Pvt. Norman A. Paul
    Pvt. Norman A. Paul was born on April 15, 1913, in Valders, Wisconsin, to Robert Paul & Mary Bremer-Paul.  He had two sisters and five brothers.  Norman left school after the eighth grade to go to work on the family farm.  He also worked as a truck driver.
    Norman was inducted into the U.S. Army on April 7, 1941, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.  He was sent to Fort Knox, Kentucky, for basic training.  During his training, he learned to operate the equipment of a tank battalion.  
   In late August, Paul was sent to Louisiana and assigned to the 753rd Tank Battalion. During the maneuvers the battalion did not participate.  After the maneuvers, National Guardsmen were released from federal service and replacements came from the 753rd.  One of the replacements who was assigned to A Company was Paul.
    The battalion traveled by train to San Francisco.  By ferry, they were taken to Ft. McDowell on Angel Island.  On the island, they received inoculations and physicals.  Those members of the battalion who were found to have treatable medical conditions remained behind on the island.  They were scheduled to join the battalion at a later date.
The 192nd was boarded onto the U.S.S. Hugh L. Scott and sailed from San Francisco on Monday, October 27th, for Hawaii as part of a three ship convoy.  They arrived at Honolulu on Sunday, November 2nd.  The soldiers were given leaves so they could see the island.  On Tuesday, November 5th, the ships sailed for Guam.  At one point, the ships passed an island at night.  While they passed the island, they did so in total blackout.  This for many of the soldiers was a sign that they were being sent into harm's way.  When they arrived at Guam, the ships took on water, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables.  The ships sailed the same day for Manila and entered Manila Bay on Thursday, November 20th.  They docked at Pier 7 and the soldiers were taken by bus to Ft. Stotsenburg. 
    At the fort, they were greeted by Colonel Edward King, who apologized that they had to live in tents along the main road between the fort and Clark Airfield.  He made sure that they all received Thanksgiving Dinner before he went to have his own. 
Ironically, November 20th was the date that the National Guard members of the battalion had expected to be released from federal service.
For the next seventeen days the tankers worked to remove cosmoline from their weapons.  The grease was put on the weapons to protect them from rust while at sea.  They also loaded ammunition belts and did tank maintenance.

    The morning of December 8, 1941, Capt. Walter Write informed his company that Pearl Harbor had been bombed by the Japanese.  The tanks were put on alert and took their positions around the airfield.   At 8:30 A.M., American took off to intercept any Japanese planes.  Sometime before noon, the alert was canceled and the planes landed and were lined up near the mess hall.  Their pilots went to lunch.

    The tankers were eating lunch when planes were seen approaching the airfield from the north at about 12:45.  Many of the tankers counted 54 planes.  The planes approached the airfield and watched hat was described as "raindrops" falling from the planes.

    The members of A Company lived through the bombing of Clark Field.  During the attack, they could do little since their guns were not made to use against planes.  For some reason, not known to the tankers, the Japanese did not attack the tanks.
    After the attack, the company was sent to the Barrio of Dau so it would be close to a highway and railroad.  From there, the company was sent to join the other companies of the 192nd just south of the Agno River.  There, the tanks, with A Company, 194th held the position. 
    On December 23rd and 24th, the company was in the area of Urdaneta.  It was there, that the tankers lost the company commander, Capt. Walter Write.  After he was buried, the tankers made an end run to get south of Agno River after the main bridge had been destroyed.  As they did this, they ran into Japanese resistance early in the evening. They successfully crossed at the river in the Bayambang Province.
    On December 25th, the tanks of the battalion held the southern bank of the Agno River from Carmen to Tayung, with the tanks of the 194th holding the line on the Carmen-Alcala-Bautista Road. The tanks held the position until 5:30 in the morning on December 27th.

    A Company was sent, in support of the 194th, to an area east of Pampanga.  It was there that they lost a tank platoon commander, Lt. William Reed.  The company returned to the 192nd on January 8, 1942.
    On January 28th, the tank battalions were given the job of protecting the beaches.  The 192nd was assigned the coast line from Paden Point to Limay along Bataan's east coast.  The Japanese later admitted that the tanks guarding the beaches prevented them from attempting landings.
    A Company also took part in the Battle of the Pockets to wipe out Japanese Marines who had been trapped behind the main defensive line.  The tanks would enter the pocket one at a time to replace a tank in the pocket.  Another tank did not enter the pocket until a tank had left the pocket.
    To exterminate the Japanese, two methods were used.  The first was to have three Filipino soldiers ride on the back of the tank.  As the tank went over a Japanese foxhole, the Filipinos dropped three hand grenades into the foxhole.  Since the grenades were from WWI, one out of three usually exploded.
    The other method to use to kill the Japanese was to park a tank with one track over the foxhole. Driver gave the other track power resulting with the tank spinning around and grinding its way down into the foxhole.  The tankers slept upwind of their tanks.

    On another occasion the company was in bivouac on two sides of a road.  They posted sentries and most of the tankers attempted to get some sleep.  The sentries heard noise down the road and woke the company.  Every man grabbed a weapon.  As they watched, a Japanese bicycle battalion rode into their bivouac.  The tankers opened fire with everything they had.  When they stopped firing, they had completely wiped out the bicycle battalion.
   On March 2nd or 3rd, during "The Battle of the Points."  The tanks had been sent in to wipe out two pockets of Japanese soldiers who had been landed behind the main defensive line.  The Japanese were soon cut off.  When the Japanese attempted to land reinforcements, they landed them at the wrong place creating another pocket.
    The night of April 8, 1942, the members of A Company circled their tanks.  Each tank fired one armor piercing shell into the engine of the tank in front of it.  The tankers next opened up the gasoline valves and dropped hand grenades into the turrets. 
    It was at that time that Paul and other members of his company made the decision to attempt to reach Corregidor.  According to other members of his battalion, they found a boat and were able to get its owner, by the point of a gun, to take them to Corregidor.  As they approached the island, they kept signaling with a flashlight.  They finally received a response which told them how to negative the mine field.
    It is not known what Paul did on Corregidor, but it is known that he became a Prisoner of War when the island was surrendered to the Japanese on May 6, 1942.  The POWs remained on the island for two weeks before they boarded barges and were taken about 100 yards from shore.  The POWs jumped into the water and swam to shore.  From there, they were marched to Bilibid Prison.  How long he remained at the prison is not known, but he was taken to Cabanatuan.
    On June 13th, the Japanese selected 200 POWs for a work detail at the Port Area of Manila.  The POWs were used as stevedores to load and unload ships.  At first the POWs were first housed in a warehouse which was poorly lit and ventilated.  The bathroom and kitchen facilities were also poor.  The Japanese finally housed the POWs in the Port Terminal Building across the street from Pier 7.  Once this was done, more 200 more POWs were added to the detail.  The detail was disbanded on July 15, 1944.
The POWs were boarded onto the Nissyo Maru the same day and remained in the hold for two days before the ship sailed.  At first, the prisoners viewed this as a means of escape from the life in the camps.  They would later regret this belief.  The POWs were put into the hold of the ship back to back while standing up.  When the hold was full, the Japanese closed the hatches.  
The ship sailed for Japan on July 17, 1944.  There was very little water and no sanitary facilities.  For the men in the hold, food was not as important as water.  Men began going crazy and would attack each other for the smallest reasons.

    During the voyage, the prisoners heard a "bang" under the ship.  They assumed that it was a torpedo from an American submarine.  Another ship in the convoy, the Hakusan Maru, was carrying 707 POWs was hit by torpedoes resulting in the deaths of almost all the Americans.  The attack took place at 3:00 A.M.  The POWs did not know it, but they were under attack by a wolf pack made up of the U.S.S. Crevale, U.S.S. Angler, and U.S.S. Flasher.
    The ship arrived at Takao, Formosa, on July 27th.  It sailed the next day for Moji, Japan.  From July 30th to August 2nd the ship sailed through a storm.  On August 3rd, the POWs were issued clothes.  The ship finally arrived at Moji on August 4th at midnight.  They were unloaded from the ship at 8:00 A.M.
    The POWs formed detachments.  Norman's detachment was taken by train to
Nagoya #7-B.  The POWs in the camp mined zinc and lead.  During his time as a POW, his parents received a POW postcard from him once a year.  The last one was received in July, 1945, six months after it had been written.
    According to records kept at the camp, T/5 Norman A. Paul died from chronic bronchitis on Tuesday, July 24, 1945.  His body was taken to a crematorium and the ashes given to the camp commandant.  After the war, Emerson Rex, of A Company, met with Norman's parents and told them of his death.  On December 16, 1945, his parents held a memorial service for him at St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church in Curtiss, Wisconsin.
    After the war, Donald's remains were positively identified.  At the request of his family, his remains were returned home in September, 1948, on the U.S.A.T. Sgt. Morris E. Crain with the remains of 79 other soldiers from Wisconsin.  He was buried in Section C--25, Site 14284 at Fort Snelling National Cemetery on November 24, 1948.



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