T/Sgt. Albert Joseph Onacki
Born: 4 October 1916 - Lackawanna, Pennsylvania
Parents: Felix & Michalena Onacki
Siblings: 3 sisters, 4 brothers
Home: 1242 Loomis Avenue - Scranton, Pennsylvania
Enlisted:
    - Pennsylvania National Guard
Enlisted:
    - U.S. Army
        - 30 August 1939 - New Jersey
Trained:
    - Fort Knox, Kentucky
Units:
    - 19th Ordnance Battalion
    - 17th Ordnance Company
        - company created from A Company of 19th Ordnance
        - trained alongside the 192nd Tank Battalion at Ft. Knox
Overseas Duty:

    - U.S.S. Calvin Coolidge
        - Boarded: San Francisco, California - Monday - 8 September 1941
        - Sailed: 9:00 P.M.
        - Arrived: Honolulu, Hawaii - Saturday - 13 September 1941 - 9:00 A.M.
            - soldiers given shore leave for the day
        - Sailed: same day - 5:00 P.M.
        - Arrived: Manila, Philippine Islands - Friday - 26 September 1941
        - Disembark: 3:00 P.M.
            - 17th Ordnance remained behind to unload the tanks of the 194th Tank Battalion
                - reattached the turrets to the tanks.
        - rode bus to Ft. Stotsenburg
        - lived in tents at Ft. Stotsenburg
           -barracks completed - 15 November 1941

Engagements:
    - Battle of Luzon
        - 8 December 1942 - 6 January 1942
    - Battle of Bataan
        - 7 January 1942 - 9 April 1942
Prisoner of War
    - 9 April 1942
        - Death March
            - POWs started march at Mariveles on the southern tip of Bataan
            - ran past Japanese artillery firing on Corregidor
                - American artillery returned fire
            - San Fernando - POWs packed into small wooden boxcars

                - each boxcar could hold eight horses or forty men
                - Japanese packed 100 POWs into each boxcar
                - POWs who died remained standing
            - Capas - POWs leave boxcars - dead fall out of cars
            - POWs walked last ten miles to Camp O'Donnell
POW Camps:
    - Philippines:
        - Camp O'Donnell
            - unfinished Filipino Army training base
            - Japanese put it into use as a POW camp
            - one water spigot for the entire camp
            - as many as fifty POWs died each day
        - Cabanatuan
            - 5 October 1942 - POWs left Cabanatuan for Manila
                - housed in warehouse on Pier 7

Hell Ship:
    - Tottori Maru
        - Boarded: 1961 POWs put on ship
            - 7 October 1942
                - 500 in front hold
                - 1461 in rear hold
        - Sailed: Manila - 8 October 1942
            - 9 October 1942 - two torpedoes fired at ship by an American
              submarine
        - Arrived: Takao, Formosa - 12 October 1942
        - Sailed: 16 October 1942
            - returned to Takao
        - Sailed: 18 October 1942
        - Arrived: Pescadores Islands - same day
            - remained anchored for several days
            - two POWs died
        - Sailed: 27 October 1942
        - Arrived Takao - same day
            - 28 October 1942 - POWs taken ashore and bathed with fire
              hose
        - Sailed: 30 October 1942
        - Arrived: Fusan, Korea - 7 November 1942
        - Disembarked: 8 November 1942
            - sick left behind at Fusan
                - those who recover sent to Mukden at later date
                - dead cremated and white boxes with remains sent to Mukden
        - Arrive: Mukden, Manchuria - 11 November 1942

POW Camp:
    - Mukden, Manchuria
        - POWs worked in machine shop or lumber mill
Liberated: September 1945 - Russian Army
    - returned to the Philippine Islands

Transport:
    - S.S. Klipfonstein - Dutch ship
        - Sailed: Manila - 9 October 1945
        - Arrived: Seattle, Washington - 28 October 1945
            - taken to Madigan General Hospital - Ft. Lewis, Washington

Reenlisted: 17 May 1946
    - retired from Army
Rank: 1st Sergeant
Resided: Steilacoom, Washington
Died: 18 May 2016 - Lakewood, Washington
Buried: New Tacoma Cemetery - University Place, Washington

 


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