle in 1930

Inducted: 

    - U. S. Army 

        - 21 March 1941 - Dallas, Texas

Training: 

    - Fort Knox, Kentucky

    - Camp Polk, Louisiana

Units: 

    - 753rd Tank Battalion

        - assigned to battalion after basic training and sent to Camp

          Polk, Louisiana 

    - 192nd Tank Battalion

        - volunteered to replace a National Guardsman released

           from federal service

Overseas Duty: 

    - battalion travels by train, over four different train routes to San Francisco, California

    - taken to Angel Island in San Francisco Bay by ferry
    - October 25th & 26th - physicals given
        - some men released
        - others held back and scheduled to rejoin the battalion at a later date
        - replacements fill these positions
    - Boarded: U.S.S. General H. L. Scott - Monday - 27 October 1941

    - Sailed: same day
    - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 2 November 1941
            - arrived in the morning
            - soldiers receive leave
    - Sailed: Monday - Tuesday - 4 November 1941
    - Arrived: Guam
        - ship loads vegetables, bananas, water, coconuts
    - Sailed: same day
    - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands -  Thursday - 20 November 1941
        - entered bay - 8:00 A.M.
        - disembarked in the afternoon

    - battalion rode train to Fort Stotsenburg
    - tanks unloaded by 17th Ordnance

Engagements: 

    - Battle of Luzon

        - 8 December 1941 - 6 January 1942
            - 12:45 P.M. - 8 December 1941 - lived through Japanese attack on Clark Airfield
            - HQ Company took cover in bivouac

    - Battle of Bataan

        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
            - supplied tank crews with food, ammunition, and gasoline

Prisoner of War: 

    - 9 April 1942

        - Death March

            - Mariveles - POWs start march at southern tip of Bataan
            - POWs ran past Japanese artillery firing at Corregidor
                - Americans on Corregidor returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs put into small wooden boxcars
                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - 100 POWs packed into each car
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - dead fell to floor as living left boxcars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell

POW Camps: 

     - Philippine Islands: 

         - Camp O'Donnell

            - unfinished Filipino training base
            - Japanese put camp into use as POW Camp
            - only one water spigot for entire camp
            - as many as 50 POWs died each day
            - Japanese opened new POW camp to lower death rate

         - Cabanatuan #1
Hell Ship:
- Taga Maru
        - ship also known as Coral Maru

        - Sailed: Manila - 20 September 1943

        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 23 September 1943

        - Sailed: 26  September 1943

        - Arrived: Moji, Japan - 5 October 1943

POW Camp:

    - Japan

        - Hirohata 12-B

            - Work: Laborer - Seitetsu Steel Mills

Liberated: September 1945
    - returned to the Philippines
Transport:
    - Simon Bolivar
        - Sailed: Manila - not known
        - Arrived: San Francisco - 21 October 1945

Married:

     - Maggie Bess Roach

         - 3 September 1949 - Groesbeck, Texas

Children: 2 daughters

Died:

     - Veterans Administration Hospital

         - 29 July 1967 - Santa Clara, California

Buried:

    - Grove Hill Memorial Park - Dallas, Texas

        - 2 August 1967 


 

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